Iifilaments ze3D abashicileli kunye neresin

iifilaments kubashicileli be3D

Iitoni kunye neekhatriji ze-inki zizinto ezisetyenziswa ngabashicileli be-2D, nangona kunjalo, i I-3D idinga ezinye izinto ezisetyenziswayo ezahlukeneyo: izixhobo zokwenza okongeziweyo. Nangona esi sikhokelo sijolise ngokukodwa iifilaments kubashicileli be3Dnayo iya kunyangwa ezinye izixhobo zoshicilelo lwe-3D, njengee-resin, isinyithi, i-composites, njl. Ngale ndlela uya kukwazi ukufunda ngakumbi malunga nokuba zeziphi iintlobo zezixhobo onazo ezandleni zakho, iipropathi zento nganye, kunye nezinto eziluncedo kunye nezingeloncedo, kunye nokubona ezinye iingcebiso zokuthenga.

Eyona filaments kubashicileli be3D

Ukuba ufuna ukuthenga ezinye ze ezona ntsonkotha zingcono zabashicileli be3d, Nazi ezinye iingcebiso ezinexabiso elikhulu lemali:

I-GEEETECH PLA uhlobo lwe-filament

Le PLA imathiriyeli ye-3D yomshicileli we-filament spool ifumaneka ngemibala eyi-12 eyahlukeneyo yokukhetha kuyo. Yi-reel eyi-1.75 mm ububanzi, iyahambelana nabashicileli abaninzi FDA, kunye ne-1 kg ubunzima. Ukongeza, kuya kunika ukugqiba kakuhle kakhulu, ngokuchaneka okuphezulu ukuya kuthi ga kwi-0.03 mm ukunyamezela.

SUNLU PLA

Yenye yeebrendi ezinkulu zeefilaments kubashicileli be3D. Oku nako kohlobo lwe-PLA, ubukhulu be-1.75 mm, ikhilogram enye ye-reel, kunye ne- ukunyamezelana okungcono kuneyangaphambili, kuphela ±0.02 mm. Ngokuphathelele imibala, unayo kwi-14 eyahlukeneyo (kwaye idibene).

Itamsys Ultem PEI

Yireel ye i-thermoplastic ephezulu yokusebenza, efana ne-PEI okanye i-polyetherimide. Isixhobo esigqwesileyo ukuba ujonge amandla, uzinzo lwe-thermal, kunye nokukwazi ukumelana nokuzicoca ngomphunga. Ikwayi-1.75mm kwaye inokunyamezela kwe-0.05mm phezulu okanye phantsi, kodwa i-500 grams.

I-Itamsys Ultem I-Flame Retardant

Omnye umqulu we-filament womshicileli we-3D wale loam efanayo kunye nobunzima besiqingatha sekhilo. Ikwayi-PEI, kodwa nge amasuntswana esinyithi adityanisiweyo, eyenza le thermoplastic idangatye retardant kwizicelo zokusebenza eziphezulu. Isixhobo esinokuba nomdla nakwicandelo lesithuthi kunye ne-aerospace.

GIANTARM uhlobo lwePLA

Yiyo ipakethi yeekhoyili ezi-3, nganye inobunzima obuyi-0.5 kg. Kwakhona i-1.75 mm ubukhulu, umgangatho, kunye nokunyamezela kwe-0.03 mm, ukuya kuthi ga kwi-330 yeemitha ze-filament kwi-spool nganye, kwaye ilungele abashicileli be-3D kunye neepeni ze-3D. Umahluko omkhulu kukuba ifumaneka ngemibala yentsimbi exabisekileyo: igolide, isilivere nobhedu.

MSNJ PLA (umthi)

Le enye ikhoyili ye-PLA ye-1.75 mm okanye i-3mm (njengoko ukhetha), kunye ne-1.2 kg yobunzima, kunye nokugqiba ukunyamezela phakathi kwe-0.03mm kunye ne-0.03 mm kwindawo efanelekileyo, le mveliso ifanelekile kwimisebenzi yobugcisa. Kwaye kungenxa yokuba unayo ngemibala eya kulinganisa umthi omthubi, umthi wesundu kunye nomthi omnyama.

I-AMOLEN PLA

I-filament ye-1.75 mm, ye-PLA, kunye nomgangatho omkhulu, kodwa ifumaneka kwi imibala exotic kakhulu, njengemithi ebomvu, i-walnut wood, i-ebony wood, njl. Nangona kunjalo, ayifani nje kuphela le mibala, kodwa i-polymer ibandakanya i-20% yeefayili zomthi zangempela.

SUNLU TPU

I-spool yezinto eziphathekayo ze-3D printer filaments TPU o.k. imathiriyeli ebhetyebhetye (ezifana neemeko zefowuni ze-silicone). I-reel nganye i-500 grams, kungakhathaliseki ukuba umbala okhethiweyo phakathi kwe-7 ekhoyo. Kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo ayinayo ityhefu kwaye ihambelana nokusingqongileyo.

SUNLU TPU

Ukuba ufuna enye indlela kule ingasentla, yenziwe ngeTPU ebhetyebhetye, kodwa ngemibala ecace ngakumbi, ungaphinda ukhethe enye ireel. Ukongeza, le nkampani iye yaphucula ukuchaneka nge-0.01mm xa kuthelekiswa naleyo yangaphambili. I-spool nganye yi-0.5 grams kunye nomgangatho ophezulu kakhulu.

eSUN ABS+

Ifayili yomshicileli we-3D uhlobo ABS+, ye-1.75mm, kunye nokuchaneka kwe-dimensional ye-0.05mm, ubunzima be-1 Kg, kwaye ifumaneka ngemibala emibini, emhlophe ebandayo kunye nomnyama. I-filament exhathisa kakhulu kwiintanda kunye nokuguqulwa, kunye nokunxiba kunye nobushushu, kwaye ifanelekile kubunjineli.

