IsiKhokelo soMbane: Indlela yokukhetha eyona Intsimbi yokuSonga ngeTin

eyona intsimbi yokuthambisa ngetoti

Nangona kunjalo iingcingo zokutsiba kunye ibhodi yesonka Baye baququzelela kakhulu umsebenzi wabenzi be-elektroniki be-DIY kunye nabathandi, okubavumela ukuba benze iisekethe kwaye badibanise ngokulula ngaphandle kwesidingo sokuthengisa.Inyaniso kukuba xa iprojekthi kufuneka igqitywe ukuze isetyenziswe ngokusisigxina, i-soldering ihlala isetyenziswa. Ukongeza, kuyafuneka ukuba kutshintshe amacandelo uya pcb, ukulungiswa, njl. Apha ungabona isikhokelo esipheleleyo ukuze ukwazi ukukhetha eyona ilungileyo intsimbi kunye nesikhululo se-soldering Ukusuka kwimarike.

Index

Eyona nto ingcono kakhulu yokudibanisa iintsimbi kunye nezikhululo ze-soldering

Ukuba u khangela isikhululo esilungileyo se-soldering okanye isinyithi esilungileyo, emva koko kufuneka ulandele ezi ngcebiso ukwenza ukuthenga ngokufanelekileyo:

Ocked Ed Soldering Iron Kit

Ibrifkheyisi egcweleyo enkulu Ikhithi yokuqalisa i-elektroniki. Iquka i-60W yamandla ensimbi, kunye neteknoloji yokumelana ne-ceramic, isantya esiphezulu sokufudumeza, ukucima / ukuvala, ukuxhaswa kwesinyithi, iingcebiso ezahlukeneyo, i-iron desoldering, kunye ne-roll of solder ifakiwe.

I-WaxRhyed Soldering Kit

Enye indlela kuneyangaphambili. Kwakhona kuza netyala elipheleleyo (i-16 kwi-1), kunye nentsimbi ye-solder ye-60W kunye ne ubushushu obunokulungiswa phakathi kwe-200ºC kunye ne-450ºC. Kubandakanya i-iron ye-soldering, i-tweezers, ipompo ye-desoldering, iingcebiso ezi-5 ezahlukeneyo, kunye necala lokugcina.

I-80W yobuchwephesha bentsimbi yokuthambisa

Un i-tin soldering iron ukuze isetyenziswe ngobungcalil, kunye nohlengahlengiso lobushushu phakathi kwe-250ºC kunye ne-480ºC. Ukongeza, ibandakanya isikrini se-LCD kunye nobushushu ngamaxesha onke. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, inomsebenzi wokumisa, umsebenzi wememori yokushisa, kunye namandla angama-80W wokufudumeza ngokukhawuleza.

Salki SEK 200W umpu yobungcali

Nangona lo mpu wobuchwephesha we-soldering wenzelwe ukusetyenziswa okuninzi, njengeeprojekthi zobucwebe, unokusetyenziselwa ukuthengisa nge-elektroniki. Une 200W amandla amakhulu, iingcebiso ezitshintshayo kunye nezinto ezisetyenziswayo ezibandakanyiweyo kwimeko.

Weller WE 1010

Ukuthengisa Weller WE 1010...
Weller WE 1010...
Akukho zimvo

Le ntsimbi yokugoqa sesinye sezona zincedisi zilungileyo kwiworkshop yakho yobuchwephesha. Inkqubo ye-welding enamandla angama-70W, kunye nobushushu ilungelelaniswa phakathi kwe-100ºC kunye ne-450ºC, kunye nenkxaso ebandakanyiweyo ngoko unokuwushiya uphumle ngelixa usenza ezinye izinto, ngaphandle komngcipheko wokutsha okanye iingozi.

Isikhululo sokuthambisa saseNahkzny

Ukuba ujonge isikhululo sokuthengisela, ungaphinda uthenge le 60W enye, enobushushu obuhlengahlengiswayo phakathi kwe200ºC kunye ne480ºC, ezinzileyo soloko ubonelela ngobushushu obufanayo, ukutshisa ngokukhawuleza, iingcebiso ezi-5 ze-soldering, i-tip cleaner, i-stand, i-desoldering iron, kunye ne-tin roll holder.

