Qhov kawg Qhia rau 3D tshuab luam ntawv

3D tshuab luam ntawv

Additive manufacturing muaj ntau thiab ntau daim ntawv thov, ob qho tib si nyob rau hauv leisure sector thiab nyob rau hauv kev lag luam thiab technology. 3D tshuab luam ntawv tau los hloov pauv txoj kev koj luam tawm thiab lawv tsim cov qauv tshiab, uas muaj peev xwm los ntawm cov khoom me me mus rau cov ntaub so ntswg nyob thiab txawm lub tsev, los yog qhov chaw aerodynamic rau motorsport.

Txog rau ob peb xyoos dhau los, 2D luam ntawv yog cov khoom ntawm science ntawv tseeb. Ntau tus npau suav ntawm kev muaj peev xwm luam tawm cov khoom siv es tsis txhob ntawm cov duab lossis cov ntawv ntawm daim ntawv XNUMXD yooj yim. Tam sim no thev naus laus zis thiaj li paub tab muaj suav tsis txheeb technologies, hom, qauv, lwm. Hauv phau ntawv qhia no koj tuaj yeem kawm paub ntau ntxiv txog cov tshuab luam ntawv tshwj xeeb no.

Dab tsi yog voxel?

lus

Yog koj tseem tsis tau paub lub vox, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb uas koj yuav tsum to taub tias nws yog dab tsi, vim nyob rau hauv 3D luam ntawv nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb. Nws yog cov ntawv luv ntawm cov lus Askiv "volumetric pixel", lub cubic unit uas ua rau peb-dimensional khoom.

Kuj tseem muaj lwm chav xws li texel (cov khoom siv los yog kev ntxhib los mos pixel), uas yog qhov tsawg kawg nkaus ntawm kev ntxhib los mos siv rau saum npoo hauv computer graphics, lossis tixel (tactile pixel), uas yog neologism uas hais txog ib hom. ntawm haptic technology rau kov cov ntxaij vab tshaus, tso cai rau simulate tus kov ntawm txawv textures.

Hauv lwm lo lus, nws yuav yog 2D sib npaug ntawm ib pixel. Thiab, raws li koj tuaj yeem pom hauv daim duab saum toj no, yog tias tus qauv 3D tau muab faib ua lub voos xwmfab, txhua tus ntawm lawv yuav yog voxel. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom qhia meej tias nws yog dab tsi, txij li qee lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D qib siab tso cai rau kev tswj hwm ntawm txhua lub voxel thaum luam ntawv kom ua tiav cov txiaj ntsig zoo dua.

Dab tsi yog 3D tshuab luam ntawv

3D lub luam ntawv

Lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D yog lub tshuab muaj peev xwm luam tawm cov khoom nrog ntim los ntawm lub computer tsim. Ntawd yog, zoo li lub tshuab luam ntawv ib txwm, tab sis tsis txhob luam tawm ntawm lub tiaj tiaj thiab hauv 2D, nws ua nrog peb qhov ntev (dav, ntev thiab qhov siab)). Cov qauv tsim los ntawm cov txiaj ntsig no tuaj yeem ua tiav tuaj yeem los ntawm 3D lossis CAD qauv, thiab txawm tias los ntawm cov khoom siv lub cev tiag tiag uas tau ua. XNUMXD scan.

Thiab lawv ua tau luam tawm txhua yam, los ntawm cov khoom yooj yim xws li khob kas fes, mus rau ntau qhov nyuaj xws li cov ntaub so ntswg nyob, tsev, thiab lwm yam. Hauv lwm lo lus, kev npau suav ntawm ntau tus neeg uas xav kom lawv cov ntawv luam tawm los ua lub neej los ntawm daim ntawv yog nyob ntawm no, thiab lawv pheej yig txaus los siv dhau kev lag luam, thiab hauv tsev.

Keeb kwm ntawm 3D luam ntawv

Cov keeb kwm ntawm 3D luam ntawv zoo li tsis ntev los no, tab sis qhov tseeb yog tias nws yuav tsum rov qab mus rau ob peb xyoo lawm. Txhua yam tshwm sim los ntawm inkjet tshuab luam ntawv los ntawm 1976, los ntawm qhov kev vam meej tau ua los hloov tus cwj mem luam ntawv nrog cov ntaub ntawv los tsim cov khoom ntim, ua cov kauj ruam tseem ceeb thiab kos lub cim tseem ceeb hauv kev txhim kho cov thev naus laus zis mus txog rau cov tshuab tam sim no:

  • Xyoo 1981 thawj 3D tshuab luam ntawv tau patented. nws ua Dr Hideo Kodama, ntawm Nagoya Municipal Industrial Research Institute (Nyiv). Lub tswv yim yog siv 2 txoj kev sib txawv uas nws tau tsim rau kev tsim khoom ntxiv siv cov duab-sensitive resin, zoo ib yam li cov chips ua. Txawm li cas los xij, nws txoj haujlwm yuav raug tso tseg vim tsis muaj kev txaus siab thiab nyiaj txiag.
  • Nyob rau tib lub xyoo caum no, Fabkis engineers Alain Le Méhauté, Olivier de Wittte thiab Jean-Claude André, pib tshawb xyuas thev naus laus zis ntawm kev tsim khoom los ntawm solidification ntawm photosensitive resins nrog UV curing. CNRS yuav tsis pom zoo rau qhov project vim tias tsis muaj chaw thov. Thiab, txawm hais tias lawv tau thov rau patent xyoo 1984, nws yuav raug tso tseg thaum kawg.
  • charles kobNyob rau hauv 1984, nws yuav koom nrog lub tuam txhab 3D Systems, inventing stereolithography (SLA). Nws yog txheej txheem uas cov khoom 3D tuaj yeem luam tawm los ntawm tus qauv digital.
  • La thawj SLA hom 3D tshuab Nws pib ua lag luam hauv xyoo 1992, tab sis nws cov nqi tau siab heev thiab nws tseem yog cov khoom siv yooj yim heev.
  • Hauv xyoo 1999 lwm qhov tseem ceeb tseem ceeb tau raug cim, lub sijhawm no hais txog bioprinting, muaj peev xwm tsim tau ib tug tib neeg lub cev nyob rau hauv ib lub chaw soj nstuam, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov zis zais zis siv ib tug hluavtaws txheej nrog cov qia hlwb lawv tus kheej. Lub ntsiab tseem ceeb no muaj nws keeb kwm hauv Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, qhib lub qhov rooj rau kev tsim khoom nruab nrog cev rau kev hloov pauv.
  • El 3D luam ntawv raum yuav tuaj txog hauv 2002. Nws yog tus qauv ua haujlwm siab nrog lub peev xwm lim ntshav thiab tsim cov zis hauv tus tsiaj. Txoj kev loj hlob no kuj tau tsim nyob rau hauv tib lub koom haum.
  • Adrian Bowyer pom RepRap nyob rau hauv University of Bath hauv 2005. Nws yog ib qho qhib qhov kev pib tsim cov tshuab luam ntawv 3D pheej yig uas yog tus kheej luam tawm, uas yog, lawv tuaj yeem luam tawm lawv tus kheej qhov chaw thiab siv cov khoom siv xws li 3D filaments.
  • Ib xyoos tom qab, hauv 2006, SLS technology tuaj txog thiab muaj peev xwm ntawm kev tsim khoom loj ua tsaug rau laser. Nrog nws, lub qhov rooj rau kev lag luam siv tau qhib.
  • 2008 yuav yog lub xyoo ntawm thawj lub tshuab luam ntawv nrog self-replicating peev xwm. Nws yog Darwin ntawm RepRap. Nyob rau tib lub xyoo no, cov kev pabcuam kev sib koom ua ke kuj tau pib, cov vev xaib uas cov zej zog tuaj yeem qhia lawv cov qauv 3D kom lwm tus tuaj yeem luam tawm ntawm lawv tus kheej 3D tshuab luam ntawv.
  • Kev vam meej tseem ceeb kuj tau ua nyob rau hauv 3D prosthetics tso cai. Xyoo 2008 yuav yog xyoo uas thawj tus neeg yuav tuaj yeem taug kev ua tsaug rau daim ntawv sau cov ceg.
  • 2009 yog lub xyoo Makerbot thiab cov khoom siv ntawm 3D tshuab luam ntawv, kom ntau tus neeg siv tuaj yeem yuav lawv pheej yig thiab tsim lawv tus kheej lub tshuab luam ntawv lawv tus kheej. Ntawd yog, taw qhia rau cov neeg tsim khoom thiab DIY. Tib xyoo ntawd, Dr. Gabor Forgacs ua rau lwm kauj ruam loj hauv bioprinting, muaj peev xwm tsim cov hlab ntsha.
  • El thawj lub dav hlau luam tawm hauv 3D yuav tuaj txog hauv 2011, tsim los ntawm engineers los ntawm University of Southampton. Nws yog tus qauv tsim tsis muaj neeg siv, tab sis nws tuaj yeem tsim tau hauv 7 hnub thiab nrog pob nyiaj siv ntawm € 7000. Qhov no tau qhib qhov txwv rau kev tsim khoom ntawm ntau lwm yam khoom. Qhov tseeb, tib lub xyoo no thawj lub tsheb qauv yuav tuaj txog, Urbee los ntawm Kor Ecologic, nrog tus nqi ntawm € 12.000 thiab € 60.000.
  • Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, luam ntawv pib siv cov ntaub ntawv zoo xws li sterling nyiaj thiab 14kt kub, yog li qhib lub lag luam tshiab rau jewelers, muaj peev xwm tsim cov khoom pheej yig dua siv cov khoom siv meej.
  • Xyoo 2012 nws yuav tuaj txog thawj prosthetic puab tsaig implant 3D luam tawm ua tsaug rau ib pab pawg ntawm Belgian thiab Dutch cov kws tshawb fawb.
  • Thiab tam sim no lub khw tsis nres nrhiav cov ntawv thov tshiab, txhim kho lawv cov kev ua tau zoo, thiab txuas ntxiv nthuav dav los ntawm kev lag luam thiab tsev.