Smartfil HIPS

Ifumaneka kwithoni emnyama, kunye needamitha ezimbini zokukhetha kuzo, ezifana ne-1.75 mm kunye ne-1.85 mm. Spool nganye 750 grams, nge Izinto zeHIPS eneempawu ezifana ne-ABS, kodwa nge-warping encinci, ukongeza ukuvuma isanti kunye nokupeyinta ngeepeyinti ze-acrylic. Ikwanayo nezakhiwo ezigqwesileyo zomatshini, ezifunwa kakhulu kwicandelo loshishino, kwaye ingasetyenziselwa njengenkxaso ngokuchithwa ngokulula kwi-D-limonene.

Olu phawu lwentengiso, SmartFil, ikhethekileyo kwimicu ephucukileyo, eneempawu eziphezulu kunezo ziqhelekileyo.

I-FontierFila Pack 4x multimaterial

Ungaphinda uthenge le pack ye-4 filaments kubashicileli be-3D 1.75 mm ubukhulu kunye ne-250 grams kwi-reel nganye, kunye netotali ye-1 kg phakathi kwazo zonke. Into entle kukuba uneentlobo ezine zezinto onokuthi uqalise kwaye uvavanye iimpawu zento nganye: inayiloni emhlophe, PETG transparent, Flex ebomvu, kunye HIPS emnyama.

I-TSYDSW Ngefayibha yekhabhoni

Ukuba ujonge into elula, eqhubela phambili kwaye exhathisayo, olu luhlu lomshicileli yiPLA, kodwa lubandakanya kunye ne-carbon fiber. Ifumaneka ngemibala eyi-18 onokukhetha kuyo, kwi-1kg ye-spools enobubanzi obuyi-1.75mm.

FJJ-DAYIN Carbon Fiber

Akukho mveliso ifunyenweyo

I-Filament spools yeeprinta ze-3D ezifumaneka kwi-100 grams, i-500 grams kunye ne-1 kg. Ngombala omnyama, ubukhulu be-1.75 mm, kunye nomxube wezinto ezifana ne-acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) kunye ne-30% ye-carbon fiber njengokuqiniswa.

FormFutura Apollox

I-reel kumbala omhlophe we-ABS kunye ne-0.75 kg yobunzima. bucala ngasekhohlo i-filament yintsebenzo ephezulu, kusetyenziso lobuchwephesha obufana nobunjineli. Iyakwazi ukumelana nemozulu kwaye iyaxhathisa kwi-UV. Inokumelana nobushushu okulungileyo, kwaye inezatifikethi ze-FDA kunye ne-RoHS.

NEXBERG HANDLE

Ezi filaments kubashicileli 3D zisuka ASA, oko kukuthi, ukusuka Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate, i-thermoplastic enamalungelo athile ngaphezu kwe-ABS, njengokuxhathisa imitha ye-UV kunye notyekelo oluphantsi lokuba tyheli. Ukongeza, zi-spools ze-1 kg ye-filament, i-1.75mm ububanzi, kwaye ifumaneka kumhlophe namnyama.

I-eSUN yokucoca iFilament

Un ukucoca i-filament, njengale, luhlobo lwe-filament olungasetyenziselwa ukucoca i-nozzle ye-extruder, ukukhusela ukuvala, kunye nokususa i-debris xa uza kutshintsha ukusuka kolunye uhlobo lwezinto eziphathekayo ukuya kwelinye, okanye xa uza kutshintsha umbala. I-1.75mm ububanzi kwaye ithengiswa nge-reel ye-100 gram.

eSUNPA

I-1 kg ye-spool kunye ne-1.75 mm ubukhulu, kunye nemibala yendalo emhlophe kunye nemnyama ongakhetha kuyo. Lo mcu wenziwa ngenayiloni, ngoko ke iyifayibha yokwenziwa ngaphandle kwetyhefu okanye impembelelo kokusingqongileyo. Ezinye iireli zisebenzisa a I-85% yenylon kunye ne-PA6 eseleyo, kunye ne-15% ye-carbon fiber, enika ukomelela okukhulu, ukuqina, nokuqina.

Eyona reins kubashicileli 3D

Ukuba ukhangele izinto ezisetyenziswayo kumshicileli wakho we-resin 3D, unazo ezi zikhephe zicetyiswayo:

I-ELEGOO LCD UV 405nm

Ukuthengisa ELEGOO 3D Quick Resin...

Ifotopolymer yeresin engwevu yeeprinta ze-3D ezine-LCD UV isibane kwaye iyahambelana noninzi lwabashicileli be-XNUMXD. resin uhlobo LCD kunye DLP. Ifumaneka kwi-500 grams kunye ne-1 kg, kwaye ifumaneka ebomvu, emnyama, eluhlaza, e-beige kunye ne-translucent.

ANYCUBIC LCD UV 405nm

Ukuthengisa ANYCUBIC Resin...
ANYCUBIC Resin...
Akukho zimvo

ANYCUBIC yi kwezona mpawu zibalaseleyo kushicilelo lwe-3D, kwaye inale resin emangalisayo kwiimbiza ze-0.5 okanye i-1 Kg, enemibala eyahlukeneyo yokukhetha kuyo. Isebenza nabashicileli abaninzi 3D LCD kunye DLP isibane. Ukongeza, iziphumo ziya kuba zizodwa.

SUNLU Umgangatho

Omnye iresin esemgangathweni kwaye iyahambelana uninzi lwabashicileli be3D ye-resin. Iyahambelana ne-LCD kunye neeprinta ze-DLP, i-405nm UV, ukunyanga ngokukhawuleza, ubunzima be-1kg ngetoti nganye, kwaye ifumaneka ngemibala emhlophe, emnyama kunye ne-pink-beige.

I-ELEGOO LCD UV 405nm ABS-efana

Le enye ifotopolymer eqhelekileyo evela kwi-brand edumileyo ye-ELEGOO ikwafumaneka kwiijagi ze 0.5 kunye ne-1 kg, kunye nemibala eyahlukeneyo yokukhetha kuyo. Iyahambelana neeprinta ezininzi ze-DLP kunye ne-LCD, kunye nokugqiba okufana neempawu ze-ABS, kodwa kwi-resin 3D abashicileli.

