Hom 3D tshuab luam ntawv thiab lawv cov yam ntxwv

hom 3d tshuab luam ntawv

Hauv tsab xov xwm dhau los peb tau ua ib hom kev taw qhia rau lub ntiaj teb ntawm 3D tshuab luam ntawv. Tam sim no nws yog lub sij hawm los delve me ntsis tob rau hauv lub tshuab no, paub ntau ntxiv txog cov secrets uas pab pawg no nkaum, nrog rau cov hom 3D tshuab luam ntawv uas muaj. Tej yam tseem ceeb thaum xaiv qhov yog, vim lawv txhua tus muaj lawv qhov zoo thiab qhov tsis zoo, yog li yuav muaj ib qho uas muaj ntau dua rau koj cov kev xav tau.

Hom 3D tshuab luam ntawv raws li tshuab luam ntawv

Hom 3D tshuab luam ntawv muaj ntau heev, thiab tuaj yeem muab faib ua ntau yam. Nov yog qee qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws:

tsev neeg loj

3D tshuab luam ntawv

Ib yam li cov tshuab luam ntawv ib txwm muaj kuj muaj ntau tsev neeg, 3D tshuab luam ntawv tuaj yeem raug cais feem ntau rau hauv 3 pawg:

  • Tinta: nws tsis yog ib tug cwj mem, tab sis cov hmoov sib xyaw xws li cellulose lossis plaster. Lub tshuab luam ntawv yuav tsim cov qauv los ntawm cov khoom siv plua plav no.
Zoo Disadvantages
Txoj kev pheej yig los tsim cov ntim loj. Cov khoom tawg yooj yim heev uas yuav tsum tau kho cov tawv tawv.
  • Laser / LED (optics): yog cov cuab yeej siv hauv 3D resin printers. Lawv yeej muaj cov kua dej nyob rau hauv lub reservoir thiab raug laser raug rau solidify resin thiab UV curing kom tawv. Uas ua rau resin (acrylic-raws li photopolymer) yog hloov mus rau hauv ib qho khoom siv nrog cov duab uas xav tau.
Zoo Disadvantages
Koj tuaj yeem luam tawm cov duab nyuaj heev. Lawv kim.
High printing precision. Ntau npaj rau kev lag luam lossis kev siv.
Zoo heev nto tiav yuav tsum tau me ntsis los yog tsis muaj tom qab ua. Lawv tuaj yeem tsim cov pa phem, yog li lawv tsis haum rau cov tsev.
  • Kev Txhaj Tshuaj: yog cov uas feem ntau siv filaments (feem ntau yog thermoplastic) xws li PLA, ABS, Tuvalu, nylon, thiab lwm yam. Lub tswv yim tom qab tsev neeg no yog tsim cov duab los ntawm kev tso cov txheej txheem ntawm cov ntaub ntawv no (lawv tuaj yeem sib txawv heev). Qhov tshwm sim yog ib daim robust, txawm tias qeeb dua thiab nrog tsawg dua qhov tseeb ntawm laser.
Zoo Disadvantages
pheej yig qauv. Lawv qeeb.
Pom zoo rau hobbyists, siv hauv tsev, thiab kev kawm. Lawv tsim cov qauv hauv cov khaubncaws sab nraud povtseg, thiab nyob ntawm qhov tuab ntawm filament, qhov kawg yuav tsis zoo.
Ntau yam khoom siv los xaiv. Qee qhov chaw cia siab rau kev txhawb nqa uas yuav tsum tau luam tawm los tuav ib feem.
Cov txiaj ntsig zoo. Lawv xav tau ntau dua tom qab ua tiav.
Muaj ntau yam ua thiab qauv xaiv los ntawm.
Qee lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D tshwj xeeb, xws li pob zeb lossis bioprinting, yuav ua raws li ib tsev neeg no, tab sis nrog qee qhov kev hloov kho.

Thaum cov tsev neeg no paub, nyob rau hauv nqe lus hauv qab no peb yuav kawm ntxiv txog lawv txhua tus thiab cov thev naus laus zis uas yuav muaj nyob.

Resin thiab / lossis optical 3D tshuab luam ntawv

lub resin thiab optical 3D tshuab luam ntawv Lawv yog ib qho ntawm cov sophisticated tshaj plaws thiab nrog cov txiaj ntsig zoo tshaj plaws hauv lawv qhov kev ua tiav, tab sis lawv kuj feem ntau kim dua. Tsis tas li ntawd, lawv tseem yuav xav tau cov tshuab ntxiv xws li ntxuav thiab kho hauv qee kis, vim tias cov haujlwm no tsis tau muab tso rau hauv lub tshuab luam ntawv nws tus kheej (lossis nyob rau hauv rooj plaub uas ntxuav cov khoom hauv MSLA yog cumbersome).

