Upangiri Wamagetsi: Momwe Mungasankhire Chitsulo Chabwino Kwambiri cha Tin Soldering

bwino malata soldering iron

Ngakhale jumper mawaya ndi bolodi Iwo athandizira kwambiri ntchito ya opanga zamagetsi a DIY ndi okonda, kuwalola kupanga mabwalo ndi kuwasokoneza mosavuta popanda kufunikira kwa soldering Chowonadi ndi chakuti pamene polojekiti iyenera kumalizidwa kuti igwiritsidwe ntchito kosatha, soldering imagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zonse. Komanso m`pofunika m`malo zigawo zikuluzikulu za ndi pcb, zokonzera, etc. Apa mutha kuwona kalozera wathunthu kuti muthe kusankha malo abwino kwambiri opangira chitsulo ndi soldering station Kuchokera kumsika.

Zotsatira

Malo abwino kwambiri opangira zitsulo ndi ma soldering station

Ngati mukufuna malo abwino ogulitsira kapena chitsulo chabwino chogulitsira, ndiye kuti muyenera kutsatira malangizo awa kuti mugule bwino:

Ocked Ed Soldering Iron Kit

Chikwama chodzaza ndi chachikulu zida zoyambira zamagetsi. Mulinso chitsulo chosungunula cha 60W, chokhala ndi ukadaulo wa ceramic kukana, kuthamanga kwachangu, kuyatsa / kuzimitsa switch, chithandizo chachitsulo chogulitsira, nsonga zosiyanasiyana, chitsulo chosungunuka, ndi roll of solder zikuphatikizidwa.

WaxRhyed Soldering Kit

Njira ina yapitayi. Imabweranso ndi mlandu wathunthu (16 mu 1), wokhala ndi chitsulo cha 60W komanso ndi kutentha kosinthika pakati pa 200ºC ndi 450ºC. Mulinso chitsulo chosungunula, ma tweezers, pampu yowonongeka, maupangiri 5 osiyanasiyana, ndi chikwama chosungira chilichonse.

80W akatswiri chitsulo soldering

Un chitsulo solder malata ntchito akatswiril, ndi kusintha kutentha pakati pa 250ºC ndi 480ºC. Kuphatikiza apo, imaphatikizapo chophimba cha LCD chokhala ndi kutentha nthawi zonse. Kumbali inayi, ilinso ndi ntchito yoyimitsa, ntchito yokumbukira kutentha, ndi mphamvu ya 80W yotentha mwachangu.

Salki SEK 200W mfuti yaukadaulo

Ngakhale mfuti yaukadaulo iyi idapangidwa kuti igwiritsidwe ntchito kangapo, monga ntchito zodzikongoletsera, itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito pamagetsi. Ali ndi a 200W mphamvu zazikulu, nsonga zosinthika ndi zogwiritsidwa ntchito zomwe zikuphatikizidwa pamlanduwo.

Weller WE1010

Kugulitsa Weller WE 1010...
Weller WE 1010...
Palibe ndemanga

Chitsulo cha malata ichi ndi chimodzi mwazinthu zabwino kwambiri zogwirira ntchito yanu akatswiri. A 70W mphamvu kuwotcherera dongosolo, ndi kutentha chosinthika pakati pa 100ºC ndi 450ºC, komanso ndi chithandizo chophatikizidwa kotero mukhoza kuisiya ikupumula pamene mukuchita zinthu zina, popanda chiopsezo cha kupsa kapena ngozi.

Nahkzny soldering station

Ngati mukuyang'ana siteshoni yogulitsira, mutha kugulanso iyi 60W, yokhala ndi kutentha kosinthika pakati pa 200ºC ndi 480ºC, yokhazikika nthawi zonse amapereka kutentha komweko, kutentha kwachangu, nsonga 5 zowotchera, chotsukira nsonga, choyimira, chitsulo chosungunuka, ndi chosungira malata.

Tauara soldering station

Malo ena ogulitsira awa ali pafupifupi ofanana ndi am'mbuyomo, okhala ndi mphamvu ya 60W, kutentha kosinthika pakati pa 90ºC ndi 480ºC, seti ya malangizo, chophimba cha LED, ntchito yoyimilira, ndi chithandizo. Kokha kumawonjezeranso chinthu chothandiza, monga awiri tatifupi kugwira zigawo zikuluzikulu ndi kusiya manja anu ufulu.

2-in-1 Z Zelus Soldering Station

Malo ena ogulitsira awa ali pakati pa wathunthu ndi akatswiri. Zimaphatikizapo chitsulo chosungunula chokhala ndi 70W ya mphamvu, mfuti ya mpweya wotentha wa 750W, chithandizo, chiwonetsero cha LED kuti chiwonetse kutentha, kuthekera kosintha, zochepetsera, nsonga zosiyanasiyana, ndi zoyeretsa.