UKUNCEDA

Ifumaneka nge-0.5kg kunye ne-1kg ubukhulu, enye intlaka emnyama F80 elastic, kunye nokuphakama okuphezulu kunye nokuchasana nokuqhekeka, kwakhona kunamandla kakhulu, okuvula inani elikhulu lezicelo ezinokwenzeka. Iyahambelana ne-MSLA, i-DLP kunye ne-LCD.

Izixhobo zoshicilelo lwe-3D: zeziphi izinto ezisetyenziswa ngabashicileli be-3D

intsimbi eprintiweyo

Kwicandelo leengcebiso ze imicu kunye neereyini zabashicileli be-3D, sigxininise kwizinto eziqhelekileyo ezisetyenziswa rhoqo ngabantu ngabanye, kunye nezinye eziphuculweyo ezisetyenziselwa ubugcisa. Nangona kunjalo, kukho izinto ezininzi ezinokuthi zisetyenziswe ngabashicileli be-3D, kwaye kufuneka uzazi iimpawu zabo.

Kwisixhobo ngasinye uya kubona inkcazo emfutshane malunga nokuba yintoni le nto, kunye noluhlu iipropati iyafana nale:

  • Ukuqhawula ubunzima: ibhekisa kuxinzelelo olunokumelana nesixhobo ngaphambi kokuba sonakale kakhulu.
  • Ubungqongqo: kukuchasana ne-elastic deformations, oko kukuthi, ukuba inobunzima obuphantsi kuya kuba yinto e-elastic material, kwaye ukuba inobunzima obuphezulu ayiyi kuba yi-malleable kakhulu. Umzekelo, ukuba ufuna ukufunxa ngcono ukothuka kunye nokuguquguquka, kuya kufuneka ujonge into enokuqina okuphantsi njengePP okanye iTPU.
  • Ukuzinza: ibhekisa kumgangatho okanye indlela eyomelele ngayo imathiriyeli.
  • ubushushu benkonzo ephezulu: I-MST yiqondo lokushisa eliphezulu apho izinto eziphathekayo zinokuthi zithotywe ngaphandle kokulahlekelwa ukusebenza njenge-insulator ye-thermal.
  • I-Coefficient yokwandiswa kwe-thermal (ukwandiswa): ulinganisa utshintsho kumthamo okanye ubude besixhobo ukuphendula utshintsho kubushushu. Ukuba ineqondo eliphezulu, aliyi kusebenza kwizicelo ezifana nabalawuli okanye iziqwenga ezimele zigcine imilinganiselo yazo phantsi kwayo nayiphi na iqondo lokushisa, okanye ziya kwanda kwaye zingachanekanga okanye aziyi kufaneleka.
  • Ukuxinana: Ubungakanani bobunzima ngokumalunga nomthamo, ngelixa i-denser, inokuba yomelele kwaye ihambelane, kodwa iphinda ilahlekelwe ukukhanya. Umzekelo, ukuba ufuna ukuba izinto eziphathekayo zidada, kuya kufuneka ukhangele into enoxinano oluphantsi.
  • Ukulula ukuprinta: yindlela ekulula okanye enzima ngayo ukuprinta ngezinto ezixeliweyo.
  • iqondo lobushushu extrusion: ubushushu obufunekayo ukuze uyinyibilikise kwaye uprinte ngayo.
  • ibhedi eshushu iyafuneka: Nokuba ufuna ibhedi eshushu okanye awufuni.
  • ubushushu bebhedi: obona bushushu bebhedi bushushu kakhulu.
  • Ukumelana ne-UV: ukuba iyamelana nemitha ye-UV, efana nokuba sesichengeni selanga ngaphandle kokuwohloka.
  • Into evikela amanzi: ukuchasana namanzi, ukucwiliswa, okanye ukuvezwa kwezinto, njl.
  • I-Soluble: Ezinye izinto zinyibilika kwezinye, ezinokuthi zibe yinto entle kwezinye iimeko.
  • Ukumelana nemichiza: kukuchasana komgangatho wezinto ezibonakalayo ukuwohloka okubangelwa iimeko zokusingqongileyo.
  • Ukumelana nokudinwa: Xa into iphantsi komthwalo wexesha elithile, amandla okudinwa aya kubonisa into ekwaziyo ukumelana nayo ngaphandle kokusilela. Umzekelo, khawufane ucinge ukuba udala isiqwenga ekufuneka sigobe ngexesha lokusetyenziswa, kuba izinto ezinokuchasana okuphantsi zinokungaphumeleli okanye ziqhekeke ngama-fold 10, abanye bamelane namawaka kunye namawaka abo...
  • Usetyenziso (umzekelo wosetyenziso): Umzekelo osebenzayo wokuba ingasetyenziselwa ntoni na.

imicu

izixhobo zabashicileli be-3d

Zininzi iintlobo zemicu kubashicileli be-3D esekwe kwiipolymers (kunye nemixube), ezinye ezingeyotyhefu, zinobuhlobo kokusingqongileyo, ziyabola (ukusuka kwezinye zidalwe kwi-algae, ukuya kwezo zisuka kwi-hemp, isitatshi semifuno, i-oyile yemifuno, ikofu, njl.njl.), ezinokuphinda zisetyenziswe, kwaye akukho siphelo sahluke kakhulu. iipropati.

