Pehea e nānā ai i kahi capacitor

Kāpena

ka ʻO nā capacitor he mau mea uila uila hiki ke mālama i ka ikehu uila. Hana lākou iā ia mahalo i kahi kahua uila. A laila e hoʻokuʻu liʻiliʻi lākou i ka ikehu i mālama ʻia, ʻo ia hoʻi, inā mākou e hoʻohālikelike iā ia me kahi ʻōnaehana hydraulic e like lākou me nā waihona wai. Maʻaneʻi ʻaʻole ia he wai akā he uku, nā uila ...

I mea e mālama ai i ka ikehu, ʻelua ʻaoʻao conductive i wahī ʻia i nā ʻāpana, a no laila ke ʻano paukūʻā. Hoʻopili ʻia ma waena o nā pā kahi lau dielectric a i ʻole papa. He mea nui loa kēia pepa hoʻopili e hoʻoholo ai i ka uku o ka capacitor a me kona ʻano, ʻoiai inā ʻaʻole lawa ia hiki ke perforated a me ke kahe o kēia manawa mai kekahi pepa conductive i kekahi.

Akā he aha ka hana ke kau ʻia a i ʻole makemake ʻoe e nānā inā holo pono?

E hōʻoia i kahi capacitor

ʻŪhū hāhū

Once ua koho ʻoe iā ia a i ʻole e hana ana i kahi kaapuni, kahi ʻē aʻe ʻo kekahi o nā mea nui ka ʻike i ka nānā ʻana. No kēlā mau ala he nui e ʻike ai inā kū kekahi mea i kahi capacitor:

  • Hōʻike Olfactory / ʻike: I kekahi manawa, inā he loea uila ʻoe, ua lawa ka pilau o ka puhi ʻana a i ʻole ke hana ʻana i kahi nānā ʻike e ʻike inā ua hōʻino ke kaapuni.
    • Ka mālamalama: ke loaʻa kahi pilikia i kahi capacitor ʻike maopopo ʻia. Pehu nā capacitor a hiki ke ʻike ʻia me ka maka ʻōlohelohe e like me kāu e ʻike ai i ke kiʻi ma luna. I kekahi manawa ʻōhū wale ia, i nā manawa ʻē aʻe hiki ke pehu me ka liʻiliʻi electrolyte. I kēlā me kēia hihia, hōʻike ia he maikaʻi ʻole ka capacitor.
    • Nā kiko ʻeleʻele ma nā hoʻopili a papa paha- Kahi wahi pouli kokoke i nā hoʻopili a i ʻole ma ka papa kaapuni i paʻi ʻia kahi e hoʻoheheʻe ʻia ai ka capacitor hiki ke hana i nā pilikia.
  • Hōʻike me ka multimeter a i ʻole ka multimeter: hiki ke hana i nā hoʻokolohua he nui ...
    • Hōʻike hiki: Hiki iā ʻoe ke nānā i ka capacitance o ka capacitor a hoʻonoho i ka multimeter i ka hana e ana i nā capacitances ma ka pālāki kūpono. A laila hoʻokau i nā alakaʻi o ka multimeter ma nā mea hoʻopili ʻelua o ka capacitor a ʻike inā kokoke a like paha ke kumukūʻai i heluhelu ʻia me ka mana o ka capacitor, a laila maikaʻi ia. ʻO nā heluhelu ʻē aʻe e hōʻike i kahi pilikia. E hoʻomanaʻo pono e hele ka uea ʻulaʻula i ka pin lōʻihi loa o ka capacitor a me ka uea ʻeleʻele i ka mea pōkole inā he capacite polar ia, inā mai nā poʻe ʻē aʻe ʻaʻohe mea pehea.
    • Hōʻike pōʻaiapuni pōkole: E ʻike inā pōkole ia, hiki iā ʻoe ke kau i ka multimeter i kahi ʻano e ana i ke kūʻē ʻana. Pono ʻoe e hoʻokomo iā ia i kahi laulā o 1K a ʻoi paha. Hoʻohui ʻoe i ka ʻulaʻula i ke kikowaena loa inā he polar capacitor ia, a ʻo ka ʻeleʻele i ka pōkole loa. E loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi waiwai. E hoʻokaʻawale i nā alakaʻi o ka hoʻāʻo. A laila hoʻokomo hou i loko a kākau hou i lalo a hoʻomanaʻo paha i ka waiwai. Hana i ka hōʻike e like me kēia i nā manawa he nui. E loaʻa iā ʻoe nā waiwai like inā maikaʻi ia.
    • Hōʻoia me ka voltmeter: hoʻonohonoho i ka hana o ke ana uila. E hoʻoiho i ka capacitor me ka puʻukū, no ka laʻana. ʻAʻole ia he mea e uku ʻia ma ke anakahi uila. ʻO kahi laʻana, hiki i ka capacitor 25v ke uku ʻia me kahi pakuhi 9v, akā ʻaʻole e ʻoi aku i ka helu i kaha ʻia a e uhaʻi paha ʻoe iā ia. Ke hoʻoili ʻia, e hoʻāʻo i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo ma ke ʻano voltmeter e ʻike inā ʻike ʻia ka uku. Inā pēlā, e maikaʻi. Hana kekahi i kahi hoʻokolohua me ka hoʻohana ʻole ʻana i ka multimeter, e kau ana i ka piko o kahi ʻāpana ma waena o nā wahi ʻelua o ka capacitor a ke nānā nei inā hana ʻia kahi hunaahi ma hope o ka hoʻouka ʻana, ʻoiai ʻaʻole koi ʻia kēia ...
  • No nā capacitor pālolo: i kēia mau hihia ʻaʻole akaka paha e like me nā poʻe ʻē aʻe ke pilikia. Kūhū ʻole kēia mau mea. Eia nō naʻe, like nā hoʻokolohua.
    • Polymeter i ka hana e ana i ke kūpaʻa: Hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻāʻo i kekahi o nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo ma nā mākia capacitor pālolo. Ma muli o ka capacitance haʻahaʻa o kēia mau capacitor pono ia ma ka pālākiō o 1M ohm a ʻoi paha. Inā maikaʻi ia, pono e kaha i kahi waiwai ma ka pakuhi a hāʻule koke. Hiki ke ʻike ʻia nā leaks ke hāʻule ʻole ke kumukūʻai a hiki i ka ʻole a kokoke paha i ka ʻole.
    • Mea hoʻāʻo Capacitor: inā loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi hāmeʻa o kēia ʻano a i ʻole hiki iā ʻoe ke ana i nā kaha ma ka pālākiō picoFarads e like me ka hana ʻana o kēia mau capacitor, hiki iā ʻoe ke hoʻāʻo e hoʻoiho iā ia a ʻike inā hōʻiliʻili ia i ka uku e nānā i ke kūlana olakino. Inā he kaha kokoke a i ʻole like i kēlā me kēia i kaha ʻia ma ka capacitor, e OK ia.

