I-Craft Beer kunye neKit yeMead-Yonke into oyifunayo ukuze wenze ibhiya yakho yasekhaya kunye ne-mead

ubhiya wobugcisa

Abenzi be-DIY kunye nabalandeli bahlala besenza iisekethe, ifenitshala, kunye nezinye izixhobo ezininzi kunye neenkqubo. Kodwa…ungayipheka ibhiya ekhaya? Ngaba iresiphi yesi siselo inokuqhekezwa? Ewe, siza kunikezela esi sikhokelo kuyo yonke le nto, ukuze sibone ukuba zeziphi eyona modeli yekhithi yebhiya ukuze uqalise ukuyilungiselela ekhaya kwaye uguqule iiresiphi ngokuthanda kwakho. Kwakhona siya kwenza intshayelelo kwi mead kunye nezinye iziselo zasekhaya. Ngale ndlela uya kuba yinkosi yamaqela, i-brewmaster yokwenyani, ukwabelana ngendalo yakho nabantu obathandayo ...

Indawo yokuthenga ikhithi yebhiya yobugcisa

Ukuba ufuna ukuthenga ikhithi yebhiya yobugcisa, kuya kufuneka uyazi ukuba inokufumaneka kwezinye iivenkile ezinikezelwe kolu hlobo lwento, okanye kwi-Intanethi ngamaqonga anjengeAmazon. Nazi ezinye iimveliso ezicetyiswayo:

Ukwenza utywala obuchubekileyo

Kwabo bafuna into engaphezulu yobuchwephesha ukwenza utywala njengeshishini, ngaphezu kokuzonwabisa, bakwanazo ezi zinto zilandelayo:

Akukho mveliso ifunyenweyo

Akukho mveliso ifunyenweyo

Akukho mveliso ifunyenweyo

Akukho mveliso ifunyenweyo

Akukho mveliso ifunyenweyo

Izithako ezifunekayo

Ukuba sele unayo ikiti, nabo bayathengisa iipakethe zesithako okanye ukugcwalisa kwiindidi ezahlukeneyo zeeresiphi:

Apho ukuthenga ikiti yemead

Ngokuphathelele izixhobo zemead, sikwacebisa ezi ezinye:

Izithako ezifunekayo

Ukuba ufuna ntoni izinto ekrwada okanye izithako kwi-mead, ke unazo ezi ezinye:

Amanye amanqaku okulungiselela iziselo zasekhaya ezinokuba nomdla kuwe

ukuba ezinye iziselo Ukwanalo nothotho loomatshini, ii-distillers, i-still, njl., onokuthi wenze okuninzi ngakumbi:

Akukho mveliso ifunyenweyo

Izixhobo ezingaphezulu

Ukuthengisa ThermoPro TP02S...
Ukuthengisa Klarstein Skal-Handle...

Yintoni ekufuneka ibenayo ibhiya ukuze ithathwe njengobugcisa?

ubhiya wobugcisa

Kukho ezinye Umahluko osisiseko phakathi kwebhiya yamashishini kunye nebhiya yobugcisa ukuze uyazi:

  • Izithako zendalo: craft beer iveliswa kuphela ngezithako zendalo ezifana namanzi, yeast, malt (idla ngokuba yirhasi, nangona ezinye iicereals ezifana nengqolowa, njalo njalo.) kunye neehops nazo zingasetyenziswa. Kwelinye icala, umzi-mveliso uhlala uqulathe ezinye izongezo, ezinje ngogcino kunye ne-antioxidants, ukongeza kwi-pasteurized.
  • Indlela yokupheka: ngelixa i-industrial icaciswa kwi-recipe esemgangathweni ekhangele ukuba isebenze kwinqanaba lezoqoqosho, kwinqanaba leenkqubo zemveliso yoshishino kunye nenqanaba lezithako, iindlela zokupheka zebhiya zenziwa ngokusekelwe kwiminqweno ye-brewmaster, nangona kunjalo. le recipe ibiza kakhulu ukuvelisa.
  • Ukuphuculwa: iibhiya ezenziwe ngezandla zenziwe ngesandla, okanye ngoomatshini abathile abanokunceda kancinci kwinkqubo. Kwimeko yezityalo zoshishino, yonke into izenzekelayo kwaye ukuthatha inxaxheba kwabantu kuncinci. Ukongeza, baxhomekeke kwi-pasteurization, apho ezinye ii-nuances zinokulahleka.
  • Kuhluziwe: le nkqubo yenziwa kwakhona ngesandla kwi-craft. Kwishishini, lenziwa ngenkqubo yokucoca imichiza ukuphelisa iintsalela. Ingxaki kukuba ngexesha lenkqubo yoshishino igwele kunye neeprotheni kwibhiya nazo zitshatyalaliswa. Oko kugqiba ngemveliso enencasa encinci, ivumba kunye neempawu.
  • Okuninzi: ngaphezu kokufumana incasa kunye nevumba elingakumbi kwi-craft, kukwakho nendidi enkulu. Kushishino, akukho nakuphi na ukuqalwa kwezinto ezintsha kwiiresiphi, kuba zijonge iimveliso eziyimpumelelo zegeneric ezinomtsalane kubantu abaninzi, hayi kumaqela athile.
  • Imveliso yasekhaya kunye kufuphi: Uninzi lwabavelisi bebhiya yezandla bathengisa kuphela ekuhlaleni, ebumelwaneni, edolophini, kwingingqi, njl.njl., ngeempembelelo ezisezantsi zokusingqongileyo kwaye ngaphandle kokonakalisa umgangatho wemveliso yokugqibela. Nangona kunjalo, abavelisi abakhulu bakwenza oko kwinqanaba lesizwe nelamazwe ngamazwe.

Ilayisensi yokuvelisa kunye nentengiso

Ukuba ufuna ukuthengisa ibhiya, kuya kufuneka ufumane ulwazi malunga iimfuno yokuvelisa kunye/okanye ukuthengiswa kolu hlobo lwesiselo esinxilisayo kunye nelayisenisi yokwenza oko ngokusemthethweni. Ukongeza, kuya kufuneka ukuba ubhaliswe kumsebenzi oza kwenziwa, kwaye ube unolwazi kunye ne-Arhente yeRhafu kulo msebenzi.

ESpeyin, ezinye iimfuno eziyimfuneko ukuze iphepha-mvume Zizo:

  • Fumana iphepha-mvume lokuvelisa utywala obuchwephesha (vula indawo yokuthengisa utywala), ezimeleyo kwintengiso. Iindidi zotywala zinokuba:
    • Ifama okanye imveliso yezandla: ishishini elincinci lokuvelisa utywala kunye nokusasazwa ekuhlaleni.
    • I-Brewery: ibhiya iyaveliswa kwaye ifakwe ebhotileni, ngaphezu kokukwazi ukuselwa kwindawo ngokwayo.
    • I-Microservecería: ivelisa ibhiya, kodwa ayityiwa kwindawo yendawo, kodwa ithengiswa kwaye isasazwe kulo lonke ilizwe okanye kumazwe ngamazwe.
  • Gcwalisa uxwebhu lokufaka isicelo sephepha-mvume lokuthengisa utywala oludla ngokubangwa kwiHolo yeDolophu.
  • Ukuthumela iimvume zokusebenza ezihambelana nokusekwa apho umsebenzi uya kuqhutyelwa khona.
  • IAE (Irhafu kwiMisebenzi yezoQoqosho), kwisihloko somsebenzi ohambelanayo.
  • Intlawulo yomrhumo wenkqubo.