Ngexesha le khetha, kufuneka uthathele ingqalelo imiba emininzi:

  • Uhlobo lwezinto: Ayingabo bonke abashicileli be-3D abamkela zonke izinto, kubalulekile ukuba ukhethe ehambelanayo. Ukongeza, kufuneka ugcine engqondweni iimpawu (jonga amacandelwana aneempawu zento nganye) yemathiriyeli nganye ukwazi ukuba iyahambelana nesicelo oza kusinika yona.
  • Idayamitha yeFilament: ezona zixhaphakileyo, kunye nezona zihambelana kakhulu, ziyi-1.75 mm, nangona kukho ezinye ubukhulu.
  • Sebenzisa: kubaqalayo eyona nto ingcono yi-PLA okanye i-PET-G, ukusetyenziswa kwe-PP, i-ABS, i-PA kunye ne-TPU yobungcali. Kwakhona kubalulekile ukuqwalasela ukuba uya kuzisebenzisa kwiinjongo zonyango, kwizikhongozeli okanye izitya zokusetyenziswa kokutya (ezingenabuthi), okanye ukuba zibe yi-biodegradable, njl.

Ezinye zezona zisetyenziswa kakhulu:

PLA

I-PLA sisishunqulelo se-polylactic acid ngesiNgesi (i-PolyLactic Acid), kwaye yenye yezona zinto zixhaphakileyo kwaye zinexabiso eliphantsi kushicilelo lwe-3D. Kungenxa yokuba ilungile kwinani lezicelo, iyabiza, kwaye kulula ukuyiprinta. Le polymer okanye i-bioplastic ineempawu ezifana ne-polyethylene terephthalate, kwaye isetyenziselwa izicelo ezininzi.

  • Ukuqhawula ubunzima: phezulu
  • Ubungqongqo: phezulu
  • Ukuzinza: phakathi-phantsi
  • ubushushu benkonzo ephezulu: 52ºC
  • I-Coefficient yokwandiswa kwe-thermal (ukwandiswa): ngaphantsi
  • Ukuxinana: Umyinge ophezulu
  • Ukulula ukuprinta: Umyinge ophezulu
  • iqondo lobushushu extrusion: 190 - 220ºC
  • ibhedi eshushu iyafuneka: uyazikhethela
  • ubushushu bebhedi: 45-60ºC
  • Ukumelana ne-UV: mfutshane
  • Into evikela amanzi: mfutshane
  • I-Soluble: mfutshane
  • Ukumelana nemichiza: mfutshane
  • Ukumelana nokudinwa: mfutshane
  • Usetyenziso (umzekelo wosetyenziso): Uninzi lwamalungu kunye namanani ashicilelwe kwi-3D enziwe ngePLA.

Intsingiselo ye-ABS, kunye ne-ABS+

El I-ABS luhlobo lwepolymer, ngokukodwa iplastiki ye-acrylonitrile butadiene styrene.. Yimathiriyeli enganyangekiyo kakhulu kwaye isetyenziswa kumashishini kunye namacandelo asekhaya kwizicelo ezininzi. Le thermoplastic ye-amorphous nayo inoguqulelo oluphuculweyo, olubizwa ngokuba yi-ABS +.

  • Ukuqhawula ubunzima: isiqingatha
  • Ubungqongqo: isiqingatha
  • Ukuzinza: phezulu
  • ubushushu benkonzo ephezulu: 98ºC
  • I-Coefficient yokwandiswa kwe-thermal (ukwandiswa): phezulu, nangona zixhathisa ubushushu kakuhle kakhulu
  • Ukuxinana: phakathi-phantsi
  • Ukulula ukuprinta: phezulu
  • iqondo lobushushu extrusion: 220 - 250ºC
  • ibhedi eshushu iyafuneka: Ewe
  • ubushushu bebhedi: 95 - 110ºC
  • Ukumelana ne-UV: mfutshane
  • Into evikela amanzi: mfutshane
  • I-Soluble: mfutshane
  • Ukumelana nemichiza: mfutshane
  • Ukumelana nokudinwa: mfutshane
  • Usetyenziso (umzekelo wosetyenziso): Iziqwenga ze-LEGO, iTente, kunye neminye imidlalo yokwakha yenziwe ngale nto, kunye neendawo ezininzi zeemoto. Ikwasetyenziselwa ukwenza iifluti zeplastiki, iindawo zokuhlala koomabonakude, iikhompyutha, kunye nezinye izixhobo zasekhaya.

HIPS

El Izinto ze-HIPS, okanye i-High Impact Polystyrene (ekwabizwa ngokuba yi-PSAI) Yenye yezona zinto zisetyenziswa kakhulu kwiiprinta ze-3D. Kukwahluka kwe-polystyrenes, kodwa kuphuculwe ukuze kungabi njenge-brittle kwiqondo lokushisa, ngokongezwa kwe-polybutadiene, ekwaphucula ukuchasana kwempembelelo.

  • Ukuqhawula ubunzima: mfutshane
  • Ubungqongqo: phezulu kakhulu
  • Ukuzinza: Umyinge ophezulu
  • ubushushu benkonzo ephezulu: 100ºC
  • I-Coefficient yokwandiswa kwe-thermal (ukwandiswa): ngaphantsi
  • Ukuxinana: isiqingatha
  • Ukulula ukuprinta: isiqingatha
  • iqondo lobushushu extrusion: 230 - 245ºC
  • ibhedi eshushu iyafuneka: Ewe
  • ubushushu bebhedi: 100 - 115ºC
  • Ukumelana ne-UV: mfutshane
  • Into evikela amanzi: mfutshane
  • I-Soluble: Ewe
  • Ukumelana nemichiza: mfutshane
  • Ukumelana nokudinwa: mfutshane
  • Usetyenziso (umzekelo wosetyenziso): Isetyenziselwa ukwenza izinto zemoto, iithoyi, iincakuba ezilahlwayo, iikhibhodi zePC kunye neempuku, izinto zasekhaya, iifowuni, ukupakishwa kwemveliso yobisi, njl.

PET

El i-polyethylene terephthalate, okanye i-PET (i-Polyethylene Terephtalate) Luhlobo oluqhelekileyo olusetyenziswayo lwepolymer yeplastiki evela kusapho lwepolyester. Ifunyenwe yi-polycondensation reaction phakathi kwe-terephthalic acid kunye ne-ethylene glycol.

