Lithophany: menene shi da yadda ake yin sa da buga 3D

lithophany

Bayan wannan sunan mai ban mamaki akwai kyakkyawar hanyar wakiltar zane-zane. Da lithophany yana kara samun mabiya a cikin duniyar maƙerin gini da buga 3D. Da shi zaka iya buga kowane irin yanayi, hotunan mutum, zane, siffofi, ko duk abin da ya zo maka a zuciya.

Idan kuna sha'awar learnara koyo game da wannan hanyar yin zane-zane tare da lithophany, a cikin wannan labarin zaku koyi menene, bambancin ra'ayi tare da wasu fasahohi kamar lithography, da kuma yadda zaku fara ƙirƙirar ƙirarku da 3D bugu.

Menene lithophany?

3D Fitila

La lithophany nau'ikan tsinkaye ne na hotuna da sifofin da ke amfani da haske. A da ana amfani da hasken wuta, hasken rana ko na kyandir. A halin yanzu ana amfani da hasken kwan fitila. Ko ta yaya, tushen haske zai wuce ta cikin takarda tare da jerin silkscreens mai ba da izini don siffar hoton.

Manufar ita ce a yi kauri daban-daban a cikin tsare ta yadda haske ya bambanta a cikin rashin haske, yana haifar da wasu wurare masu duhu wasu kuma na asali. Sakamakon yana da kyau sosai, musamman don amfani dashi kamar huɗu don yin ado a daki, ko don fitila don ɗakin kwana na ɗakin yara, da dai sauransu.

Asali, wannan zane-zane an tsara shi da kakin zuma. Daga nan aka fara amfani da wasu kayan, kamar su ainar. Yanzu, ana iya amfani da wasu kayan da yawa, kamar su polyamide polymers ko roba na firintocin 3D.

en el Karni na XNUMX Wannan dabarar za ta zama sananne a ƙasashe irin su Jamus da Faransa, don yaɗa ko'ina cikin Turai daga baya. Da yawa suna nuna Baron Bourending a matsayin mai kirkirarta, kuma idan kuna son ƙarin sani game da tarihinsa, ya kamata ku sani cewa akwai cikakken gidan kayan gargajiya da aka keɓe don wannan fasahar a Toledo, Ohio (Amurka), da Blair Museum of Lithophanies.

Lithophany vs Lithography: bambance-bambance

Wasu suna rikita lithophany da lithography, Amma ba iri daya bane. Lithography wani tsohon nau'i ne na bugawa (ana amfani da shi har yanzu) don samun damar buga sifofi ko hotuna a kan duwatsu ko wasu nau'ikan kayan aiki a kwance. A zahiri, sunansa ya fito daga can, tun lithos (dutse) da graphe (zane).

Da wannan dabarar zaka iya ƙirƙirar kwafin ayyukan fasaha, kuma kuma yana da babban filin aikace-aikace a duniyar bugawa, inda har yanzu ana amfani da lithographs don bugawa.

Madadin haka, da lithophany yana amfani da lithography ko 3D bugawa don samun damar samar da yankuna masu kauri da rashin kwalliya, da kuma wadanda suka fi komai kankanta da kuma translucent. Amma wannan fasaha tana buƙatar haske don samun sakamako.

 

Yadda ake yin lithophany tare da madaba'oin 3D

lithophany, hasken wata

Don samun damar ƙirƙirar ayyukan lithophany naku ba kwa buƙatar samun wata fasaha ko fasaha, kawai zaku buƙaci guda ɗaya 3D firintar, filament, PC, tare da software mai dacewa, da hoton kana so ka wakilta. Ba komai fiye da hakan ...

Game da software don samar da lithophany, zaku iya amfani da dama daga cikinsu, don canza hoton zuwa zane wanda ya dace da lithophany da delaminator don buga 3D. Misali, zaka iya amfani da kayan yanar gizo wanda zaka iya amfani dasu akan kowane tsarin aiki tare da mai bincike yanar gizo mai jituwa.