Kodwa khumbula ukujonga kunye ulawulo olufanelekileyo iinkcukacha ezithe vetshe kunye nokubonisana iBOE.

iintlobo zebhiya

iintlobo zebhiya

Ngokuphathelele iintlobo zebhiya ezinokuveliswa, nokuba uyayiguqula iresiphi ngokokuthanda kwakho ukuyinika uchuku olunyanisekileyo nolobuqu, zezi:

  • LAGER: luhlobo lwebhiya enegwele kusetyenziswa uhlobo lweyeast yohlobo lweSaccharomyces Carlsbergensis. Yenziwa kumaqondo obushushu abandayo, phakathi kwe-7 kunye ne-13ºC, isenza isiphumo sibe livumba elilula. Ngaphakathi kolu hlobo ezi zimbo zilandelayo zinokwahlulwa:
    • i-lager emhlophe: Inombala ophakathi komthubi negolide, kuba isebenzisa imalthi egcadiweyo kancinane. Incasa yayo kunye nevumba elimnandi kakhulu.
    • Pilsen: Zinokufakwa ngaphakathi kweelagi eziphaphathekileyo, kodwa zineempawu ezithile. Imvelaphi yayo ikwisixeko sasePilsen kwiRiphabhliki yaseCzech, kwaye yenziwa okokuqala ngenkulungwane ye-4. Inolungelelwano olugqibeleleyo phakathi kwencasa yemalt eswiti kunye nencasa ekrakra yehop. Ngokubhekiselele kwisixa sotywala, sinokuhluka phakathi kwe-6-XNUMX% vol.
    • i-amber lager: iimalts zisetyenziswa ngerosti ephezulu kuneyangaphambili, inika incasa eswiti noko itshayayo.
    • i-lager emnyama: Isuka eJamani. Zenziwa ngeemalts ezigcadiweyo kakhulu ezizinika umbala wobhedu okanye omdaka omnyama. Incasa yayo inamandla ngakumbi, njengesonka esithosiweyo kunye netshokholethi.
    • Bock: Kwakhona imvelaphi yaseJamani, inomzimba omkhulu, incasa ye-malt kunye nobukrakra obulula kakhulu. Ngokuphathelele utywala, inokufikelela kwi-14%.
  • Kodwa: Yesinye isimbo sebhiya esebenzisa enye yeast ebizwa ngokuba yiSaccharomyces cerevisiae. Ivundiswe kubushushu begumbi, phakathi kwe 18 kunye ne 25ºC. Oku kubangela ukwakheka kwezinto ezinevumba elimnandi ezifana ne-esters okanye i-phenols. Ivumba layo lintsonkothile ngakumbi.
    • I-Pale Ale okanye iPale Ale: zenziwe nge-malts ephaphathekile, kunye neentlobo ezininzi ngaphakathi kwayo, njenge-Caream Ale, i-Blonde Ale, i-American Pale Ale, njl., kwaye ingaba yiFrentshi, isiNgesi, iBelgian, imvelaphi yaseMelika, njl.
    • IPA (Indian Pale Ale): ithathwe kwisiNgesi Pale Ale. Kukholelwa ukuba zaqala ukuveliswa eNgilani ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX, kusetyenziswa izixa ezikhulu zeehops. Oku kwavumela imiphanda yebhiya ukuba imelane nohambo olude lwamaphenyane ukuze ibonelele amakoloni, ekubeni iihops zineempawu zokuzigcina. Kule meko iindlela ezininzi ezisezantsi zinokufunyanwa.
    • I-Amber okanye i-Ale ebomvu: Basebenzisa i-malts eyosiweyo ngakumbi kunye neencasa ezimnandi ezikhumbuza i-caramel okanye ubusi. Ngeenguqu ezivela kumazwe ahlukeneyo.
    • UBrown AleUkungcamla: yemvelaphi yesiNgesi, enombala obomvu obomvu, kunye ne-nuances of flavour ngenxa yokusetyenziswa kwe-malts emnyama. Unokuqaphela i-nutty, itofi, okanye i-chocolate overtones.
    • Iibhiya ze-Abbey: balandela isiko lokwenziwa kwebhiya yee-abbeys zaseBelgium zamaXesha Aphakathi. Baphinde bavuka kwakhona ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX kwaye benziwa ngamandla amathathu anje ngeDouble, Triple kunye neQuadruple (ukusuka kweyona ilula ukuya kweyona inamandla). Banomzimba omninzi, kunye neethowuni ezimnyama kwimeko ye-Double kunye ne-Quadruple, ibe paler ngandlel kwi-Triple, apho i-tints emnandi kunye nesiphelo esinomileyo nesikrakra sigqamile.
    • umthwaliI-Ale: yemvelaphi yesiNgesi, imnyama kwaye inzima kuneBrown Ale. Ine-nuances yetshokolethi, zombini kwincasa kunye nevumba.
    • IsigciniUbhiya: Yibhiya eyomeleleyo, enombala phakathi komdaka omdaka kakhulu kunye nomnyama opaque. Inomzimba omninzi kwaye iphantsi kwi-carbonation. Ifunyenwe kwi-malts eyojiweyo eqinile, kunye neenkozo ezigayiweyo ezifana nekofu.
    • i-ale enamandlaBeer: Zibeer ezigcwele umzimba notywala obuphezulu. Bakumema ukuba usele kancinci kwaye ungcamle ngathi zii-liqueurs. Kusenokubakho iinguqu ezinemithunzi eyahlukeneyo.
    • iibhiya zengqolowa: iresiphi ingaphezulu kwe-50% yengqolowa, inika i-acidic encinci kunye ne-flavour ehlaziyayo.
    • Umhlonyane uAle: I-Yeasts ye-Brettanomyces genus kunye / okanye i-Lactobacillus kunye ne-Pediococcus ibhaktheriya ezifana nezo zifunyenwe kwi-yogurt okanye i-kefir zisetyenziswa kunye ne-yeast ye-base brewer. Abaninzi bathi ifana cider, nangona umahluko.
    • LAMBIC: Nangona abanye beyijonga njengeqela lesithathu okanye intsapho, kunye neLager kunye ne-Ale, abanye bayifaka kwi-Ale. Zizibhiya ezizenzekelayo okanye zasendle, ezivula izibilisi kwaye zivumele ukuba "zingcoliseke" ngezityalo zebhaktiriya kunye namagwele akhoyo ngokwendalo.