  • Ukuqhawula ubunzima: isiqingatha
  • Ubungqongqo: isiqingatha
  • Ukuzinza: Umyinge ophezulu
  • ubushushu benkonzo ephezulu: 73ºC
  • I-Coefficient yokwandiswa kwe-thermal (ukwandiswa): ngaphantsi
  • Ukuxinana: isiqingatha
  • Ukulula ukuprinta: phezulu
  • iqondo lobushushu extrusion: 230 - 250ºC
  • ibhedi eshushu iyafuneka: Ewe
  • ubushushu bebhedi: 75 - 90ºC
  • Ukumelana ne-UV: mfutshane
  • Into evikela amanzi: Kulungile
  • I-Soluble: hayi
  • Ukumelana nemichiza: Kulungile
  • Ukumelana nokudinwa: Kulungile
  • Usetyenziso (umzekelo wosetyenziso): Isetyenziswa ngokubanzi kwizikhongozeli zesiselo, njengamanzi okanye iibhotile zesiselo esithambileyo, nangona izitya ezingenazo i-PET zisanda kukhuthazwa, kuba ziyinto enokuthi ibe yityhefu ethile empilweni. Enye i-PET esetyenzisiweyo kwakhona isetyenziselwa ukwenza iimpahla ze-polyester fiber.

Inayiloni okanye ipolyamide (PA)

El inayiloni, ipolyamide, okanye inayiloni (Inayiloni luphawu lorhwebo olubhalisiweyo), luhlobo lwepolima yokwenziwa eyeqela lepolyamides. Yaqala ukusetyenziswa kushishino lwamalaphu kuba iyalastiki kwaye iyaxhathisa kakhulu, ukongeza ekungayifuniyo i-ayina.

  • Ukuqhawula ubunzima: Umyinge ophezulu
  • Ubungqongqo: phakathi, ibhetyebhetye kakhulu
  • Ukuzinza: phezulu kakhulu, ukumelana kakhulu neempembelelo kunye namaqondo obushushu
  • ubushushu benkonzo ephezulu: 80 - 95ºC
  • I-Coefficient yokwandiswa kwe-thermal (ukwandiswa): phakathi-phezulu
  • Ukuxinana: isiqingatha
  • Ukulula ukuprinta: phezulu
  • iqondo lobushushu extrusion: 220 - 270ºC
  • ibhedi eshushu iyafuneka: Ewe
  • ubushushu bebhedi: 70 - 90ºC
  • Ukumelana ne-UV: mfutshane
  • Into evikela amanzi: Kulungile
  • I-Soluble: hayi
  • Ukumelana nemichiza: mfutshane
  • Ukumelana nokudinwa: phezulu
  • Usetyenziso (umzekelo wosetyenziso): Ukongeza kwimpahla, ikwasetyenziselwa ukwenza ibhrashi kunye nezibambo zekama, imisonto yeentonga zokuloba, iitanki zepetroli, ezinye iindawo zomatshini zokudlala, iintambo zegitala, iiziphu, iiblades zefeni, i-sutures kutyando, iisacholo zokubukela, iiflange, njl. .

ASA

I-ASA imele i-Acrylonitrile Styrene Acrylate., i-amorphous thermoplastic enezinto ezifanayo kwi-ABS, nangona iyi-acrylic elastomer kunye ne-ABS yi-butadiene elastomer. Esi sixhobo sixhathisa ngakumbi kwimitha ye-UV kune-ABS, ngoko ke sinokulungela iziqwenga eziya kuchanabeka elangeni.

  • Ukuqhawula ubunzima: isiqingatha
  • Ubungqongqo: isiqingatha
  • Ukuzinza: phezulu
  • ubushushu benkonzo ephezulu: 95ºC
  • I-Coefficient yokwandiswa kwe-thermal (ukwandiswa): phakathi-phezulu
  • Ukuxinana: phakathi-phantsi
  • Ukulula ukuprinta: Umyinge ophezulu
  • iqondo lobushushu extrusion: 235 - 255ºC
  • ibhedi eshushu iyafuneka: Ewe
  • ubushushu bebhedi: 90 - 110ºC
  • Ukumelana ne-UV: phezulu
  • Into evikela amanzi: mfutshane
  • I-Soluble: hayi
  • Ukumelana nemichiza: mfutshane
  • Ukumelana nokudinwa: mfutshane
  • Usetyenziso (umzekelo wosetyenziso): Iiplastiki ezininzi zezixhobo ezisetyenziswa ngaphandle zisuka kwa-ASA, nesakhelo seendondo zelanga, ezinye iiplastiki zedama lokuqubha, njl.

I-PET-G

Olu hlobo lwe-filament lukwayinto ethandwayo ye-thermoplastic kushicilelo lwe-3D kunye nemveliso eyongezelelweyo. I-PETG yi-glycol polyester, edibanisa ezinye iingenelo ze-PLA njengokulula koshicilelo kunye nokumelana ne-ABS. Yenye yezona plastiki zisetyenziswa kakhulu ehlabathini, kwaye uninzi lwezinto ezisingqongileyo zenziwe ngayo.

  • Ukuqhawula ubunzima: isiqingatha
  • Ubungqongqo: phakathi-phantsi
  • Ukuzinza: Umyinge ophezulu
  • ubushushu benkonzo ephezulu: 73ºC
  • I-Coefficient yokwandiswa kwe-thermal (ukwandiswa): ngaphantsi
  • Ukuxinana: isiqingatha
  • Ukulula ukuprinta: phezulu
  • iqondo lobushushu extrusion: 230 - 250ºC
  • ibhedi eshushu iyafuneka: Ewe
  • ubushushu bebhedi: 75 - 90ºC
  • Ukumelana ne-UV: mfutshane
  • Into evikela amanzi: phezulu
  • I-Soluble: hayi
  • Ukumelana nemichiza: phezulu
  • Ukumelana nokudinwa: phezulu
  • Usetyenziso (umzekelo wosetyenziso): Ikwasetyenziselwa iimeko ezifana nezo ze-PET, ezifana neebhotile zeplastiki, iiglasi, iikomityi kunye neepleyiti, iikhemikhali okanye izitya zokucoca imveliso, njl.

