BanananBits: Kayan Kayan Kayan Kayan Kayan Kayan Kayan Kayan Kayan Kayan Ku na Kayan Ilimi

kananan kayan kwalliya

Akwai da yawa kayan aiki na asali don karatun koyo, daga wasu nau'ikan jinsin don koyon kayan lantarki gaba ɗaya, wasu sun mai da hankali kan robotics ko Arduino, don yin aiki tare da kuzarin sabuntawa tare da fasahar hoto, da dai sauransu. Amma ɗayan da aka fi nema shine sanannen LittleBits. Farawar New York ɗayan sanannen sanannen ne wanda ke ba da wannan nau'in kayan don ilimi da masu yin su.

Ayah Bdeir ne ya kirkireshi a shekarar 2008, kuma tun daga wannan lokacin ya karu zuwa adadi mai yawa, wanda yake a cikin sama da makarantu 200 a duniya da kuma cikin gidaje da yawa. Tabbas sun san yadda zasu dawo da wani abu wanda ya kasance sananne a shekarun 80s da 90s, inda kuka sami shahararrun kayan ilimi na kowane nau'i, gami da na lantarki. Hakanan, LittleBits yana da yawa kayayyakin masarufi da bude dakunan karatu. Tare da waɗannan abubuwan buɗe tushen zaka iya ƙirƙirar lambobin don iya sarrafa kayan aikin da suke sayarwa.

A wasu shagunan, kamar Amazon, zaku iya samun nau'ikan nau'ikan ƙananan kayan kit. Tare da farashin daga € 80 zuwa € 600 na sauran waɗanda suka ci gaba. Babban abu game da waɗannan kayan aikin shine cewa tare da modan modulu kaɗan zaka iya ƙirƙirar abubuwa da yawa. Misali, ɗayan kayan aikin yau da kullun e littleBits ya haɗa da kayayyaki kusan 10 waɗanda ke ba da damar dubunnan haɗuwa masu haɗuwa don ƙirƙirar kusan duk abin da kuke so.

Me yasa LittleBits suke da ban sha'awa?

karaminBits

Matakan sune ana iya shigar da shi cikin sauƙi da buɗewa tare da ƙananan maganadiso don samfur. Sun dace da yara, tunda idan sunyi ƙirar da ba daidai ba, zasu iya fara sakewa, ba tare da walda ko cire mai siyarwar ba, ko aiki tare da abubuwa masu haɗari. Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa suke son su sosai, sauƙi da haɗuwa da yawa suna sanya wa yara ƙanƙanci da yawa (kuma ba ƙanana ba) su koya ta hanyar wasa.

Hakanan yawanci suna haɗawa lambar launi akan kayayyaki, wannan yana ba da damar ruɗar da yadda ya kamata a haɗa su, don bayyana, da dai sauransu. Don haka, zaku iya fara aiki tare da kayan aiki ba tare da wani ilimin ilimin lantarki ko da'irori ba. Launin kalar ruwan hoda sune na hanyoyin shiga da kuma koren na hanyoyin fita. Kamar dai hakan bai isa ba, ya haɗa da littafin koyarwa wanda zai taimaka muku da ayyukan misali 8.

Da wannan zaka iya saba da yadda yake aiki, sannan ka matsa zuwa gane fiye da hanyoyin 150.000 na abin da kuke da shi. Koyaya, akan hanyoyin yanar gizo zaku iya samun ƙarin ra'ayoyi. LittleBits har ila yau yana da tashar yanar gizon hukuma inda zaku sami mahimman bayanai tare da wasu ayyukan 100 ban da waɗanda ke cikin littafin. Don haka ba za ku iya iyakance kerawar ku ba.

tsakanin ƙananan kayayyaki Galibi ana samunsu a cikin kayan aikin sune Module Sensor Module, Module DC Motor, Module Mai Bayar da Wuta, Module Mai Sauyawa, da sauransu Amma ka tuna cewa dangane da kit ɗin abun da kewayar da yanayin zasu iya bambanta.