Isikhululo sokuthambisa saseTauara

Esi esinye isitishi sokuthengisa siphantse safana nesangaphambili, sinamandla angama-60W, ubushushu obuhlengahlengiswayo phakathi kwe-90ºC kunye ne-480ºC, iseti yamacebiso, isikrini se-LED, umsebenzi wokulinda, kunye nenkxaso. Kuphela yongeza into ephathekayo, efana iikliphu ezimbini zokubamba amacandelo kwaye ushiye izandla zakho zikhululekile.

2-in-1 Z Zelus Station Soldering

Le enye isikhululo sokuthengisela phakathi epheleleyo ngakumbi kunye nobungcali. Iquka isinyithi esine-soldering kunye ne-70W yamandla, i-750W yompu womoya oshushu, inkxaso, umboniso we-LED ukubonisa ubushushu, ukulungelelaniswa okunokwenzeka, i-tweezers, iingcebiso ezahlukeneyo, kunye nokucoca.

Ezona zikhululo zokuphinda ibhola

Kwimeko apho ucinga ngento ehambele phambili ngakumbi, njenge isikhululo sokudlala ibhola kwakhona, emva koko ungakhethela la maqela amanye:

DIFU

Kukho izikhululo ezibini zokuphinda zikwazi ukulungisa iibhodi ezineesekethe ezidityanisiweyo ezidityanisiweyo, ezinje ngezixhobo eziphathwayo, iibhodi zoomama zeelaptops kunye neePC zedesktop, njl. Inenkxaso ye-IR6500, isikrini se-LCD, ehambelana ne-chips ze-BGA, ekwazi ukuthengisela i-lead-free, ukugcina ama-curves ahlukeneyo obushushu, kunye ne-port ye-USB eyakhelweyo yokulawula i-PC, njl.

eyona desoldering irons

Ewe kunjalo, ukwanazo nezixhobo ezicetyiswayo zokwenza inkqubo echaseneyo, i-desoldering ezo zixhobo ze-elektroniki ekufuneka uzitshintshe, ezifana nezi:

I-FixPoint Solder Cleaner

Isicoci esilula kodwa esisebenzayo. Iyakwazi ukucoca i-welds ofuna ukuyisusa, kwaye idalwe ngezinto ezisemgangathweni ukuze ihlale iqinile, njenge-aluminium. Incam yayo ye-teflon yi-3.2mm.

YIHUA 929D-V Isicoci seSolder

Le enye isicoci solder ikwaphakathi kwezona zibalaseleyo. Sebenzisa ikomityi yokufunxa okanye inkqubo yokufunxa ivacuum ukususa i-solder ongasayifuniyo. I-compact kwaye ivumela ukufikelela kwiindawo ezincinci, nakwimingxuma.

ukuhamba

Enye intsimbi ye-antistatic desoldering elula kunye nexabiso eliphantsi. Vacuum i-solder eshushu ukuyisusa kwizinto zombane kunye nezombane. Icoca ngokulula kwaye ikumgangatho ophezulu.

Mugung 1600w

Ezinye iitshiphusi, amacandelo, okanye ii-heatsinks zincanyathiselwe kakuhle. Kwaye ukuzisusa, kufuneka usebenzise enye yezi zivuthela umoya oshushu. Kakade ke, zikwasebenza njengentsimbi yokuxubha, ekubeni umoya unako ukunyibilikisa isinyithi solder ukudibanisa iinxalenye. Kubandakanya imilomo kunye nengxowa yokuthwala. Ngenxa yamandla ayo angama-1600W inokufikelela kuma-600ºC obushushu.

Duokon 8858 Welder/Blower

Ikumgangatho ophezulu, iquka inkxaso kunye neadaptha yamandla, imilomo emi-3 etshintshanayo, kulula kakhulu ukuyisebenzisa, kwaye inokufikelela kumaqondo obushushu aphakathi kwe-100 kunye ne-480ºC kumoya oshushu ewukhuphayo.