I-PC okanye i-polycarbonate

El I-PC okanye i-polycarbonate Yi-thermoplastic elula kakhulu ukuyibumba kunye nokusebenza nayo, ukunika imilo oyifunayo. Isetyenziswa ngokubanzi namhlanje, kwaye ineempawu ezibalaseleyo, ezinjengokumelana ne-thermal, kunye nokuchasana kwayo neempembelelo.

  • Ukuqhawula ubunzima: phezulu
  • Ubungqongqo: isiqingatha
  • Ukuzinza: phezulu
  • ubushushu benkonzo ephezulu: 121ºC
  • I-Coefficient yokwandiswa kwe-thermal (ukwandiswa): mfutshane
  • Ukuxinana: isiqingatha
  • Ukulula ukuprinta: isiqingatha
  • iqondo lobushushu extrusion: 260 - 310ºC
  • ibhedi eshushu iyafuneka: Ewe
  • ubushushu bebhedi: 80 - 120ºC
  • Ukumelana ne-UV: mfutshane
  • Into evikela amanzi: mfutshane
  • I-Soluble: hayi
  • Ukumelana nemichiza: mfutshane
  • Ukumelana nokudinwa: phezulu
  • Usetyenziso (umzekelo wosetyenziso): kwiibhotile zamanzi amaminerali, iidramu, iikhava kwi-architecture, ezolimo (i-greenhouses), amathoyizi, iimpahla zeofisi ezifana neepeni, iirula, ii-CD kunye neeDVD, iimeko zemveliso ye-elektroniki, izihlungi, iibhokisi zokuthutha, izikhuselo ze-riot, izithuthi, i-molds of pastry njl.

Iipolima ezisebenza kakhulu (PEEK, PEKK)

I-PEEK, okanye i-polyether-ether-ketone, yimpahla yokucoceka okukhulu kunye nomxholo ophantsi we-VOCs okanye i-volatile organic compounds, kunye nokukhutshwa kwegesi ephantsi. Ukongeza, ineepropathi ezilungileyo kakhulu, kwaye intsebenzo ephezulu ye-semi-crystalline thermoplastic yokusetyenziswa kobuchwephesha. Kukho ulwahlulo lwentsapho olubizwa ngokuba yi-PEKK, esebenzayo ngakumbi, kunye nesakhiwo esahlukileyo, ekubeni endaweni ye-1 ketone kunye ne-2 ethers ine-2 ketones kunye ne-1 ether.

  • Ukuqhawula ubunzima: phezulu
  • Ubungqongqo: phezulu
  • Ukuzinza: phezulu
  • ubushushu benkonzo ephezulu: 260ºC
  • I-Coefficient yokwandiswa kwe-thermal (ukwandiswa): mfutshane
  • Ukuxinana: isiqingatha
  • Ukulula ukuprinta: mfutshane
  • iqondo lobushushu extrusion: 470ºC
  • ibhedi eshushu iyafuneka: Ewe
  • ubushushu bebhedi: 120 - 150ºC
  • Ukumelana ne-UV: Umyinge ophezulu
  • Into evikela amanzi: phezulu
  • I-Soluble: hayi
  • Ukumelana nemichiza: phezulu
  • Ukumelana nokudinwa: phezulu
  • Usetyenziso (umzekelo wosetyenziso): iibheringi, iinxalenye zepiston, iimpompo, iivalvu, iiringi zokucinezela i-cable insulation, kunye ne-insulation yeenkqubo zombane, njl.

Ipolypropylene (PP)

El polypropylene Yipolymer ye-thermoplastic eqhelekileyo, kunye nekristale ngokuyinxenye. Ifumaneka kwipolymerization yepropylene. Ineempawu ezilungileyo ze-thermal kunye ne-mechanical. Ifakwe ngaphakathi kwe-elastomers ye-thermoplastic okanye i-TPE, njenge-Ninjaflex kunye nokunye.

  • Ukuqhawula ubunzima: mfutshane
  • Ubungqongqo: iphantsi, iguquguquka kakhulu kwaye ithambile
  • Ukuzinza: phezulu
  • ubushushu benkonzo ephezulu: 100ºC
  • I-Coefficient yokwandiswa kwe-thermal (ukwandiswa): phezulu
  • Ukuxinana: mfutshane
  • Ukulula ukuprinta: phakathi-phantsi
  • iqondo lobushushu extrusion: 220 - 250ºC
  • ibhedi eshushu iyafuneka: Ewe
  • ubushushu bebhedi: 85 - 100ºC
  • Ukumelana ne-UV: mfutshane
  • Into evikela amanzi: phezulu
  • I-Soluble: hayi
  • Ukumelana nemichiza: mfutshane
  • Ukumelana nokudinwa: phezulu
  • Usetyenziso (umzekelo wosetyenziso): Ingasetyenziselwa iithoyi, iibumpers, iibhotile zamafutha kunye neetanki, i-microwave okanye izikhongozeli zokutya ezinganyangekiyo kwisikhenkcisi, iityhubhu, amaphepha, iiprofayili, imikhono ye-CD/DVD kunye neekesi, iityhubhu ze-microcentrifuge zaselabhorethri, njl.

I-Thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU)

El TPU okanye thermoplastic polyurethane Kukwahluka kwe-polyurethanes. Ludidi lwepolymer elastiki kwaye ayifuni i-vulcanization ukuze iqhutywe, njengezinye zezi plastiki. Yimathiriyeli entsha, eyaziswa okokuqala ngo-2008.

