Raspberry Pi vs NAS Servers: Txhua Yam Koj Yuav Tsum Paub

Raspberry Pi vs NAS servers

Yog tias koj xav txog siv NAS servers, tom qab ntawd koj yuav tsum paub tias koj muaj ntau txoj kev xaiv ntawm koj lub ntsis ntiv tes. Los ntawm kev siv Raspberry Pi nrog qee qhov nruab nrab cia, ua nws daim npav SD nws tus kheej lossis sab nraud USB nco, teeb tsa los ua haujlwm pabcuam hauv network, kom siv huab cia kev pabcuam los ntawm tus muab kev pabcuam, xws li ywj siab hosting los ntawm Webempresa, los ntawm kho vajtse NAS solutions.

Zoo li a servidor web, NAS servers lawv tuaj yeem siv tau tshaj plaws niaj hnub no. Ib qho twg los khaws cov ntaub ntawv uas koj tuaj yeem nkag tau los ntawm txhua qhov chaw txhua lub sijhawm, siv nws rau thaub qab lossis thaub qab cov ntawv theej, xws li koj tus kheej lub xov tooj cua khaws cia, thiab ntau ntxiv. Qhov ntau yam yog qhov siab tshaj plaws, tab sis koj yuav tsum kawm paub ntau ntxiv txog cov kev daws teeb meem uas twb muaj lawm kom koj tuaj yeem xaiv qhov zoo tshaj plaws rau koj cov kev xav tau ...

Dab tsi yog qhov server?

dab tsi yog server

Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom paub dab tsi yog server Yog li koj paub tias tsis yog txhua ntawm lawv nyob hauv cov chaw khaws ntaub ntawv loj, tab sis koj tseem tuaj yeem siv nws ntawm koj lub PC, ntawm koj li Raspberry Pi, thiab txawm tias ntawm lub xov tooj ntawm tes.

Hauv kev suav, tus neeg rau zaub mov tsis muaj dab tsi ntau dua khoos phis tawjtsis hais nws loj thiab lub zog. Lub khoos phis tawj no yuav suav nrog qhov tseem ceeb ntawm txhua yam khoom siv, nrog rau kev ua haujlwm thiab software uas ua haujlwm los muab kev pabcuam (yog li nws lub npe). Piv txwv li, koj tuaj yeem muaj nplooj siab NAS servers rau kev khaws cia hauv network, lub vev xaib rau tus tswv tsev nplooj ntawv, cov ntawv pov thawj tseeb, thiab lwm yam.

Xijpeem qhov kev pabcuam muab los ntawm tus neeg rau zaub mov, yuav muaj lwm yam khoom siv uas yuav txuas rau nws kom tau txais txiaj ntsig los ntawm cov kev pabcuam uas lawv muab (server-client qauv). Cov cuab yeej no tau paub tias yog cov neeg siv khoom thiab tseem tuaj yeem los ntawm lub xov tooj smartphone, Smart TV, PC, thiab lwm yam.

Yuav ua li cas xa cov servers

tus neeg rau zaub mov qauv

Tus neeg siv-server qauv yog lub tswv yim yooj yim, uas tus neeg rau zaub mov yuav ib txwm tos rau tus neeg siv khoom lossis cov neeg siv khoom los thov. Tab sis hais tias neeg rau zaub mov tuaj yeem ua tiav hauv ntau txoj kev:

  • Sib Koom: feem ntau yog hais txog hosting, lossis web hosting, uas tau sib koom. Ntawd yog, qhov twg ntau lub vev xaib tau tuav thiab uas feem ntau yog tswv los ntawm tus tswv sib txawv. Ntawd yog, cov khoom siv kho vajtse (RAM, CPU, cia, thiab bandwidth) tau sib koom.
    • Zoo: lawv feem ntau pheej yig dua thaum koom nrog lwm tus. Koj tsis xav tau kev paub txuj ci siab, nws yooj yim los pib.
    • Disadvantages: nws tsis zoo li ntau yam thiab rau qee qhov kev thov tsis muaj kev tswj hwm tuaj yeem ploj mus. Kev sib koom, cov txiaj ntsig yuav tsis yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws.
    • Dab tsi rau? Lawv tuaj yeem yog qhov zoo rau pib blog lossis vev xaib nrog tsawg dua 30.000 kev mus ntsib ib hlis. Txawm rau cov lag luam me me portals.
  • VPS (Tus neeg siv khoom ntiag tug): lawv tau dhau los ua neeg nyiam dua. Yeej nws yog "khoos phis tawj" khoos phis tawj hauv ntau lub server virtual. Ntawd yog, lub tshuab lub cev uas nws cov peev txheej tau faib tawm ntawm ntau lub tshuab virtual. Qhov ntawd tso lawv nruab nrab ntawm kev sib koom thiab mob siab rau. Ntawd yog, txhua tus neeg siv tuaj yeem muaj lub kaw lus ua haujlwm rau lawv tus kheej, thiab cov peev txheej (vCPU, vRAM, cia, network) uas lawv yuav tsis tas yuav qhia rau leej twg, muaj peev xwm tswj hwm VPS zoo li nws tau mob siab rau.
    • Zoo: muab kev ruaj ntseg thiab kev hloov pauv tau. Koj yuav muaj lub hauv paus nkag mus rau lub server (rau koj cov phiaj xwm). Koj tuaj yeem nruab lossis tshem tawm ib qho software uas koj xav tau. Hais txog tus nqi, lawv pheej yig dua li mob siab rau.
    • Disadvantages: kev tswj hwm, thaj thiab kev nyab xeeb yuav yog koj lub luag haujlwm. Yog tias muaj teeb meem tshwm sim, koj yuav tsum tau daws lawv, yog li koj xav tau kev paub txuj ci ntau dua li qhov qhia. Txawm hais tias muaj ntau yam ntau dua li qhov sib koom, nws tseem muaj qee qhov kev txwv piv rau qhov mob siab rau.
    • Dab tsi rau? Zoo rau cov tuam txhab me thiab nruab nrab uas xav tuav lawv lub vev xaib lossis cov kev pabcuam.
  • Dhuav siab: hauv lawv koj yuav muaj kev tswj hwm ib puag ncig, tsis muaj "cov neeg nyob ib puag ncig tsis txaus siab". Qhov ntawd txhais tau tias koj yuav muaj lub tshuab rau koj, muaj peev xwm tswj tau nws txawm li cas los xij koj xav tau thiab tsim cov txheej txheem uas koj xav tau.
    • Zoo: kev hloov kho tau zoo, nkag tau tag nrho thiab tswj hwm tus neeg rau zaub mov, lav tias muaj tag nrho cov peev txheej rau koj, txhim kho kev ceev ntiag tug thiab kev nyab xeeb, ruaj khov thiab kwv yees tau zoo.
    • Disadvantages: lawv kim dua thiab yuav xav tau cov peev txheej txuj ci los tswj lawv. Lawv xav tau kev saib xyuas tas li.
    • Dab tsi rau? Qhov zoo tshaj plaws rau web apps, eCommerce site, thiab cov kev pabcuam uas yuav muaj tsheb loj.
  • Yus tus kheej: cov yav dhau los yog txhua lub server muab los ntawm huab tuam txhab. Txawm li cas los xij, koj tseem tuaj yeem muaj koj li server. Qhov no tuaj yeem muaj txiaj ntsig zoo, txij li koj yuav yog tus tswv ntawm kho vajtse, ua kom muaj kev nyab xeeb tshaj plaws thiab kev nyab xeeb ntawm koj cov ntaub ntawv. Txhawm rau kom muaj koj tus kheej lub server, nws tuaj yeem ua tiav, raws li kuv tau hais ua ntej, siv ib lub PC, mobile device, thiab txawm tias Raspberry Pi. Yog lawm, yog tias koj xav tau qee yam muaj zog dua li ntawd, koj yuav tsum yuav cov servers xws li cov muab los ntawm cov tuam txhab xws li HPE, Dell, Cisco, Lenovo, thiab lwm yam, los tsim koj tus kheej "chaw chaw", txawm li cas los xij ...
    • Zoo: koj yuav yog tus tswv ntawm lub server, yog li koj yuav muaj kev tswj hwm tag nrho. Txawm tias thaum ntsuas lossis hloov cov khoom siv kho vajtse.
    • Disadvantages: koj yuav tsum tau saib xyuas txhua qhov tsis yooj yim uas yuav tshwm sim, kho vaj tsev, kho dua, thiab lwm yam. Ib qho ntxiv, qhov no tau nce tus nqi, ob qho yuav tsum tau kho vajtse tsim nyog thiab ntawv tso cai, nrog rau kev siv hluav taws xob uas lub tshuab yuav muaj, thiab them IPS yog tias koj xav tau broadband sai dua.
    • Dab tsi rau? Nws tuaj yeem muaj txiaj ntsig zoo rau cov koom haum, tuam txhab lag luam, thiab tsoomfwv uas xav tau kev tswj hwm tag nrho cov ntaub ntawv, lossis rau cov neeg siv uas xav teeb tsa qee yam tshwj xeeb thiab tsis tso lawv cov ntaub ntawv tseg rau lwm tus.