Unuhi i ka ʻike i loaʻa

ʻO kēlā nā hoʻāʻo maʻamau e hiki ke hana ʻia, akā e ʻike pehea e wehewehe ai i kāu mea e ola ai, pono ʻoe e ʻike i ka nā pilikia e pilikia ai kēia mau capacitor:

  • Ka haki ʻana: aia ke hoʻopau ʻia. E ʻeha ka capacitor mai kēia pilikia ke hoʻonui ʻia ka nui o ka voltage voltage a ua haki kekahi mawaena o kāna mau mea hana e hoʻopili uila iā lākou. Ke kūlike a kūlike paha ke awelika kūʻē i ka ʻole hōʻike ʻia kahi breakout. ʻO ke kūpaʻa ʻana o kahi capacitor i hōʻino ʻia aneane ʻaʻole ʻoi aku i 2 ohm.
  • Corte: ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia kekahi o nā pine a ʻelua paha mai nā mea hana lima. I kēia hihia, ke hoʻāʻo nei e hoʻouka a laila ana i ka ukana, e like ka waiwai me ka ʻole. He mea maopopo, no ka mea ʻaʻole hoʻoili.
  • Nā hemahema i nā papa dielectric: inā ʻaʻole huina ka ukana, ʻaʻole ia he ʻoki, hōʻike paha ia i kahi hōʻino. ʻO kekahi kumu e kānalua ai aia kekahi pilikia me nā papa insulate mea e ana i ka waiwai o ka hoʻonui ʻana o nā kahe hoʻoluhi. No kēlā mea, ke kauoha ʻoe i ka capacitor a ana i ka uila, e ʻike ʻoe i ka emi mau ʻana o ia mea. Inā wikiwiki ʻoe e hana, hōʻike ia kiʻekiʻe nā ʻauhae.
  • 'ē aʻe- Maikaʻi ke nānā aku ka mea capacitor, ua hala nā hoʻokolohua a pau ma luna, akā ke waiho mākou iā ia i ke kaapuni ʻaʻole holo pono ia. Inā ʻike mākou he maikaʻi nā ʻāpana ʻē aʻe a laila hiki i kahi pilikia paʻakikī e ʻike i kā mākou capacitor. Maikaʻi inā e nānā pū ʻoe i nā mahana i hiki i ka wā o ka hana ...
Lana koʻu manaʻo ua kōkua wau iā ʻoe a maopopo ʻoe pehea e koho ai a nānā i kāu mau capacitor i ka wā e hiki mai ana...