ISikhululo seSikhululo sokuThengisa uMoya oshushu

Esi sikhululo sithengisa umoya oshushu sinokusuka kwi-100ºC ukuya kuma-500ºC, sifudumeza ngokukhawuleza okukhulu. Iquka inkxaso, ukulungiswa kweqondo lokushisa, i-tweezers, i-desoldering iron, imilomo eyahlukeneyo, kwaye ingasetyenziselwa zombini umsebenzi wecandelo le-SMD, njenge-SOIC, i-QFP, i-PLCC, i-BGA, njl.

Ezisetyenziswa ziphele

Kwaye abazange baphoswe iingcebiso ngexabiso elihle lezinto ezityiwayo kwimisebenzi yokuthengisa, enje ngeengcebiso zesinyithi, izicoci, i-flux, i-iron ye-solder, kunye nokunye:

Lead free tin spools

ZSHX

Intambo ye-solder esemgangathweni, kunye nokwakheka kwe-99% ye-tin, i-0.3% yesilivere, kunye ne-0.7% yobhedu, ukuphucula i-conductivity yayo. Ukongeza, inondoqo we-resin we-welding kwaye ungayifumana ngobukhulu obuhlukeneyo: 0.6 mm, 0.8 mm kunye ne-1 mm.

Gifort

Ucingo lwe-solder olusemgangathweni kunye ne-97.3% ye-tin, i-2% ye-rosin, i-073% yobhedu, kunye ne-0.3% yesilivere. Zonke ezinobubanzi bomsonto we-1 mm. Ukubunjwa kwayo kuye kwaphuculwa ukwandisa ukusebenza kunye nokunciphisa ukuveliswa komsi ngexesha le-welding.

desoldering reels

EDI-TRONIC desoldering ucingo olulukiweyo lobhedu

Ucingo lobhedu oluphothiweyo ukuze lukwazi ukususa i-tin kwi-solders kwaye yenze ukuba ibambelele kuyo. Inokufunxwa okuphezulu kwaye ithengiswa kwiireli ze-1.5 yeemitha ubude kunye nobukhulu be-0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 kunye ne-3 mm.

i-copper braid ukuze i-desoldering

Iiyunithi ezi-3 ze-1.5 yeemitha nganye, kunye ne-braid yobhedu ye-desoldering. Ifumaneka kububanzi obuyi-2.5 mm, i-oksijini ayinayo, kwaye ichaneke kakhulu kunye nokufunxa okuphezulu. Ikwayi-antistatic kunye nokumelana nobushushu.

flow

Flux TasoVision

Este kuhambaI-TasoVision, okanye i-solder paste, yenye yezona zinto zibalaseleyo onokuzifumana, iyafikeleleka, kwaye ithengiswa ngebhotile ye-50ml. Ingasetyenziselwa zonke iintlobo zeeprojekthi ze-elektroniki. Nditsho nakwi-SMD, nangona ixinene kancinane ekubuyiseleni kwakhona.

Flux JBC

Enye imveliso, ngeli xesha kwi-container ye-15 ml, kunye ne-brush yokufaka isicelo esilula. I-flux ekhethekileyo yeesekethe, esekelwe emanzini, kunye nenani le-asidi ye-35 mg / ml.

Flux TasoVision

Enye i-lead-free flux, ene-5cc, isirinji ukuze isetyenziswe lula, kunye neengcebiso ezimbini ezinokutshintshana ukusebenza ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi komphezulu omkhulu.

iingcebiso zokuthambisa

walfart

10 x 900M-TI iingcebiso zobhedu olusulungekileyo lwelothe engenazo iintsimbi. Ingcebiso entle kakhulu enokuphinda izaliselwe ukungena kwezona ndawo zincinci, kwaye iyahambelana nezikhululo zokuthengisela ezifana ne-936, 937, 938, 969, 8586, 852D, njl.

QLOUNI

Iseti ye-10 yeentlobo ezahlukeneyo zeengcebiso, i-900M, isinyithi esixhathisayo, kunye nekhethekileyo kwintsimbi ephathekayo ye-tin soldering. Ayiqulathanga ilothe, kwaye ibandakanya umkhono wesolder ukuziqhelanisa.