  • Ntxuav: Tom qab luam tawm 3D ntu, yuav tsum muaj txheej txheem ntxuav. Tab sis es tsis txhob txhuam thiab tshuaj ntxuav ib feem, koj tuaj yeem nqa qhov ua tiav ntawm lub platform tsim thiab siv lub tshuab ntxhua khaub ncaws. Cov no yuav ua raws li kev ntxuav tsheb tsis siv neeg, nrog lub kiv cua uas tig cov hlau nplaum sab hauv thiab ua rau cov kua ntxuav tu (lub tank uas muaj isopropyl cawv -IPA-) nyob rau hauv lub thawv ntim hermetically.
  • Cura: Tom qab ntxuav, nws tseem yuav tsum tau kho cov khoom, uas yog, raug rau ultraviolet rays uas hloov cov khoom ntawm cov polymer thiab harden nws. Ua li no, qhov chaw kho mob tshem tawm ib feem ntawm cov kua ntxuav qhov chaw uas nws tau submerged, dries nws thaum tig nws mus txog txhua sab. Thaum qhov no ua tiav, UV LED bar yuav pib kho cov khoom, zoo li nws yog qhov cub.

SLA (StereoLithography)

Qhov no stereolithography txheej txheem nws yog ib txoj kev qub qub uas tau kho dua tshiab rau 3D tshuab luam ntawv. Ib tug photosensitive kua resin yog siv uas yuav harden nyob rau hauv qhov chaw uas lub laser beam hits. Qhov no yog li cas cov khaubncaws sab nraud povtseg yog tsim kom txog rau thaum cov khoom tiav tiav.

Zoo Disadvantages
Smooth nto tiav. Tus nqi siab.
Muaj peev xwm ntawm kev luam ntawv complex qauv. Tsawg tus phooj ywg ib puag ncig.
Qhov zoo tshaj plaws rau qhov me me. Xav tau txheej txheem curing tom qab luam ntawv.
Ceev ceev Koj tsis tuaj yeem luam qhov loj.
Ntau yam khoom siv los xaiv. Cov tshuab luam ntawv no tsis yog qhov ruaj khov thiab muaj zog tshaj plaws.
Compact thiab yooj yim rau kev thauj mus los.

SLS (Xaiv Laser Sintering)

Nws yog lwm txheej txheem ntawm xaiv laser sintering zoo ib yam li DLP thiab SLA, tab sis es tsis txhob ua kua hmoov yuav siv tau. Lub laser beam yuav yaj thiab ua raws cov plua plav particles txheej los ntawm txheej kom txog rau thaum tus qauv kawg tsim. Qhov zoo ntawm txoj kev no yog tias koj tuaj yeem siv ntau cov ntaub ntawv sib txawv (nylon, hlau, ...) los tsim cov khoom uas nyuaj los tsim siv cov txheej txheem ib txwm siv xws li pwm lossis extrusion.

Zoo Disadvantages
Batch luam ntawv tuaj yeem ua tau yooj yim.  Cov khoom siv tsawg tsawg.
Tus nqi luam ntawv kuj tseem pheej yig. Nws tsis tso cai rau cov khoom siv rov ua dua tshiab.
Tsis xav tau kev txhawb nqa. Muaj feem cuam tshuam txog kev noj qab haus huv.
Cov ncauj lus kom ntxaws heev. Cov pieces yog nkig.
Zoo rau kev sim siv. Tom qab kev ua tiav yog qhov nyuaj.
Koj tuaj yeem luam qhov loj dua.

DLP (Digital Light Processing)

Cov tshuab ntawm digital light processing yog lwm hom 3D luam ntawv zoo ib yam li SLA, thiab tseem siv lub teeb-hardened kua photopolymers. Txawm li cas los xij, qhov sib txawv yog nyob rau hauv lub teeb qhov chaw, uas nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv no yog ib tug digital projection screen, tsom rau cov ntsiab lus uas cov resin yuav tsum tau hardening, ua kom ceev cov txheej txheem luam ntawv piv rau SLA.

Zoo Disadvantages
High printing ceev. Cov khoom siv tsis zoo.
Zoo heev precision. Consumables muaj tus nqi siab.
Nws tuaj yeem ua tau zoo rau ntau qhov chaw thov.
3D tshuab luam ntawv nrog tus nqi qis.

