Uyenza njani irobhothi: 3 iindlela ezahlukeneyo

Uyenza njani irobhothi

Iirobhothi sisifundo esiphume ekubeni yinto nje elula yokuzonwabisa yeekeke okanye ikamva elingaze lifikelele kwinto eyaziwayo esele inefashoni. Ngexesha leminyaka edlulileyo eSpain imisebenzi yangaphandle "yeerobhothi" iye "yathandeka" kwaye amaziko amaninzi emfundo ayaphumeza ngokuthe ngcembe umxholo weerobhothi ukufundisa abafundi babo.

Kwaye kukwenza irobhothi yinto ebambekayo esele ikho ezingqondweni zabantu abaninzi, kokubini abantwana kunye nabantu abadala. Emva koko Sithetha nawe ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo malunga nendlela yokwenza irobhothi. Iindlela ezihamba ngokuthenga izinto ezilungiselelwe loo njongo kwaye ezingenakusetyenziselwa nantoni na ngaphandle kwemisebenzi eboniswa ngumenzi de senze izinto zethu zokwenza iirobhothi ezizezakho ezizodwa nezingenakho ukubakho omnye umntu.

Khwela iirobhothi

Indlela yokuqala okanye indlela yokwenza irobhothi iya kuhamba ngokuthenga iirobhothi ngqo. Ngale ndlela yokufumana irobhothi Akunyanzelekanga ukuba ube nolwazi olukhulu ngeerobhothi okanye wazi nokuba ungayenza njani inkqubo, kuba iirobhothi ezininzi Unemida encinci kwaye ngekhe wenze nantoni na engaqhelekanga.

Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Fumana umsebenzi njengomqhubi wenqwelomoya ngenxa yale webhusayithi

Unokufumana eminye imizekelo yeerobhothi ezithengiweyo zihlanganisiwe kwaye zinemisebenzi ethile. Ixabiso lezi zixhobo kwezinye iimeko alifikeleleki kwaphela, kuba ngaphezulu kwamacandelo, into ehlawulwayo ngumsebenzi owenzayo. Into engenzekiyo kwezinye iindlela zokwenza irobhothi.

Thenga izixhobo zeerobhothi

Izixhobo zeerobhothi Ziyindlela eyaziwayo kakhulu yokwenza iirobhothi ukusukela awudingi ulwazi oluninzi ukwenza irobhothi kwaye uyenze ngokwezifiso. Kwelinye icala, indleko zezi khithi zibiza kakhulu kunokuthenga iirobhothi kodwa hayi njengokwenza izinto zethu zokwenza iirobhothi. Emva koko Sithetha ngezinto ezintathu ezithandwayo kwaye kulula ukufumana izixhobo zeerobhothi.

Yenza lula3D
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Yenza lula i-3D ngoku nakwiSpanish

Zowi

Imifanekiso emibini ye-BQ's bipedal robot, i-BQ Zowi

Irobhothi yeZowi okanye iBQ Zowi yirobhothi efundisayo eyenziwe yinkampani yaseSpain iBQ. I-BQ Zowi yikiti yeerobhothi enenjongo yokwakha iirobhothi ezinokulungiswa kwaye zinxibelelane nomsebenzisi ngokusebenzisa isicelo se-smartphone.

I-robot ye-BQ Zowi isebenzisa amacandelo athile Hardware Libre evumela iindawo ezinje nge casing ukuba itshintshwe okanye ilungiselelwe umbulelo kumshicileli we3D. Imisebenzi yeZowi inokutshintshwa kodwa ukuba nje ikwinqanaba lesicelo seBQ. Irobhothi ye-BQ Zowi inokuthengwa nge Akukho mveliso ifunyenweyo.

Imimoya yengqondo yeLego

Umfanekiso weerobhothi obangelwa yikiti yeLego MindStorms

I-Lego yenye yeenkampani zokuqala zokudlala ukubheja kwiirobhothi ngenxa yenxaxheba yayo kwezemfundo. Ukulungiselela le nto wayila iirobhothi kit evumela nawuphi na umsebenzisi we-novice ukuba enze irobhothi kwiiyure ezimbalwa. Ikhithi yeLego ibonakala isikhokelo sayo kunye namandla ayo okwenza ngokwezifisoUkuzenzela okwenziwa ngeebhloko kunye neziqwenga zeLego.

Ngaloo ndlela, I-Lego Mindstorms inenguqulo ejolise ezikolweni, enye inguqulelo ejolise kubasebenzisi abadala kunye noluhlu olwenziwe ngeeminikits ezininzi ezandisa imisebenzi zerobhothi esizenzayo. Icala elisezantsi kule khithi lixabiso, ixabiso eliphezulu ukuba sithathela ingqalelo ikhithi ye-BQ okanye ixabiso esilibhatalayo ukuba senza irobhothi "eyenziwe ngezandla" ngokupheleleyo.