Tam sim no, yog tias koj xav paub 3d tshuab luam ntawv nqi npaum li cas, tuaj yeem nyob ntawm ntau dua € 100 lossis € 200 nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv ntawm qhov pheej yig tshaj plaws thiab tsawg tshaj plaws, mus rau € 1000 lossis ntau dua nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv ntawm qhov siab tshaj plaws thiab loj dua, thiab txawm tias qee qhov uas raug nqi ntau txhiab daus las rau kev lag luam.

Dab tsi yog additive manufacturing lossis AM

additive manufacturing, 3d luam ntawv

3D luam ntawv tsis muaj dab tsi ntau tshaj ib tug additive manufacturing, uas yog, txheej txheem tsim khoom uas, txhawm rau tsim 3D qauv, sib tshooj ntawm cov khoom siv. Muaj qhov sib txawv ntawm kev rho tawm kev tsim khoom, uas yog raws li qhov pib thaiv (daim ntawv, ingot, thaiv, bar, ...) los ntawm cov khoom siv maj mam tshem tawm kom txog thaum cov khoom tiav tiav. Piv txwv li, raws li kev rho tawm kev tsim khoom koj muaj ib daim carved ntawm lub tshuab dhos, uas pib nrog ib qho thaiv ntawm ntoo.

Ua tsaug rau qhov no revolutionary txoj kev koj tuaj yeem tau txais kev tsim khoom pheej yig hauv tsev, qauv rau engineers thiab architects, tau txais prototypes rau kev sim, thiab lwm yam. Tsis tas li ntawd, qhov kev tsim khoom siv ntxiv no tau ua rau nws muaj peev xwm tsim cov khoom uas yav tas los ua tsis tau los ntawm lwm txoj hauv kev xws li pwm, extrusion, thiab lwm yam.

Dab tsi yog bioprinting

bioprinting

Bioprinting yog ib hom tshwj xeeb ntawm kev tsim khoom ntxiv, kuj tsim nrog 3D tshuab luam ntawv, tab sis nws cov txiaj ntsig txawv heev ntawm cov ntaub ntawv inert. Tsib ua cov ntaub so ntswg thiab lub cev, los ntawm tib neeg daim tawv nqaij mus rau lub cev tseem ceeb. Lawv tuaj yeem tsim cov khoom siv biocompatible, xws li cov khoom siv rau prostheses lossis cog.

Qhov no tuaj yeem ua tiav los ntawm ob txoj kev:

  • Ib qho qauv, ib hom kev txhawb nqa lossis scaffold yog tsim los ntawm cov khoom sib xyaw biocompatible polymers hais tias lawv tsis raug tso tseg los ntawm lub cev, thiab cov hlwb yuav txais lawv. Cov qauv no tau nkag mus rau hauv bioreactor kom lawv tuaj yeem tsim los ntawm cov hlwb thiab ib zaug tso rau hauv lub cev, lawv yuav maj mam ua txoj hauv kev rau cov hlwb ntawm cov kab mob.
  • Nws yog qhov kev xav ntawm lub cev lossis cov ntaub so ntswg los ntawm txheej, tab sis tsis yog siv cov ntaub ntawv xws li yas, lossis lwm yam, nyob cell kab lis kev cai thiab ib txoj kev fastening hu ua biopaper (cov khoom siv biodegradable) kom zoo.