Yintoni i-mead?

mead

La i-mead okanye i-mead Luhlobo lwesiselo esinxilisayo esinokuba nesidanga esiphakathi kwe-4 ne-18%. Ifumaneka ekuvundisweni komxube wamanzi nobusi. I-Saccharomyces yeasts isetyenziselwa ukubilisa, njengaleyo isetyenziswe kwibhiya, ukukhawulezisa inkqubo kwaye ibe nemveliso malunga neenyanga ezi-2. Ukuba igwele alisetyenziswanga, inkqubo iya kuthatha ixesha elide.

Su imvelaphi ibuyela emva ixesha elide, kuba ijongwa njengesiselo esinxilisayo sokuqala esasetyenziswayo kwaye kukholelwa ukuba yayisisandulela sebhiya. EYurophu yayinxilwa ngamaGrike, amaRoma, amaCelt, amaNorman, amaSaxon neeVikings, yaye eMerika amaMayans ayekwenza oko. Kwaye kwakhankanywa okokuqala kwiindinyana zeRig Veda, phakathi kwe-1700 BC kunye ne-1100 BC.

Esi siselo sinxulumene ngokusondeleyo neentsomi zamaNorse, ekubeni i-mead yayikuphela kokutya kothixo uOdin. Kwaye kwathiwa emva kokufa baya kuya Valhalla iparadesi, apho babenokusela umxhesho kude kube ngunaphakade.

