NOOBS: tsarin aiki don Rasberi Pi

Gidauniyar Rasberi Pi ta kasance tana haɓaka aikinta don ƙaddamar da sabbin samfuran allon tare da haɓaka software, daga cikin ƙoƙarinta har da tsarin aiki na hukuma waɗanda zaku iya girkawa akan katin SD na SBC ɗinku. Ofaya daga cikin waɗannan ƙoƙarin ana nunawa a cikin aikin da aka sani da NOOBS.

A watan Yunin 2013 wannan aikace-aikacen NOOBS ya shiga yanar gizo, kuma za ku so shi idan kuna da shi Rasberi Pi kuma kana so ka gwada tsarin aiki da yawa ba tare da matsala ba na cire daya don girka wani daga katin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiyar SD ɗinku. Wannan aikin yana sauƙaƙa muku duk su kuma zaɓi wanda kuke so ku fara da shi ...

Game da NOOBS

Tambarin NOOBS

NOOBS na tsaye ne don Sabon Kayan Akwatin Software. Yana da amfani wanda ke sauƙaƙe shigarwar da yawa tsarin aikin hukuma masu dacewa da Rasberi Pi akan katin SD ɗin ɗaya ba tare da rikitarwa ga mai amfani ba. Za a iya sauke cikakken kyauta a cikin ZIP akan gidan yanar gizon hukuma.

Ta zazzage fayil din da cire shi, zaka iya sanya shi a cikin Katin SD an yi niyya ne ga Rasberi Pi, matuƙar yana da aƙalla 4GB ko fiye. Da zarar an loda shi sai ka sanya shi a kan Rasberi Pi, a boot na farko zai nuna maka menu dan haka zaka zabi tsarin aiki da kake son girkawa.

Ana iya sanya shigarwa a cikin gida idan kuna da wasu hotunan da aka riga aka ɗora a cikin sararin samaniya na katin SD ko zazzage su daga intanet a halin yanzu idan kuna da haɗi. A zahiri, sabbin sigar NOOBS sun canza idan aka kwatanta da na farko, ba wai kawai a cikin tsarin aikin da ake da su ba, har ma da halayen su. Yanzu sun haɗa da mai haɗin intanet.

Kuna iya samun damar menu ɗinta tare da Maɓallin sauyawa keyboard yayin farawa, don haka sake shigar da wani tsarin aiki ko zaɓi wani. Hakanan zaka iya shirya fayil ɗin sanyi wanda ake kira config.txt.

Bambancin NOOBS

Kuna iya nemowa NOOBS iri biyu a kan Rasberi Pi official website:

  • NOOBS: ɗayansu shine ainihin, wanda ya ƙunshi mai sakawa don tsarin Raspbian OS da LibreELEC. Yana bayar da damar a madadin zaɓi ɗaya ko wani tsarin aiki, da zazzagewa da shigar da wasu tsarin daban daga Intanet. Kun riga kun san cewa Raspbian asali Debian ce da aka canza wa Rasberi Pi, yayin da LibreELEC shine abin da kuke nema idan kuna buƙatar mai shiga tsakani.
  • NOOBS Lite: Shine nau'ikan haske na baya, ba tare da tsarin aiki ba an haɗa shi, don haka yana da sauƙin saukewa don saukarwa. Yana bayar da menu iri ɗaya don zaɓar Raspbian ko wasu hotunan, amma dole ne a zazzage shi kuma a girka shi daga karce.

saita.txt

NOOBS config.txt

Fayil na sanyi config.txt NOOBS ɗayan mahimman abubuwa ne. A ciki zaku iya yin gyare-gyare daban don canza aikin yau da kullun na wannan mai amfani.

Don saita shi, kuna iya yin sa daga editan ginanniyar wanda NOOBS ya haɗa ko kuma daga wani OS ɗin tare da kowane editan rubutu. Zoe a cikin rubutu bayyananne, kuma an yi sharhi da kyau, sabili da haka, zaku san abin da kowane zaɓin da zaku iya canzawa yake don shi.

Yawancin lokaci babu abin da yake buƙatar canzawa, amma idan kuna buƙatar saitin ci gaba don daidaita zaɓuɓɓuka don bukatunku, kamar nau'in haɗi, akan allo, da sauransu, zaku iya dubawa ...