MSLA (Masks SLA)

Nws yog raws li SLA thev naus laus zis, thiab qhia ntau yam ntawm nws cov yam ntxwv, tab sis yog hom Masked SLA technology. Ntawd yog, nws siv LED array ua lub teeb UV. Hauv lwm lo lus, nws muaj lub vijtsam LCD los ntawm qhov teeb pom kev tawm uas phim cov duab ntawm txheej, nthuav tawm tag nrho cov resin ib zaug thiab ua tiav cov ntawv luam tawm ntau dua. Ntawd yog, qhov screen yog projecting hlais lossis hlais.

Zoo Disadvantages
Smooth nto tiav. Tus nqi siab.
Muaj peev xwm ntawm kev luam ntawv complex qauv. Tsawg tus phooj ywg ib puag ncig.
Kev luam ntawv ceev. Xav tau txheej txheem curing tom qab luam ntawv.
Ntau yam khoom siv los xaiv. Koj tsis tuaj yeem luam qhov loj.
Compact thiab yooj yim rau kev thauj mus los. Cov tshuab luam ntawv no tsis yog qhov ruaj khov thiab muaj zog tshaj plaws.

DMLS (Direct Hlau Laser Sintering) los yog DMLS (PolyJet Direct Hlau Laser Sintering)

Hauv qhov no, nws tsim cov khoom zoo ib yam li SLS, tab sis qhov txawv yog tias cov hmoov tsis yaj, tab sis yog cua sov los ntawm lub laser mus rau qhov chaw. tuaj yeem fuse ntawm qib molecular. Vim muaj kev ntxhov siab, cov khoom feem ntau yog me ntsis nkig, txawm hais tias lawv tuaj yeem raug rau cov txheej txheem thermal txuas ntxiv kom lawv tiv taus ntau dua. Cov tshuab no tau siv dav hauv kev lag luam los tsim cov hlau lossis hlau alloy.

Zoo Disadvantages
Tseem ceeb heev industrially. ntsej muag.
Lawv tuaj yeem siv rau kev luam ntawv hlau. Lawv feem ntau loj.
Tsis xav tau kev txhawb nqa. Cov khoom tuaj yeem nkig.
Cov ncauj lus kom ntxaws heev. Nws xav tau cov txheej txheem tom qab uas suav nrog annealing kom fuse cov hlau lossis lwm yam khoom siv.
Koj tuaj yeem luam daim ntawm ntau qhov sib txawv.

Extrusion los yog deposition (txhaj tshuaj)

Thaum peb tham txog tsev neeg ntawm cov tshuab luam ntawv uas siv txheej txheem deposition siv cov khoom siv extruders, ib qho tuaj yeem sib txawv ntawm cov thev naus laus zis hauv qab no:

FDM (Fused Deposition Modelling)

Cov txheej txheem ua qauv no depositing khoom molten los sau cov khoom txheej los ntawm txheej. Thaum lub filament yog rhuab thiab melted, nws dhau los ntawm ib tug extruder thiab lub taub hau txav nyob rau hauv lub XY coordinates qhia los ntawm cov ntaub ntawv nrog rau cov qauv luam ntawv. Rau lwm qhov dav siv Z offset rau cov txheej txheem ua tiav.

Zoo Disadvantages
Kaw. Lawv yog cov tshuab loj rau kev lag luam.
Ntau yam khoom siv los xaiv. Lawv tsis pheej yig.
Zoo zoo tiav. Lawv xav tau kev saib xyuas ntau dua.

FFF (Fused Filament Fabrication)

Qhov txawv ntawm FDM thiab FFF? Txawm hais tias qee zaum siv los ua ib lub ntsiab lus, FDM yog ib lo lus hais txog kev siv tshuab tsim los ntawm Stratasys hauv xyoo 1989. Qhov sib txawv, lo lus FFF muaj qhov sib xws, tab sis tau coined los ntawm cov creators ntawm RepRap nyob rau hauv 2005.

Nrog rau qhov nrov ntawm 3D tshuab luam ntawv thiab cov FDM patent tas sij hawm hauv xyoo 2009, txoj hauv kev tau ua rau cov tshuab luam ntawv tsis tshua muaj nqi tshiab nrog lub tshuab zoo sib xws hu ua FFF:

  • FDM: loj thiab kaw tshuab siv rau hauv engineering thiab nrog cov txiaj ntsig zoo.
  • FFF: qhib cov tshuab luam ntawv, pheej yig dua, thiab nrog cov txiaj ntsig tsis zoo thiab tsis sib xws rau cov ntawv thov uas xav tau cov khoom tshwj xeeb heev.
Zoo Disadvantages
Lawv pheej yug tsis tau. Rough nto ntawm daim.
Cov filament tuaj yeem rov siv dua. Warping (deformation) yog nquag. Ntawd yog, ib feem ntawm cov khoom koj luam tawm yog nkhaus upwards vim qhov kub sib txawv ntawm cov khaubncaws sab nraud povtseg.
Lawv yog cov yooj yim. Lub nozzle zoo li tau clogged.
Muaj ntau yam khoom siv los xaiv. Lawv siv sijhawm ntev los luam tawm.
Lawv yog cov compact thiab yooj yim rau kev thauj mus los. Layer hloov teeb meem vim tsis ua raws li cov txheej txheem.
Koj tuaj yeem pom lawv ob qho tib si tiav thiab hauv cov khoom siv los sib sau ua ke. Neeg tsis muaj zog
Lub txaj lossis kev txhawb nqa yuav tsum tau calibration nquag.

Lwm hom tshuab luam ntawv 3D siab heev

Sib nrug los ntawm cov saum toj no hom ntawm 3D tshuab luam ntawv, los yog luam ntawv technologies, muaj lwm yam uas tej zaum yuav tsis nrov rau siv tsev, tab sis yog. yog nthuav rau kev lag luam lossis kev tshawb fawb:

MJF (Multi Jet Fusion) los yog MJ (Khoom Jetting)

Lwm 3D tshuab luam ntawv uas koj tuaj yeem nrhiav tau yog MJF lossis tsuas yog MJ. Raws li nws lub npe qhia, nws yog a txheej txheem uas siv kev txhaj tshuaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv. Cov hom 3D tshuab luam ntawv uas tau txais txoj kev luam ntawv no feem ntau yog npaj rau kev lag luam hniav nyiaj hniav kub, ua tau zoo los ntawm kev txhaj tshuaj ntau pua me me ntawm photopolymer thiab tom qab ntawd dhau los ntawm UV (ultraviolet) lub teeb curing (solidification) txheej txheem. .

Zoo Disadvantages
High printing ceev. Nws tsis muaj cov khoom siv ceramics muag tam sim no.
Haum rau kev siv lag luam. Technology tsis dav heev.
High degree ntawm automation thaum lub sij hawm luam ntawv thiab post-processing txheej txheem.

SLM (Xaiv Laser Melting)

Nws yog ib qho kev siv tshuab siab heev, nrog lub zog loj heev laser qhov chaw, thiab 3D tshuab luam ntawv ntawm hom no muaj nqi heev, yog li nws yog npaj rau kev siv. Nyob rau hauv ib txoj kev, lawv zoo ib yam li SLS optical technology, xaiv fusing los ntawm laser. Siv heev hauv xaiv yaj hlau hmoov thiab tsim cov khoom zoo heev los ntawm txheej, yog li koj zam qee yam kev kho mob tom ntej.

Zoo Disadvantages
Koj tuaj yeem luam cov khoom hlau nrog cov duab nyuaj. Cov khoom siv tsawg tsawg.
Qhov tshwm sim yog ib qho meej thiab muaj zog. Lawv kim thiab loj.
Tsis xav tau kev txhawb nqa. Nws lub zog noj yog siab heev.
Haum rau kev lag luam siv.

EBM (Hluav Taws Xob Beam Melting)

Tshuab electron beam fusion Nws yog cov txheej txheem tsim khoom ntxiv zoo ib yam li SLM, thiab muaj kev nkag siab tob hauv kev lag luam aerospace. Nws tseem muaj peev xwm tsim cov khoom tuab thiab muaj zog heev, tab sis qhov sib txawv yog tias qhov sib txawv yog siv los nyeem cov hlau me. Cov tshuab no rau kev siv hauv kev lag luam tuaj yeem ua rau yaj ntawm qhov kub ntawm 1000ºC.

Zoo Disadvantages
Koj tuaj yeem luam cov khoom hlau nrog cov duab nyuaj. Cov ntaub ntawv tsawg heev, vim tias tam sim no tsuas yog siv tau rau qee yam hlau xws li cobalt-chromium lossis titanium alloys.
Qhov tshwm sim yog ib qho meej thiab muaj zog. Lawv kim thiab loj.
Tsis xav tau kev txhawb nqa. Nws lub zog noj yog siab heev.
Haum rau kev lag luam siv. Lawv xav tau cov neeg ua haujlwm tsim nyog thiab kev tiv thaiv kev tiv thaiv rau lawv siv.

