TZXDuino: allon Arduino ne a cikin kaset na software na ZX Spectrum

ZX bakan

Akwai su da yawa retro kwamfuta mai amfani da masu amfani. Masu tara sahihan bayanai waɗanda suka gudanar da siye ko dawo da tsoffin kayan tatsuniyoyi. Auna game da kwakwalwan Zilog Z80, Apple Classic, ko waɗancan kayan tarihin waɗanda suke a da, kamar su ZX Spectrum, ko Amstrad, Atari, Commodore, da ƙari mai yawa. Da kyau, dukansu ya kamata su sani game da aikin TZXDuino wanda zamuyi magana akansa a cikin wannan labarin.

A wasu sakonnin mun nuna labarai don dawo da wasannin bidiyo na bege da gudanar dasu a ciki masu yadawa. A wannan lokacin zamuyi magana game da menene wancan TZXDuino, menene alaƙar shi da Spectrum da Arduino, da dai sauransu.

ZX bakan

Sinclair ZX Ganuwa

Kamfanin Ingila Binciken Sinclair ƙirƙirar ɗayan shahararrun kwamfyutoci kuma hakan abin mamaki ne ga masoyan bege. ZX Spectrum ne wanda zai shiga kasuwa a ranar 23 ga Afrilu, 1982.

Kwamfuta mai bit-8 dangane da sanannun microprocessors Zilog Z80A. Kari akan wannan, zai zama daya daga cikin shahararrun kananan microcomputers a Turai a wannan lokacin.

Ingantaccen ingantaccen kayan aiki don lokacin da zai faranta ran komputa da bidiyo game fans na wannan shekarun, kuma wanda har yanzu yanki ne na kayan gargajiya a yau. A zahiri, waɗanda basu yi sa'ar samun kayan aikin asali ba, suna wadatar da kwayoyi ko emulators don ci gaba da rayar da software.

Daga cikin ZX Spectrum akwai nau'ikan da yawa, ban da wasu kwafin kwayoyi da kuma Kalam Wannan ya fito ne saboda nasarar wannan samfurin wanda akwai nau'ikan tsarin aiki masu aiki da yawa waɗanda suka dace da shi.

Amma ga asali kayan aiki, halaye sun kasance suna da matukar muhimmanci ga lokacin:

  • CPU: Zilog Z80A a 3.5 Mhz da 8-bit don bas ɗin data da 16-bit don motar adireshin, da ikon sarrafa ƙarin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya.
  • Memoria- Kuna iya zaɓar tsakanin abubuwa daban-daban na RAM guda biyu. Siffar 16 kB mai rahusa da sigar 48 kB mafi tsada. Dole a ƙara wannan zuwa 16 kB na ROM wanda ya haɗa azaman tushe. Wannan ROM ɗin ya haɗa da mai fassarar BASIC.
  • Keyboard: roba hadedde a kwamfuta a wasu sifofin.
  • Ajiyayyen Kai: Maganin kaset din Magnetic daidai yake da waɗanda aka yi amfani da su a tsarin sauti na gama gari. Ana iya samun damar bayanan cikin saurin 1500 bit / s a ​​matsakaita. Sabili da haka, wasan bidiyo na kusan 48 kB ya ɗauki kusan min 4 don loda. Kodayake wasu wasanni sunyi amfani da yanayin turbo don haɓaka saurin. Bugu da ƙari, shekara guda bayan ƙaddamar da Spectrum, Sinclair ya fito da ZX Interface I, wanda zai iya haɗawa har zuwa 8 mai saurin tef ɗin da ake kira microdrives tare da saurin 120.000 bit / s.
  • Zane: tsarin zane-zane yana iya ɗaukar matrix har zuwa 256 × 192 px. Kodayake ƙudirin launi 32 × 24 ne kawai, tare da gungu pixel 8 xel 8 da bayanin launi ko halaye kamar launin bango, launin tawada, haske, da walƙiya.

Tabbas, da yawa tsinkaye don ƙarawa zuwa wannan kwamfutar. Bawai ZX Microdrive kawai ba, harma da sauran hanyoyin musayar diski kamar Beta Disk, DISCiPLE, OPUS Discovery, stylus, mice (Kempston Mouse, Star Mouse, AMX Mouse,…), masu buga takardu, masu kula da wasan bidiyo kamar farin ciki, da dai sauransu.

A cikin 1986, Binciken Bincike na Sinclair ya sayar da alamominsa da samfuranta ga Amstrad, wani ɗayan abubuwan tarihi. Amma, idan baku sani ba, Sinclair Research Ltd. har yanzu yana nan a matsayin kamfani a yau ...

Kuma duk wannan don mafarkin mai hangen nesa mai suna Sir Clive Sinclair, wani mai kirkirar Landan, injiniya kuma dan kasuwa wanda yake da wannan kyakkyawar dabara ta siyar da kananan na'uran komputar gida. Kuma mafi kyawun abu shine zaka iya ci gaba da jin daɗin su da ayyuka kamar TZXDuino wanda zan nuna maka a ƙasa ...

Menene TZXDuino?

Gaskiya ne cewa kuna da emulators a wurinku, kamar yadda zaku sayi ko dawo da kayan aikin Spectrum na asali wadanda kuka samu a kasuwar hannu da kanku. Ta wannan hanyar, kuna da kayan aikin da zaku iya gudanar da wasannin bidiyo na baya da software kamar da. Amma ba kowa bane zai iya samun guda, kuma anan ne TZXDuino daukan kan dacewar.

Da kyau, yi tunanin shinge mai kama da tef na kaset, tare da allon ci gaba a ciki kuma yana iya gudanar da ainihin kayan aikin ZX Spectrum wanda kuka adana a cikin katin microSD. Wannan shine ainihin abin da zaku sami azaman TZXDuino. Ba shi da kayan aiki na asali, amma wani abu wani abu ne idan baku son emulators ...

Wadanda ke da alhakin wannan aikin sune Andrew Beer da Dunan Edwards, wanda tare da gobe da tunani suka sami damar sanya komai a cikin kaset ɗin kaset. Don haka kuna iya samun hannunka ƙaramin na'urar da zata sake dawo da duk waɗannan shirye-shiryen almara daga shekarun 80s zuwa 90 na Spectrum.

Idan kayi mamaki game da cikakkun bayanan fasaha na yadda aka kirkireshi, gaskiyar ita ce sun kasance dangane da arduino. Saboda haka sunanta. Kuma idan kuna son guda ɗaya kuma kuna da ruhin maƙerin, za ku iya ƙirƙiri kaset ɗin ka na DIY. A cikin wannan mahaɗin zaku sami PDF wanda ya ƙunshi duk umarnin don haɗuwa da abubuwan haɗin lantarki. Kuma gaskiyar ita ce ba abu ne mai matukar wahala ba kuma mai tsawo ne ...

Abin sani kawai mai rikitarwa shine shine yana buƙatar ƙwarewa don haɗa komai da komai a ciki kuma kuna da kyau gwangwani soldering basira.

Ko ta yaya, na tabbata kuna koyon abubuwa da yawa yayin aiwatarwa gini da nishaɗi da zarar sun haɗu za'a tabbatar dasu ...

Don ƙirƙirar TZXDuino naka zaku buƙaci

Kuna iya saya dukkan kayan haɗin a sauƙaƙe a cikin shaguna na musamman ko akan Amazon, kamar:

 


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