NOOBS menu

Amma ga menu mai zane, NOOBS yana da sauƙi mai sauƙi tare da zaɓuɓɓuka masu zuwa:

  • Shigar / Shigar: shine maballin don zaɓar tsarin aiki na katin SD ɗinka kuma girka su. Zaka iya zaɓar ƙari ko lessasa daga lissafin.
  • Shirya sanyi / Shirya Sanya: yana ba da damar buɗe config.txt tare da editan rubutu wanda aka haɗa kuma zai iya canza tsarin tsarin.
  • Taimako / Taimako: Nemi taimakon kan layi.
  • Fita / Fita: shine zaɓi don samun damar fita daga NOOBS kuma sake kunna Rasberi Pi.
  • Harshe / Harshe: shine menu don zaɓar yarenku na asali wanda ake nunawa a ciki.
  • Yaren Maballin / Faifan Keyboard: yana baka damar zaɓar yaren maballin, misali, Spanish (ES).
  • Yanayin allo / Yanayin Nuni: Ta tsoho ana amfani da tashar HDMI don nuni, amma zaka iya canza shi don amfani da kebul na bidiyo, yanayin PAL, NTSC, da dai sauransu.

Sanya NOOBS:

para girka NOOBS akan katin SD ɗinka yana da kyau kai tsaye. Dole ne kawai ku bi waɗannan matakan akan PC ɗinku:

  1. Yi katin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya na SD fiye da 8GB kuma tsara daidai. Ba wani abu bane na musamman, kawai yana buƙatar kasancewa cikin tsarin FAT32.
  2. Saka katin a cikin karatun kwamfutarka.
  3. Zazzage NOOBS ZIP daga shafin yanar gizo.
  4. Bude ZIP din.
  5. Dole ne a kwashe abubuwan da aka cire zuwa SD ɗinku.
  6. Yanzu saka SD a cikin leda na Rasberi Pi kuma zaka iya farawa ...

Rasberi Pi Imager (madadin)

Gidauniyar Rasberi Pi ta haɓaka amfani da aikin Rasberi Pi hotoni don masu farawa, tunda yana baka damar girka Raspbian da sauran tsarukan aiki akan katin SD ta hanya mai sauri da sauƙi.

Za ku same shi a cikin shafin yanar gizo para macOS, Windows da Linux. Tabbas, gaba daya kyauta ne.

Rasberi Pi 4 matsaloli

Rasberi Pi 4 GPIO

Idan kana da Rasberi Pi 4 kuma kun ga bai fara ba, Iwaƙwalwar SPI EEPROM na iya lalacewa. Wannan yana da mafita mai sauƙi, idan haka ne, cire katin SD daga allonku, cire haɗin SBC daga wuta, kuma sake haɗawa. Idan koren LED bai haskaka ba, to lalai ne.

para gyara shi bi wadannan matakan:

  1. Yi amfani da SD mara komai. Saka wannan a cikin mai karanta katin PC ɗinku.
  2. Zazzage Rasberi Pi Imager don OS ɗinku.
  3. Zaɓi "CHOOSE OS" sannan "Misc utility images", sannan "Pi 4 EEPROM boot recovery".
  4. Yanzu saka katin SD saika latsa Imager «CHOOSE SD CARD» ka zaɓi katin da ka saka kawai. Sannan danna "RUBUTA".
  5. Da zarar kun gama, cire SD daga PC ɗinku kuma saka shi a cikin Rasberi Pi 4.
  6. Toshe a cikin Pi don kora. Lokacin da aikin ya ƙare, za ku ga koren LED yana haske da sauri.
  7. Cire haɗin Pi daga wutar lantarki, kuma cire SD ɗin da aka saka.
  8. Yanzu zaka iya amfani da SD tare da tsarin aikin da kake so kuma kayi amfani dashi kullun. Yakamata a gyara.

Sauran madadin zaɓi don gyara matsalar tare da Pi 4 shine zazzagewa bootloader daga GitHub, cire a cikin siffin SD ɗin da aka tsara mai, ba komai a ciki, saka shi a cikin Pi, haɗa kuma jira koren LED don yin haske da sauri ...

Sayi katuna tare da NOOBS an riga an haɗa su

NOOBS SD

Wani zaɓi, idan kuna son ƙarin ta'aziyya ko baku amfani da katin SD ɗin don wannan, shine saya katin SD tare da NOOBS an riga an riga an sanya shi, don haka dole kawai ka haɗa shi da Rasberi Pi ka gudu. Kari kan haka, ta hanyar yin hakan kuna bayar da gudummawa ga tushe, tunda wadannan katunan na hukuma ne ...

Kuna iya samo su a cikin shagunan kan layi daban-daban, misali akan Amazon. Hakanan ana samun su ta hanyoyi daban-daban, misali:

Tabbas zaka iya koyaushe saya SD ɗin da kanka da ƙarfin da kuke buƙata, kuma shigar da hannu tare da matakan da na bayyana a sama.

Da wannan da kuma lambar ka Rasberi Pi, zaku sami duk abin da kuke buƙatar farawa ...


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