BJ (Binder Jetting)

Nws yog lwm yam ntawm cov uas twb muaj lawm hom 3D tshuab luam ntawv, nrog ib tug technology siv nyob rau hauv ib tug industrial theem. Hauv qhov no, nws siv cov hmoov ua lub hauv paus rau kev tsim khoom ntawm qhov chaw, nrog rau kev sib khi los ua cov txheej txheem. Ntawd yog, nws siv cov hmoov ntawm cov khoom ua ke nrog ib hom nplaum uas yuav tom qab tshem tawm kom tsuas yog cov khoom siv hauv paus tseem nyob. Cov tshuab luam ntawv no tuaj yeem siv cov ntaub ntawv xws li plaster, cement, hlau hais, xuab zeb, thiab txawm tias polymers.

Zoo Disadvantages
Ntau yam khoom siv los tsim cov khoom. Lawv tuaj yeem loj loj.
Koj tuaj yeem luam cov khoom loj. Lawv kim.
Tsis xav tau kev txhawb nqa. Tsis haum rau kev siv hauv tsev.
Haum rau kev lag luam siv. Tej zaum nws yuav tsim nyog los hloov tus qauv rau txhua rooj plaub.

Pob zeb lossis 3DCP

Nws yog ib hom luam ntawv pom ntau thiab ntau txaus siab rau kev tsim kho kev lag luam. 3DCP stands rau 3D Concrete Printing, uas yog, 3D luam ntawv ntawm cement. Cov txheej txheem siv computer-aided los tsim cov qauv ntawm cov cement los ntawm extrusion rau txheej txheej thiab yog li tsim cov phab ntsa, tsev, thiab lwm yam.

Zoo Disadvantages
Lawv tuaj yeem tsim cov qauv sai. Lawv tuaj yeem loj loj.
Lawv muaj kev txaus siab heev rau kev tsim kho sector. Lawv kim thiab complex.
Lawv tuaj yeem ua rau kev tsim vaj tsev pheej yig dua thiab ruaj khov dua. Txhua rooj plaub yuav tsum tau hloov kho lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D tshwj xeeb.
Ib qho tseem ceeb ntawm txoj kev loj hlob rau colonization ntawm lwm cov ntiaj chaw.

LOM (Laminated Object Manufacturing)

Lub LOM suav nrog qee hom 3D tshuab luam ntawv uas siv rau Rolling manufacturing. Rau qhov no, cov ntaub ntawv, cov ntawv, cov ntawv lossis cov ntawv hlau, yas, thiab lwm yam yog siv, tso cov ntawv los ntawm cov ntawv rau cov txheej thiab siv cov nplaum los koom nrog lawv, ntxiv rau kev siv cov txheej txheem kev lag luam los tsim cov duab, xws li tuaj yeem ua laser txiav.

Zoo Disadvantages
Lawv tuaj yeem tsim cov qauv ruaj khov. Lawv tsis yog compact 3D tshuab luam ntawv.
Muaj peev xwm xaiv ntawm cov khoom sib txawv heev. Lawv kim thiab complex.
Tej zaum lawv yuav muaj cov ntawv thov hauv aeronautical sector lossis hauv kev sib tw ua haujlwm rau qee qhov sib xyaw. Lawv xav tau cov neeg ua haujlwm tsim nyog.

DOD (Drop on Demand)

Lwm cov txheej txheem ntawm poob ntawm kev thov siv ob lub 'ink' dav hlau, ib qho tso cov khoom siv hauv tsev rau cov khoom thiab lwm yam khoom siv rau kev txhawb nqa. Nyob rau hauv txoj kev no, nws tsim cov txheej txheem los ntawm txheej, siv cov cuab yeej ntxiv los tsim cov qauv, xws li fly-cutter uas polishes cheeb tsam hauv kev tsim kho. Nyob rau hauv txoj kev no, nws ua tiav ib qho chaw tiaj tiaj, uas yog vim li cas nws tau siv dav hauv kev lag luam uas xav tau ntau dua precision, xws li tsim cov pwm.

Zoo Disadvantages
Zoo meej rau industrial siv. Lawv tuaj yeem loj loj.
Great precision nyob rau hauv finishes. Lawv kim thiab complex.
Lawv tuaj yeem luam cov khoom loj. Lawv xav tau cov neeg ua haujlwm tsim nyog.
Tsis xav tau kev txhawb nqa. Qee yam khoom siv tsawg.

MME (Metal Material Extrusion)

Cov txheej txheem no zoo ib yam li FFF lossis FDM, uas yog, nws muaj cov txheej txheem extrusion ntawm polymer. Qhov txawv yog qhov no polymer muaj lub siab hlau hmoov load. Yog li ntawd, thaum tsim cov duab, tom qab ua tiav (debonding thiab sintering) tuaj yeem ua tiav los tsim cov khoom hlau.