Tej zaum yuav muaj variants hauv no, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau cov kev pabcuam thiab chaw muab los ntawm qee tus muab kev pabcuam tam sim no, xws li kev pabcuam kev tswj hwm kom koj tsis tas yuav txhawj xeeb txog ib yam dab tsi, kev daws teeb meem kev nyab xeeb, kev teeb tsa yooj yim rau nruab kev ua haujlwm lossis software yam tsis muaj kev paub, thiab lwm yam.

Hom ntawm cov servers

NAS server types

Hauv ntu dhau los koj tuaj yeem paub txoj hauv kev los siv server, txawm li cas los xij, lawv kuj tseem tuaj yeem teev npe nyob ntawm hom kev pabcuam qiv:

  • Web servers: Hom neeg rau zaub mov no nrov heev. Nws lub luag haujlwm yog los tswj hwm thiab teeb tsa nplooj ntawv nplooj ntawv kom cov neeg siv khoom, nrog lub vev xaib lossis cov neeg nkag nkag, tuaj yeem nkag mus tau los ntawm cov kev cai xws li HTTP / HTTPS.
  • Cov ntaub ntawv pabcuam: cov uas tau siv los khaws cov ntaub ntawv cov neeg siv khoom kom lawv tuaj yeem rub tawm lossis rub tawm los ntawm lub network. Hauv cov servers no muaj ntau hom, xws li NAS servers, FTP / SFTP servers, SMB, NFS, thiab lwm yam.
  • Email Servers: cov kev pabcuam uas cov no muab yog siv cov txheej txheem email kom cov neeg siv khoom tuaj yeem sib txuas lus, tau txais lossis xa email. Qhov no tau ua tiav los ntawm software los siv cov txheej txheem xws li SMTP, IMAP, lossis POP.
  • Database serversTxawm hais tias lawv tuaj yeem teev npe hauv cov ntaub ntawv, hom no khaws cov ntaub ntawv hauv cov txheej txheem hierarchical thiab ua raws txoj hauv kev. Qee qhov software los siv lub hauv paus yog PostgreSQL, MySQL, MariaDB, thiab lwm yam.
  • Game neeg rau zaub mov: yog qhov kev pabcuam tshwj xeeb rau muab yam uas tsim nyog rau cov neeg siv khoom (gamers) kom tuaj yeem ua si hauv hom sib tw online.
  • Tus neeg rau zaub mov noj: ua haujlwm ua kev sib txuas lus sib tham hauv tes hauj lwm. Lawv ua raws li tus neeg nruab nrab thiab tuaj yeem siv los lim cov tsheb, tswj bandwidth, thauj khoom sib faib, caching, tsis qhia npe, thiab lwm yam.
  • DNS neeg rau zaub mov: nws lub hom phiaj yog muab kev pabcuam daws teeb meem lub npe. Ntawd yog, yog li koj tsis tas yuav tsum nco qab tus IP ntawm tus neeg rau zaub mov uas koj xav tau nkag mus, qee yam tsis txaus ntseeg thiab tsis nkag siab zoo, koj tsuas yog yuav tsum siv lub npe host (domain thiab TLD), xws li www.example, es , thiab tus neeg rau zaub mov DNS yuav tshawb nrhiav nws cov ntaub ntawv rau IP sib xws rau lub npe ntawd kom tso cai nkag mus.
  • Kev lees paub cov servers: lawv ua haujlwm los muab cov kev pabcuam rau nkag mus rau qee lub tshuab. Lawv feem ntau suav nrog cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia nrog cov ntaub ntawv pov thawj ntawm cov neeg siv khoom thiab. Ib qho piv txwv ntawm qhov no yog LDAP.
  • lwm leej lwm tusMuaj lwm tus, ntxiv rau, ntau qhov kev pabcuam hosting muab ua ke ntawm ob peb ntawm cov no. Piv txwv li, muaj cov kev pabcuam uas muab rau koj nrog databases, email, thiab lwm yam.

