IJoystick Arcade: abalawuli abaphambili bezemidlalo kwiiprojekthi zakho zeRetro

indawo yokudlala yovuyo

Kukho inani elikhulu lolawulo indawo yokudlala yovuyo kwimidlalo yevidiyo kwintengiso, ezinye zazo ngoomatshini be-DIY Arcade, ezinje ngezo zihambelana neebhodi ezinje ngeRaspberry Pi okanye ngeArduino. Abanaxabiso liphezulu, ke baba sisixhobo esinomdla kakhulu sokulawula iiprojekthi zakho kwaye wonwabe njengomntwana.

Ukukhetha ezona zinto zokuzonwabisa zearcade ayisiyonto ilula, kuba kukho inani elikhulu lazo, kwaye ngamanye amaxesha umahluko phakathi kwazo uyabonakala ngokungabikho kwazo. Kodwa kukho abanye abo Iinkcukacha ezincinci zingenza umohluko. Ukuba unomdla, ungaqhubeka nokufunda ukuze ufumanise ukuba zeziphi ezi zinto zilawulayo, kunye nendlela yokukhetha ezona zilungileyo.

Yintoni i-arcade joystick?

umatshini we-arcade kwi-arcade

Masihambe ngamacandelo. Into yokuqala ukuyenza icace lonto indawo yokudlala yindawo yokugcoba. Igama layo livela kwisiNgesi "uvuyo" (uvuyo) kunye nentonga (intonga). Ezi zinto zazithandwayo zazithandwa kakhulu kwishishini lokudlala ngaphambili, yiyo loo nto namhlanje zisetyenziswa kakhulu ngabo baqala ukubuyisa iiprojekthi.

Ezi zixhobo zenzelwe ukubonelela ujongano lolawulo ngobuninzi bemidlalo yevidiyo, evumela ukuphathwa kwezinto zomdlalo ngendlela elula kakhulu. Ukusebenza kwayo kulula kakhulu. I-lever iqhotyoshelwe kwinkxaso, kwaye ine-X kunye ne-Y axes kunye nee-microswitches ezenziwa ziintshukumo ze-lever kwi-axes yenkululeko evumayo. Iprosesa iya kulungisa imiqondiso kwaye iyiguqulele kwiintshukumo.

Kwelinye icala ligama ArcadeOko kukuthi, oomatshini be-arcade abadumileyo kumashumi ambalwa eminyaka eyadlulayo kwaye babenikezelwa kwiiarcades, kumaziko okuthenga, kwimivalo, njl. Ke ngoko, i-arcade joystick ibizwa njalo kuba zezona ziqhelekileyo ezinokusetyenziswa kwaba matshini.

Yintoni omele uyazi ukuba ukhethe olona lonwabo luhle lweprojekthi yakho?

Iindidi ze-arcade joystick

Kuxhomekeka ikakhulu kudidi lweprojekthi ukuba uza kudala. Unokuba nomdla kwenye okanye kwenye, kodwa uninzi lwabasebenzisi bayayisebenzisa ukwenza oomatshini abancinci be-retro besebenzisa i-Raspberry Pi kwaye ke banokwazi ukudlala ngendlela ethembekileyo ngakumbi. Imidlalo yevidiyo yakudala isebenzisa i-emulators.

Kwelinye icala, kuxhomekeke kwi Ingaba ufuna ntoni, zimbini izinto eziphambili ezibalaseleyo xa ukhetha i-arcade joystick elungileyo ...

Iindidi zeendlela zokuvuya

Ngaphakathi kwezi zinto zokuvuya zininzi iintlobo. Ngokusisiseko umahluko ulele kubuhle okanye ukumila kolu lawulo:

  • AmaMelika (isiphatho eside): Olu hlobo lwe-arcade ye-joystick inesiphatho esidibeneyo, esimile njenge-lever. Abanye babathanda ngoluhlobo ukubabamba ngentende yesandla ukwenza iintshukumo. Kule meko, bahlala bejijelwe kwipaneli.
  • IsiJapan (isibambo sohlobo lweBhola): zikwimo yebhola, kwaye ungazibamba ngokwahlukileyo kunezaseMelika, usebenzisa nje iminwe yakho. Ngumcimbi wokungcamla okanye uhlobo lomatshini we-arcade ozama ukuwuxelisa. Kule meko, zihlala zidityaniswa kwisiseko somatshini.

Yiba nokuba kunjalo, bonke badla ngokuba neendlela ezifanayo zangaphakathi. Bane ii-microswitches ukufumanisa intshukumo nganye ye-4 evunyelwe yi-axis lever. Elinye liqhutywa ngokuhambisa i-lever kwicala elijonge kulo.

