eProcessor: an kirkiro mai sarrafa tushen bude Turai na farko a Spain

eProcessor

Turai ta dogara sosai da fasahar da aka tsara kuma aka samar a Amurka da China. Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa, a cikin 'yan shekarun nan, wasu abubuwa suna motsawa a matakin EU saboda wannan ya dakatar da kasancewa lamarin, kuma samun ‘yancin kai, musamman wajen sarrafa kwamfuta. Ayyuka kamar su EPI, eProcessor, kamfanoni kamar SiPearl, da kayan aikin GAIA-X sun fito daga waɗannan ƙungiyoyi.

Tunda yawancin ISA ko gine-ginen mallakar mallaka ne kuma mallakar su ne a wajen Turai, bude tushe Ya kasance mabuɗin ga waɗannan ayyukan don cin nasara. Da ISA RISC-V ya kawo bege, yana ba wa waɗannan masu sarrafawa da hanzari damar ginuwa a kai ba tare da wani ƙuntatawa ko iyakancewa ta hanyar yaƙe-yaƙe na siyasa da yanayin ƙasa ba.

An haifi EPI (Processaddamarwar Turawa na Turai)

Alamar EPI

Oneaya daga cikin martanin farko na Turai, bayan taron EDA (Hukumar Tsaron Turai) inda aka fallasa matsalolin fasaha da masana'antu na dogaro da ƙasashe membobinsu, shi ne ƙaddamar da wani haɗin gwiwa da ake kira EPI (Tsarin Gudanarwar Turai). Manufarta ita ce ta haɗu da ƙungiyar don aiwatar da hanyoyin da ake buƙata don samun masu sarrafawa a cikin Turai.

Waɗannan kwakwalwan, bisa ƙa'ida, ba zai zama na masu amfani bane, amma zasu mai da hankali kan bangaren HPC, ma'ana, yawan sarrafa kwamfuta. Wadannan manyan injunan suna da matukar mahimmanci, kuma sakamakon wannan aikin, za a ciyar da cibiyoyin bayanan EU zuwa Exascale daga 2023. Za kuma su sami aikace-aikace a wasu bangarorin kamar masana'antar kera motoci da sararin samaniya.

Don yin wannan yiwu, dangane da RISC-V don masu hanzari, yayin da GPPs ko masu amfani da manufa gaba ɗaya zasu dogara ne akan mahimmin IP na ARM Cortex Neoverse IP, saboda zasu basu damar hanzarta tsarin ƙira kuma ba farawa daga tushe ba.

An yi watsi da cewa ƙirar SoC ta farko za ta ƙunshi mahimmin ARM guda 72, masu kula da ƙwaƙwalwar 4-6 tare da tallafi don DDR5, ƙwaƙwalwar HBM2E, da RISC-V mai hanzarta da ake kira EPAC. Za'a samar da mai sarrafawa a cikin kumburi 7nm a TSMC.

EPI ma yana da Abokan 26 daga kasashe 10 na Turai daban daban, gami da Spain. Ofayan manyan ginshiƙan aikin shine Cibiyar Kasuwanci ta Nationalasa ta Barcelona (BCN). Spain ta haɗu da abokan haɗin gwiwa kamar Chalmers Tekniska Hoegskola AB daga Sweden, Infineon Technologies daga Jamus, CEA daga Faransa, STMicroelectronics a Holland, Università di Bologna a Italiya, Cibiyar Fasaha ta Fasaha ta Lisbon a Fotigal, GABA a Girka, ko ETH dakin gwaje-gwaje Zürich daga Switzerland.

SiPearl, kamfani mai zaman kansa, an kirkireshi don samar da aikin da ikon aiki

Logo na SiPearl

Don aiki, an ƙirƙiri kamfani mai zaman kansa wanda zai kula da sarrafa fasahohin da aka samu sakamakon wannan aikin na EPI. Sunansa shi ne SiPearl kuma hedkwatarta tana Faransa. Bugu da kari, sun bude reshensu a Jamus da wani a Spain, musamman a Barcelona, ​​domin su kasance kusa da abokan aikinsu na BSC.

