Since the first Industrial Revolution, human beings have understood the potential of applying technology to the industrial sector and for progress. Throughout history we have seen many great additions to this sector, such as the steam engine, assembly lines, computing, or robotics are some of the advances that have occurred in recent centuries. All of them with the aim of improving productivity and efficiency in factories. Now, when Industry 4.0 is being implemented, there is already talk of Industry 5.0. A new paradigm shift that represents another new revolution, emphasizing new technologies.
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What is Industry 5.0
La Industry 5.0 It is a new production model in which it focuses on the collaboration between human and machine. The previous stage, Industry 4.0, benefited from technologies such as IoT, Big Data, or AI, to create a much more intelligent factory. Now Industry 5.0 goes a step further and unites the creative potential of the human being with the precision and capabilities of robots.
It should be noted that during this phase in the Industry 4.0 It has sought to minimize human intervention and prioritize the automation of processes. In other words, the human being has been displaced to other aspects of the manufacturing process that machines cannot carry out and robots have been given more space throughout the manufacturing process.
In the case of Industry 5.0, It seems that all this is reversed, generating a greater balance between man and machine in the production process. Exploiting this greater interaction, it is intended to achieve considerable improvements in manufacturing.
Why is it necessary?
The changes set in motion by Industry 5.0 are already irreversible, as were those of Industry 4.0. Now it is intended that companies can further exploit the capabilities of machines and put them together with those of humans to develop efficacy, sustainability and safety in the company.
Therefore, Industry 5.0 is a way of understanding the world of manufacturing and has direct consequences on productivity, the economy and also commercially. As with other industrial revolutions, those companies that do not adapt to the new paradigms that this industry brings will become obsolete and they will lose any competitive advantage.
El advancement of technology is getting faster, and not applying it to all sectors, including industry, is all business suicide. We have seen it with the digitization that is taking place and how small businesses that had not yet been digitized were losing ground to businesses where digital implementation had taken place, and something similar will also happen with this new industry.
Industry 5.0 Features
To learn a little more about Industry 5.0, let's now see some key features:
- custom manufacturing: the new Industry 5.0 will promote the creation of products with a higher degree of customization. Currently, it has managed to produce an infinite number of different products, now what it is about is getting those products to better adapt to the individual needs of customers.
- Cobot Deployment: from robots to cobots. That is, the help of collaborative robots in this new Industry 5.0. These cobots will not be alone, since they will go hand in hand with human ingenuity and creativity, thus producing the personalized products of the previous point.
- human empowerment: instead of relegating the human to a secondary position, like some of the previous advances, now with Industry 5.0 it is intended to leave all the repetitive, mechanical tasks that require effort, and that can be dangerous to AI and robots. In this way, the human can have more time for tasks that only he can execute.
- Speed and quality: the new production lines will be faster thanks to the new technologies. In addition, the products will be of higher quality thanks to the greater intervention of the human being.
- environmental respect: it is possible that renewable energies are used and that the production chain is adapted to require fewer resources, to reduce waste emissions, and to create more sustainable products.
Advantages of Industry 5.0
The new Industry 5.0 will take over from the previous improvements that have been produced throughout the history of the sector. Now they are wanted new business models that they need to invest fewer resources to obtain greater benefits, and this is what is intended to be improved with the implementation of these new technologies and the promotion of human-machine collaboration.
The previous paradigms have caused great damage to the environment. Now, in the new industrial transformations, priority is placed on environmental Protection. With Industry 5.0 will come new technologies and corporate sensibilities to be even more efficient and sustainable. Seeking to minimize the amount of resources used in production, minimize waste, and make the entire process more efficient. In other words, a change that is in line with what today's society is demanding, more aware of climate problems.
Personalization and creativity
Pure automation does not allow a degree of customization like the one a human would apply during the process. However, customers are demanding a higher degree of customization for some products. With Industry 5.0 it is intended to achieve this by using the potential of new technologies and valuing the human throughout the process. That is, it allows workers to get rid of certain repetitive tasks, concentrating on devising more powerful strategies or applying their creativity.
What is required for Industry 5.0
For any change it is required trained staff. STEM education and basic skills in new technology are key to working in the factory 5.0 of the future. In fact, for Industry 5.0 a new profession appears, a new figure such as the Chief Robotics Officer. He is a person specialized in human-machine interaction. A CRO should have extensive knowledge in areas such as robotics or artificial intelligence. And their role in the company is to make decisions around these human-machine factors.
The rest of the operators and other employees must also have a initial and continuous, especially in the knowledge of new technologies. In fact, there is talk of getting a virtual education, to reduce employee education costs and get interactive learning environments that are more immersive and encourage employee communication and motivation.
On the other hand, it is expected that a multitude of Job positions, beyond the CRO, related to the interaction with robotic systems and Artificial Intelligence, among other technologies. For example, in the future there could be a profession as an AI algorithm trainer. Although it is well known that this advance will also destroy a multitude of current jobs...
Advances in the industry are unstoppable, and after this Industry 5.0, which is an improvement over Industry 4.0 and with many things in common, another new paradigm will come in the future and it will be supported by the capabilities of the more mature AI. Thanks to advances in new technologies, revolutions in the industry take place in ever shorter periods of time, so you won't have to wait too long to see what's new. While some small businesses are now going digital, others are already adapting to Industry 4.0 and gradually to Industry 5.0 as well.
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