Malo abwino kwambiri opangira reballing

Ngati mukuganiza za chinthu chapamwamba kwambiri, monga a reballing station, ndiye mutha kusankha matimu ena awa:

DIFU

Pali masiteshoni awiri obwereza kuti athe kukonza matabwa okhala ndi ma welded integrated mabwalo, monga a mafoni am'manja, ma board a ma laputopu ndi ma PC apakompyuta, ndi zina zambiri. Ili ndi chithandizo cha IR6500, chophimba cha LCD, chogwirizana ndi tchipisi ta BGA, chotha kugulitsira opanda kutsogolera, kusunga ma curve osiyanasiyana a kutentha, chokhala ndi doko la USB lowongolera PC, ndi zina zambiri.

zabwino kwambiri desoldering zitsulo

Inde, mulinso ndi zida zina zovomerezeka zoti mupange mosiyana ndondomeko, desoldering zida zamagetsi zomwe muyenera kusintha, monga izi:

FixPoint Solder Cleaner

Chosavuta koma chogwira ntchito. Wokhoza kuyeretsa ma welds omwe mukufuna kuchotsa, ndikupangidwa ndi zida zabwino kuti zikhale zolimba, monga aluminiyamu. Nsonga yake ya teflon ndi 3.2mm.

YIHUA 929D-V Solder Cleaner

Chotsukira china ichi chilinso m'gulu labwino kwambiri. Gwiritsani ntchito kapu yoyamwa kapena vacuum suction system kuti muchotse solder yomwe simukufunanso. Ndizophatikizana ndipo zimalola mwayi wopita kumalo ang'onoang'ono, ngakhale kudzera m'mabowo.

kuyenda

China chosavuta komanso chotsika mtengo cha antistatic desoldering chitsulo. Vutani solder yotentha kuti muchotse kuzinthu zamagetsi ndi zamagetsi. Imatsuka mosavuta ndipo ndi yapamwamba kwambiri.

Mphamvu ya 1600W

Ma tchipisi ena, zida, kapena ma heatsinks amalumikizidwa bwino. Ndipo kuti muwachotse, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito imodzi mwazowombera mpweya wotentha. Zoonadi, zimagwiranso ntchito ngati chitsulo chosungunula, popeza mpweya umatha kusungunula zitsulo za solder kuti zigwirizane. Zimaphatikizapo zonyamula pakamwa ndi zonyamula. Chifukwa cha mphamvu yake ya 1600W imatha kufika 600ºC kutentha.

Duokon 8858 Welder/Blower

Ndi yabwino kwambiri, imaphatikizapo chothandizira ndi chosinthira mphamvu, 3 nozzles zosinthika, ndizosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito, ndipo zimatha kufikira kutentha kwapakati pa 100 ndi 480ºC mumlengalenga wotentha womwe umatuluka.

Toolour Hot Air Soldering Station

Malo otenthetsera mpweya wotenthawa amatha kuchoka pa 100ºC kufika pa 500ºC, ndikuwotha mwachangu kwambiri. Zimaphatikizapo kuthandizira, kusintha kwa kutentha, ma tweezers, chitsulo chosungunuka, ma nozzles osiyanasiyana, ndipo chitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazinthu zonse za SMD, monga SOIC, QFP, PLCC, BGA, etc.

Zowonongeka

Ndipo iwo sakanakhoza kuphonya ena malangizo pamtengo wabwino wa consumables ntchito zogulitsira, monga nsonga zachitsulo chogulitsira, zotsukira, zotuluka, chitsulo chosungunuka, ndi zina zambiri:

Zopangira malata opanda kutsogolera

Mtengo ZSHX

Waya wogulitsira wopanda kutsogolera, wokhala ndi malata 99%, 0.3% siliva, ndi 0.7% yamkuwa, kuti apititse patsogolo kuwongolera kwake. Komanso, ali ndi utomoni pachimake kwa kuwotcherera ndipo inu mukhoza kupeza mu makulidwe osiyana: 0.6 mm, 0.8 mm ndi 1 mm.

