Gwero la ATX: chilichonse chomwe muyenera kudziwa

Gwero la ATX

La Gwero la ATX Wakhala muyezo mdziko la PC, mtundu wamagetsi wothandizirana ndi ma boardboard ambiri omwe amapangidwa masiku ano komanso ndi mitundu ina yamasiku ano yomwe yakhala ikuthandizira njira zina zamphamvu zogwiritsira ntchito zomwe zimafuna mphamvu zambiri.

Ngati mukuganiza zogula imodzi mwamitundu iyi yamagetsi ya ATX, mudzafuna kuwona zonse zovuta zomwe muyenera kudziwa posankha imodzi mwazi Zida zamagetsi...

Kodi gwero la ATX ndi chiyani?

magetsi (dera)

Nthawi zambiri amatchedwa PSU (Power Supply Unit), kapena magetsi, kapena Gwero la ATX. Sichinthu china koma chida chogwirizana ndi muyezo wa ATX chomwe chimatha kusintha kusinthaku kwa netiweki kuti izitsogolera pano, komanso gawani ma volt osiyanasiyana kutha kudyetsa zinthu zonse za PC. Ndiye kuti, woyang'anira kudyetsa bokosilo la mama ndi zida zake, makina ozizira, malo osungira, ndi zina zambiri.

Zizindikiro zodziwika zamavuto amagetsi ndi PC yomwe singayambitse, kapena kuwonetsa zochitika pa ma LED kapena mafani, komanso zowonetsera buluu (BSoD), kununkhira kwa moto kapena utsi, kuyambiranso kosayembekezeka, ndi zina zambiri.

Ngakhale zitha kuwoneka ngati zazing'ono, chowonadi ndichakuti ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zazikulu za gululi, popeza ndi imodzi mwazomwe zimapereka mavuto ambiri ngati sanasankhidwe oyenera, ndipo ndiomwe amachepetsa mphamvu kapena zowonjezera zomwe mungapange pa PC yanu. Ngakhale kukhazikika ndi moyo wazinthu zina zimadalira.

Momwe mungasankhire gwero la ATX

PSU, gwero la ATX

Kusankha gwero labwino lamagetsi Ikuwonetsetsa kuti magetsi akugwiritsidwa ntchito bwino komanso kuti zida zanu ndizotetezedwa pamagetsi ndi ma spikes omwe angapangitse kuti zinthu zina zadongosolo zizigwira ntchito mosayenera ngakhalenso kuwonongeka msanga.

Potencia

La mphamvu ndikofunikira posankha gwero lamagetsi. Simuyenera kuperewera, kapena simungathe kuyika zida zonse zomwe mukufuna (ngakhale kulingalira zakukula mtsogolo). Koma simuyenera kusankha zilembo zamphamvu kwambiri zomwe simudyepo mwayi, chifukwa kungakhale kuwononga ndalama.

Chifukwa chake, ndikofunikira kutero kukwanira bwino kutengera ma hardware kuti musankha. Nthawi zambiri, pa PC yapano, siyenera kukhala yochepera 500W, kapena kupitilira apo ngati mukufuna china champhamvu kwambiri. Pali mphamvu zosiyana kwambiri, kuyambira ma watt mazana mpaka 1KW munthawi zina zachilendo, zomwe zimafala kwambiri za 650 kapena 750W ...

Kuti athe sankhani mphamvu yoyenera, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito zida zapaintaneti zomwe zingakuthandizeni kuwerengera mphamvu zofunikira polowetsa kasinthidwe ka PC yanu, monga chowerengera ichi. Monga upangiri ndikukuwuzani kuti musankhe 50 kapena 100W kuposa zomwe zikuwonetsa kuganiza zakukulitsa dongosolo mtsogolo. Kuphatikiza apo, gwero la ATX lomwe limagwira ntchito bwino kuposa lomwe limadzaza ndi katundu wambiri.

Certification ndikuchita bwino

Ngakhale ena amaiwala mfundoyi, ndikofunikanso kusankha gwero la ATX lomwe lili nalo chitsimikizo munthawi yake, kupulumutsa mphamvu zonse, monga Energy Star, komanso chitetezo china kapena chilengedwe monga CE, RoHS, ndi zina zambiri.