NAS servers: txhua yam koj xav paub

NAS servers

lub NAS (Network Txuas Txuas Cia) cov servers lawv yog network txuas cov khoom siv khaws cia. Nrog rau qhov no koj tuaj yeem muaj txoj hauv kev los tuav cov ntaub ntawv thiab muaj nws ntawm koj pov tseg txhua lub sijhawm. Hom neeg rau zaub mov no tuaj yeem ua tiav siv software ntawm ntau ntawm cov khoom siv, xws li PC, lub xov tooj ntawm tes, Raspberry Pi, them nyiaj rau huab kev pabcuam, thiab tseem yuav koj li NAS (uas kuv yuav tsom mus rau hauv ntu no) ).

Cov NAS servers no tseem yuav muaj lawv li CPU, RAM, cia (SSD lossis HDD), I / O system, thiab koj tus kheej kev ua haujlwm. Ib qho ntxiv, hauv khw koj tuaj yeem pom qee qhov tsom mus rau cov neeg siv hauv tsev, thiab lwm tus rau kev lag luam ib puag ncig nrog lub peev xwm thiab kev ua tau zoo dua.

El muaj nuj nqi ntawm cov servers no yooj yim to taub:

  • Zog: NAS cov servers muaj kho vajtse thiab kev ua haujlwm uas yuav ua txhua txoj haujlwm ua kom pom tseeb rau cov neeg siv khoom. Ntawd yog, thaum tus neeg siv khoom txiav txim siab rub tawm, rho tawm, lossis rub tawm cov ntaub ntawv, nws yuav saib xyuas txhua theem tsim nyog rau qhov no, muab qhov yooj yim rau tus neeg siv khoom.
  • Kev Cia Yus Tus Kheej: koj tuaj yeem pom lawv nrog qhov sib txawv. Hauv txhua qhov ntawm qhov koj tuaj yeem ntxig qhov nruab nrab cia kom nthuav dav nws lub peev xwm, nws yog HDD lossis SSD. Cov tsav nyuaj sib xws tau zoo ib yam nkaus li cov uas koj siv hauv koj lub PC. Txawm li cas los xij, muaj cov kab tshwj xeeb rau NAS, xws li Western Digital Red Series, lossis Seagate IronWolf. Yog tias koj xav tau kev lag luam ntau, koj kuj muaj WD Ultrastar thiab Seagate EXOS.
  • Liab: Tau kawg, kom nkag tau los ntawm cov neeg siv khoom, nws yuav tsum txuas nrog lub network. Ib qho los ntawm Ethernet cabling lossis los ntawm thev naus laus zis wireless.

