Lithophany: ndi chiyani komanso momwe mungapangire izi ndi kusindikiza kwa 3D

ziphuphu

Kumbuyo kwa dzina lodabwitsali pali njira yokongola yoimira zaluso. Pulogalamu ya lithophany ikupeza otsatira ambiri mkati mwa mlengi ndi kusindikiza kwa 3D. Ndicho mutha kusindikiza mitundu yonse yazithunzi, zithunzi zaumwini, zojambula, mawonekedwe, kapena chilichonse chomwe chimabwera m'malingaliro.

Ngati mukufuna phunzirani zambiri za njirayi yopanga zaluso ndi lithophany, munkhaniyi muphunzira kuti ndi chiyani, kusiyana ndi njira zina monga zojambulajambula, ndi momwe mungayambire kupanga mapangidwe anu 3D kusindikiza.

Kodi lithophany ndi chiyani?

Nyali ya 3D

La ziphuphu ndi mtundu wamawonekedwe azithunzi ndi mafomu omwe amagwiritsa ntchito kuwala. Poyamba kuwala kwa moto, kuwala kwa dzuwa kapena kwa kandulo kunkagwiritsidwa ntchito. Panopa kuwala kwa babu kumagwiritsidwa ntchito. Mwanjira iliyonse, gwero lowalalo lidutsa papepala lokhala ndi zowonera zazing'ono zopanga chithunzicho.

Lingaliro ndilakuti makulidwe osiyana mu zojambulazo kotero kuti kuwalako kumasiyana mosawoneka bwino, ndikupanga madera ena akuda kwambiri pomwe ena oyambilira. Zotsatira zake ndizokongola kwambiri, makamaka kugwiritsa ntchito ngati anayi kuti azikongoletsa chipinda, kapena nyali ya chipinda chogona cha ana, ndi zina zambiri.

Poyambirira, kujambula uku idakonzedwa ndi sera. Kenako zida zina zinayamba kugwiritsidwa ntchito, monga dongo. Tsopano, zida zina zambiri zitha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito, monga ma polima a polyamide kapena pulasitiki ya osindikiza a 3D.

Mu Zaka za zana la XNUMX Njira imeneyi ikadakhala yotchuka m'maiko monga Germany ndi France, kuti ifalikire ku Europe pambuyo pake. Ambiri amanena kuti Baron Bourgoing ndiye adamupanga, ndipo ngati mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za mbiri yake, muyenera kudziwa kuti pali malo osungiramo zinthu zakale ku Toledo, Ohio (USA), Blair Museum of Lithophanies.

Lithophany vs Lithography: kusiyana

Ena amasokoneza lithophany ndi zojambulajambula, Koma sizofanana. Lithography ndi mtundu wakale wosindikiza (womwe ukugwiritsidwabe ntchito masiku ano) kuti athe kusindikiza mawonekedwe kapena zithunzi pamiyala kapena mitundu ina yazinthu mosalala. M'malo mwake, dzina lake limachokera pamenepo, popeza lithos (mwala) ndi graphe (kujambula).

Ndi njirayi mutha pangani zojambula za zaluso, komanso anali ndi gawo logwiritsa ntchito kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi pakusindikiza, komwe ma lithographs amagwiritsidwabe ntchito kusindikiza.

Mu cambio, a lithophany imagwiritsa ntchito zojambulajambula kapena kusindikiza kwa 3D kuti athe kupanga madera akuluakulu komanso opaque kwambiri, komanso owonda kwambiri komanso owoneka bwino kwambiri. Koma njirayi imafuna kuwala kuti ipeze zotsatira.

 

Momwe mungapangire lithophany ndi osindikiza a 3D

lithophany, mwezi-nyali

Kuti muzitha kupanga zanu zokha za lithophany simuyenera kukhala ndi luso lojambula kapena kujambula, muyenera kungochita imodzi Chosindikiza cha 3D, ulusi, PC, ndi mapulogalamu oyenera, ndi chithunzi mukufuna kuyimira. Palibe china choposa icho ...

Ponena za pulogalamu ya pangani lithophany, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito zingapo, kuti mutembenuzire chithunzicho kukhala choyenera cha lithophany ndi chosungira chosindikiza cha 3D. Mwachitsanzo, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito pulogalamu yapaintaneti yomwe mungagwiritse ntchito pamakina aliwonse omwe muli ndi msakatuli woyenera.