Yuav ua li cas 3D tshuab luam ntawv ua haujlwm

additive manufacturing, yuav ua li cas 3d tshuab luam ntawv ua hauj lwm

El Yuav ua li cas lub tshuab luam ntawv 3d ua haujlwm Nws yog ntau yooj yim dua li nws yuav zoo li:

  1. Koj tuaj yeem pib los ntawm kos nrog software rau 3d qauv lossis CAD tsim los tsim cov qauv uas koj xav tau, lossis rub tawm cov ntaub ntawv uas twb tau tsim lawm, thiab txawm tias siv 3D scanner kom tau txais 3D qauv los ntawm cov khoom siv lub cev tiag tiag.
  2. Tam sim no koj muaj 3D qauv khaws cia hauv cov ntaub ntawv digital, uas yog, los ntawm cov ntaub ntawv digital nrog qhov ntev thiab cov duab ntawm cov khoom.
  3. Hauv qab no yog txiav, tus txheej txheem uas tus qauv 3D yog "txiav" rau ntau pua lossis ntau txhiab txheej lossis hlais. Ntawd yog, yuav ua li cas hlais tus qauv los ntawm software.
  4. Thaum tus neeg siv nyem rau ntawm lub pob luam ntawv, lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D txuas nrog lub PC ntawm USB cable, lossis network, lossis cov ntaub ntawv dhau los ntawm SD card lossis cwj mem tsav, txhais los ntawm lub tshuab luam ntawv processor.
  5. Los ntawm qhov ntawd, lub tshuab luam ntawv yuav mus tswj cov motors txav lub taub hau thiab yog li tsim cov txheej txheem los ntawm txheej kom txog thaum tus qauv kawg tiav. Zoo ib yam li lub tshuab luam ntawv, tab sis lub ntim yuav loj hlob los ntawm txheej.
  6. Txoj kev uas cov txheej txheem tsim tawm tej zaum yuav txawv ntawm technology uas muaj 3D printers. Piv txwv li, lawv tuaj yeem yog los ntawm extrusion lossis los ntawm resin.

3D tsim thiab 3D luam ntawv

3d tsim, 3d qauv

Thaum koj paub tias lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D yog dab tsi thiab nws ua haujlwm li cas, qhov tom ntej yog paub qhov tsim nyog software lossis cov cuab yeej rau luam ntawv. Ib yam dab tsi tseem ceeb yog tias koj xav mus ntawm daim duab kos lossis lub tswv yim mus rau 3D khoom tiag.

Koj yuav tsum paub tias muaj ntau ntau hom software rau 3D tshuab luam ntawv:

  • Ntawm ib sab muaj cov kev pab cuam ntawm 3D qauv lossis 3D CAD tsim uas tus neeg siv tuaj yeem tsim cov qauv tsim los ntawm kos, lossis hloov kho lawv.
  • Ntawm qhov tod tes, muaj qhov hu ua Slicer software, uas hloov cov qauv 3D rau hauv cov lus qhia tshwj xeeb kom luam tawm ntawm lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D.
  • Kuj muaj tus mesh hloov kho software. Cov kev pab cuam no, xws li MeshLab, yog siv los hloov cov meshes ntawm 3D qauv thaum lawv ua teeb meem thaum luam ntawv, vim lwm cov kev pab cuam yuav tsis coj mus rau hauv tus account txoj kev 3D printers ua hauj lwm.

3D tshuab luam ntawv software

Nov yog qee qhov ntawm zoo tshaj plaws 3d luam ntawv software, ob qho tib si them thiab pub dawb, rau 3d qauv y CAD tsim, as well as free or open source software:

Sketchup

kos duab

Google thiab Last Software tsim SketchUp, txawm tias thaum kawg nws dhau mus rau hauv tes ntawm lub tuam txhab Trimble. Nws yog tus tswv thiab dawb software (nrog ntau hom kev npaj them nyiaj) thiab tseem muaj peev xwm xaiv ntawm kev siv nws ntawm Windows desktop lossis hauv lub vev xaib (txhua qhov kev khiav haujlwm nrog lub web browser sib xws).

Qhov program no graphic design thiab 3D modeling yog ib qho zoo tshaj plaws. Nrog nws koj tuaj yeem tsim txhua yam ntawm cov qauv, txawm hais tias nws tau tsim tshwj xeeb rau kev tsim vaj tsev, tsim kev lag luam, thiab lwm yam.

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Ultimaker kho

kho qhov kawg

Ultimaker tau tsim Cura, ib daim ntawv thov tshwj xeeb tsim rau 3D tshuab luam ntawv nrog rau cov kev luam ntawv twg tuaj yeem hloov kho thiab hloov pauv mus rau G code.Nws tau tsim los ntawm David Raan thaum nws ua haujlwm hauv lub tuam txhab no, txawm hais tias kom yooj yim txij nkawm nws yuav qhib nws cov cai raws li daim ntawv tso cai LGPLv3. Nws yog tam sim no qhib qhov chaw, ua kom muaj kev sib raug zoo nrog lwm tus CAD software.