Kuv tuaj yeem ua dab tsi nrog NAS?

 

NAS servers

Muaj NAS servers tso cai rau koj kom muaj koj tus kheej ntiag tug cia 'huab', uas tuaj yeem muaj txiaj ntsig zoo. Nruab nrab ntawm daim ntaub ntawv tshwj xeeb Lawv yog:

  • Raws li lub network cia nruab nrab: koj tuaj yeem siv nws los khaws txhua yam koj xav tau, piv txwv li, khaws koj cov duab los ntawm koj lub xov tooj ntawm tes, siv nws ua cov duab hauv online ntawm cov ntaub ntawv multimedia, koj tus kheej li Netflix zoo li kev pabcuam streaming uas koj nyiam cov yeeb yaj kiab thiab koob (Plex tuaj yeem tswj hwm qhov no , Lub npe, ...), thiab lwm yam.
  • Bakup: koj yuav tuaj yeem ua cov ntawv theej ntawm koj lub tshuab ntawm koj li NAS hauv txoj kev yooj yim. Txoj hauv kev no koj yuav ib txwm muaj thaub qab ntawm koj lub ntsis ntiv tes thiab lav tias koj cov ntaub ntawv nyob ntawm tus neeg siv khoom paub.
  • qhia: koj tuaj yeem siv nws los qhia txhua yam ntaub ntawv nrog koj cov phooj ywg thiab tsev neeg, lossis nrog leej twg koj xav tau. Tsuas yog upload qhov koj xav qhia thiab koj tuaj yeem muab kev nkag mus rau lwm tus neeg siv khoom kom lawv tuaj yeem nkag mus lossis rub tawm nws.
  • hosting: koj tseem tuaj yeem siv nws ua lub vev xaib los cawm koj lub xaib nyob ntawd. Txawm li cas los xij, nco ntsoov tias NAS cov servers yuav txwv rau koj lub network bandwidth. Ntawd yog, yog tias koj tsis muaj kab nrawm, thiab lwm tus tau nkag mus rau NAS, koj yuav pom qhov ua tau zoo tseem ceeb. Nrog fiber optics qhov no tau txhim kho zoo heev.
  • lwm leej lwm tus: Tseem muaj NAS cov servers uas tuaj yeem ua tus FTP server, los tuav lub hauv paus, thiab qee qhov tseem suav nrog kev ua haujlwm rau VPN.

Yuav xaiv tus NAS servers zoo tshaj plaws li cas?

NAS servers

Thaum yuav koj tus kheej NAS servers, koj yuav tsum koom nrog qee yam cov yam ntxwv kev Txhawm rau kom ntseeg tau tias koj tau ua qhov kev yuav khoom zoo:

  • Kho vajtse: Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb uas koj muaj CPU nrog kev ua tau zoo thiab tsim nyog ntawm RAM rau kev ua haujlwm ntau dua. Qhov kev pabcuam no zoo npaum li cas yuav nyob ntawm qhov no, txawm hais tias txhua yam yuav vam khom me ntsis ntawm koj cov kev xav tau tshwj xeeb.
  • Bays / Cia: xyuam xim rau tus lej thiab hom bays (2.5 ″, 3.5 ″,…) uas lub interface twb muaj (SATA, M.2,…). Qee tus NAS servers txhawb kev txhim kho ntau tus lej ntawm lub zog kom ntsuas lub peev xwm (1TB, 2TB, 4TB, 8TB, 16TB, 32TB, ...). Kuj tseem muaj cov uas muaj peev xwm teeb tsa RAID cov kab ke rau cov ntaub ntawv rov ua dua tshiab. Thiab nco ntsoov tias nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb xaiv rau NAS-tshwj xeeb cov tsav nyuaj, uas tau ua kom zoo los txhawb nqa kev thauj khoom ntau dua thiab sijhawm ua haujlwm:
  • Kev twb kev txuas network: lwm qhov tseem ceeb los txiav txim siab txuas koj lub server nrog cov neeg siv khoom hauv txoj hauv kev zoo tshaj plaws.
  • Operating system thiab apps: txhua lub chaw tsim khoom feem ntau muab nws tus kheej qhov system, thiab cov npe ntawm cov tswv lag luam thiab cov haujlwm. Feem ntau, txoj kev koj txav mus los ntawm cov ntawv qhia zaub mov thiab cov kev xaiv uas koj muaj ntawm koj lub ntsis ntiv tes yuav nyob ntawm nws. Hloov pauv nyob ntawm tus kws kho mob.
  • Hom tshuaj zoo tshaj- Qee qhov pom zoo cov npe ntawm NAS servers yog Synology, QNAP, Western Digital, thiab Netgear. Qee qhov kev pom zoo yuav yog:

Raspberry Pi: Swiss Army Riam rau cov neeg tsim khoom

Txiv pos Pi 4

Kev daws teeb meem pheej yig rau NAS servers yog tias koj tsis muaj qhov xav tau zoo yog siv koj li SBC los ua ib qho ntawm lawv. Raspberry Pi tso cai rau koj muaj koj tus kheej NAS pheej yig hauv tsev. Koj yuav tsuas xav tau:

  • Ib Raspberry Pi.
  • Kev twb kev txuas hauv Internet.
  • Cia nruab nrab (koj tuaj yeem siv daim npav nco nws tus kheej lossis USB cia nruab nrab txuas nrog koj Pi. Nws tuaj yeem yog USB sab nraud nyuaj tsav lossis pendrive ...
  • Software los siv qhov kev pabcuam. Koj tuaj yeem xaiv los ntawm ntau qhov haujlwm, txawm tias qhib qhov chaw, zoo li ownCloud, NextCloud, thiab lwm yam.

Qhov zoo thiab qhov tsis zoo ntawm Raspberry Pi piv rau NAS siab rau servers

zoo thiab tsis zoo

Yog tias koj txiav txim siab txaus siab rau qhov zoo ntawm NAS servers, koj yuav tsum ntsuas qhov zoo thiab qhov tsis zoo uas tuaj yeem muaj nws kev siv los ntawm Raspberry Pi:

  • Zoo:
    • Pheej yig
    • Tsawg noj
    • Kawm thaum lub sijhawm txheej txheem xa tawm
    • Qhov loj me
  • Disadvantages:
    • Kev txwv kev ua tau zoo
    • Cov kev txwv cia
    • Nyuaj nrog teeb tsa thiab kho
    • Yuav tsum muaj nws txuas nrog lub network thiab rau lub zog siv (kev siv)
    • Raws li nws tsis yog NAS cov cuab yeej tshwj xeeb, yuav muaj teeb meem yog tias koj xav siv SBC rau lwm txoj haujlwm

En xaus lusYog tias koj xav tau qhov yooj yim heev thiab pheej yig NAS cov kev pabcuam ib ntus, Raspberry Pi yuav yog koj tus phooj ywg zoo tshaj plaws yog li koj tsis tas yuav nqis peev ntau dhau. Ntawm qhov tod tes, rau cov kev pabcuam uas muaj peev xwm khaws tau ntau dua, ruaj khov, muaj peev xwm ua tau, thiab ua tau zoo, tom qab ntawd nws yog qhov zoo tshaj los yuav koj tus kheej NAS server lossis ntiav cov kev pabcuam huab cia ...


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Yog thawj tus tuaj tawm tswv yim

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm. Yuav tsum tau teb cov cim nrog *

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  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.