Arduino ndi chiyani?

Arduino Tre bolodi

Tonse tamva za Arduino Project ndi zotsatira zake zabwino ku Hardware world, koma chowonadi ndichakuti ndi ochepa omwe amadziwa bwino zomwe Arduino ndi zomwe tingachite ndi gulu lotere kapena zomwe Arduino Project ikuphatikizapo.

Masiku ano ndikosavuta kupeza bolodi la arduino, koma tifunika kudziwa ndikukhala ndi china choposa bolodi ya Hardware yomwe zingwe zake zingalumikizidwe ndi zingwe zingapo.

Ndi chiyani?

Ntchito ya Arduino ndi gulu la Hardware lomwe ikufuna kukhazikitsidwa kwa PCB kapena Printed Circuit board yomwe imathandizira wogwiritsa ntchito aliyense kupanga ndi kupanga mapulani omaliza komanso ogwira ntchito zamagetsi. Potero mbale Arduino sichoposa bolodi la PCB lomwe titha kutengera mobwerezabwereza momwe tikufunira popanda kulipira layisensi kapena kudalira kampani kuti igwiritse ntchito kapena kupanga.

Gulu ili (Arduino Project) likufuna kupanga Hardware Hardware kwathunthu, ndiye kuti, aliyense wogwiritsa ntchito amatha kupanga matabwa ake ndikuwapangitsa kuti azigwira bwino ntchito, mwina ngati matabwa omwe titha kugula.

Ntchitoyi idabadwa mu 2003 pomwe ophunzira angapo ochokera ku IVREA Institute amafuna njira ina yama board omwe ali ndi BASIC Stamp microcontroller. Ma mbale amenewa amawononga ndalama zoposa $ 100 pa unit, mtengo wokwera kwa wophunzira aliyense. Mu 2003 zoyambilira zikuwonekera zomwe zimapangidwa mwaulere komanso pagulu koma owongolera sakhutiritsa wogwiritsa ntchito kumapeto. Idzakhala mu 2005 pomwe Atmega168 microcontroller ikafika, microcontroller yomwe imangopatsa mphamvu komiti komanso imapangitsa kuti zomangamanga zikhale zotsika mtengo, kufikira lero omwe mitundu ya Arduino board itha kutenga $ 5.

Kodi dzina lanu linabwera bwanji?

Pulojekitiyi imatchedwa dzina lake kuchokera kumalo osungira alendo pafupi ndi IVREA Institute. Monga tanenera, ntchitoyi idabadwa kutentha ku sukuluyi yomwe ili ku Italy komanso pafupi ndi bungweli, pali malo omwera alendo omwe amatchedwa Bar di Re Arduino kapena Bar del Rey Arduino. Polemekeza malo ano, omwe adayambitsa ntchitoyi, Massimo Banzi, David Cuartielles, Tom Igoe, Gianluca Martino ndi David Mellis, adaganiza zoyitanira matabwa ndi projekiti Arduino.

Bar ndi Re Arduino

Kuchokera mu 2005 mpaka lero, Arduino Project sinakhalepo yotsutsana pankhani ya atsogoleri ndi ufulu wa katundu. Chifukwa chake, pali mayina osiyanasiyana monga Genuino, yomwe inali mtundu wovomerezeka wa mapulojekiti omwe adagulitsidwa kunja kwa United States ndi Italy.

Zikusiyana bwanji ndi Rasipiberi Pi?

Ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri amasokoneza bolodi la Raspberry Pi ndi ma board a Arduino. Popeza kwa wodziwikiratu komanso wosagwirizana ndi phunzirolo, mbale zonsezi zingawoneke chimodzimodzi, koma palibe chomwe chingakhale chowonjezera pachowonadi. Arduino ndi bolodi la PCB lomwe lili ndi ma microcontroller, koma Ilibe purosesa, yopanda GPU, yopanda kukumbukira nkhosa yamphongo komanso yopanda madoko otulutsa monga microhdmi, wifi kapena bulutufi zomwe zimatipangitsa kuti titha kusintha bolodi kukhala kakompyuta kakang'ono; koma Arduino ndi bolodi lomwe lingasinthidwe mwanjira yoti titha kutsegula pulogalamu ndipo zida zogwiritsira ntchito zidzagwiritsa ntchito pulogalamuyo: mwina chinthu chophweka ngati kuyatsa babu yoyatsa ya LED kapena china champhamvu ngati gawo lamagetsi la chosindikizira cha 3D.

Kodi pali mitundu yanji ya mbale?