Pulogalamuyi imatchedwa Zamgululi ndipo mungathe pezani ulalowu. Mukapeza pulogalamuyi, muyenera kutsatira izi:

  1. Dinani Images ndikusankha chithunzi chomwe mukufuna kusintha kukhala lithophany.
  2. Chithunzicho chikangosungidwa, tsopano mu lachitsanzo sankhani mtundu womwe mumakonda kwambiri kuposa onse omwe alipo ndipo pezani Refresh kuti mulimbikitsenso.
  3. Tsopano pitani ku tabu Zikhazikiko. Mudzawona njira zingapo:
    • Zokonzera Zamtundu: kukonza mtunduwo momwe mungakondere.
      • Kukula Kwambiri (MM): ikhala kukula kwa lithophany.
      • Makulidwe (MM): ndi gawo ili lomwe mumasewera ndi makulidwe ake. Osachipangitsa kukhala chopyapyala kwambiri kapena chingakhale chofooka kwambiri.
      • Malire (MM): njira yopangira malire pa pepala kapena chimango. Ngati simukufuna, ikani 0.
      • Mzere Wopapatiza (MM): mumasewera ndi makulidwe a pixel ya chithunzicho kuti kuwala kocheperako kudutse m'malo ochepetsetsa.
      • Vector pa pixel iliyonse: Kukwezeka kwake ndikosavuta kuthana, koma pali chiwopsezo kuti ngati chikakhala chokwera kwambiri, chidutswacho sichingapangidwe. Mutha kuzisiya pafupifupi 5.
      • Kuzama Koyambira / Kuyimirira: Amapanga maziko papepala kuti athandizidwe, ngakhale mutapanga mawonekedwe ena, monga pepala lozungulira, simudzafunika maziko awa kuti ayime.
      • Pamapindikira: zingayambitse kupindika papepala. Mutha kuyika 360º kuti ituluke yopanda ntchito. Chisankho chabwino cha nyali.
    • Zikhazikiko Zithunzi: kukonza chithunzichi kuti chikugwirizane bwino ndi mtunduwo.
      • Chithunzi Chabwino / Chithunzi Choyipa: Amagwiritsidwa ntchito kupangitsa kuti chithunzi chiziwoneka bwino kapena kukhala mkati, momwe mungafunire. Ndiye kuti, malangizo a mpumulowo.
      • Chithunzi Chojambula Magalasi / Chithunzi Cha Mirror Pa: imagwira ntchito yopanga chowonera.
      • Flip Image Off / Flip Image Pa: mutha kuzilemba chithunzicho.
      • Refresh Manual / Refresh on Image Dinani: Ngati mungaziwone, mukapita ku tabu yachitsanzo imasintha zokha.
      • Bwerezani X Kuwerenga: imapanga makope opingasa.
      •  Bwerezani Ndi Kuwerenga: imapanga makope ofukula.
      • Kubwereza Magalasi Kuzimitsa / Kubwereza Magalasi Pa: gwiritsani ntchito magalasi.
      • Bwereza Kubwereza / Bwereza Kubwereza Pa: gwiritsani ntchito zotsatirazi.
    • Tsitsani Makonda: komwe mungakonze fayilo yotsitsa.
      • Binary STL / ASCII STL: momwe fayilo ya STL imasungidwira. Muyenera kusankha bayinare yabwinoko.
      • Buku / Potsitsimutsa: kutsitsa pamanja kapena nthawi iliyonse mukatsitsimula. Inemwini, ndibwino pamachitidwe amanja, kuti muzitha kutsitsa mukamaliza.
  4. Sinthani nawo kapangidwe kanu mpaka zitakhala momwe mukufunira, kutengera mlandu wanu.
  5. Mukakhala nayo yokonzeka, dinani batani Download kuti STL izitsitsidwa.

Mukamaliza ndi izi, ino ndiyo nthawi yoti mulowetse STL ya sindikizani ndi chosindikiza chanu cha 3DMungagwiritse ntchito mapulogalamu aliwonse ovomerezeka ndi mtundu uwu wa kusindikiza kwa 3D. Masitepe ena onse adzakhala kusindikiza mtunduwo, ndikudikirira kuti amalize.

Pamapeto pake, mutha kugwiritsa ntchito mababu wamba, kuwalako ya kandulo, kuwala kwa LED, gwiritsani ntchito mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya kuwala, ndi zina zambiri. Iyi ndi nkhani yakulawa kale ...


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