Etcher: app ɗin da kuke buƙatar rikodin tsarin aiki don Rasberi Pi akan SD

mai ɗaukar hoto

Lokacin da ka sayi ɗayan sifofin Rasberi Pi jirgin, daya daga cikin abin da yakamata kayi shine ka shirya katin memorywa SDwalwar SD domin ya sami bootable tsarin aiki wanda ya dace da wannan hukumar ta SBC. Don wannan ya zama mai yuwuwa akwai kayan aiki da yawa, kodayake ɗayan shahararrun kuma wanda nake bada shawara shine Etcher ko balenaEtcher. Tare da shi zaku sami duk abin da kuke buƙata don shirya OS ɗin ku a cikin SD cikin kyakkyawar fahimta da sauri.

Ya kamata ku sani cewa akwai adadi mai yawa na tsarin aiki wanda an riga an tallafawa tare da jirgin Rasberi Pi. Yawancin rarraba GNU / Linux sun riga sun dace da ARM kuma suna iya aiki da kyau akan Pi. Hakanan kuna da wasu tsarin aiki na budewa wanda baya kan kernel na Linux kuma na musamman ne ga Rasberi Pi, kamar RISC OS, RaspBSD, da sauransu. Kuna iya samun wasu don takamaiman amfani kamar su Windows IoT, OpenELEC don kafa cibiyar watsa labarai, RetroPi don wasannin retro, da dai sauransu.

Gabatarwar

Da kyau, duk abin da tsarin aikin da kuka zaɓa, har ma da yawa akan SD iri ɗaya, lko me zakayi don Rasberi Pi don gudu shine:

  1. Zazzage tsarin aikin ku. A cikin mahaɗin na bar muku jami'an na Asusun Ras, amma akwai wasu da yawa a wasu hanyoyin.
  2. Download balenaEtcher daga shafin yanar gizo na aikin.
  3. Sanya balenaEtcher akan tsarinka.
  4. Yi amfani da Etcher don ƙaddamar da hoton OS ɗin ku zuwa katin SD don haka zaka iya kora daga Pi.

Tabbas, don wannan kuna buƙatar PC tare da mai karanta katin, SD kanta (a cikin batun Rasberi Pi zai zama microSD) da kuma kwamitin SBC.

Menene Etcher?

balentaMata

Balena ya kirkiro wannan software wanda aka fi sani da Etcher. Kodayake sunan da aka san shi da shi ke nan, dole ne a ce an kira shi da farko. Amma an sake masa suna a cikin 2018 lokacin da resin.io ya canza suna zuwa balena.io.

Tsarin kyauta ne kuma buɗe tushen ƙarƙashin lasisin Apache 2.0. An yi amfani da shi rubuta fayilolin hoto zuwa kafofin watsa labarai ajiya Gabaɗaya hotuna ne na tsarin aiki kamar ISO ko IMG kuma kafofin watsa labarai da ake amfani dasu galibi katunan ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar SD ne, kodayake kuma yana goyan bayan mashinan USB. Wato, ba za ku iya amfani da shi kawai don SDs don Raspi ba, har ma don ƙirƙirar Live USB, shirya matsakaicin shigarwa na Windows 10, da dai sauransu.

Bugu da kari, wannan software ne mai yaduwa da yawa, tunda yana iya aiki duka a cikin tsarin aikin Microsoft Windows, Apple macOS da kuma GNU / Linux.

Daga cikinsu fasali shahararru sune:

  • Gano kafofin watsa labarai ta atomatik a kan abin da kuke hawa hoton tsarin aiki. Kun riga kun san cewa zasu iya zama abubuwan ƙwaƙwalwar USB ko katunan SD waɗanda kuka saka a cikin kayan aikin.
  • Kare kan zaɓi na rumbun kwamfutarka. Wato, ba kwa da damuwa kamar sauran shirye-shirye game da yin kuskure da zabar rumbun kwamfutarka da ɗora shi ...
  • Yi komai aiwatar ta atomatik da zarar an fara, ba tare da kun sa baki ba. Hakanan, idan kuna son yin kwafi da yawa akan kafofin watsa labarai daban-daban, misali ga aji tare da SBC da yawa, da zarar farkon ya ƙare zai baku damar aiwatar da tsari iri ɗaya cikin sauri.

A nan gaba, masu haɓaka suma suna so su ƙara tallafi don dacewa don naci ajiya. Wancan ne, don haka lokacin da ka ƙirƙiri matsakaici tare da GNU / Linux distro, zaka iya adana canje-canje da aka yiwa SD ko USB. Wannan yana haifar da bangare ko sarari a tsakiya inda aka adana komai. Gabaɗaya, sauran shirye-shiryen da suka riga sun dace da wannan suna ba ku damar zaɓar girman wancan bangare.

Matakai don amfani da balenaEtcher

SD USB

Yanzu tunda kun san cikakkun bayanan wannan software, bari mu gani matakan amfani da shi. Za ku ga cewa yana da sauki sosai:

  1. download bajannaEtcher a cikin bugu kuna buƙatar:
    1. Don Windows: kuna da zaɓi biyu, ɗayan shine .exe don girka shi akan tsarin ku. Dayan kuma Portable ne wanda baya bukatar girka shi, sai ka zazzage shi, ka zazzage shi kuma zaka iya tafiyar dashi kai tsaye.
    2. Don macOS: Akwai zaɓi ɗaya kawai, tsarin Apple wanda za'a iya aiwatar dashi wanda zaka iya shigarwa cikin sauƙi.
    3. Don Linux: kamar sama, akwai zaɓi ɗaya kawai. Kaya ce irin ta AppImage ta duniya, don haka shigarwa zaiyi aiki don kowane rarraba kuma anyi shi cikin sauƙi. Dole ne kawai ku gudanar da shi kuma aikin zai fara.
  2. Yanzu ne lokaci zuwa girka shi. Don yin wannan, gudanar da kunshin abin da kuka zaɓa. Sai dai Portable wacce bata bukatar ta, kamar yadda na fada a baya. Da zarar an gama shigarwa zaka iya farawa.
  3. Gudun aikace-aikacen balenaEtcher yana nemanta a cikin samfuran samfuran OS.
  4. Tsarin zane-zane yana da sauƙi. Ba shi da asara. Dole ne kawai kuyi matakai uku:
    1. Zaɓi hoton farko. Daga mai binciken fayil zaka iya zuwa inda aka saukar da hoton tsarin aikin da ka zaba: .iso ko .img.
    2. Mataki na gaba shine zaɓar katin SD ko kebul na flash din USB inda kake son ɗorawa.
    3. Sannan taba flashing, ma'ana, kwafa ka shirya matsakaitan da aka zaba tare da tsarin da kayi amfani da shi ta yadda za'a iya taya shi.
    4. Jira tsari ya gama sannan, idan ba zaku kwafa fiye da matsakaici daya ba, har yanzu kuna iya fita.

Bayan haka zaku sami shirye hanyoyin da za a gwada shi a kan kwamfuta ko a cikin Rasberi Pi….


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Hoton Juan Carlos Fischer m

    A cikin mahaɗin https://www.balena.io/etcher/ ina sigar don Rasberi?