Zeziphi ezona zixhobo zingcono zebhiya?

ukwenza izixhobo zebhiya

Los iindlela zokuthenga ukufumana eyona khithi yebhiya yobugcisa yetyala lakho zezi zilandelayo:

  • IsiboneleloQaphela: Ayizizo zonke iikiti zebhiya ezilungiselelwe abaqalayo. Ezinye zifuna ulwazi oluthe chatha ngakumbi ukuze zisetyenziswe. Ngokuxhomekeke kumava onawo, kufuneka uthenge ikiti eqinisekisa ukuba unokuyisebenzisa ngaphandle kweengxaki.
  • Izixhobo: ezinye iikiti ziphelele ngakumbi kunezinye, kwaye zinokuba neziseko (i-fermenter, i-thermometer, njl. njl.) okanye ezo zihamba phambili zisebenzisa iimpompo, iityhubhu zokuzalisa, i-hydrometers, i-airlocks, iityhubhu zokuvavanya, i-dispensers, i-sanitizers, i-cappers yokuvala iibhotile njl.
  • IzithakoUdinga izithako ezine kuphela ukwenza ibhiya yobugcisa, njengoko bendixoxile ngaphambili. Ezinye iikiti zibandakanya iipakethi zesithako ekulula ukuzisebenzisa kwifomu yesiraphu ukuxutywa ngokulula ngamanzi. Nangona kunjalo, abanye baya kuba nazo ngokwahlukeneyo okanye kuya kufuneka uzithenge ngokwahlukeneyo. Phakathi kwezithako eziyimfuneko zezi:
    • Amanzi: esona sithako sininzi. Ngokuxhomekeke kubungakanani bayo, umgangatho unokuguqulwa. Amanzi amaninzi, umgangatho omncinci. Ukongeza, i-acidity yayo, i-alkalinity okanye ubukho beeminerali nazo zibalulekile, kuba zinokusiguqula isiphumo.
    • i-malt okanye ingqolowa: inokuba yirhasi, ingqolowa, irye, umbona, ioats, okanye imixube. Kwi-malting, ezi zinkozo zixutywe kwaye zihluma, zize zomiswe kwaye zitshiswe kwi-oven ngeqondo elikhulu okanye elincinci lokutshisa.
    • Hop: ibonelela ngeoyile ezinika ivumba nencasa kwibhiya. Okukhona alpha acid, kokukhona ubukrakra. I-alpha acids encinci, incasa eninzi kunye nevumba.
    • Igwele: inoxanduva, ngokusebenzisana nezithako ezingentla, ukubilisa ukuvelisa utywala, i-esters (ivumba) kunye ne-CO2 (amaqamza).
  • UkupakishaUkwenza ibhiya kufuna iintsuku eziliqela xa kuphekwa, kusenziwa ibhiya, ekuvutshelweni nasekufakweni kweebhotile. Ikhithi kufuneka ibe nayo, ubuncinci, isikhongozeli sokuqhuba inkqubo, nokuba ayizibandakanyi iibhotile. Iikiti zebhiya ezibandakanya iibhotile zidla ngokuba yi-330ml okanye i-33cl, ezinye zifikelela kuma-750ml. Ukuba ukusela phakathi kwabaninzi, inkulu inokukhetha, kodwa ukusetyenziswa komntu ngamnye, inkulu inokulahlekelwa yigesi xa ivuliwe xa ingasetyenziswanga ngokukhawuleza. Okubaluleke ngakumbi kukuba iiglasi zeebhotile zi-opaque, ukwenzela ulondolozo oluchanekileyo.
  • Tamaño: Kukho iikhithi ezibalulekileyo ezidla ngokuthatha indawo encinci, zilungele ukuba nazo ezindlwini. Nangona kunjalo, ezinye zemveliso yezinga elikhulu zinokuba nkulu, zifuna ukufakwa kwiindawo ezinkulu ezifana neegaraji, njl.