Isicoci

Isicoci seDroneAcc ngesiponji sesinyithi kunye nesiseko

I-Ysister 50 Pads (isiponji, idumba xa imanzi) ukucoca iingcebiso zentsimbi yokuthambisa

I-Silverline 10 iipads zokucoca ezimanzi

Iiloupe ezikhulisayo zokuthengisa izinto ezincinci

I-Fixpoint Magnifying Glass eneClips, i-Adjustable Stand kunye nokukhanya kwe-LED

Iglasi yokukhulisa i-Newacalos enamaqhosha amane, indawo yokuma ehlengahlengiswayo, kunye nesibane se-LED

I-Silverline Luca eneziqeshana ezimbini ezilungelelanisiweyo, kwaye ume (ngaphandle kokukhanya)

Iistencils okanye itemplates zeBGA kunye nokunye

Delaman kit of 130 iziqwenga jikelele for realling kunye BGAs ezahlukeneyo

Iseti ye-33 iipleyiti ze-BGA jikelele zokubuyisela ibhola

Iseti yenkxaso, iitemplates kunye neebhola zokuphinda ibhola

Inkxaso yokulungiswa ngokuzenzekelayo kwi-HT-90X yeestensile ze-Hilitand ukubuyisela kwakhona uphawu

Iingxowa zeSalutuya zeBGA zobukhulu obuhlukeneyo 0.3 ukuya ku-0.76 mm (umgangatho)

Indlela yokukhetha ezi zixhobo zombane

intsimbi yokugoqa, intsimbi

Ngexesha le ukukhetha isinyithi esilungileyo, kufuneka uthathele ingqalelo uluhlu lweempawu eziya kugqiba ukuba kuthengiwe kakuhle okanye hayi:

  • Potencia: Ukuyisebenzisa njengento yokuzonwabisa ungathenga amandla aphantsi, njenge-30W. Nangona kunjalo, ukusetyenziswa kobuchwephesha akufanele kube ngaphantsi kwe-60W. Oku kuya kuchaphazela ubushushu obuphezulu obuya kufikelela kubo kunye nesantya esiza kushushu ngaso.
  • Lungelelanisa i-temperatura: uninzi lwezona zitshiphu okanye ezingezizo ezobuchwephesha azinayo. Kodwa ezona ziphambili ziyayivumela. Oku kulungile, ukulungisa iqondo lobushushu kwaye lilungelelanise nomsebenzi owenzayo.
  • Iingcebiso ezinokutshintshelana: Yeyona ndlela ilungileyo, kuba xa yonakele, inokutshintshwa ngokulula kwabanye. Okanye, kungcono, xa olunye uhlobo lwengcebiso lufuneka, lunokutshintshwa ngokukhawuleza.
  • ukuzila ukutya: isibambo kufuneka sibe ergonomic, sibambe kakuhle, kwaye sigqume kakuhle ekutshiseni ukuphepha ukutsha. Izibambi zihlala zenziwe nge-silicone okanye i-TPU enemifanekiso yokuphucula ukubamba.
  • Ibriefcase okanye ityala: Ukuba uceba ukuthwala isinyithi sakho sokunyibilikisa intsimbi ukusuka kwenye indawo ukuya kwenye, ufanele ucinge ngokukhangela leyo ixineneyo nonokuyiphatha ngokulula kwibhokisi yayo.
  • inkqubo yokuchitha: Ezinye zibandakanya iinkqubo zokulahla ukunceda ukupholisa i-tip ukuze igcinwe ngokukhawuleza.
  • Ngaphandle kweengcingo okanye ngeengcingo: ii-wireless zisebenza kakhulu, zibonelela ngenkululeko yokuhamba, ngaphandle kwezibophelelo. Nangona kunjalo, ezona zibonelela ngeyona ndlela isebenzayo kunye namandla ziintambo. Iicable nazo zihlala zihlala ixesha elide kwaye zithembekile.
  • Windows RT: ezinye zibandakanya impompo yokushisa yokuchithwa kwe-desoldering, inkxaso yokuyishiya xa ishushu, i-accessory yokucoca i-tip, isikrini se-LCD ukubona ukushisa, njl njl. Konke oku kunokuba ngamanqaku ongezelelweyo, nangona akubalulekanga kakhulu.