Mphatso

Waya wogulitsira wabwino wokhala ndi malata 97.3%, 2% rosin, 073% yamkuwa, ndi siliva 0.3%. Zonse ndi ulusi awiri 1 mm. Mapangidwe ake asinthidwa kuti awonjezere magwiridwe antchito ndikuchepetsa kutulutsa utsi pakuwotcherera.

desoldering reels

EDI-TRONIC desoldering waya wamkuwa woluka

Waya wolukidwa wamkuwa kuti athe kuchotsa malata kuchokera ku zogulitsa ndikuupangitsa kumamatira. Imayamwa kwambiri ndipo imagulitsidwa mu ma reel a 1.5 metres m'litali ndi makulidwe a 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 ndi 3 mm.

kuluka kwa mkuwa kwa desoldering

3 mayunitsi a 1.5 metres iliyonse, yokhala ndi cholumikizira chamkuwa cha desoldering. Imapezeka m'lifupi mwake 2.5 mm, yopanda mpweya, komanso mwatsatanetsatane komanso kuyamwa kwakukulu. Komanso ndi antistatic komanso kutentha kugonjetsedwa.

ikuyenda

Flux TasoVision

Este ikuyendaTasoVision, kapena solder paste, ndi imodzi mwazabwino kwambiri zomwe mungapeze, ndiyotsika mtengo, ndipo imagulitsidwa mubotolo la 50ml. Itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pamitundu yonse yamapulojekiti apakompyuta. Ngakhale kwa SMD, ngakhale ndizolimba pang'ono kubweza.

Mtengo wa JBC

Chinthu china, nthawi ino mu chidebe cha 15 ml, chokhala ndi burashi kuti chigwiritsidwe ntchito mosavuta. Kuthamanga kwapadera kwa mabwalo, kutengera madzi, ndi asidi nambala 35 mg/ml.

Flux TasoVision

Kutuluka kwina kosatsogolera, kokhala ndi 5cc, syringe kuti igwiritsidwe ntchito mosavuta, ndi malangizo awiri osinthika ogwirira ntchito pamalo akulu kapena ochepa.

malangizo a soldering

walfart

10 x 900M-TI nsonga zachitsulo zopanda lead zopanda lead. Zowonjezeredwa zabwino kwambiri zosinthidwa kuti zilowe m'malo ang'onoang'ono, komanso ogwirizana ndi malo ogulitsira ngati 936, 937, 938, 969, 8586, 852D, ndi zina.

KLOUNI

Seti 10 mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya maupangiri, 900M, chitsulo chosagwira ntchito, komanso chapadera chachitsulo cholumikizira malata. Ilibe lead, ndipo imaphatikizanso ndi manja a solder kuti asinthe.

Wotsuka

DroneAcc Cleaner yokhala ndi siponji yachitsulo ndi maziko

Ysister 50 Pads (siponji, imafufuma ikanyowa) kuyeretsa nsonga zachitsulo

Silverline 10 zonyowa zotsuka zotsuka

Kukulitsa malupu kwa soldering tinthu tating'onoting'ono

Galasi Yokulirapo ya Fixpoint yokhala ndi Makapu, Maimidwe Osinthika ndi Kuwala kwa LED

Magalasi okulitsa a Newacalos okhala ndi zingwe zinayi, choyimira chosinthika, ndi kuwala kwa LED

Silverline Luca yokhala ndi zowonera ziwiri zosinthika, ndikuyimirira (popanda kuwala)

Ma stencil kapena ma tempulo a BGA ndi zina zambiri

Delaman zida za 130 zapadziko lonse lapansi kuti zitheke ndi ma BGA osiyanasiyana

Seti ya 33 universal BGA mbale kwa reballing

Seti yothandizira, ma templates ndi mipira yobwezera

Thandizo lokonzekera lokha la ma stencil a HT-90X a Hilita ndi kubwezeretsanso mtundu

Salutuya matumba kwa BGA osiyana makulidwe 0.3 kuti 0.76 mm (muyezo)

Momwe mungasankhire zida zamagetsi izi

soldering chitsulo, soldering chitsulo

Pa nthawi ya kusankha chitsulo chabwino cha soldering, muyenera kuganizira mndandanda wazinthu zomwe zingatsimikizire ngati ndikugula bwino kapena ayi:

  • Potencia: Kuti mugwiritse ntchito ngati chizolowezi mutha kugula mphamvu yotsika, monga 30W. Komabe, pakugwiritsa ntchito akatswiri sikuyenera kukhala osachepera 60W. Izi zidzakhudzanso kutentha kwakukulu komwe kudzafike ndi liwiro lomwe lidzawotchere.
  • Kukonzekera kwa temperatura: Ambiri otsika mtengo kapena osagwiritsa ntchito mwaukadaulo alibe. Koma apamwamba kwambiri amalola. Izi ndi zabwino, kuti musinthe kutentha ndikusinthira ku ntchito yomwe mumagwira.
  • Malangizo osinthika: Ndi njira yabwino kwambiri, chifukwa ikawonongeka, imatha kusinthidwa mosavuta kwa ena. Kapena, chabwino komabe, pamene mtundu wina wa nsonga ukufunika, ukhoza kusinthidwa mwamsanga.
  • kusalaza: chogwiriracho chiyenera kukhala cha ergonomic, chogwira bwino, ndikuteteza bwino kutentha kuti zisapse. Zogwirizira nthawi zambiri zimapangidwa ndi silikoni kapena TPU zokhala ndi zolemba kuti zigwire bwino.
  • Briefcase kapena chikwama: Ngati mukufuna kunyamula chitsulo chosungunulira malata kuchokera kumalo ena kupita kwina, muyenera kuganizira za kuyang’ana yong’ambika komanso imene munganyamule mosavuta m’bokosi lake.
  • dongosolo la dissipation: Zina zimaphatikizapo machitidwe otayira kuti athandize kuziziritsa nsonga kuti isungidwe mwachangu.
  • Zopanda zingwe kapena zingwe: opanda zingwe ndi othandiza kwambiri, kupereka ufulu woyenda, popanda zomangira. Komabe, zomwe zimapereka ntchito yabwino kwambiri ndi mphamvu ndizo zingwe. Zingwe zimakhalanso zolimba komanso zodalirika.
  • Extras: zina zimaphatikizansopo pampu ya kutentha kwa desoldering, kuthandizira kuti musiye kutentha, chowonjezera choyeretsa nsonga, LCD chophimba kuti muwone kutentha, ndi zina zotero. Zonsezi zikhoza kukhala mfundo zowonjezera, ngakhale kuti sizinthu zofunika kwambiri.

Momwe mungasankhire malata kuti solder

Koma sankhani malata abwino kwambiri Kwa soldering, chinthu choyamba muyenera kudziwa ndikuti zosankha zamakono zilibe lead, chifukwa ndi chitsulo chowopsa kwambiri. Tsopano amagwiritsa ntchito ma aloyi ena, ndipo nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi pakati pa Colofina (resin), yomwe imathandiza pa kuwotcherera kuti ilowe bwino m'makona onse pamene imatenthedwa ndikuyenda, imayendetsa bwino, kusungunuka kwa malata okha, ndi kuwongolera kuwotcherera.

  • Wopanga: Pali mitundu yodziwika bwino, yokhala ndi zabwinoko, monga JBC ndi Fixpoint.
  • Pangani: muli nazo mu ma coils, zomwe ndizofala kwambiri, komanso zosankha pazothandizira, zodula koma zothandiza kugwiritsa ntchito.
  • Maonekedwe: Yang’anani maonekedwe a waya wa malatawo, uyenera kuwoneka wowala komanso wowoneka bwino.
  • flux cored: utomoni, flux kapena rosin, umalowa mkati mwa waya. Ulusi wopanda pake, wokhala ndi kusuntha mkati mwake kuti muwongolere zotsatira.
  • Diameter: pali kuyambira zabwino kwambiri mpaka zokulirapo, monga 1.5mm. Iliyonse ndi yovomerezeka pa pulogalamu imodzi. Mwachitsanzo, wochepa thupi adzagwira ntchito ku zinthu zing'onozing'ono, pamene zazikuluzikulu zimagwira ntchito pa mawaya a soldering ndi zigawo zina zazikulu.
  • Zopanda kutsogolera: Siyenera kukhala ndi lead. Poyamba anali 60% Sn ndi 38% Pb.
  • Kupanga: mutha kuwapeza omwe ali ndi magawo osiyanasiyana, omwe nthawi zambiri amapangidwa ndi Sn ndi zochepa za Cu ndi/kapena Ag.

Momwe mungagulitsire malata bwino

wowotcherera malata

Board Tin Electronics Soldering Station Soldering Iron

Kufotokozera masitepe a soldering yabwino ndikosavuta, komabe pamafunika kuchita. Muyenera kuyamba ndi PCB wosweka ndi kuyesa zigawo zikuluzikulu kuti solder zinachitikira zofunika, ndi kuti solders kutuluka bwino ndi bwino. Pitani ku soldering zing'onozing'ono komanso zovuta kwambiri, ndipo pamapeto pake mudzazipeza. Pakati masitepe oti mutenge za soldering ndi:

  1. Konzani zidutswa zonse zomwe mukufuna, komanso zida, zinthu zoteteza, ndi zina.
  2. Malo onse ayenera kukhala aukhondo kwambiri, kuphatikiza nsonga yachitsulo cha soldering.
  3. Kutenthetsa chitsulo cha soldering mpaka kutentha koyenera.
  4. Langizo limodzi ndikumata zidutswa kapena zigawo zomwe zigulitsidwe padera (nsonga ya chitsulo chosungunulira iyeneranso kukutidwa ndi malata). Ndiko kuti, gwiritsani ntchito chitsulo chowotchera kutentha malekezero ndikuyika malata. Izi zidzapangitsa kuti mgwirizano ukhale wofanana kwambiri.
  5. Kenako, phatikizani mbali zonse ziwiri, kuwonetsetsa kuti zasungidwa bwino pamalo oyenera. Pewani kuti akukhudzana ndi zinthu zina zomwe zingasokoneze, ndi zina.
  6. Tsopano tenthetsani ndi malata olowa, kubweretsa waya wa malata pafupi ndi malo olowa. Kumbukirani kuti waya wa malata sangakhudze nsonga mwachindunji, koma nsongayo iyenera kukhudza malo oti agulitsidwe kuti itenthedwe kenako ikhudza malowo ndi malata kuti amalata.

Zikuwoneka zosavuta, koma sizili choncho muzochita, popeza solder ayenera kukhala:

  • Sparkly: Ngati ili ndi zonyansa kapena mtundu wosawoneka bwino, izi zikuwonetsa kuti ndi yamtundu woyipa, komanso kuti idapangidwa potentha kwambiri.
  • Kukula koyenera basi: ziyenera kukhala zokwanira kumangiriza zigawozo palimodzi, koma pasakhale ma globs kapena owonjezera, ngakhale sakufupikitsa chinthu china chozungulira.
  • Zosamva: Iyenera kukhala yolimba, osatha kusweka mosavuta chifukwa cha kugwedezeka kapena kupsinjika kwa kutentha.

Kuphatikiza apo, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito nsonga za pliers kapena china chofananira kuti mutenge chomaliza cha gawo kuti mugulitsidwe (ngati kuli kotheka), pakati pa gawo la solder ndi gawo, kuyesa taya kutentha kwina ndi kuti kutentha kwakukulu sikuwononga chigawocho.

Mavuto wamba ndi zolakwika pamene kuwotcherera

Entre zolakwika zofala kwambiri zomwe nthawi zambiri zimaperekedwa panthawi yowotchera malata ndi awa:

  • Kusakonza zinthu bwino ndikupangitsa kuti zisunthe, kukulepheretsani kuwotcherera bwino.
  • Nsonga yachitsulo chosungunulira imakhudza malata.
  • Osagwiritsa ntchito malata musanagwiritse ntchito.
  • Osagwiritsa ntchito nsonga yoyenera.
  • Ikani nsonga yachitsulo choyimilira molunjika kwambiri. (Iyenera kukhala yopingasa kuti iwonjezere malo omwe akukhudzana)
  • Musadikire masekondi angapo kuti malata akhwime bwino.
  • Osayeretsa malo ogwirira ntchito kuti aziwotcherera. (Mowa ndi thonje lopanda lint lingagwiritsidwe ntchito ndipo ngati chotsaliracho ndi zizindikiro zazitsulo zam'mbuyomo, gwiritsani ntchito chitsulo chosungunuka)
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito sandpaper kuyeretsa nsonga yachitsulo cholumikizira, kuwononga pamwamba ndikupangitsa kuti isagwiritsidwe ntchito.

kukonza welder

kusamalira

Ndikofunika sungani chowotchereracho pamalo abwino. Mwanjira imeneyi nthawi zonse idzakhalapo kuti igwire ntchito yabwino, ndipo tidzakulitsa moyo wake wothandiza. Kuti ikhale yabwino, ndizosavuta monga:

  • Sungani chitsulo cha soldering pamalo abwino, nthawi zonse kuyembekezera kuti chizizire kwathunthu.
  • Pewani kukundika chingwe kapena kuchikoka.
  • Tsukani nsonga yachitsulo chosungunulira bwino kapena chitsulo chosungunulira bwino:
    1. Gwiritsani ntchito masiponji kapena zotsukira zomwe tazitchula pamwambapa (siponji yonyowa, kapena luko lamkuwa) kupaka nsonga yotentha ndikuchotsa zinyalala kapena zonyansa zomwe zingakhale nazo.
    2. Ngati sichinali choyera mokwanira, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito madzi oyeretsera monga flux. Nsonga iyenera kukhala yotentha, imaviika ndikusuntha. Mwanjira imeneyi dzimbiri limachotsedwa.
    3. Ngati zikuwonekabe zoipa, ndi nthawi yoti musinthe nsonga.

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

English mayesoYesani Chikatalanimafunso achispanya