Gulani 3D scanner: momwe mungasankhire zabwino kwambiri

3d scanner

Kuphatikiza pakutha kudzipangira nokha geometry yachidutswa chomwe mukufuna kusindikiza chanu Pulogalamu ya 3D pogwiritsa ntchito mapulogalamu, palinso kuthekera kwina kosavuta komwe kumatha kukopera zinthu zomwe zilipo kale ndendende. Zake za 3D sikana, yomwe idzasamalira kuyang'ana pamwamba pa chinthu chomwe mukufuna ndikuchisintha kukhala mtundu wa digito kuti muthe kuchikhudzanso kapena kuchisindikiza monga momwe chimapangidwira.

Muupangiri uwu mupeza zomwe iwo ali. makina ojambulira abwino kwambiri a 3D ndi momwe mungasankhire yoyenera kwambiri malinga ndi zosowa zanu.

Makanema abwino kwambiri a 3D

Pali mitundu yambiri yotchuka, monga German Zeiss, Shining 3D, Artec, Polyga, Peel 3D, Phiz 3D Scanner, ndi zina zotero, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kwambiri kusankha. Ngati mukukayika za 3D scanner yomwe mungagule, nazi zina mwa izo. zitsanzo zabwino kwambiri Zomwe timalimbikitsa kugula koyenera:

Kuwala kwa 3D EINSCAN-SP

Este Chojambulira cha 3D chokhala ndi ukadaulo wowunikira koyera ndi chimodzi mwazabwino kwambiri ngati mukufuna china chake chaukadaulo. Kusintha kwake kumafikira 0.05 mm, kujambula ngakhale zazing'ono kwambiri. Imatha kusanthula ziwerengero kuyambira 30x30x30mm mpaka 200x200x200mm (yokhala ndi turntable) komanso zina zazikulu za 1200x1200x1200mm (ngati zikugwiritsidwa ntchito pamanja kapena ndi katatu). Komanso, ali wabwino kupanga sikani liwiro, luso katundu kwa OBJ, STL, ASC ndi PLY, automatic calibration system, ndi USB cholumikizira. Yogwirizana ndi Windows.

Kuwala kwa 3D Uno Can

Mtundu wina uwu wa mtundu wotchukawu ndiwotsika mtengo kuposa wam'mbuyomu, koma ungakhalenso njira yabwino ngati mukufunafuna china chake chogwiritsa ntchito mwaukadaulo. gwiritsaninso ntchito ukadaulo wamtundu woyera, wokhala ndi malingaliro a 0.1 mm ndi kuthekera kojambula ziwerengero kuyambira 30x30x30 mm mpaka 200x200x200 mm (pa turntable), ngakhale mutha kuyigwiritsanso ntchito pamanja kapena pamatatu ake kuti mupeze ziwerengero zopambana 700x700x700 mm. Ili ndi liwiro la sikani yabwino, imalumikizana kudzera pa USB, ndipo imatha kugwira ntchito ndi mafayilo amtundu wa OBJ, STL, ASC ndi PLY ngati wakale. Yogwirizana ndi Windows.

Creality 3D CR-Scan

Mtundu wina waukulu uwu wapanga scanner ya 3D modelling zosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito, ndi zosintha zokha, popanda kufunikira kosintha kapena kugwiritsa ntchito zizindikiro. Imalumikizana kudzera pa USB ndipo imagwirizana ndi Windows, Android ndi macOS. Kuphatikiza apo, ili ndi kulondola kwambiri mpaka 0.1 mm komanso kusamvana kwa 0.5 mm, komanso imatha kukhala yabwino kwa akatswiri chifukwa cha mawonekedwe ake komanso mtundu wake. Ponena za miyeso ya sikani, ndi yayikulu kwambiri, kuti ijambule zigawo zazikulu.

Chithunzi cha BQ Ciclop

Chojambulira cha 3D ichi chochokera ku mtundu waku Spain BQ ndi njira ina yabwino ngati mukufuna chinthu chotsika mtengo kwa DIY. Chojambulira cholondola cha 0.5mm chokhala ndi kamera yapamwamba ya Logitech C270 HD, ma laser awiri amtundu woyamba, cholumikizira cha USB, Nema stepper motors, dalaivala wa ZUM, wokhoza kutumiza ku G-Code ndi PLY, ndipo amagwirizana ndi Linux ndi Windows opareshoni.