Yadda ake samun Ban Bits?

Don samun Ban Bits a hannuwanku, kuna da dama da yawa. Ofayan su shine don siyan waɗannan kaya kai tsaye. Amma idan kun same su masu tsada kuma kuna son adana eurosan kuɗi kaɗan, kuna iya ƙirƙirar kayan da kanku. Don haka zaku iya bawa ɗanku saƙo mai rahusa wanda kuka girka da kanku, ko wataƙila ku ba shi kanku. Wannan kuma zai taimaka muku koya yayin aikin ginin.

Sayi kaya

Kuna iya saya wasu kaya akan amazon tare da manufofi daban-daban da farashi:

  • LittleBits Star Wars Droid Inventor Kit + Lambar: es kayan da zaku saya kusan € 99 Da shi zaku iya ƙirƙirar R2D2 mai kyau daga Star Wars saga kuma kuna iya tsarawa da sarrafawa daga na'urar hannu. Ba ya buƙatar sa hannun manya, yara za su iya kulawa da shi lafiya. Tare da aikace-aikacen Droid Inventor na iOS da Android, zaku iya koyar da sabbin ƙwarewar fasahar.
  • LittleBits Sararin samaniya Rover Inventor Kit: Ya yi kama da na baya, amma maimakon samun halin daga Star Wars, wannan yana da sararin samaniya daga Mars. Karamin mutum-mutumi wanda zaku iya tarawa, tsara shi, da kuma shirya shi daga na'urar hannu. Da Farashin ya kusan € 139, da ɗan tsada fiye da na baya.
  • LittleBits Kayan Gida mai Kyau: wani kit don masu amfani da kayan aiki na gida, kamar yadda za'a iya lasafta shi daga sunan. Farashin ya kusan € 680 kuma ya haɗa da adadi mai yawa na kayayyaki da kayan haɗi. Kuna iya gina na'urorin haɗin Intanet ta hanyar buɗe tushen ƙaramin laburare na bitBit. Na'urorin da ka kirkira za su iya amfani da Intanet ta hanyar sarrafa su ta atomatik. Ba kwa buƙatar wayoyi, ba walda, ko ilimin shirye-shirye. Ana iya amfani da na'urorin hannu don gudanar da ragowa 14 ko kayan aiki, daga firikwensin zafin jiki zuwa 'yan wasan MP3 ...
  • LittleBits Kayan Wutar Lantarki: akwai nau'ikan da yawa, wasu na € 88 wasu kuma sun cika cikakkes da tsada kusan about 682. Yana ba ka damar gina da'irorin haske, sauti, tare da injina, da dai sauransu, cikin sauƙin haɗi da sarrafawa. Kari akan haka, zaku iya siyan kaya da yawa kuma suna dacewa da juna, don haɗa su idan kuna da ɗaya.
  • LittleBits Synth Kayan Wutar Lantarki: kimanin € 137 kuna da ragowa 12 ko kayayyaki don tsarawa. Duk waɗannan da waɗanda suka gabata sun haɗa da littattafai tare da umarni da misalai mataki-mataki. A wannan yanayin, an mai da hankali kan haɗa sauti.

Irƙiri kayan aikinku

Wani zabin, idan kuna son DIY ko kuma masu kirkirar kirki ne, zai zama ƙirƙirar shi da kanka, kasancewa iya tsara kayan aikin da kake bukata ko wadanda kake so don kayan aikin ka. Akwai aiki mai kyau na JackANDJude wanda zai ba ku damar ganin tsarin ƙirƙirar-mataki-mataki na kayan aiki tare da abubuwa daban-daban ko ragowa.