Niaj hnub no, nws thiaj li nrov hais tias nws yog ib tug ntawm cov feem ntau siv nyob rau hauv lub ntiaj teb no, nrog ntau dua 1 lab cov neeg siv los ntawm ntau qhov chaw.

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prusaslicer

PrusaSlicer

Lub tuam txhab Prusa kuj xav tsim nws tus kheej software. Nws yog qhov qhib qhov cuab yeej hu ua PrusaSlicer. Cov app no ​​​​muaj nplua nuj nyob rau hauv cov nqe lus ntawm kev ua haujlwm thiab nta, thiab muaj kev loj hlob zoo.

Nrog rau qhov kev pab cuam no koj yuav muaj peev xwm export 3D qauv rau haiv neeg cov ntaub ntawv uas yuav tsum tau yoog rau Thawj Prusa printers.

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tus tsim tswv yim

tus tsim tswv yim

Lwm qhov kev pab cuam no yog dawb, thiab tuaj yeem ntsia tau rau ob qho tib si Microsoft Windows, macOS, thiab ntawm GNU/Linux. Ideamaker yog tsim tshwj xeeb rau cov khoom lag luam Raise3D, thiab nws yog lwm lub tshuab txiav uas koj tuaj yeem tswj hwm koj cov qauv rau kev luam ntawv hauv txoj kev nrawm.

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Kiag Dawb

FreeCAD

FreeCAD xav tau qee qhov kev taw qhia, nws yog qhov qhib qhov project thiab pub dawb rau kev tsim 3D CAD. Nrog nws koj tuaj yeem tsim ib qho qauv, raws li koj xav tau hauv Autodesk AutoCAD, them nyiaj version thiab tus tswv code.

Nws yog ib qho yooj yim mus use, thiab nrog ib tug intuitive interface thiab nplua nuj nyob rau hauv cov cuab yeej ua hauj lwm nrog. Tias yog vim li cas nws yog ib qho ntawm feem ntau siv. Nws yog raws li OpenCASCADE thiab sau rau hauv C ++ thiab Python, raws li GNU GPL daim ntawv tso cai.

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rab

rab

Lwm tus neeg paub zoo hauv ntiaj teb ntawm cov software dawb. Qhov zoo tshaj plaws software no siv txawm tias los ntawm ntau tus kws tshaj lij, muab rau lub zog thiab qhov tshwm sim nws muaj. Muaj nyob rau ntau lub platform, xws li Windows thiab Linux, thiab nyob rau hauv daim ntawv tso cai GPL.

Tab sis qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws ntawm cov software no yog tias nws tsis tsuas yog ua haujlwm rau teeb pom kev zoo, rendering, animation thiab creation ntawm peb-dimensional graphics rau cov yeeb yaj kiab animated, video games, paintings, thiab lwm yam, tab sis koj tuaj yeem siv nws rau 3D qauv thiab tsim yam koj xav tau luam tawm.

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Autodesk AutoCAD

Autocad

Nws yog lub platform zoo ib yam li FreeCAD, tab sis nws yog tus tswv thiab them software. Koj daim ntawv tso cai muaj a tus nqi siab, tab sis nws yog ib qho ntawm feem ntau siv cov kev pab cuam ntawm ib qib kev tshaj lij. Nrog rau qhov software no koj tuaj yeem tsim ob qho tib si 2D thiab 3D CAD tsim, ntxiv kev txav mus los, ntau cov ntaub ntawv rau cov ntaub ntawv, thiab lwm yam.

Nws muaj rau Microsoft Windows, thiab ib qho ntawm nws qhov zoo yog kev sib raug zoo nrog DWF cov ntaub ntawv, uas yog ib qho ntawm ntau tshaj plaws thiab tsim los ntawm Autodesk tuam txhab nws tus kheej.

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Autodesk Fusion 360

Autodesk Fusion

Autodesk Fusion 360 Nws muaj ntau yam zoo sib xws nrog AutoCAD, tab sis nws yog raws li huab platform, yog li koj tuaj yeem ua haujlwm los ntawm txhua qhov chaw koj xav tau thiab ib txwm muaj cov txheej txheem siab tshaj ntawm cov software no. Nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv no, koj kuj yuav tau them subscriptions, uas yog tsis raws nraim pheej yig ib tug.

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Tinkercad

TinkerCad

TinkerCAD yog lwm 3D qauv kev pab cuam uas tuaj yeem siv online, los ntawm lub web browser, uas zoo heev qhib qhov muaj peev xwm siv nws los ntawm txhua qhov chaw koj xav tau. Txij li thaum xyoo 2011 nws tau txais cov neeg siv khoom, thiab tau dhau los ua lub platform nrov heev ntawm cov neeg siv ntawm 3D tshuab luam ntawv, thiab txawm tias nyob hauv cov chaw kawm ntawv, vim nws txoj kev kawm nkhaus yooj yim dua li ntawm Autodesk.