Yenza iiresiphi zebhiya

iindlela zokupheka zasekhaya

Kukho iiresiphi ezininzi zebhiya onokuthi ulungiselele kunye nekhithi yakho yebhiya yobugcisa, kwaye unokongeza izithako ezongezelelweyo okanye utshintshe izixa ukulungelelanisa iresiphi kwizinto ozithandayo. Kule theyibhile unemizekelo yeentlobo onokuthi uzilungiselele ekhaya:

igama Ale stock amagwele asendle imvelaphi edibeneyo
Uhlobo de ukubila Ukuvutshelwa okuphezulu. Ukuvundiswa okuphantsi. Ukubilisa okuzenzekelayo. Ukuvutshelwa okuphezulu.
temperatura phakathi kwe-15º kunye ne-20º 10º 18º Kuxhomekeke kwi-brewmaster.
umbala Ukusuka elubala kakhulu ukuya kumnyama opalescent. Cacileyo.

mnyama.

Cacileyo.

mnyama.

mnyama.
Ilizwe lemveli INgilane Umphakathi waseCzech. Bheljiyam. Ulwazi alufunyanwanga.

Ukuba ufuna iiresiphi ezineenkcukacha ezininzi, Kuya kufuneka uyazi ukuba iikhithi ngokwazo zihlala zinezalathiso zokucacisa ngamaxesha, iintsimbi, njl. Kodwa kukwakho noluntu kwi-Intanethi apho iiresiphi ezizanyiweyo zavavanywa kwabelwana ngazo. Kukho neenkampani ezizenzele ezazo iikiti zokwenza ezazo iiresiphi.

Kubalulekile ukuba uqaphele ukuba i-flavour ayibonelelwanga yikiti, kodwa kunokuba uguqule iresiphi. Ngokuqinisekileyo, ingcebiso ir yalatha kuwo onke amaxabiso enkqubo yemveliso yokuphucula iresiphi. Ngokomzekelo, ukunciphisa okanye ukuphakamisa i-asidi, ubukrakra, njl.

Uyenza njani ibhiya yobugcisa

iresiphi yebhiya yezandla

Ukuphuza ekhaya akunzima kakhulu ukubonga kwezi zixhobo kunye nalo lonke ulwazi kwi-net. Ngaphambi kokuba siqale inkqubo, makhe sibone ukuba yintoni na izixhobo oza kuzifuna (ukuba azikangeni kwikhithi):

  • Iwindow: ukugaya i-malt, akufanele ibe yinto ekhethekileyo, nayiphi na into enokusebenza. Musa ukusebenzisa le oyisebenzisela ukubhaka okanye ikofu, kuba inokongeza incasa evela kwezinye izithako kwibhiya.
  • Imbiza yeMaceration: Isetyenziselwa ukwenza i-macerate izithako. Kufuneka ibe nomphezulu kunye nomzantsi wokuhluza.
  • ibhegi ye-maceration: apho i-malt yaziswa khona kwaye kufuneka yenziwe.
  • ikhoyili yokupholisa: ngumbhobho okwimo yomthombo, njengalowo ukwindawo emileyo, apho amanzi abandayo ajikeleza khona ukunceda ukuthoba ubushushu be-must.
  • Iisterilizers: Ukuvala inzala kubaluleke kakhulu ukuze ezinye ii-microorganisms zingonakalisi inkqubo yokuvundisa.
  • Iityhubhu zokuvubela: Zinesiciko kunye nomngxuma wokuvala umoya, zokuphumza ibhiya de iswekile ekhoyo iguqulwe ibe butywala ngokuvundiswa.
  • ibhotile: Idla ngokuba ngumbhobho olula okanye into entsonkothileyo. Kuya kukunceda ukuba wenze ibhotile yesi siselo.
  • Iibhotile ze-opaque ezifakwe iintsholongwane: ukugalela utywala xa sele ugqibile ukwenziwa.
  • Ukuvalwa: Zinokuba yiminqwazi yokusetyenziswa enye, okanye okunye ukuvalwa kweebhotile. Isitywina esilungileyo sibalulekile kulondolozo nokuba abaphulukani nerhasi.