Nā ʻano Capacitor

ʻĀpana Condenser

Aia kekahi mau ʻano capacitor. ʻO ka ʻike iā lākou he kūpono e ʻike i kahi āu e pono ai i kēlā me kēia hihia. ʻOiai he nui aku nā ʻano, nā mea hoihoi loa no nā mea hana a me DIY:

  • Mea hoʻonanea Mika: He insulator maikaʻi ʻo Mika, me nā nalo haahaa, kū i ke kiʻekiʻe o ke ana wela a ʻaʻole e hoʻohaʻahaʻa e ka hoʻowali a me ka hoʻowali. No laila, maikaʻi lākou no kekahi mau noi kahi ʻaʻole maikaʻi ka nohona.
  • Pahu capacitor. Maʻa mau ʻia lākou, e hana ana i kahi alahaka ma waena o nā kaʻi conductive ʻelua. Akā i kēia lā aia kekahi mau capacitor hoʻōla ponoʻī, ʻo ia hoʻi, i hana ʻia i ka pepa akā hiki ke hoʻoponopono ʻia ke perforated. Kūpono kēlā mau mea no ka hapa nui o nā noi. Ke kuʻi ʻia, e hoʻoheheʻe ke kiʻekiʻena kiʻekiʻe ma waena o nā mea hana i ka papa lahilahi o ka alumini e hoʻopuni ana i ka wahi kaapuni pōkole, a pēlā e hoʻokumu hou ai i ka insulation ...
  • Mea pihana uila: He ʻano kī no nā noi he nui, ʻoiai ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻohana ʻia me ke au e kū nei. E hoʻomau wale nō a akahele hoʻi ʻaʻole e hoʻohuli i ka polarize iā lākou, ʻoiai e luku kēia i ka oxide insulate a hana i kahi pōʻai pōkole. Hiki i kēlā ke kumu i kahi piʻi i ka mahana, wela, a pāhū hoʻi. Ma loko o kēia ʻano capacitors hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i nā ʻano subtypes e kaukaʻi ʻia i ka electrolyte i hoʻohana ʻia, e like me ka aluminika a me ka boric acid hoʻoheheʻe electrolyte (pono loa no ka mana a me nā pono kani); nā tantalum me ka lakene hiki / ka nui pono; a me nā mea bipolar kūikawā no ke kūlike o kēia au (ʻaʻole pinepine lākou).
  • ʻO Polyester a i ʻole Mylar capacitor: hoʻohana lākou i nā pale lahilahi o ka polyester kahi e waiho ai ka aluminika e hana i nā mea kaua. Hoʻopili ʻia kēia mau pale e hana i ka sanwī. Hoʻohana pū kekahi mau ʻano i polycarbonate a me polypropylene.
  • Mea hoʻoheheʻe polystyrene: ʻike ʻia ʻo Styroflex mai Siemens. Hana ʻia lākou i ka plastic a hoʻohana nui ʻia i ka lekiō lekiō.
  • Mea pihana pālolo: Hoʻohana lākou i nā keramika ma ke ʻano he dielectrics. Maikaʻi no ka hoʻohana ʻana me nā microwaves a me nā alapine like ʻole.
  • Nā capacitor loli: loaʻa iā lākou kahi hana lima hana lima e hoʻololi i ka dielectric, e ʻae ana e hoʻolauna i ka uku a ʻoi aku paha. ʻO ia, nānā lākou e like me nā resistors variable a i ʻole potentiometers.

Kaha:

Pāʻālua waihoʻoluʻu Condenser

ʻO kekahi mea e hoʻokaʻawale ai i kekahi capacitor mai kahi mea ʻē aʻe ka hiki, ʻo ia ka nui o ka ikehu i hiki iā lākou ke mālama loko. Ua ana ʻia i Farads. ʻO ka maʻamau i nā millifarads a i ʻole microfarads, ʻoiai ka mea nui o ka ikehu i mālama ʻia he liʻiliʻi. Eia nō naʻe, pono ʻoe e ʻike aia kekahi mau capacitor no ka hoʻohana ʻoihana me nā nui a me nā mana nui.

E nānā i ka hiki, loaʻa iā ʻoe kekahi nā code kala a me / a helu paha, e like me ka mea me nā mea pale. Ma nā pūnaewele a nā mea hana e ʻike ʻoe i nā palapala pūnaewele a me ka ʻike e pili ana i ka capacitor āu i kūʻai ai. Aia kekahi mau pūnaewele pūnaewele pono ʻē aʻe, e like me kēia mai ʻaneʻi i kahi āu e kau ai i ka pāʻālua a helu ʻia nā mana.