Indlela yokukhetha i-tin to solder

Ewe khetha eyona toti I-soldering, into yokuqala omele uyazi kukuba ukhetho lwangoku alukho ilothe, kuba luyintsimbi enetyhefu. Ngoku basebenzisa ezinye i-alloys, kwaye ngokuqhelekileyo bane-core of Colofina (i-resin), enceda ngexesha le-welding ukungena kakuhle kuzo zonke iikona xa ishushu kwaye ihamba, iphucula ukubambelela, i-fluidity ye-tin ngokwayo, kwaye iphucula i-welding.

  • Umenzi: Kukho iimpawu eziphawulekayo, ezinomgangatho ongcono, njenge-JBC kunye ne-Fixpoint.
  • format: unayo kwiikhoyili, eyona nto ixhaphakileyo, kunye neenketho kwiinkxaso, zibiza kakhulu kodwa zisebenziseka.
  • Inkangeleko: Jonga inkangeleko yocingo lwenkcenkce, kufuneka lubonakale luqaqambile kwaye lucace.
  • i-flux cored: i-resin, i-flux okanye i-rosin, ingena ngaphakathi kwecingo. Umsonto ongenanto, kunye ne-flux ngaphakathi kuyo ukuphucula iziphumo.
  • Ububanzi: kukho ukusuka kwezona zibalaseleyo ukuya kwezityebileyo, ezinje nge-1.5mm. Nganye iyasebenza kwisicelo esinye. Umzekelo, obhityileyo uya kusebenzela izinto ezincinci, ngelixa ezinkulu zinokusebenzela iingcingo zokuthengisa kunye nezinye izinto ezinkulu.
  • Ingakhokelwa: Mayingaqulathi ilothe. Ngaphambi kokuba babeyi-60% ye-Sn kunye ne-38% ye-Pb.
  • Ubume: ungazifumana iikhompawundi ezinemilinganiselo eyahlukeneyo, edla ngokuqulunqwa nge-Sn kunye nexabiso elincinci le-Cu kunye / okanye i-Ag.

Indlela yokuthengisa i-tin ngokufanelekileyo

i-tin welder

Ibhodi yeTin Electronics Soldering Station

Ukuchaza amanyathelo okudibanisa okulungileyo kulula, nangona kunjalo kuthatha ukuziqhelanisa. Kufuneka uqale nge PCB ezaphukileyo kwaye uzame amacandelo solder ukuze ufumane amava ayimfuneko, kwaye ii-solders ziphuma ngcono kwaye ngcono. Yiya kwi-soldering encinci kunye namacandelo anzima ngakumbi, kwaye ekugqibeleni uya kuyifumana. Phakathi amanyathelo okuthathwa zesoldering zezi:

  1. Lungiselela zonke iziqwenga ozifunayo, kunye nezixhobo, izinto zokukhusela, njl.
  2. Yonke imiphezulu kufuneka icoceke kakhulu, kubandakanywa nencam yentsimbi.
  3. Fudumeza i-iron ye-solder de ibe kubushushu obufanelekileyo.
  4. Enye ingcebiso kukwenza iinkcenkce okanye iinxalenye eziya kuthengiswa ngokwahlukeneyo (incam yentsimbi yokuthambisa kufuneka ifakwe i-tin plated). Oko kukuthi, sebenzisa intsimbi yokuthambisa ukutshisa iziphelo kwaye ubeke i-tin. Oku kuya kukhokelela kumanyano olufanayo.
  5. Emva koko, zidibanise zombini iindawo, uqinisekise ukuba zigcinwe kakuhle kwindawo efanelekileyo. Kuphephe ukuba badibane nezinye izinto ezinokuphazamisana nazo, njl.
  6. Ngoku shushu kunye ne-tin i-joint, usondeza ucingo lwe-tin kwindawo edibeneyo. Khumbula ukuba ucingo lwenkcenkce alunakuchukumisa incam ngokuthe ngqo, kodwa incam kufuneka ichukumise indawo eza kuthengiswa ukuze ifudumale kwaye ichukumise loo ndawo ngetoti ukuyicoca.