Ultrasonic Additive Manufacturing (UAM)

Lwm txoj kev no siv cov ntawv hlau uas yog txheej los ntawm txheej thiab fused ua ke los ntawm ultrasound los muab cov nto thiab tsim ib qho khoom.

bioprinting

Thaum kawg, ntawm cov hom 3D tshuab luam ntawv, ib qho ntawm cov qib siab tshaj plaws thiab nthuav dav rau kev siv kho mob, ntawm lwm cov ntawv thov hauv kev lag luam, tsis tuaj yeem ploj. Yog hais txog bioprinting tshuab, uas tuaj yeem ua raws li qee qhov ntawm cov txheej txheem dhau los, tab sis nrog tshwj xeeb. Piv txwv li, muaj cov xwm txheej uas lawv ua raws li txheej txheej deposition, bioink dav hlau (bioink), laser-pab bioprinting, siab, microextrusion, SLA, ncaj cell extrusion, magnetic technologies, thiab lwm yam. Txhua yam yuav nyob ntawm qhov kev siv uas koj xav muab rau nws, vim txhua tus muaj nws cov txiaj ntsig zoo thiab kev txwv.

3D bioprinting muaj peb theem pib uas yog:

  1. Ua ntej bioprinting: yog cov txheej txheem tsim qauv, xws li 3D qauv siv 3D luam ntawv software. Tab sis, nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv no, yuav tsum tau complex cov kauj ruam kom tau hais tias tus qauv, nrog rau kev ntsuam xyuas xws li biopsies, xam tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, thiab lwm yam. Ua li no koj tuaj yeem tau txais cov qauv uas yuav raug xa mus rau luam tawm.
  2. bioprinting: Thaum siv cov khoom tsim nyog sib txawv, xws li cov kua tshuaj nrog cov hlwb, matrices, cov as-ham, bio-inks, thiab lwm yam, thiab lawv muab tso rau hauv cov ntawv luam tawm kom lub tshuab luam ntawv pib tsim cov ntaub so ntswg, lub cev lossis cov khoom.
  3. Tom qab bioprinting: nws yog cov txheej txheem ua ntej luam ntawv, ib yam li cov ntaub ntawv 3D luam ntawv, kuj tseem muaj ntau yam txheej txheem dhau los. Lawv tuaj yeem tsim cov qauv ruaj khov, cov ntaub so ntswg maturation, vasculation, thiab lwm yam. Feem ntau, bioreactors xav tau rau qhov no.
Zoo Disadvantages
Muaj peev xwm luam tawm cov ntaub nyob. nyuaj.
Nws tuaj yeem daws qhov teeb meem ntawm qhov tsis txaus ntawm lub cev los hloov pauv. Tus nqi ntawm cov cuab yeej siv siab heev.
Tshem tawm qhov xav tau rau kev kuaj tsiaj. Yuav tsum tau ua ntej ua ntej, ntxiv rau tom qab ua tiav.
Ceev thiab precision. Tseem nyob rau theem sim.

Hom 3D tshuab luam ntawv raws li cov ntaub ntawv

Reel ntawm PLA 3d lub tshuab luam ntawv

Lwm txoj hauv kev rau catalog 3D tshuab luam ntawv yog los ntawm hom khoom uas lawv tuaj yeem luam tawm, txawm hais tias qee lub tsev thiab kev lag luam 3D tshuab luam ntawv lees txais ntau yam khoom siv rau kev luam ntawv (tsuas yog lawv muaj cov yam ntxwv zoo sib xws, xws li melting point, ...), ib yam li lub tshuab luam ntawv ib txwm siv tau ntau hom ntawv.

hlau 3D tshuab luam ntawv

luam ntawv hlau

Tag nrho cov hlau tsis zoo haum rau ntau hom 3D tshuab luam ntawv. Qhov tseeb, siv qee cov thev naus laus zis tau pom saum toj no, tsuas yog ob peb tus tuaj yeem ua tau. Cov feem ntau cov hmoov hlau siv nyob rau hauv additive manufacturing yog:

  • Stainless hlau (ntau hom)
  • Cov cuab yeej steel (nrog cov pa roj carbon sib txawv)
  • Titanium alloys.
  • Aluminium alloys.
  • Nickel-based superalloys, xws li Inconel (ib qho austenitic Ni-Cr alloy).
  • Cobalt-chrome alloys.
  • Copper raws li alloys.
  • Precious hlau (kub, nyiaj, platinum, ...).
  • Exotic hlau (palladium, tantalum, ...).