Ukuqina kunye nokuhamba

Kubaluleke ngakumbi kunodidi, kuba ukusebenza kwezi kuya kuxhomekeka ikakhulu kwezi paramitha zimbini. Ndithetha ngo ubunzima kunye nokuhamba lolu hlobo lwe-arcade yokudlala.

  • Ubunzima: Ngamandla apho ususa khona i lever ukuze usebenzise i joystcik.
  • Uhambo: lixabiso lomgama ekufuneka usebenze ngesiphatho okanye ngelever ukusuka embindini (indawo yokuphumla) ukuya kwindawo apho imicroswitch isebenza khona ukuvelisa uhlobo oluthile lokuhamba.

Ukwazi ukuba loluphi uhlobo lobulukhuni kunye nendlela oza kuyikhetha ekufuneka uyenzile cacisa malunga nohlobo lomdlalo wevidiyo oya kudlala kuyo. Kwimeko apho kukho ezininzi, kuya kufuneka ucinge ngohlobo oza kulwenza kakhulu. Umzekelo:

  • Ukulwa imidlalo yevidiyo okanye izithuthi: Kwezi meko, ezinjengeMortal Kombat, iSitrato sokulwa, abahlaseli bendawo, isiXeko sedabi, njl., Kungcono ukhethe i-arcade joystick ngobunzima obukhulu kunye nokuhamba kancinci. Ngale ndlela uya kulawula iintshukumo ngcono kwaye uvelise ukuchaneka okukhulu.
  • Iiplani zevidiyo zeqonga: Imidlalo yevidiyo enje ngoSonic, uMario Bros, njl.njl., into efunekayo kukuphakama okukhulu, kuba ukuchana kwentshukumo akubalulekanga kwezi meko. Kwezi zihloko, eyona nto iphambili iphakathi kwaye ithambile.

Ukuba udlala zonke iintlobo zeentlobo zemidlalo yevidiyo, unokukhetha i-arcade joystick nayo ubunzima kunye nendlela ephakathi eya kukuvumela ukuba udlale ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi ngokugqibeleleyo kuzo zonke iintlobo zezihloko. Ukongeza, ukuba ufuna ukukhululeka ngakumbi, unomdla kwiphaneli yolawulo esele ihlanganisiwe kwaye igqibile njengale inikezelweyo IMIARCADE Kunye noomatshini beArcade opheleleyo kunye nexabiso eliphantsi:

Ezona zinto zivuyisayo zearcade onokuzithenga  Ikhithi yeArcade yokudlala iAmazon

Kule marike, unako gqamisa ezinye zeendlela zokuzonwabisa zearcade ezime ngaphezu kwezinye:

  • Zonke iintlobo zeentlobo zemidlalo yevidiyo: Ukulungele ukudlala yomibini imidlalo yevidiyo apho kuya kufuneka uqhube inqanawa, imoto, ukulwa imidlalo yevidiyo, kunye nemidlalo yeqonga. Banobunzima obuphakathi kunye nokuhamba ukubonelela ngeziphumo ezilungileyo nangaso nasiphi na isihloko.
    • Akukho mveliso ifunyenweyo
  • Ukuqhuba izithuthi kunye nokulwa imidlalo yevidiyo: le joystick ye-arcade inohambo olude oluphakathi, ngokugudileyo oluya kwenza iintshukumo zakho zichane ngokuchanekileyo ukuze umdlalo wakho ube ngamava amahle, ufezekise intsebenzo oyifunayo.
  • Gcwalisa ikitiUya kufumana iipakethi ezibandakanya ii-arcade zokudlala kunye namaqhosha, kunye ne-wiring kunye nolawulo lwee-PCB, ukuze ube nayo yonke into oyifunayo ukuze uqokelele iprojekhthi ye-arcade ye-DIY.

Ukudibanisa neRaspberry Pi yakho, ezinye zezi plugins zinonxibelelwano i-USB ukumiliselwa ngokukhawuleza ngaphandle kwesidingo sokongeza ikhowudi okanye ukusebenzisa ezinye izinto ze-elektroniki, okanye ukhathazeke ngezikhonkwane ze-GPIO, njl. Iya kuba lula njengokuyifaka kwiintambo kunye nezinto ezibandakanyiweyo, uzidibanise nezindlu okanye isibiyeli osilungiselele zona, kwaye uqhagamshele intambo kwibhodi ye-SBC ekhethiweyo ngezibuko le-USB. Kwimeko yeArduino ngekhe ibe njalo, kuba kwimeko enjalo kuya kufuneka ukuba kwenziwe umzobo kwaye yenze ibhodi ikwamkele intshukumo kwaye yenze isenzo ...


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