Wannan farawa ya fara ne tare da kasafin kuɗin jama'a na 80 miliyan kudin Tarayyar Turai, waɗanda ba su isa su cika duk kuɗin da aikin irin wannan zurfin ya ƙunsa. Sabili da haka, SiPearl shima zai kasance mai kula da tara sama da yuro miliyan 100 masu zaman kansu, galibi daga hannun jari.

Mai haɗin gwiwa da Shugaba, Philippe Notton, yana yin aiki mai ban sha'awa yana ɗaukar wasu masu zane da aka kawo daga Silicon Valley, da kuma masu dacewa masu dacewa tare da ƙwarewa don ba da aikin duk lamuni. Suna kuma neman abokan hulɗa na fasaha, irin su Graphcore, babban kamfanin Biritaniya dangane da hanzarta kwakwalwan kwamfuta tare da ƙwarewar kere kere wanda ke da mahimmanci a cikin HPC.

BSC babban abokin tarayya: Daga gutsun Lagarto zuwa Drac

BSC Marenostrum

El BSC (Cibiyar Kwadago ta Barcelona) Babban yanki ne na wannan aikin. Ba wai kawai suna ba da gudummawa ga ƙira da haɓaka waɗannan masu sarrafawa ba, amma Marenostrum 5 zai riga ya fara gwada 'ya'yan wannan aikin ...

Lizaki

Lizard Chip eProcessor

An yi wa microprocessor ta farko ta Sifen ta dogara da saita umarnin RISC-V Lizaki, kuma shine mataki na farko don isa ga independenceancin fasaha. Koyaya, a bayan wannan aikin akwai babban ƙoƙari da aiki waɗanda BSC na National Supercomputing Center of Spain, da haɗin gwiwar CSIC, da UPC suka haɗu.

Wannan zane yana da sauki sosai, kuma burin ku shine yin gwajin farko. An ƙera ta ta amfani da kumburi 65nm a TSMC, isa don sauƙin dangi na wannan samfurin na farko da aka gwada shi a cikin wasu alamomi don ganin abin da yake iyawa, kuma sakamakon ya kasance tabbatacce. Ko da mafi kyau fiye da yadda ake tsammani ...

A watan Mayu 2019 za a aika da ƙirar ƙirar wannan guntu zuwa ga Dandamalin TURAI na EC, kuma bayan haka kusan kwafin 100 na Lagarto zai isa Barcelona don farawa tare da gwaje-gwajen da kuma zama tushe ga mai hanzari ga HPC wanda kuma ya dogara da wannan ISA.

DRAC

Loc eProcessor logo

Mataki na gaba shi ne DRAC (Tsara RISC-V-bsed Accelerators don tsara mai zuwa Computers). Chipan guntu da aka tsara don aikace-aikacen tsaro, kamar ɓoye kayan aiki, da aikace-aikacen kimiyya kamar nazarin kwayar halitta, hanzarin kwaikwaiyo, ko ɓangaren motoci masu zaman kansu.

Tabbas, DRAC shima BSC ce ke jagorantar kuma ya dogara ne akan tsarin tushen budewa RISC-V. Wannan aikin ana sa ran zai ɗauki kimanin shekaru 3, inda masu bincike har 40 zasu shiga kuma Miquel Moretó, mai bincike daga shirin Ramón y Cajal a UPC ne zai haɗu. Kari akan haka, kudin sunkai kimanin Yuro miliyan 4, rabi yana zuwa ne daga kudaden ERDF da sauran rabin daga abokan wannan aikin.

Wannan ya riga ya fara biya. DVINO (DRAC Vector IN-Order) Yana da guntu da aka samo daga wannan aikin da kuma ƙarni na farko. Kamar yadda sunan ta ya nuna, IC ne mai tsari wanda ya hada da Lagarto core tare da Hydra vector processor da aka tsara don rarraba lissafi.