3D tshuab luam ntawv zaub mov

luam cov nqaij

Tau qhov twg los: REUTERS/Amir Cohen

Nws yog ntau thiab ntau dua los nrhiav 3D tshuab luam ntawv los ua zaub mov siv cov txheej txheem tsim khoom ntxiv. Hauv qhov no, qee qhov feem ntau yog:

  • Cov khoom siv ua haujlwm (prebiotics, probiotics, minerals, vitamins, fatty acids, phytochemicals thiab lwm yam antioxidants).
  • Npuas.
  • Lub cev rog
  • Ntau hom carbohydrates, xws li hmoov nplej thiab qab zib.
  • Proteins (tsiaj los yog zaub) los tsim cov nqaij zoo li textures.
  • Hydrogels, xws li gelatin, thiab alginate.
  • Chocolates.

Yas 3D tshuab luam ntawv

3D plastics

Tau kawg, ib qho ntawm cov khoom siv tshaj plaws rau 3D luam ntawv, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau tsev 3D tshuab luam ntawv, yog cov polymers:

Ua kom nrov thiab ntau heev, peb yuav muab ib tsab xov xwm tshwj xeeb rau lawv.
  • Cov yas zoo li PLA, ABS, PET, PC, thiab lwm yam.
  • Kev ua haujlwm siab polymers xws li PEEK, PEKK, ULTEM, thiab lwm yam.
  • Textile-type hluavtaws polyamides xws li nylon lossis nylon.
  • Dej soluble xws li HIPS, PVA, BVOH, thiab lwm yam.
  • Saj zawg zog zoo li TPE lossis TPU, zoo li cov xov tooj ntawm tes silicone.
  • Polymerization-raws li resins.

Tsis tas li ntawd, yog tias koj yuav siv lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D los luam cov khoom siv rau hauv cov zaub mov, xws li khob, iav, phaj, cutlery, thiab lwm yam, koj yuav tsum paub tias qhov twg khoom noj khoom haus zoo yas:

  • PLA, PP, co-polyester, PET, PET-G, HIPS, nylon 6, ABS, ASA thiab PEI. Yog tias koj yuav siv lawv los ntxuav hauv lub tshuab ntxuav tais diav lossis tiv taus qhov kub siab dua, muab pov tseg nylon, PLA thiab PET, vim lawv nyiam deform ntawm qhov kub ntawm 60-70ºC.

Biomaterials

bioprinted vascular system

Tau qhov twg los: BloodBusiness.com

Nyob rau hauv cov nqe lus ntawm 3D bioprinting, koj tuaj yeem pom ntau yam khoom thiab cov ntaub ntawv:

  • hluavtaws polymers.
  • Poly-L-lactic acid.
  • Biomolecules, xws li DNA.
  • Tsawg viscosity bioinks nrog cov hlwb hauv kev ncua (cov hlwb tshwj xeeb lossis cov qia hlwb). Nrog hyaluronic acid, collagen, thiab lwm yam.
  • Hlau rau prosthetics.
  • Cov nqaij ua haujlwm.
  • Composites.
  • Gelatin agarrose.
  • cov ntaub ntawv photosensitive.
  • Acrylics thiab epoxy resins.
  • Tom ntej: Polybutylene Terephthalate (PBT)
  • Polyglycolic Acid (PGA)
  • Polyether Ether Ketone (PEEK)
  • Polyurethane
  • Polyvinyl cawv (PVA)
  • Polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA)
  • Chitosan
  • Lwm yam pastes, hydrogels thiab kua.

Composites thiab hybrids

carbon fiber ntau, composites

Tseem muaj lwm tus hybrid compounds rau 3D tshuab luam ntawv, txawm hais tias lawv zoo li yuav txawv txawv thiab ntau haiv neeg:

  • PLA-raws li (70% PLA + 30% lwm yam khoom), xws li ntoo, xyoob, ntaub plaub, cork filaments, thiab lwm yam.
  • Composites (carbon fiber, fiberglass, kevlar, thiab lwm yam).
  • Alumina (sib tov ntawm polymers thiab txhuas hmoov).
  • Ceramics. Qee qhov piv txwv yog porcelain, terracotta, thiab lwm yam.
    • Hlau oxides: alumina, zircon, quartz, thiab lwm yam.
    • Non-oxide raws li: silicon carbides, aluminium nitride, thiab lwm yam.
    • Bioceramics: xws li hydroxyapatite (HA), tricalcium phosphate (TCP), thiab lwm yam.
  • Cement-based compounds, xws li ntau hom mortar thiab pob zeb.
  • Nanomaterials thiab cov khoom ntse.
  • Thiab ntau yam khoom siv tshiab tshiab uas tab tom tuaj.