Kayan da kuka ƙirƙira kunshi 10 kayayyaki:

Modulearfin wutar lantarki:

Yana da moduleirar wutar lantarki ko samar da wutar lantarki hakan zai ciyar da sauran. Ana iya haɗa shi cikin sauƙi tare da waɗannan abubuwan haɗin kuma haɗa su kamar yadda aka nuna a cikin hoton kewaye:

  1. 9V baturi
  2. Akwatin baturi ko mariƙin tare da jan wayoyi da baƙi don polarity.
  3. 9 × 12 perforated buga kewaye hukumar.
  4. LM7805
  5. 0.1uF yumbu Disc Capacitor (Code 104), 1.0uF, 10uF
  6. 330 ohm mai tsayayya
  7. Red ya jagoranci
  8. SPDT sauya
  9. 3-pin tsalle
  10. Header na 3 fil, don tsalle

Hasken firikwensin haske

El RGB ya jagoranci koyaushe tare da firikwensin haske, yakamata ya sami sassan masu zuwa, an haɗa su kamar yadda aka nuna a hoton:

  1. 9 × 12 Perforated Buga Circuit Board
  2. RGB mai haske uku
  3. 3 330 ohm masu adawa, da 3 masu ɗaukar hoto
  4. LM741 aikin faɗakarwa
  5. 3-pin tsalle da buga mata kai

LED module

Este koyaushe yana da sauƙi, kuma ana iya haɗuwa tare da:

  1. 9 × 12 Perforated Buga Circuit Board
  2. Haske fari mai haske
  3. 220 ohm mai tsayayya
  4. LM741 aikin faɗakarwa
  5. 3-pin tsalle da buga mata kai

Button koyaushe

Wani daga cikin mafi sauki kayayyaki zuwa halitta tare da:

  1. 9 × 12 Perforated Buga Circuit Board
  2. Maballin SPST ko sauyawa
  3. 0.1uF ƙarfin lantarki
  4. Juriya 1M Ohm
  5. 3-pin tsalle da kuma 3-pin haši

Inverter koyaushe

El inverter koyaushe Hakanan yana da matukar mahimmanci a canza voltages. Ya ƙunshi:

  1. Perforated kewaye hukumar
  2. 0.1uF ƙarfin lantarki
  3. Juriya 1M ohms
  4. 74AHC1G04DCK inverter guntu
  5. 3-pin mai haɗawa da tsalle.

Pulse koyaushe

Yana daya daga cikin interestingarin kayayyaki masu ban sha'awa don samar da bugun jini ko siginar agogo. Ya ƙunshi:

  1. 9 × 12 Perforated Buga Circuit Board
  2. 555 saita lokaci
  3. LM741 aikin faɗakarwa (na zaɓi)
  4. Acarfin 10uF, 0.01uF
  5. 100 ohm, 1K, 10K da 10K masu ƙarfin ƙarfin ƙarfin micro
  6. NPN mai fassarar bipolar 2n2222
  7. LED
  8. 3-fil tsalle da taken

Canja module

A cikin wannan darasin zaku buƙaci mai zuwa kayan aiki:

  1. 9 × 12 Perforated Circuit Board
  2. SPDT sauya tare da 3/4 ″ lever
  3. 0.1uF yumbu ko polyester capacitor
  4. Juriya 1M ohm
  5. 3-pin dangane da tsalle

Haske mai kunnawa mai haske

El karshe module zai zama wannan daga nan (kodayake zaku iya ƙara motocin DC, ...), wanda ya ƙunshi:

  1. Perforated Buga Circuit Board 9 × 17
  2. 2 LM741 masu kara aiki
  3. 0.01uF ƙarfin lantarki
  4. Masu tsayayya: 4x 100K, micro potentiometer 100K, da photoresistor
  5. DA ƙofar, kamar waɗanda aka haɗa a cikin guntu 74LS08, kodayake zaku iya amfani da wani abu daban.
  6. DPDT sauyawa ko sauyawa
  7. 3-pin tsalle da buga mata kai

Af, a Shawara mai kyau da suke bayarwa shine yiwa samfuran samfuran tare da alama ta dindindin ko lambobi masu shaida don haka ka san wanene. Daga can, zaku iya amfani da tsalle-tsalle da masu haɗawa don yin abubuwan da kuke tsarawa ...

Source:

Kayan koyarwa - LittleBits na DIY


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