Inncen POP 3D Revopoint

M'malo ena am'mbuyomu. Chojambulira cha 3D chokhala ndi a Kutalika kwa 0.3mm, Dual Infrared Sensor (Diso Lotetezedwa), Ndi Makamera Akuzama, Kusanthula Mwachangu, Kamera ya RGB Yojambula Zojambula, OBJ, STL, ndi PLY Export Support, Wired or Wireless Ability, 5 Modes njira zosiyanasiyana zojambulira, ndi zogwirizana ndi Android, iOS, macOS ndi machitidwe opangira Windows.

Kodi 3D scanner ndi chiyani

Zithunzi za 3d scanner

Un 3D scanner ndi chida chomwe chimatha kusanthula chinthu kapena mawonekedwe kupeza zambiri za mawonekedwe, mawonekedwe, komanso nthawi zina mtundu. Zomwezo zimasinthidwa ndikusinthidwa kukhala zitsanzo zamitundu itatu zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito kuzisintha kuchokera ku mapulogalamu kapena kuzisindikiza pa printer yanu ya 3D ndikupanga makope enieni a chinthucho kapena zochitikazo.

Momwe makina ojambulirawa amagwirira ntchito nthawi zambiri amakhala owoneka bwino, kutulutsa mtambo wamalo owonetsera pamwamba pa chinthucho kuti afotokozere geometry yeniyeni. Chifukwa chake, 3D scanner ndizosiyana ndi makamera wambaNgakhale ali ndi mawonekedwe owoneka ngati koni, makamera amajambula zidziwitso zamitundu kuchokera pamalo omwe amawonera, pomwe 3D scanner imatenga chidziwitso cha malo ndi malo amitundu itatu.

Ma scanner ena samapereka mtundu wathunthu ndi sikani imodzi, koma m'malo mwake amafunikira kuwombera kangapo kuti atenge magawo osiyanasiyana a gawolo ndikusoketsa pamodzi pogwiritsa ntchito pulogalamuyo. Ngakhale zili choncho, akadali a njira zolondola kwambiri, zomasuka komanso zachangu kuti mupeze geometry ya gawo ndikuyamba kusindikiza.

3D scanner momwe imagwirira ntchito

Chojambulira cha 3D nthawi zambiri chimagwira ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito ma radiation omwe amatulutsidwa ngati a kuwala, IR, kapena kuwala kwa laser yomwe idzawerengera mtunda pakati pa chinthu chomwe chimatulutsa ndi chinthucho, ndikulemba malo ofotokozera m'deralo ndi mndandanda wa mfundo zomwe zili pamwamba pa gawo lomwe liyenera kukopera, ndi makonzedwe a aliyense. Pogwiritsa ntchito magalasi, imasesa pamwamba ndikupeza zogwirizanitsa kapena mfundo zosiyana kuti zikwaniritse mawonekedwe atatu.

Kutengera mtunda wa chinthucho, kulondola komwe mukufuna, ndi kukula kapena zovuta za chinthucho, mungafunike kutenga mmodzi kapena kuposa.

Mitundu

Pali 2 mitundu ya 3D scanner zofunikira, kutengera momwe amawonera:

  • Contact: Mitundu iyi ya 3D scanner iyenera kuthandizira gawo lotchedwa tracer (nthawi zambiri chitsulo cholimba kapena nsonga ya safiro) pamwamba pa chinthucho. Mwanjira iyi, masensa ena amkati amazindikira malo a kafukufukuyu kuti akonzenso chiwerengerocho. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pamakampani pakuwongolera njira zopangira komanso kulondola kwa 0.01 mm. Komabe, si njira yabwino yopangira zinthu zosalimba, zamtengo wapatali (monga ziboliboli zakale), kapena zinthu zofewa, chifukwa nsonga kapena cholembera chingasinthe kapena kuwononga pamwamba. Ndiko kuti, kungakhale scan yowononga.
  • palibe kukhudzana: ndizofala kwambiri komanso zosavuta kuzipeza. Amatchedwa chifukwa safuna kukhudzana ndipo chifukwa chake sangawononge gawolo kapena kulisintha mwanjira iliyonse. M'malo mofufuza, adzagwiritsa ntchito kutulutsa kwa siginecha kapena ma radiation monga ultrasound, mafunde a IR, kuwala, X-ray, ndi zina zambiri. Iwo ndi ofala kwambiri komanso osavuta kuwapeza. Pakati pawo, pali magulu awiri akuluakulu:
    • Katundu: Zida zimenezi zimasanthula mawonekedwe a chinthucho ndipo, nthawi zina, mtundu. Zimachitidwa ndi kuyeza kwachindunji kwa pamwamba, kuyeza ma polar coordinates, ngodya ndi mtunda kuti asonkhanitse zidziwitso zamitundu itatu. Tithokoze chifukwa chakuti imapanga mtambo wa mfundo zosalumikizidwa zomwe ingaziyeze potulutsa mtengo wamtundu wa electromagnetic (ultrasound, X-ray, laser,...), ndipo isintha kukhala ma polygon kuti amangenso ndikutumiza kunja mtundu wa 3D CAD. . Mkati mwa izi mupeza ma subtypes monga:
      • Nthawi yothawa: mtundu wa scanner ya 3D yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito ma lasers ndipo imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri kusanthula malo akulu, monga mapangidwe a geological, nyumba, ndi zina. Zachokera pa TOF. Ndizolondola komanso zotsika mtengo.
      • katatu: Imagwiritsanso ntchito laser polumikizira katatu, ndi mtengo womwe umagunda chinthucho komanso kamera yomwe imapeza laser point ndi mtunda. Ma scanner awa ali ndi zolondola kwambiri.
      • kusiyana kwa gawo: amayesa kusiyana kwa gawo pakati pa kuwala kotulutsidwa ndi kulandiridwa, amagwiritsa ntchito muyeso uwu kuti ayese mtunda wa chinthucho. Kulondola m'lingaliro ili ndikwapakatikati pakati pa ziwiri zam'mbuyomu, zokwera pang'ono kuposa ToF komanso zotsika pang'ono kuposa katatu.
      • conoscopic holography: ndi njira ya interferometric yomwe mtengo wowonekera kuchokera pamwamba umadutsa mu kristalo wa birefringent, ndiko kuti, kristalo yomwe ili ndi zizindikiro ziwiri zowonetsera, imodzi yamba ndi yosasunthika ndi ina yodabwitsa, yomwe ndi ntchito ya ngodya ya zochitika za kuwala pamwamba pa kristalo. Zotsatira zake, cheza ziwiri zofananira zimapezedwa zomwe zimapangidwira kuti zisokoneze pogwiritsa ntchito lens ya cylindrical, kusokoneza uku kumatengedwa ndi sensor ya kamera wamba yomwe imapeza mawonekedwe amizere. Kuchuluka kwa kusokoneza uku kumatsimikizira mtunda wa chinthu.
      • kuwala kopangidwa: perekani chitsanzo chowala pa chinthucho ndikusanthula kachitidwe kachitidwe ka geometry ya zochitikazo.
      • modulated kuwala: amatulutsa kuwala (nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi mikombero ya matalikidwe mu mawonekedwe a synodal) akusintha mosalekeza mu chinthucho. Kamera idzajambula izi kuti idziwe mtunda.
    • Ngongole: Makina ojambulira amtunduwu aperekanso chidziwitso chakutali pogwiritsa ntchito ma radiation kuti ajambule. Nthawi zambiri amagwiritsa ntchito makamera awiri osiyana omwe amalunjika pamalowo kuti adziwe zambiri zamitundu itatu posanthula zithunzi zosiyanasiyana zojambulidwa. Izi zisanthula mtunda wa mfundo iliyonse ndikupereka zolumikizira kuti zipange 3D. Pankhaniyi, zotsatira zabwino zingapezeke pamene kuli kofunika kulanda mawonekedwe apamwamba a chinthu chojambulidwa, komanso kukhala otsika mtengo. Kusiyanitsa ndi omwe akugwira ntchito ndikuti palibe mtundu wa ma radiation a electromagnetic omwe umatulutsidwa, koma amangodziletsa okha kuti agwire mpweya womwe ulipo kale m'chilengedwe, monga kuwala kowonekera komwe kumawonekera pa chinthucho. Palinso mitundu ina monga:
      • stereoscopic: Amagwiritsa ntchito mfundo yofanana ndi photogrammetry, kudziwa mtunda wa pixel iliyonse pachithunzichi. Kuti achite izi, nthawi zambiri amagwiritsa ntchito makamera awiri apakanema omwe akulozera malo omwewo. Kusanthula zithunzi zojambulidwa ndi kamera iliyonse, ndizotheka kudziwa mtundawu.
      • Chikumbutso: gwiritsani ntchito zojambulajambula zopangidwa kuchokera motsatizana wa zithunzi kuzungulira chinthu cha mbali zitatu kuti muwoloke kuti apange chithunzithunzi cha chinthucho. Njirayi ili ndi vuto pazinthu zopanda kanthu, chifukwa sizingagwire zamkati.
      • Kujambula motengera zithunzi: Pali njira zina zothandizidwa ndi ogwiritsa ntchito pogwiritsa ntchito photogrammetry.