Ngokuphathelele inkqubo yokuvelisa, kufuneka unamathele kwincwadana yomenzi okanye imiyalelo yekiti oyithengileyo, njengoko kunokubakho ukuhluka okuncinci. Kodwa, kwinqanaba eliqhelekileyo, amanyathelo okwenza ibhiya yasekhaya Zizo:

  1. UMolienda: funeka ucole ingqolowa xa ingacolwanga.
  2. Maceration: Imalt yomhlaba ixutywe namanzi kwaye ivumeleke ukuba ibe macerate.
  3. Ibilisiwe: kufuneka kufunyenwe ngokubilisa umxube wangaphambili kunye nokongeza iihops.
  4. Ukuvumba: Lelona nyathelo libalulekileyo nelibalulekileyo, apho igwele lidityaniswe kwi-must kwaye amaqamza kunye notywala baqala ukuveliswa.
  5. Ukupakisha: yinkqubo yokugqibela xa sele ifunyenwe ibhiya, ifakwa ebhotileni kwaye igcinwe.

Indlela yokwenza i-mead inyathelo ngenyathelo

izixhobo zemead

Ukuvelisa i-mead okanye i-mead awuyi kufuna izixhobo ezininzi kakhulu. Iziseko ukuvelisa esakho isiselo:

  • Ibhotile yokuvundisa malunga neelitha ezi-5, kungcono ukuba yenziwe ngePET okanye iglasi.
  • Isithintelo somoya samaqamza.
  • Ubushushu bokulawula ubushushu.

Zonke ezi zincedisi zihlala zibandakanyiwe kwiikiti ze-mead okanye iikiti zokuvelisa i-mead. Ezinye nazo ziquka ubusi, kunye negwele elifunekayo. Kwelinye icala kwakhona kubalulekile ukuba unayo:

  • Isicoci/Isibulali-ntsholongwane
  • umgangatho wobusi
  • igwele lemead
  • amanzi asemgangathweni
  • Isiqhamo (ukhetho, ukunambitha iresiphi)

Ngoku, ukuba sele unayo yonke into, ukuze velisa owakho umxhesho Uya kufuna kuphela indawo ekhaya kwaye wenze la manyathelo alandelayo (ezinye iikiti zinokuba nezinto ezithile, soloko ulandela iingcebiso zomenzi):

  1. Xuba ubusi namanzi kwisikhongozeli, njengekharafu okanye ibhakethi elisetyenzisiweyo.
  2. Yongeza igwele kwaye ukuba ufuna uhlobo oluthile lweziqhamo zibe ngamaqhekeza okanye iziqholo. Umzekelo, ungasebenzisa iirasentyisi.
  3. Beka iAirlock ukuvala isikhongozeli. Ndiyabulela kuyo, iigesi ziya kukwazi ukubaleka, kodwa ngaphandle kokungcola okungenayo.
  4. Vumela igwele lisebenze ngokuguqula iswekile ibe yi-CO2 kunye notywala.
  5. Emva kokuba ukuvutshelwa kuphelile, i-mead idlula ukusuka kwisitya ukuya kwesinye, ishiya ngasemva intlenga esele yenziwe.
  6. Gcina umphumo ubuncinane kwiinyanga ezi-2 kwindawo emnyama.
  7. Ibhotile kunye neleyibhile.

Khumbula, kubaluleke kakhulu ukucoca kunye nokuvala inzala, okanye iya kungcoliswa kwaye ukuvutshelwa kuya konakala kwaye kunokuba yingozi kwimpilo yakho ukuba amanyathelo awazange ahlonishwe. Kwaye ungalibali ukuba, njengezinye iziselo ezinxilisayo, i-mead nayo iyaphucuka ngokuhamba kwexesha ...


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
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  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.