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mesh lab

MeshLab

Nws muaj rau Linux, Windows, thiab macOS, thiab yog dawb thiab qhib qhov chaw. MeshLab yog 3D mesh ua software system. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov software no yog los tswj cov qauv no rau kev kho, kho, tshuaj xyuas, rendering, thiab lwm yam.

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Solidworks

SolidWorks

Lub tuam txhab European Dassault Systèmes, los ntawm nws lub chaw muag khoom SolidWorks Corp., tau tsim ib qho ntawm qhov zoo tshaj plaws thiab kev tshaj lij CAD software rau 2D thiab 3D qauv. SolidWorks tej zaum yuav yog lwm txoj hauv kev rau Autodesk AutoCAD, tab sis nws yog tshwj xeeb yog tsim los rau kev tsim qauv tshuab tshuab. Nws tsis yog dawb, tsis yog nws qhib qhov, thiab nws muaj rau Windows.

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Creo

PTC kuv ntseeg

Thaum kawg, Creo yog lwm qhov zoo tshaj plaws CAD / CAM / CAE software rau 3D tshuab luam ntawv koj tuaj yeem nrhiav tau. Nws yog ib qho software tsim los ntawm PTC thiab tso cai rau koj los tsim ntau yam khoom zoo, sai thiab ua haujlwm me me. Tag nrho ua tsaug rau nws cov intuitive interface tsim los txhim kho usability thiab productivity. Koj tuaj yeem tsim qhov chaw rau kev tsim khoom ntxiv thiab rho tawm, nrog rau kev simulation, tsim qauv tsim, thiab lwm yam. Nws yog them, kaw qhov chaw thiab tsuas yog rau Windows.

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3D luam ntawv

3D luam ntawv

Cov kauj ruam tom ntej los tsim kev siv cov software saum toj no yog kev luam ntawv tiag tiag. Ntawd yog, thaum los ntawm cov ntaub ntawv nrog tus qauv lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D pib tsim cov txheej txheem kom txog rau thaum ua tiav cov qauv thiab tau txais tus qauv tsim tiag.

Este txheej txheem yuav siv sij hawm ntau los yog tsawg, nyob ntawm qhov ceev luam ntawv, qhov nyuaj ntawm daim, thiab nws qhov loj me. Tab sis nws tuaj yeem mus los ntawm ob peb feeb mus rau teev. Thaum lub sij hawm tus txheej txheem no, lub tshuab luam ntawv tuaj yeem tso tseg tsis muaj neeg saib xyuas, txawm hais tias nws ib txwm zoo los saib xyuas kev ua haujlwm ib ntus kom tsis txhob muaj teeb meem los ntawm kev xaus rau qhov kawg tshwm sim.

tom qab txheej txheem

3D cov duab, 3d tshuab luam ntawv

Tau kawg, thaum lub tshuab luam ntawv tiav lawm ntawm lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D, txoj haujlwm tsis xaus rau feem ntau. Ces lwm tus feem ntau tuaj cov kauj ruam ntxiv hu ua post-processing Xws li:

  • Tshem tawm qee qhov chaw uas yuav tsum tau tsim thiab tsis yog ib feem ntawm cov qauv zaum kawg, xws li lub hauv paus lossis kev txhawb nqa uas xav tau rau ib feem kom sawv.
  • Xuab zeb los yog polish saum npoo kom ua tiav qhov kawg zoo dua.
  • Kev kho deg ntawm cov khoom, xws li varnishing, painting, da dej, thiab lwm yam.
  • Qee daim, zoo li daim hlau, tej zaum yuav xav tau lwm yam txheej txheem xws li ci.
  • Nyob rau hauv qhov kev tshwm sim uas ib daim yuav tsum tau muab faib mus rau hauv qhov chaw, vim hais tias nws tsis muaj peev xwm tsim tag nrho vim nws qhov ntev, nws yuav tsum tau koom nrog cov khoom (sib dhos, kua nplaum, vuam ...).

