Dimmer: ƙirƙiri naka don domotize haskenka

dimmer

A halin yanzu akwai tarin kwararan fitila masu kaifin baki waɗanda za a iya sarrafa su daga aikace-aikacen hannu ko ta hanyar wasu mataimakan mataimakan ta hanyar umarnin murya. Gida mai kaifin baki, ko gida mai hankali, yana cikin tsari, kuma idan kuna son fara koyon yadda waɗannan tsarin suke aiki, zaku iya yin kanku dimmer a gida

Da shi zaka iya sarrafa ƙarfi na fitila ko kwan fitila don ƙirƙirar yanayin da ka fi so. Intensarin ƙarfi don lokacin da kake karatu, nazari, da sauransu, da ƙasa da samar da yanayi mai maraba lokacin da kake son shakatawa ...

Menene dimmer ko dimmer?

Un dimmer, ko haske mai ƙarfi, na'ura ce da za ta iya sarrafa ƙarfin lantarki bisa la'akari da masu sarrafa wutar lantarki ko kuma abubuwan hawa uku. Wannan yana gyara wutar lantarki da ta isa kwan fitila kuma ƙarfin ta zai canza ya dogara da ƙarfin wutan lantarki. Misali, a wannan yanayin zan nuna mai iko wanda yakamata in tara lokaci mai tsawo don aiki a cikin kwasa-kwasan lantarki.

Abu ne mai sauƙi, mai arha, kuma ana iya amfani dashi kowane kwan fitila na al'ada. Don ƙirƙirar shi, ga umarnin nan ...

Abubuwa

Abin da zaku buƙaci don wannan aikin na DIY shine ku sami ƙwarewar mai yi kuma kayan aiki sauki samu kamar:

  • Bifilar jan karfe don samar da lantarki.
  • Toshe don haɗawa zuwa kowane mafita don samar da wuta.
  • Gilashin gilashi na 5A, wanda F ya wakilta a cikin makircin. Zabi, zaka iya amfani da mariƙin fiyu, don sauƙaƙa sauya fis ɗin, kodayake ana iya siyar dashi kai tsaye.
  • Akwatin insulating o a saka. Hakanan zaka iya 3D buga shi idan kana da firintar, ko sanya shi daga itace, da dai sauransu. Zai yi aiki a matsayin tallafi da rufi ga da'irar.
  • Buga hukumar kewaye don rikodin shi tare da da'irar da ta dace ko allon burodi.
  • Triac BT137 y zafin rana don triac.
  • Diac BR100 ko makamancinsa.
  • 2x 39nF / 250v polyester capacitors (C1 da C4). Kuma wani 2x 22nF / 250v polyester capacitors (C2 da C3).
  • Arirgar potentiometer 470KΩ (P1), zai yi aiki azaman mai aiki don iya tsara ƙarfin da hannu.
  • Resistance na 12KΩ 0,5w (R1) da wani juriya na 100Ω 0,5w (R2)
  • Choke murfin tare da ferrite (L).
  • Splice shafin don haɗa fitarwa (S) da shigarwa (E).
  • Tin soldering iron (idan baza kuyi amfani da katako ba).
  • Waya mai waya.

Gyara

Tare da wannan duka, dole ne ku samar da waɗannan masu zuwa lantarki:

mai kula da da'ira

Da zarar an haɗa komai, sakamakon ya zama wani abu kamar haka:

Kuma aiki Ya kamata ku sami sakamako mai zuwa:

Aiwatarwa tare da Arduino

Screenshot na Arduino IDE

Yanzu idan kuna so ajiye kayan aiki y amfani da arduino don yin dimmer, to, zaku iya yin sa kawai. A zahiri, suna siyarwa Kayan lantarki masu rage haske don AC har zuwa 240V kamar wannan, don sauƙaƙa muku abubuwa. Saitin sa mai sauki ne ...

Hakanan akwai ayyuka masu sauƙi don daidaita ƙarfin LED LED, kodayake ba haka muke nema ba anan ...

para sanya mana dimmer, ko dimmer, tare da Arduino, zaka iya yin ta ta hanyoyi da yawa. Kuna iya amfani da yawancin abubuwa daga makircin da ya gabata don ƙirƙirar wannan aikin:

Kuna iya amfani a koyaushe:

Kuna iya amfani da Wurin WiFi don ƙirƙirar haske mai haske ...

Kamar yadda kake gani, da yiwuwa suna da yawa ...

Informationarin bayani - Kyautar Arduino kyauta


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