Raws li kev siv

Qhov kawg tab sis tsis tsawg kawg, ntau hom 3D tshuab luam ntawv kuj tseem tuaj yeem sau npe raws li kev siv dab tsi yuav muab:

Muaj 3D tshuab luam ntawv

industrial 3d tshuab luam ntawv

lub industrial 3D tshuab luam ntawv Lawv yog ib hom tshuab luam ntawv tshwj xeeb heev. Lawv feem ntau muaj cov thev naus laus zis siab heev, ntxiv rau qhov loj me me, thiab raug nqi ntau txhiab daus las. Lawv yog tsim los siv nyob rau hauv kev lag luam, yuav tsum tau manufactured sai sai, precisely thiab nyob rau hauv loj qhov ntau. Thiab lawv tuaj yeem siv rau hauv cov haujlwm xws li aeronautics, electronics thiab semiconductors, kws tshuaj, tsheb, kev tsim kho, aerospace, motorsport, thiab lwm yam.

lub industrial 3d tshuab luam ntawv nqi tuaj yeem oscillate los ntawm € 4000 rau € 300.000 qee zaum, nyob ntawm qhov loj, hom, qauv, cov khoom siv thiab cov yam ntxwv.

Loj 3D tshuab luam ntawv

3d tshuab luam ntawv

Txawm tias hom no loj 3d tshuab luam ntawv tuaj yeem suav nrog hauv cov khoom lag luam, nws yog qhov tseeb tias muaj qee cov qauv tsim los siv rau sab nraud kev lag luam, xws li qee lub tshuab luam ntawv muaj peev xwm luam ntawv loj rau cov neeg tsim khoom uas xav tau, rau cov tuam txhab me, thiab lwm yam. Kuv tab tom hais txog cov qauv uas tsis loj thiab kim li cov khoom lag luam, xws li Anycubic Chiron, Snapmaker 3D, Tronxy X5SA, Tevo Tornado, Creality CR 10S, Dremer DigiLab 3D20, thiab lwm yam.

Pheej yig 3D tshuab luam ntawv

pheej yig 3d tshuab luam ntawv

Muaj ntau yam khoom siv mounting 3D tshuab luam ntawv rau tsev siv, los yog ib co qhib cov haujlwm, xws li Prusa, Lulzbot, Voron, SeeMeCNC, BigFDM, Creality Ender, Ultimaker, thiab lwm yam, nrog rau lwm lub npe uas muag cov tshuab luam ntawv compact 3D, tau coj 3D luam ntawv rau ntau lub tsev thiab. Dab tsi yav dhau los tsuas yog ob peb lub tuam txhab tuaj yeem them taus, tam sim no tuaj yeem raug nqi zoo ib yam li cov tshuab luam ntawv.

Feem ntau, cov tshuab luam ntawv no yog npaj rau kev siv ntiag tug, xws li DIY enthusiasts los yog makers, los yog rau ib co freelancers uas yuav tsum tau los tsim tej yam qauv ntawm ib lub sij hawm. Tab sis lawv tsis yog tsim los tsim cov qauv loj, tsis yog loj heev, los yog sai sai. Thiab, rau feem ntau, lawv yog ua los ntawm resin los yog yas filament.

3d xaum

3d xaum

Thaum kawg, kom ua tiav cov lus no, kuv tsis xav tso kuv tus kheej tseg 3D xaum. Lawv tsis yog ib yam ntawm cov tshuab luam ntawv 3D xws li, tab sis lawv muaj lub hom phiaj sib xws thiab tuaj yeem ua tau zoo heev los tsim qee cov qauv yooj yim, rau cov menyuam yaus, thiab lwm yam.

Tienen tus nqi pheej yig heev, thiab hauv paus yog me me cwj mem-zoo li tus handheld 3D tshuab luam ntawv nrog uas yuav ua rau kos duab nrog ntim. Lawv feem ntau siv cov yas filaments xws li PLA, ABS, thiab lwm yam, thiab lawv txoj haujlwm yooj yim heev. Lawv pib ntsaws rau hauv lub qhov hluav taws xob thiab ua kom sov zoo li cov hlau nplaum lossis cov phom kub nplaum. Qhov no yog li cas lawv yaj cov yas uas yuav ntws los ntawm lub taub los tsim cov duab kos.

Yog xav paub ntxiv


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Yog thawj tus tuaj tawm tswv yim

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm.

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  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.

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