  • Ukuqhawula ubunzima: ephantsi-phakathi
  • Ubungqongqo: ephantsi, ukuguquguquka okukhulu kunye nokunwebeka, kunye nokuthambile
  • Ukuzinza: phezulu
  • ubushushu benkonzo ephezulu: 60 - 74ºC
  • I-Coefficient yokwandiswa kwe-thermal (ukwandiswa): phezulu
  • Ukuxinana: isiqingatha
  • Ukulula ukuprinta: isiqingatha
  • iqondo lobushushu extrusion: 225 - 245ºC
  • ibhedi eshushu iyafuneka: hayi (uyazikhethela)
  • ubushushu bebhedi: 45 - 60ºC
  • Ukumelana ne-UV: mfutshane
  • Into evikela amanzi: mfutshane
  • I-Soluble: hayi
  • Ukumelana nemichiza: mfutshane
  • Ukumelana nokudinwa: phezulu
  • Usetyenziso (umzekelo wosetyenziso): Izigqubuthelo ze-silicone ezidumileyo ze-smartphones zenziwe ngokubanzi ngale nto (ubuncinci i-flexible). Ikwasetyenziselwa ukugquma iintambo eziguquguqukayo, imibhobho kunye nemibhobho eguquguqukayo, kwishishini le-textile, njengengubo yokwaleka kwezinye iindawo ezinjengeentsimbi zocango lwesithuthi, iilever zegiya, njl.

Iireyini ze-photopolymerization

iireyini ze3D abashicileli

3D abashicileli ukuba basebenzisa i-resin, endaweni yeefilaments, njenge-DLP, i-SLA, njl., Zifuna i-resinous liquid ukuze zenze izinto. Kwakhona, njengakwimicu, kukho iindidi ezininzi onokukhetha kuzo. Phakathi kweendidi eziphambili zezi:

  • Umgangatho: ziyi-resin ezicacileyo, ezifana nemibala emhlophe kunye negrey, nangona kukho nezinye i-shades ezifana ne-blue, eluhlaza, obomvu, i-orenji, i-brown, i-yellow, njl. Kuhle kakhulu ekudaleni iiprototypes okanye kwiigajethi ezincinci zokusetyenziswa ekhaya, kodwa. ayilungele ukwenza iimveliso zokugqibela apho umgangatho ophezulu ufuneka okanye ukusetyenziswa kobuchule. I-positive kukuba banemiphetho emihle ngokumalunga nokugudiswa, bakuvumela ukuba upende. Zinokuba zilungele iithoyi okanye imifanekiso yobugcisa.
  • mammoth: azikho rhoqo kakhulu, nangona ukugqitywa kwale miphezulu ingezizo zonke ezimbi. Njengoko igama layo libonisa, ezi resin ziyilelwe ukuprinta amaqhekeza amakhulu ngenene ngobukhulu.
  • Ecacileyo: Zixhaphake kakhulu ukuba zisetyenziswe ekhaya kunye nakwimveliso yemizi-mveliso njengoko abantu bethanda iindawo ezicacileyo. Ezi resin ziyakwazi ukumelana namanzi, zilungele izinto ezincinci, ezinomgangatho ophezulu, iindawo ezigudileyo kwaye ziqinile.
  • Kunzima: Ezi ntlobo ze-resin zithandwa kakhulu phakathi kweengcali, ezifana nezicelo zobunjineli, kuba zineempawu ezinomdla ngakumbi kunezo ziqhelekileyo. Ukongeza, njengoko igama labo libonisa, zinzima okanye zomelele.
  • iinkcukacha eziphezulu: Yahluke kancinane kwi-stereolithography yesiqhelo, kuba isetyenziswa kubashicileli be3D abaphambili njenge PolyJet. Isebenza ngokutofa iijethi ezintle kakhulu kumaleko kwiqonga lokwakha kwaye iveze kwi-UV ukuyiqinisa. Isiphumo singumgangatho ogqibeleleyo, kunye nenqanaba eliphezulu leenkcukacha, nokuba zinkcukacha zemizuzu.
  • ibakala lobugqirha: Ezi resins zisetyenziselwa ukusetyenziswa kwezonyango, ezifana nokwenza izifakelo ezifana nokufakelwa kwamazinyo omntu, njl.

Izinto eziluncedo kunye nokungalunganga kwe-resin

Ewe iingenelo kunye nokungalunganga resin, phambi kweefilaments, sinazo:

  • Inzuzo:
    • Izisombululo ezingcono
    • Inkqubo yokushicilela ngokukhawuleza
    • Amalungu aqinileyo kwaye ahlala ixesha elide
  • Iingxaki:
    • Ebiza kakhulu
    • ayibhetyebhetye kangako
    • into entsonkothileyo
    • Umphunga okanye ukudibana nabo kunokuba yingozi, njengoko ezinye ziyityhefu
    • Inani leemodeli ezikhoyo lingaphantsi kwezo zefilament

Indlela yokukhetha i-resin efanelekileyo

Ngexesha le khetha i-resin efanelekileyo Kwiprinta yakho ye-3D, kufuneka ujonge ezi parameters zilandelayo:

  • Tensile Strength: olu phawu lubalulekile ukuba isiqwenga kufuneka sixhathise amandla okuqina kunye neqhekeza elihlala lifuneka.
  • Ukwandisa: Ukuba kuyimfuneko, i-resin kufuneka inike iziqwenga ezikwazi ukunweba ngaphandle kokuphuka, nangona ukuguquguquka akuyona into engcono kakhulu.
  • Ukufunxwa kwamanzi: Ukuba isiqwenga sidinga ukuchasana namanzi, kufuneka uqaphele iimpawu eziye zafunyanwa yi-resin kule nkalo.
  • Gqibezela umgangatho: ezi resins zivumela ukugqiba kakuhle, kodwa ayizizo zonke ezinomgangatho ofanayo, njengoko sibonile kwiintlobo. Kuya kufuneka wazi ukuba ukhetha i-resin enexabiso eliphantsi, okanye ebiza kakhulu eneenkcukacha eziphezulu.
  • Ukuzinza: Kubalulekile ukuba uyilo luxhathise kwaye luhlala ixesha elide, ngakumbi ukuba lusetyenziselwa iimeko, kunye nezinye iindidi ezifanayo zamaqhekeza.
  • Ukungabonakali: Ukuba ufuna iziqwenga ezicacileyo, kufuneka uhlale kude nohlobo lwe-mammoth okanye i-grey / standard resins.
  • Iindleko: iireyini azikho xabiso liphantsi, kodwa kukho uluhlu olubanzi lwamaxabiso onokukhetha kuwo, phakathi kwamanye afikelelekayo ngandlel’ ithile kwaye amanye ahambele phambili kwaye abiza kakhulu. Kuya kufuneka uvavanye ukuba yimalini na ofuna ukuyichitha kwaye ukhethe eyona ifanele uhlahlo lwabiwo-mali lwakho.