Akā ʻaʻole pono ka palena o nā capacitor e palena iā ʻoe. ʻO wau e hiki ke hoʻopili ʻia i loko kūlike a serial paha e like me nā mea kūpale. E like me lākou, e loaʻa iā ʻoe kahi mana a i ʻole ʻē aʻe ma o ka hoʻopili ʻana i kekahi o lākou. Aia kekahi kumuwaiwai pūnaewele e hoʻomaulia i ka nui o ka hiki i loaʻa i ka like a me ka moʻo.

Ke hoʻohui like ʻia, hoʻohui pololei lākou nā waiwai hiki i nā mahiʻai o nā capacitor. ʻOiai pili lākou i ka moʻo ua helu ʻia ka nui o ka hiki ma ka hoʻohui ʻana i ka kekeke o ka hiki o kēlā me kēia capacitor. ʻO ia, 1 / C1 + 1 / C2 +… o nā capacitor a pau i loaʻa, me C ka hiki o kēlā me kēia. ʻO ia, e like me kāu e ʻike ai he ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe o nā mea kūpale, inā lākou i ka moʻo e hoʻohui a inā aia lākou i ka like o ka inverse o kā lākou kūʻē (1 / R1 + 1 / R2 + ...).

ʻO ka mea hea kaʻu e kūʻai ai?

ʻO Schematic e Fritzing me ka capacitor a me Arduino

Inā hoʻoholo ʻoe e hana i kahi papahana kahi e hoʻohana ai ʻoe i nā capacitor, ke loaʻa iā ʻoe ka hoʻolālā a ʻike maikaʻi ʻoe i kāu mea e makemake ai, inā makemake ʻoe e hana i kahi lako mana, kahi kānana, hoʻohana iā lākou me kahi 555 no ka manawa, a pēlā aku, e like me nā helu āu i hana ai a kaukaʻi ʻia i kāu mea e makemake ai. e hoʻokō ai, pono ʻoe i kahi mākaukau a i ʻole ʻē aʻe.

  • Ehia mau pono āu e pono ai? Kaukaʻi ʻia i ka pōʻaiapuni āu e makemake ai, e helu ʻoe i hoʻokahi a i ʻole nā ​​kaha ʻē aʻe (e noʻonoʻo pū inā ʻoe e ʻoi aku i ka hoʻokahi e pili ana i ka moʻo a i ʻole ke kūlike). Kaukaʻi ʻia i ka hiki, hiki iā ʻoe ke kānana i nā mea wale nō e māʻona ai iā ʻoe.
  • E hana ana ʻoe me nā uila maikaʻi a maikaʻi ʻole a i ʻole me ke au e kū nei? Inā ʻoe e hoʻohana i nā polarizations ʻokoʻa a i ʻole ka alternating o kēia manawa, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka capacitor pālolo a i ʻole polarized ʻia e pale i ka haki inā hoʻololi ʻoe i ka polarity.
  • Makemake ʻoe e hele wale i waena o kēia manawa? A laila koho i kahi capacitor capacitor kiʻekiʻe, ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻaʻole ia he ceramic, e like me nā electrolytic.
  • Makemake ʻoe e hele wale i kēia manawa? Hiki iā ʻoe ke kau i ka capacitor i ka lua o ka honua (GND).
  • Ehia na uila? Kūpono nā capacitor i kahi palena uila. E kālailai pono i ka uila e hana ai ʻoe a koho i kahi capacitor i hiki ke hana i kahi pae āu e makemake ai. Mai koho i hoʻokahi i ka palena, ʻoiai hiki i kahi spike ke hōʻino iā ia. Eia kekahi, inā he palena palena kāu, ʻaʻole ʻoe e hana paʻakikī, a ma ka hana ʻana i ka hoʻomaha hou e ʻoi aku kou lōʻihi.

Pehea koho i kāu capacitor i ka wā e hiki mai.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

4 manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   Harry ia

    hello he capacitor wau a ʻike wau i ka hoʻokolohua kaapuni pōkole a hāʻawi ka capacitor i ka heluhelu ʻana a ʻaʻole paʻa ka heluhelu ʻana a hoʻomau i ka iho a hoʻololi i nā ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo o ka voltmeter a hana like ka mea like, hewa ka capacitor

    1.    Isaac ia

      hola,
      Ke hoʻohana nei i ka nui kūpono ma ka mea koho multimeter? A i ʻole ia he voltmeter me ka hana ʻole e ana i nā anakuhi ʻē aʻe?
      Mahalo!

  2.   ʻO Sergio del Valle Gomez ia

    Loaʻa iaʻu kahi capacitor 1200mf 10V i hōʻino ʻia. Hiki iaʻu ke pani iā ​​ia me kekahi o 1000mf a me 16V, i ka like me kekahi o 250mf 16V, e hoʻohui iā 1250mf a me 16V?

    1.    'O Carlos ia

      Inā hiki, hoʻohui ʻia ka waiwai i ka lua, ʻaʻohe mea nui ka voltage kiʻekiʻe.

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