La tsara ta biyu inganta aikin guntu da 15% kuma ƙara sabbin direbobi kuma ƙara yankin zuwa murabba'in milimita 8.6.

eProcessor

RISC-V guntu

eProcessor shine sabon matakin ci gaba, mai sarrafawa tare da sigar da aka tsara don sarrafa kwamfuta da sabobin, gami da ingantattun tsarin taimakon direbobi don ababen hawa (misali: ADAS), IoT, na'urorin hannu, da sauransu.

Bugu da kari BSC ita ce wacce ke cikin wannan aikin. Shine farkon tushen tushen yanayin Turai mai cikakken tsari kuma wanda ginshiƙinsa na tsakiya zai zama CPU dangane da RISC-V kuma tare da kwaya tare da aiwatar da tsari. Cibiyar ta Barcelona za ta ba da gudummawa game da ƙirar ƙirar IP a cikin HDL, kwaikwayo, da kayan aikin da ake buƙata.

Tare da BSC, wasu mahimman membobi a matakin Turai, kamar su Chalmers University of Technology, Foundation for Research and Technology Hellas, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Cortus, Christmann Informationstechnik, Universität Bielefeld, Extoll GmbH, Thales da Exapsys, da kuma taimakon EuroHPC JU.

Za'a haɓaka kayan masarufi da kayan masarufi da farawa gwaji akan FPGAs to sai a bada ASICs din. Mataki na farko zai kasance don tsara babban aiki, mai inganci sosai RISC-V core. Zai zama mai-dunƙule ɗaya da madaidaici tare da haɗin haɗin haɗin kai, kodayake daga baya za su fara da ƙirar hadaddun masu ƙarfi da ƙarfi. Hakanan za a tsara matattarar vector mai tushe ta RISC-V kuma za a binciko manyan ayyuka na gargajiya irin su bioinformatics, AI, HPDA, da sauransu.

Mai gabatarwar zai kasance sosai m da sassauci a lokacin sakar shi, don samun damar ƙara ƙarin na'urorin on-chip.

Mataki na gaba: masana'antu

masana'antar guntu

Tsarin waɗannan kwakwalwan zai zama na Turai ne, abin da ba zai kasance ba shine ƙera shi. SiPearl ba shi da fa'ida, kuma an ba da ci baya a game da ƙirar ƙira a cikin memberasashe mambobi, ƙirar ta kasance izini ga TSMC, wanda zai ƙera shi a cikin fasaha ta 7nm kuma ta amfani da sabon fasahar kwalliyar 3D mai suna CoWoS (Chip-on-Wafer-on-Substrate).

Koyaya, ra'ayin bai dogara da masana'antun ƙasashen waje ba don haka, saboda haka EU ma shirya babban ɓangare na kuɗi don ba da kuɗin sabunta masana'antar semiconductor a cikin Tsohuwar Nahiyar. Musamman, zata ware yuro miliyan 145.000, da nufin kaiwa ga kumburi tare da fasahar kera 2nm a cikin gajeren lokaci.

Wannan yana ɗaukar lokaci, kuma ana nufin isa Shekaru 2-3 sun gani. Bugu da kari, da alama TSMC tana hada gwiwa don ganin hakan ya yiwu, kuma har ila yau Turai ta ASML, wacce ita ce jagora a kera injunan daukar hoto na zamani don masana'antar karawa juna sani, kuma wacce ke Netherlands ...

Nadia Calviño kanta, Mataimakin Shugaban Tattalin Arziki da Canjin Dijital ta bayyana ta kamar haka: «Ana yin aiki a matakin kasa da na duniya zuwa duba wane kamfanonin Spain da Turai zasu iya kera su«, Dangane da waɗannan kwakwalwan kwamfuta. Hakanan shi ne jawabin Thierry Breton a Hukumar Tarayyar Turai. Kuma shi ne cewa kudaden da aka kayyade wa fannin za su zo ne sosai daga taimakon da Tarayyar Turai ta bayar don canjin dijital da kuma bayan bullar annobar.


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