Ezinye izinto

intsimbi 3d iinxalenye umshicileli

Ewe, ukuza kuthi ga ngoku besijonga izinto ezisetyenziswa kakhulu ekhaya, nangona ezinye ezinokuthi zisetyenziswe kubugcisa okanye kwimizi-mveliso ziye zachazwa ngokweenkcukacha. Nangona kunjalo, kukho ezinye izinto ezikhethekileyo ze izicelo ezithile kakhulu kwaye banokusebenzisa kuphela eyona iphambili kwaye ibiza kakhulu abashicileli be3D abasetyenziswa kwiinkampani.

Izihluzi (intsimbi, iinkuni,…)

Kukwakho izinto ezisetyenziswayo zokuzalisa, ikakhulu ukusuka iinkuni kunye nemicu yentsimbi. Baqhele ukuba ngabashicileli be-3D kusetyenziso lwemizi-mveliso, kunye neenkqubo ezihambele phambili kakhulu, ngakumbi ezentsimbi. Ezi zinto zisetyenziswayo nazo akulula ukuzifumana, kuba zijolise kusetyenziso lobuchwephesha.

Iindibano

Los ii-composites okanye iireyini ezidibeneyo zizinto zokwenziwa ezixubeneyo ukwenza imixube. Ngokomzekelo, iiplastiki eziqiniswe ngeglasi, okanye iifibers, kunye ne-glass fibers ngokwabo, i-Kevlar, i-zylon, njl. Ngokubhekiselele kwizicelo zabo, zingasetyenziselwa ukudala iindawo ezilula kakhulu kunye nezomeleleyo, kunye ne-motorsport, i-aviation, icandelo le-aerospace, i-bulletproof vests kunye nezinye izinto zomkhosi, njl.

izinto ezixutyiweyo

Ezi ntlobo zezixhobo zidibanisa iikhompawundi eziphilayo kunye ne-inorganic ukuphucula iimpawu zezixhobo ezisetyenzisiweyo ekubunjweni kwayo, ukwenza zombini ukuncedisana kunye nokuvela kwee-synergies. Banokuba nezicelo ezahlukahlukeneyo, ezifana ne-optics, i-electronics, i-mechanics, ibhayoloji, njl.

Iiceramics

Kukho abashicileli be-3D abanokusebenzisa iiseramics, njengoko kunjalo nge ialuminiyam (i-aluminiyam oxide), i-aluminiyam nitride, i-zirconite, izondlo ze-silicon, i-silicon carbide, njl. Umzekelo waba bashicileli be-3D yiCerambot, enexabiso elifikelelekayo lokusetyenziswa ekhaya, phakathi kwezinye iimodeli zoshishino. Ezi ntlobo zezixhobo zineempawu ezintle kakhulu ze-thermal, iikhemikhali kunye nombane (i-insulating), yingakho zisetyenziselwa umbane, i-aerospace, njl.

Izinto ezinyibilikayo (PVA, BVOH…)

Los izinto ezinyibilikayo, njengoko igama labo libonisa, zezo (i-solutes) ukuba, xa udibana nolunye ulwelo (i-solvent), yenza isisombululo. Kwimveliso eyongezelelweyo enye ingasetyenziswa njenge-BVOH, i-PVA, njl. I-BVOH (i-Butenediol Vinyl Alcohol Copolymer), njenge-Verbatim's, yintsinga ye-thermoplastic enyibilikayo emanzini kubashicileli be-FFF. I-PVA (i-polyvinyl alcohol) yenye i-filament yamanzi e-soluble esetyenziswa ngokubanzi kwi-3D yoshicilelo. Umzekelo, zingasetyenziselwa inxenye yenkxaso onokuthi uyisuse ngokulula ngokunyibilika emanzini.

ukutya kunye ne-biomaterials

Ewe kunjalo, kukho iiprinta ze3D ezikwaziyo ukuprinta izinto ezityiwayo, kunye nemicu yemifuno, iswekile, itshokolethi, iiproteni, kunye nezinye iintlobo zezondlo. I-Biomaterials yokusetyenziswa kwezonyango, njengezicubu okanye izitho, nazo zinokuprintwa, nangona oku kusekho kwisigaba sophuhliso. Ngokucacileyo, uninzi lwezi biomatariyali azifumaneki kurhwebo, kodwa zenziwa i-ad-hoc kwilabhoratri. Kananjalo akuqhelekanga ukufumana igrosari, nangona ziya zisanda ngokwanda kumacandelo okutya okuqeqeshelweyo.

Ikhonkrithi

Okokugqibela, kukho abashicileli be-3D abanakho ukuprinta kwizinto zokwakha ezifana isamente okanye ikhonkrithi. Ezi ntlobo zabashicileli zihlala zinemilinganiselo emikhulu kakhulu, ekwazi ukuprinta izakhiwo ezinkulu zezakhiwo, ezifana nezindlu, phakathi kwabanye. Ngokucacileyo, ezi ntlobo ze 3D abashicileli ayenzelwanga ukusetyenziswa ekhaya nokuba.

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