Ana kiran wannan app 3dp kuma zaka iya isa ga wannan mahaɗin. Da zarar kun isa ga wannan rukunin yanar gizon, dole ne ku bi waɗannan matakan:

  1. Danna kan images kuma zaɓi hoton da kake son canzawa zuwa cikin lithophany.
  2. Da zarar an loda hoton, yanzu a ciki model zaɓi samfurin da kake so mafi yawan duk waɗanda ke akwai kuma latsa Refresh don shakatawa.
  3. Yanzu je zuwa shafin Saituna. Za ku ga zaɓuɓɓuka da yawa:
    • Saitunan Samfura: dan saita samfurin yadda kake so.
      • Matsakaicin Matsakaici (MM): zai zama girman lithophany.
      • Kauri (MM): da wannan ma'aunin zaka yi wasa da kaurin takardar. Kar a sanya shi ya yi sirara sosai ko zai zama da rauni sosai.
      • Iyaka (MM): zaɓi don ƙirƙirar iyaka akan takardar ko firam. Idan baka so, saita shi zuwa 0.
      • Mafi Girma Layer (MM): Kuna wasa da kaurin pixel na hoton don ƙarin haske ko lessasa ya wuce a cikin yanki mafi kankancin yanki.
      • Vector da pixel: Mafi girma shi ne, mafi kyawun ƙuduri, amma akwai haɗarin cewa idan ya yi yawa, ba za a yi yanki ba. Kuna iya barin shi cikin kusan 5.
      • Mahimmin tushe / Tsayawa: Yana ƙirƙirar tushe a cikin takardar don tallafi, kodayake idan kuna yin wani nau'i, kamar su takardar zagaye, ba za ku buƙaci wannan tushe ya tsaya ba.
      • Kwana: zai haifar da karin lankwasawa zuwa takardar. Kuna iya sanya 360º don ta fito daga dunƙule-tsalle. Kyakkyawan zaɓi don fitilu.
    • Saitunan hoto: don daidaita hoton don dacewa da ƙirar.
      • Hoto mai kyau / Hoto mara kyau: Ana amfani da shi don sanya hoton yayi fice ko kuma zama ciki, kamar yadda kuke so. Wato, shugabanci na taimako.
      • Hoton Madubi Kashe / Madubin Hoton Kan: yayi aiki don ƙirƙirar tasirin madubi.
      • Jefa Hoton Kashe / Jefa Hoto Akan: zaka iya jefa hoton.
      • Shayar da Manual / Shayarwa akan Hoto Danna: Idan ka bincika, lokacin da ka je shafin samfurin zai sabunta ta atomatik.
      • Maimaita X Countidaya: yana yin kwafin kwance.
      •  Maimaita Kuma Countidaya: yana yin kwafin tsaye.
      • Maimaita Madubi Kusa / Maimaita Madubi A: yi amfani da tasirin madubi.
      • Maimaita Sake Kashewa / Juya Maimaitawa Akan: yi amfani da sakamakon juyawa.
    • Sauke Saiti: inda zaka saita fayil din zazzagewa.
      • Binary STL / ASCII STL: yadda aka adana fayil ɗin STL. Ya kamata ka zaɓi mafi kyawun binary.
      • Manual / Akan Wartsakewa: don zazzagewa da hannu ko duk lokacin da kayi refresh. Da kaina, an fi dacewa a cikin yanayin jagora, don ku sauke lokacin da kun gama shi.
  4. Gyara tare da su zanenku har sai ya zama yadda kuke so sosai, gwargwadon yanayinku.
  5. Da zarar kun shirya shi, danna maɓallin Download don zazzagewa ga STL.

Da zarar kun gama da hakan, yanzu lokaci yayi da za a shigo da STL don buga tare da firinta na 3D.Zaka iya amfani da kowane software mai jituwa tare da wannan tsari don buga 3D. Sauran matakan zasu kasance don buga samfurin, kuma jira har ya gama.

A karshen, zaka iya amfani da kwararan fitila na al'ada, hasken na kyandir, hasken LED, amfani da launuka daban daban na haske, dss. Wannan ya riga ya zama batun dandano ...


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