Cov lus tibneeg nug

FAQ

Thaum kawg, ntu ntawm FAQs lossis nquag nug cov lus nug thiab lus teb uas feem ntau tshwm sim thaum siv lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D. Cov feem ntau nrhiav rau yog:

Yuav ua li cas qhib STL

STL, 3D qauv

Ib qho ntawm cov lus nug nquag tshaj plaws yog Koj tuaj yeem qhib lossis saib cov ntaub ntawv .stl li cas. Qhov kev txuas ntxiv no hais txog cov ntaub ntawv stereolithography thiab tuaj yeem qhib thiab txawm tias kho los ntawm Dassault Systèmes CATIA software ntawm lwm cov kev pabcuam CAD xws li AutoCAD thiab lwm yam.

Ntxiv rau STLs, kuj muaj lwm cov ntaub ntawv like .obj, .dwg, .dxf, lwm. Tag nrho cov ntawm lawv nrov heev thiab uas tuaj yeem qhib nrog ntau cov kev pab cuam sib txawv thiab txawm hloov ntawm hom ntawv.

3D templates

3d templates

Koj yuav tsum paub tias koj tsis tas yuav tsim 3D kos duab koj tus kheej, koj tuaj yeem tau txais cov qauv ua tiav ntawm txhua yam, los ntawm cov duab los ntawm kev ua yeeb yaj kiab lossis yeeb yaj kiab, mus rau cov khoom siv hauv tsev, cov khoom ua si, khoom siv tes ua, qhov ncauj qhov ntswg, xov tooj. cas, etc. Raspberry Pi, thiab ntau ntxiv. Muaj ntau thiab ntau lub vev xaib nrog cov tsev qiv ntawv ntawm cov no templates npaj mus download tau thiab luam tawm ntawm koj lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D. Qee qhov chaw pom zoo yog:

Los ntawm tus qauv tiag (3D scanning)

Caesar daim duab, 3D scan

Lwm qhov ua tau, yog tias koj xav tau dab tsi yog rov tsim dua ib tug zoo meej clone los yog replica ntawm lwm 3D khoom, yog siv a 3d scanner. Lawv yog cov khoom siv uas tso cai rau koj taug qab cov duab ntawm cov khoom, hloov cov qauv mus rau cov ntaub ntawv digital thiab tso cai rau luam ntawv.

Kev siv thiab kev siv lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D

3D lub luam ntawv

Thaum kawg, 3D tshuab luam ntawv yog tuaj yeem siv rau ntau daim ntawv thov. Cov kev siv nrov tshaj plaws uas tuaj yeem muab tau yog:

engineering prototypes

engineering prototypes, 3d tshuab luam ntawv

Ib qho ntawm kev siv 3D tshuab luam ntawv nrov tshaj plaws hauv kev ua haujlwm yog rau kev tsim qauv sai, uas yog, sai prototyping. Ob tog kom tau txais qhov chaw rau lub tsheb sib tw, xws li Formula 1, lossis tsim cov qauv ntawm cov cav lossis cov txheej txheem nyuaj.

Nyob rau hauv txoj kev no, tus engineer raug tso cai kom tau txais ib feem sai dua yog tias nws yuav tsum tau xa mus rau lub Hoobkas rau kev tsim khoom, nrog rau kom tau txais xeem prototypes saib seb tus qauv kawg yuav ua haujlwm li cas.

architecture thiab kev tsim kho

architecture

Yees duab: © www.StefanoBorghi.com

Tau kawg, thiab ze ze rau cov saum toj no, lawv kuj siv tau rau tsim cov qauv thiab ua cov kev sim tshuab rau architects, los yog tsim tej yam uas tsis tuaj yeem tsim nrog lwm cov txheej txheem, tsim cov qauv ntawm cov tsev lossis lwm yam khoom ua qauv lossis qauv, thiab lwm yam.

Tsis tas li ntawd, qhov tshwm sim ntawm pob zeb tshuab luam ntawv thiab lwm yam ntaub ntawv, kuj tau qhib lub qhov rooj kom muaj peev xwm luam tawm tsev sai thiab ntau npaum li cas thiab hwm nrog ib puag ncig. Nws tau txawm tau thov kom coj hom tshuab luam ntawv no mus rau lwm lub ntiaj teb rau yav tom ntej colonies.

Tsim thiab customization ntawm cov hniav nyiaj hniav kub thiab lwm yam accessories

3d luam cov hniav nyiaj hniav kub

Ib qho kev nthuav dav tshaj plaws yog luam cov hniav nyiaj hniav kub. Ib txoj hauv kev kom tau txais cov khoom tshwj xeeb thiab nrawm dua, nrog tus kheej tus yam ntxwv. Qee lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D tuaj yeem luam tawm qee qhov ntxim nyiam thiab cov khoom siv hauv cov ntaub ntawv xws li nylon lossis yas hauv cov xim sib txawv, tab sis kuj tseem muaj qee qhov lwm tus siv hauv kev lag luam cov hniav nyiaj hniav kub uas tuaj yeem siv cov hlau zoo xws li kub lossis nyiaj.