Kuphatikiza apo, pali chizindikiro china chomwe chimatsimikiza Mwachangu momwe zida zamagetsi zimakhalira ndi mphamvu yolemba A +, ndi zina zambiri. Ndikutanthauza malembo:

  • Palibe cholemba: sizimapereka chitsimikiziro chokwanira, atha kukhala aliyense. Izi nthawi zambiri zimakhala zotsika mtengo kapena zotsika mtengo za ATX zomwe muyenera kupewa.
  • 80 Plus Gold: zikutanthauza kuti ndi 80% yamagetsi.
  • 80 Plus Bronze: ifika ku 82% yamagetsi.
  • 80 Plus Siliva: Mphamvu zamagetsi zitha kufika 85%.
  • 80 Plus Gold: pitani mpaka 87% yamagetsi.
  • 80 Plus Platinamu- Amapeza mphotho yayikulu ya 90% yamagetsi.
  • Titaniyamu Yowonjezera 80: ndizabwino kwambiri pazabwino, ndi 92%.

Chitetezo cha gwero la ATX

La gwero la ATX lotsika mtengo sizimaphatikizapo mtundu uliwonse wa chitetezo, chomwe ndi kulakwitsa kwakukulu. Zina, posunga pachipindachi, zimawopseza dongosolo lonselo, chifukwa ma voliyumu ena amagetsi amatha kukhudza kwambiri zinthu monga bolodi la amayi, CPU, GPU, kukumbukira, ndi zina zambiri.

Chifukwa chake, ngati mukufuna kupewa ma spikes onse amagetsi, kusinthasintha kwa mizere yamagetsi, ndi zochitika zina zomwe zitha kuwononga kapena kuyambitsa zigawo zikuluzikulu, muyenera kuwonetsetsa kuti ali ndi zina zambiri zodzitetezera zokhazokha. Mwachitsanzo:

  • Mphamvu Zabwino kapena PWR_OK: onetsetsani kuti chizindikirocho chili bwino, china chake chomwe pafupifupi onse amakonda kukhala nacho.
  • OCP (Chitetezo Chaposachedwa): ndi mtundu wazodzitchinjiriza motsutsana ndi nsonga zazitali kapena zamphamvu.
  • OVP (Kuteteza Voteji): chimodzimodzi ndi cham'mbuyomu koma chazitali zamagetsi kapena zowuluka.
  • UVP (Pansi pa Chitetezo cha Voltage): chitetezo china chazigawo zochepa, ndiye kuti, mapiri otsika omwe amakhalanso ovulaza.
  • OPP (Kuteteza Mphamvu): ndikutetezedwa pakuchulukitsa.
  • OTP (Kuteteza Kutentha): Izi zimateteza kumatenthedwe otentha a chipinda chino.
  • SCP (Chitetezo Chaching'ono Cha Dera): chitetezo chachifupi.
  • YEP (Mapulogalamu & Chitetezo cha Inrush): kusokoneza pakali pano.
  • NLO (Opanda Katundu): ntchito yochepa.
  • BOP (Chitetezo Cha Brown): amateteza ku zovuta zamagetsi kwakanthawi.

Mitundu ya PSU

Posankha gwero la ATX, ndikofunikanso kuti muzikumbukira Mitundu yomwe mungapeze mumsika:

  • Malinga modularity ake:
    • Osati modular: ndizofala kwambiri, ndi zingwe zomwe zimagulitsidwa komweko.
    • Theka-yodziyimira payokha: Ali ndi cholumikizira cha bolodi la amayi, ATX, chogulitsidwa, pomwe zina zonse zimachotsedwa (ESP, PCIe, SATA, Molex, ...).
    • Yodzichepetsa- Zingwe zonse zitha kuwonjezedwa kapena kuchotsedwa pawokha. Njira yochotsera malo omveka mkati mwa nsanjayo kuti mpweya wozizira uzizungulira bwino komanso pazifukwa zokongoletsa, popeza mudzangokhala ndi zingwe zomwe mumafunikira, osati zonse.
  • Choyimira: ndi mawonekedwe kapena mawonekedwe omwe amafanana ndi mtundu wa boardboard womwe uyenera kukhala wogwirizana. Pali SFX, ITX, miniITX, ATX, microATX, microATX, kapena zazikulu pazida zamphamvu kwambiri, monga EATX. Izi sizisiya mpata wosokonezeka, chifukwa ziyenera kukhala zogwirizana ndi gulu lomwe lasankhidwa.

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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