Kubonakala kulula, kodwa akunjalo ekusebenzeni, ekubeni i-solder kufuneka ibe:

  • Ngokuqaqambileyo: ukuba inobumdaka okanye imbala ongacacanga, iya kuba ibonisa ukuba ikumgangatho ophantsi, kwaye yenziwe kwiqondo lobushushu eliphantsi kakhulu.
  • Ubungakanani obufanelekileyo nje: kufuneka kube ngokwaneleyo ukudibanisa amacandelo kunye, kodwa akufuneki kubekho iiglobhu okanye ukugqithisa, nokuba azifinyeleli enye into yesekethe.
  • Ukuxhathisa: Kufuneka yomelele, ngaphandle kokuba ikwazi ukwaphuka lula ngenxa yokungcangcazela okanye uxinzelelo lobushushu.

Ukongeza, kufuneka usebenzise iingcebiso zepere yepliers okanye into efanayo ukubamba i-terminal yecandelo eliza kuthengiswa (ukuba kunokwenzeka), phakathi kwendawo ye-solder kunye necandelo, ukuzama chitha ubushushu obuthile kunye nokuba ukushisa okuphezulu akulonakalisi icandelo.

Iingxaki eziqhelekileyo kunye neempazamo xa u-welding

Entre ezona mpazamo ziqhelekileyo ezidla ngokwenziwa ngexesha lokuthengiswa kwetoti ziquka:

  • Ukungalungisi izinto kakuhle kwaye kubangele ukuba zihambe, zikuthintela ekudibaniseni ngokufanelekileyo.
  • Incam yentsimbi yokuthambisa ichukumisa itoti.
  • Musa ukutshiza phambi kokusetyenziswa.
  • Ukungasebenzisi ingcebiso elungileyo.
  • Misa incam yentsimbi yokujongisa ngokuthe nkqo kakhulu. (Kufuneka ityetye ngakumbi ukunyusa umgangatho odityanisiweyo)
  • Sukulinda imizuzwana embalwa ukuze inkonkxa yomelele ngokufanelekileyo.
  • Ukungacoci indawo yokusebenza ukuze idityaniswe. (utywala kunye nomqhaphu ongena-lint ungasetyenziswa kwaye ukuba okushiyekileyo yimizila ye-solder yangaphambili, sebenzisa i-iron desoldering)
  • Ukusebenzisa i-sandpaper ukucoca i-tip ye-soldering iron, ukonakalisa umphezulu kunye nokwenza ukuba ungasebenzi.

ukugcinwa kwewelder

ukugcinwa

Kubalulekile gcina i-welder ikwimeko efanelekileyo. Ngale ndlela iya kuhlala ikhona ukwenza umsebenzi olungileyo, kwaye siyakwandisa ubomi bayo obuluncedo. Ukuyigcina ikwimeko entle, kulula njengoku:

  • Gcina i-iron soldering kwindawo echanekileyo, uhlale ulindele ukuba ipholile ngokupheleleyo.
  • Kuphephe ukujija intambo okanye ukuyitsala.
  • Coca incam yentsimbi ye-soldering okanye i-solder iron ngokuchanekileyo:
    1. Sebenzisa izipontshi okanye izicoci ezikhankanywe ngasentla (isiponji esifumileyo, okanye umluko wobhedu) ukuhlikihla incam eshushu phezu kwazo kwaye ukhuphe nabuphi na ubudoda okanye ubumdaka obunokuba banabo.
    2. Ukuba ayikacoceki ngokwaneleyo, ungasebenzisa ulwelo lokucoca olufana ne-flux. Incam kufuneka ishushu, iyadipha kwaye ishukume. Ngale ndlela umhlwa uyasuswa.
    3. Ukuba isabonakala imbi, lixesha lokutshintsha ingcebiso.

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
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