Ntawm no koj tuaj yeem suav nrog qee cov khoom lag luam uas tseem tau luam tawm tsis ntev los no, xws li khaub ncaws, khau, zam accessories, Thiab lwm yam

Leisure: cov khoom ua nrog 3D tshuab luam ntawv

leisure 3d tshuab luam ntawv

Peb tsis txhob hnov ​​qab kev lom zem, uas yog ntau lub tsev 3D tshuab luam ntawv siv rau. Cov kev siv no tuaj yeem ua tau ntau yam, los ntawm kev tsim kev txhawb nqa tus kheej, tsim kho kom zoo nkauj lossis cov khoom seem, mus rau cov duab kos duab ntawm koj nyiam cov cim, rooj plaub rau DIY tej yaam num, tus kheej mugs, thiab lwm yam. Ntawd yog, rau kev siv tsis muaj txiaj ntsig.

Kev tsim khoom lag luam

kev lag luam, hlau 3d tshuab luam ntawv

Ntau kev lag luam lawv twb siv 3D tshuab luam ntawv los tsim lawv cov khoom. Tsis tsuas yog vim qhov zoo ntawm hom kev tsim khoom ntxiv, tab sis kuj vim qee zaum, muab qhov nyuaj ntawm kev tsim, nws tsis tuaj yeem tsim los ntawm cov txheej txheem ib txwm muaj xws li extrusion, kev siv pwm, thiab lwm yam. Tsis tas li ntawd, cov tshuab luam ntawv no tau hloov zuj zus tuaj, tuaj yeem siv ntau yam ntaub ntawv, suav nrog kev luam ntawv hlau.

Nws kuj yog ib qho ua rau qhov chaw rau tsheb, thiab txawm rau cov dav hlau, raws li lawv tso cai rau qee qhov chaw kom tau txais qhov teeb pom kev zoo thiab ua haujlwm zoo dua. Cov loj xws li AirBus, Boeing, Ferrari, McLaren, Mercedes, thiab lwm yam, twb muaj lawm.

3D tshuab luam ntawv hauv tshuaj: kho hniav, prosthetics, bioprinting

3d luam ntawv prosthetics

Lwm qhov zoo tshaj plaws sectors siv 3D tshuab luam ntawv yog kev noj qab haus huv. Lawv tuaj yeem siv rau ntau lub hom phiaj:

  • Tsim kho hniav prostheses ntau precisely, nrog rau brackets, thiab lwm yam.
  • Bioprinting ntawm cov ntaub so ntswg xws li daim tawv nqaij los yog lub cev rau kev hloov mus rau yav tom ntej.
  • Lwm hom prostheses rau pob txha, lub cev muaj zog lossis cov leeg nqaij.
  • Orthopedics.
  • thiab lwm yam

Cov ntawv luam tawm / khoom noj

3d luam ntawv zaub mov

3D tshuab luam ntawv tuaj yeem siv los tsim kho kom zoo nkauj ntawm daim phiaj, lossis luam cov khoom qab zib zoo li chocolates hauv ib qho duab, thiab txawm rau ntau lwm yam khoom noj. Yog li ntawd, lub kev lag luam zaub mov nws kuj nrhiav kev siv qhov zoo ntawm cov tshuab no.

Tsis tas li ntawd, ib txoj kev ntawm txhim kho khoom noj khoom haus zoo, xws li luam ntawv ntawm cov nqaij fillets ua los ntawm cov khoom siv rov ua dua tshiab los yog los ntawm cov khoom tsim kev puas tsuaj uas tej zaum yuav muaj nyob hauv cov nqaij ntuj raug tshem tawm. Kuj tseem muaj qee qhov haujlwm los tsim cov khoom lag luam rau vegans lossis cov neeg tsis noj nqaij uas simulate cov khoom noj nqaij tiag tiag, tab sis yog tsim los ntawm cov zaub protein.

kev kawm ntawv

kev kawm

Thiab, ntawm chav kawm, 3D tshuab luam ntawv yog ib qho cuab yeej uas yuav dej nyab cov chaw kawm, txij li lawv yog tus khub zoo heev rau cov chav kawm. Nrog lawv, cov kws qhia ntawv tuaj yeem tsim cov qauv kom cov tub ntxhais kawm kawm tau zoo thiab paub txog, lossis cov tub ntxhais kawm lawv tus kheej tuaj yeem txhim kho lawv lub peev xwm rau kev txawj ntse thiab tsim txhua yam.

Yog xav paub ntxiv


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Yog thawj tus tuaj tawm tswv yim

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm.

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  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.

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