Mabungwe a Arduino Project agawika m'magulu awiri, gulu loyamba lingakhale bolodi losavuta, bolodi yama microcontroller PCB y gulu lachiwiri limakhala zishango kapena zowonjezera, matabwa omwe amawonjezera magwiridwe antchito ku board ya Arduino ndipo amadalira kuti agwire ntchito.

Arduino Yun

Mwa mitundu yotchuka kwambiri ya Arduino board ndi awa:

    • Arduino UNO
    • Arduino Leonardo
    • Arduino MEGA
    • Arduino Yún
    • Arduino CHIFUKWA
    • Mini Arduino
    • Arduino yaying'ono
    • Zero la Arduino
      ...

Ndipo pakati pa mitundu yotchuka kwambiri kapena yothandiza ya Arduino ndi awa:

    • Arduino GSM Shield
    • Arduino Proto Chikopa
    • Arduino Motor Shield
    • Arduino WiFi Chikopa
      ....

Onse mbale ndi zishango ndizoyambirira. Kuchokera pano tidzapeza zida ndi zida zomwe zingapangitse Arduino kupanga ntchito zina monga CloneWars projekiti yomwe imapanga zida zosinthira Arduino MEGA board kukhala chosindikiza champhamvu cha 3D.

Kodi timafunikira chiyani kuti tigwire ntchito?

Ngakhale zitha kuwoneka zopanda tanthauzo kapena zosamveka, kuti gulu la Arduino ligwire bwino ntchito, tifunikira zinthu ziwiri: mphamvu ndi mapulogalamu.

Choyambirira ndizachidziwikire, ngati tigwiritsa ntchito chinthu chamagetsi, tidzafunika mphamvu zomwe zimatha kutengedwa kuchokera ku magetsi kapena kuchokera pachida china chamagetsi chifukwa chothandizidwa ndi usb.

Tidzapeza pulogalamuyo chifukwa cha Arduino IDE yomwe itithandizire kupanga, kupanga ndi kuyesa mapulogalamu ndi ntchito zomwe tikufuna gulu lathu la Arduino. Arduino IDE ndi pulogalamu yaulere yomwe titha kupyola ukonde uwu. Ngakhale titha kugwiritsa ntchito mtundu wina uliwonse wa IDE ndi mapulogalamu, chowonadi ndichakuti tikulimbikitsidwa kugwiritsa ntchito Arduino IDE kuyambira pamenepo Imakhala yogwirizana kwambiri ndi mitundu yonse ya Arduino Project ndipo itithandizira kutumiza ma code onse popanda vuto..

Ntchito zina titha kuchita ndi gulu la Arduino

Nazi zina mwa ntchito zomwe titha kuchita ndi pulogalamu yosavuta ya ntchitoyi (ngakhale titasankha mtundu wanji) yomwe ingapezeke kwa aliyense.

Chida chodziwika kwambiri cha onse ndi omwe apatsa ntchito ya Arduino kutchuka kwambiri mosakayikira 3D chosindikizira, makamaka mtundu wa Prusa i3. Chida chosinthirachi chimachokera ku extruder ndi Arduino MEGA 2560 board.

Pambuyo pa ntchitoyi, ntchito ziwiri zofanana zinabadwa zimachokera ku Arduino ndipo zimagwirizana ndi kusindikiza kwa 3D. Oyamba a iwo adzakhala chojambulira chinthu cha 3D pogwiritsa ntchito mbale Arduino UNO ndipo yachiwiri ndi projekiti yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito bolodi la Arduino kuti ikonzenso ndikupanga ulusi watsopano wa osindikiza a 3D.

Dziko la IoT ndichimodzi mwazinthu zina kapena madera omwe Arduino ili ndi ntchito zambiri. Arduino Yún ndiye mtundu wa mapulojekitiwa womwe umapangitsa maloko amagetsi, masensa zala, masensa azachilengedwe, ndi zina zambiri ... Mwachidule, mlatho pakati pa intaneti ndi zamagetsi.

Pomaliza

Ichi ndi chidule chaching'ono cha Arduino Project ndi ma board a Arduino. Chidule chaching'ono chomwe chimatipatsa lingaliro la mbale izi, koma monga tanenera, zoyambira zawo zidayamba ku 2003 ndipo kuyambira pamenepo, mbale Arduino yakhala ikukula osati magwiridwe antchito kapena mphamvu komanso ntchito, nkhani, mikangano ndi zambiri zopanda malire zomwe zimapangitsa Arduino kukhala njira yabwino yopangira ma Hardware Hardware kapena kungogwira ntchito iliyonse yokhudzana ndi Zamagetsi.


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