Mobile 3D scanner

Ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri nthawi zambiri amafunsa ngati mungathe gwiritsani ntchito foni yam'manja ngati 3D scanner. Chowonadi ndi chakuti mafoni atsopano amatha kugwiritsa ntchito masensa awo akuluakulu a kamera kuti athe kujambula ziwerengero za 3D chifukwa cha mapulogalamu ena. Mwachiwonekere sadzakhala ndi zotsatira zolondola komanso zaukadaulo monga chojambulira chodzipatulira cha 3D, koma zitha kukhala zothandiza kwa DIY.

zina zabwino mapulogalamu azida zam'manja iOS/iPadOS ndi Android zomwe mutha kutsitsa ndikuyesa ndi:

  1. sketchfab
  2. qlone
  3. Trinio
  4. Zithunzi za ScandyPro
  5. IwoSeez3D

kunyumba 3d scanner

Amafunsanso nthawi zambiri ngati mungathe pangani 3d scanner yapanyumba. Ndipo chowonadi ndi chakuti pali mapulojekiti opanga omwe angakuthandizeni kwambiri pankhaniyi, monga OpenScan. Mupezanso ma projekiti ozikidwa pa Arduino ndipo atha kusindikizidwa kuti muzisonkhanitse nokha ngati chonchi, ndipo mukhoza kupeza momwe mungasinthire xbox kinect kukhala scanner ya 3d. Zachidziwikire, ndiabwino ngati ma projekiti a DIY komanso pophunzira, koma simungathe kukhala ndi zotsatira zofanana ndi akatswiri.

3D scanner ntchito

Kwenikweni 3D scanner ntchito, itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu zambiri kuposa momwe mungaganizire:

  • ntchito mafakitale: Itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pakuwongolera mawonekedwe kapena mawonekedwe, kuti muwone ngati zida zopangidwa zimakumana ndi zololera zofunika.
  • Chosintha umisiri: ndizothandiza kwambiri kupeza chithunzi cholondola cha digito cha chinthu kuti muchiphunzire ndikuchipanganso.
  • Zolemba zomangidwa: Zitsanzo zenizeni za momwe zinthu zilili panyumba kapena zomangamanga zitha kupezeka kuti zitheke, kukonza, ndi zina. Mwachitsanzo, mayendedwe, mapindikidwe, ndi zina zambiri, zitha kuzindikirika posanthula zitsanzo.
  • zosangalatsa za digito: Atha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kusanthula zinthu kapena anthu kuti agwiritse ntchito m'mafilimu ndi masewera apakanema. Mwachitsanzo, mutha kuyang'ana wosewera mpira weniweni ndikupanga mtundu wa 3D kuti muupangitse kuti ukhale wowona mumasewera apakanema.
  • Kusanthula ndi kusunga chikhalidwe ndi mbiri yakale: Itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kusanthula, kulemba, kupanga zolemba zama digito, ndikuthandizira pakusunga ndi kukonza zolowa zachikhalidwe ndi mbiri yakale. Mwachitsanzo, kusanthula ziboliboli, ofukula mabwinja, mummies, ntchito zaluso, etc. Zofananira zenizeni zimathanso kupangidwa kuti ziwonetsedwe komanso kuti zoyambira sizikuwonongeka.
  • Pangani zitsanzo za digito za zochitika: zochitika kapena malo amatha kuwunikidwa kuti muwone mtunda wa mtunda, kusintha mayendedwe kapena mawonekedwe kukhala mawonekedwe a digito a 3D, kupanga mamapu a 3D, ndi zina zambiri. Zithunzi zitha kujambulidwa ndi 3D laser scanner, ndi RADAR, ndi zithunzi za satellite, ndi zina.

Momwe mungasankhire 3D scanner

3D sikana

Pa nthawi ya sankhani 3D scanner yoyenera, ngati mukuzengereza pakati pa zitsanzo zingapo, muyenera kusanthula mikhalidwe ingapo kuti mupeze yomwe ikugwirizana ndi zosowa zanu komanso bajeti yomwe muli nayo kuti muyike. Mfundo zofunika kuzikumbukira ndi izi:

  • Budget: Ndikofunikira kudziwa kuchuluka kwa ndalama zomwe mungawononge mu 3D scanner yanu. Pali kuyambira € 200 kapena € 300 kufika pamtengo wama euro masauzande. Izi zidzadaliranso ngati zidzagwiritsidwa ntchito kunyumba, kumene sikuli koyenera kuyika ndalama zambiri, kapena ntchito ya mafakitale kapena akatswiri, komwe ndalamazo zidzalipira.
  • olondola: ndi chimodzi mwa zinthu zofunika kwambiri. Kulondola kulondola, zotsatira zabwino zomwe mungapeze. Kwa mapulogalamu apanyumba kulondola kochepa kungakhale kokwanira, koma kwa akatswiri ndikofunika kukhala olondola kwambiri kuti mudziwe zambiri za 3D model. Makina ojambulira ambiri amalonda amakhala pakati pa 0.1 mm ndi 0.01 mm, kuchokera pakucheperako mpaka kutsata bwino kwambiri.
  • Kusintha: siziyenera kusokonezedwa ndi kulondola, ngakhale kuti mtundu wa 3D wopezeka udzadaliranso. Ngakhale kulondola kumatanthawuza kuchuluka kwa kulondola kwathunthu kwa chipangizocho, kukonza ndi mtunda wochepera womwe ungakhalepo pakati pa mfundo ziwiri mkati mwachitsanzo cha 3D. Nthawi zambiri amayezedwa mu millimeters kapena ma microns, ndipo ang'onoang'ono, zotsatira zake zimakhala bwino.
  • Kujambula mwachangu: ndi nthawi yomwe imafunika kuti mupange sikani. Kutengera ukadaulo wogwiritsidwa ntchito, sikani ya 3D imatha kuyezedwa mwanjira ina. Mwachitsanzo, masikelo opangidwa ndi kuwala amayesedwa mu FPS kapena mafelemu pamphindikati. Ena akhoza kuyezedwa mu mfundo pa sekondi, etc.
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito mosavuta: Ndi mfundo ina yofunika kuiganizira posankha 3D scanner. Ngakhale ambiri ndi osavuta kugwiritsa ntchito komanso otsogola mokwanira kuti ntchitoyo ichitike popanda kugwiritsa ntchito zambiri, mupezanso zovuta kuposa zina.
  • gawo kukula: Monga osindikiza a 3D ali ndi malire am'mbali, makina ojambulira a 3D nawonso amatero. Zosowa za wogwiritsa ntchito yemwe amayenera kuyika pa digito zinthu zazing'ono sizifanana ndi zomwe akufuna kuzigwiritsira ntchito pazinthu zazikulu. Nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito kusanthula zinthu zamitundu yosiyanasiyana, kotero ziyenera kukwanira malinga ndi kuchuluka kwazomwe mumasewera nazo.
  • Kukhazikika: Zofunikira kudziwa komwe kuwomberako kukuyenera kujambulidwa, komanso ngati kuyenera kukhala kopepuka kunyamula ndikujambula zithunzi m'malo osiyanasiyana, ndi zina. Palinso oyendetsa mabatire kuti athe kujambula mosadukiza.
  • Kugwirizana: Ndikofunika kusankha makina ojambulira a 3D omwe amagwirizana ndi nsanja yanu. Zina ndi nsanja, zomwe zimagwirizana ndi machitidwe osiyanasiyana, koma osati onse.
  • mapulogalamu: Ndizomwe zimayendetsa sikani ya 3D, opanga zida izi nthawi zambiri amagwiritsa ntchito mayankho awo. Zina nthawi zambiri zimakhala ndi ntchito zowonjezera zowunikira, kutengera chitsanzo, ndi zina, zina zimakhala zosavuta. Koma samalani, chifukwa ena mwa mapulogalamuwa ndi amphamvu kwambiri, ndipo amafunikira zofunikira zochepa kuchokera pakompyuta yanu (GPU, CPU, RAM). Komanso, ndizabwino kuti wopangayo amapereka chithandizo chabwino komanso zosintha pafupipafupi.
  • Kukonza: Ndibwinonso kuti chipangizo chojambula chimasungidwa mofulumira komanso mosavuta. Makanema ena a 3D amafunikira macheke ochulukirapo (kuyeretsa ma optics,…), kapena amafunikira kusanja pamanja, ena amangopanga zokha, ndi zina zambiri.
  • Theka: Ndikofunikira kudziwa momwe zinthu zidzakhalire panthawi yojambula chitsanzo cha 3D. Zina mwa izo zitha kukhudza zida ndi matekinoloje ena. Mwachitsanzo, kuchuluka kwa kuwala, chinyezi, kutentha, etc. Opanga nthawi zambiri amawonetsa magawo omwe zitsanzo zawo zimagwirira ntchito bwino, ndipo muyenera kusankha imodzi yomwe ikugwirizana ndi zomwe mukuyang'ana.

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