Iimpawu zeLebhu eziMhlophe zeLebheli

Ikhithi yeerobhothi yeLego idume kangangokuba iinkampani ezahlukeneyo zigqibe kwelokuba zenze iikiti zeerobhothi ezinefilosofi efanayo neLego kit, kodwa ngaphandle kwamaqhekeza eLego ukwenza ulwakhiwo. Kwiikiti zeerobhothi unokufumana izixhobo ezahlukeneyo ezinamaxabiso ahlukeneyo, kodwa into ebalulekileyo kwezi khithi sisikhokelo semiyalelo okanye ikwabizwa ngokuba sisikhokelo seprojekthi kunye namathuba okwandiswa okanye hayi ngemisebenzi emitsha. Ezi zinto zibalulekile kuba ziya kubonisa ukuba iirobhothi esiza kuzenza zingenziwa ngokwezifiso okanye hayi kwaye ukuba ijolise kubasebenzisi be-novice okanye hayi. Into elungileyo ukuyenza kukujonga ikiti ehlangabezana nezi mfuno.

Yenza irobhothi ekuqaleni

Ndiyakholelwa kuloo nto yeyona ndlela yanelisayo xa usenza irobhothi. Nangona kunjalo, ayifumaneki kuye wonke umntu njengoko kuyimfuneko ukuba nolwazi oluphezulu lwerobhothi, inkqubo kunye Hardware Libre. Kodwa, ekuhlawuleleni ezi mfuno, ixabiso lerobhothi lifikeleleka ngakumbi kwaye alixhomekeke kwinkampani enkulu okanye kuluntu olukhulu ukuba iprojekthi iphumelele. Ukwenza irobhothi (ngale ndlela) Siya kufuna kuphela umshicileli we-3D kunye nezinto zombane, izinto esinokuzifumana kuyo nayiphi na ivenkile ye-elektroniki.

I-Hardware iyafuneka ukwenza irobhothi

Umshicileli we-3D uza kusinceda Yenza izindlu, wenze iirobhothi ngokwezifiso, okanye wenze ngokulula iinxalenye zeplastiki ekunzima ukuza kuzo okanye azikho (Oku kuya kuxhomekeka kulwazi lwethu lwezixhobo zeCAD). Kodwa siya kufuna kwakhona ezinye izinto ezinjengebhodi ye-elektroniki. Kolu luhlu iibhodi zeArduino kunye neRaspberry Pi ziyalawula kodwa zininzi ezinye ezifanayo okanye ezinikezela ngokufanayo ngexabiso eliphantsi. Nangona kufuneka sivume ukuba iinguqulelo zamvanje zeRaspberry Pi zinomdla kakhulu ekwenzeni irobhothi enamandla kunye nokwenza izinto ezininzi kwindawo encinci.

Umfanekiso weerobhothi ze-hexapod ezenziwe ngamalungu aprintiweyo, iikhamera, kunye nezinto ezahlukeneyo zombane.

Ukongeza kwezi zinto zimbini, Siya kufuna kwakhona izinto ezinjengeepaneli zeLCD, ukuba sifuna ukubonisa ulwazi, iibhetri ukunika amandla irobhothi yethu (Ukusetyenziswa kwentambo yesixhobo esisebenzisa izinto ezininzi kubi kakhulu, awucingi?), iintambo zokudibanisa izinto ezahlukeneyo kunye namaqhosha ukwenza okanye ukucima imisebenzi. Ke, kuxhomekeke kwimisebenzi esiyinika irobhothi yethu, sinokufuna Injini enye okanye nangaphezulu, amavili, izithethi, iimakrofoni kunye nekhadi le-sim (ukuba sifuna irobhothi yethu iqhagamshele kwi-Intanethi). Ezi iya kuba zezona zinto zidumileyo esizakuzidinga kodwa ubukhulu becala ziya kuxhomekeka kwimisebenzi esifuna ukuyinika irobhothi.

Isoftware iyafuneka ukwenza irobhothi

Ngokuphathelele isoftware yerobhothi, iya kuxhomekeka kulwazi lwethu, kodwa kwiinyanga ezimbalwa ngoku, bekukho iinkqubo zokusebenza kwiibhodi zoomama. Hardware Libre esivumela ukuba sibe nemisebenzi esisiseko ngaphandle kokulahlekelwa inkululeko ngenxa yayo. Umzekelo omhle woku Ubuntu Core, inkqubo yokusebenza esekwe ku-Ubuntu esivumela ukuba sinike i-Hardware ithuba lokuba ibe nemisebenzi esisiseko enje ngokuqhagamshela kwi-Intanethi, ukubonisa ulwazi ngehardware, ukunxibelelana nezinye izixhobo, njl.

I-NEC kunye ne-Raspberry Pi yeModyuli yeComputer

Ukusuka apha ukwazisa iinkqubo zethu okanye iinkqubo zomntu wesithathu eziza kwenza imisebenzi okanye imisebenzi esifuna ukuyenza irobhothi. Ulwazi lweenkqubo zokufunda iilwimi kunye neenkqubo zolawulo ziya kuba yimfuneko kule nkqubo.

Isiphelo

Ezi ziindlela ezi-3 zokwenza irobhothi ekhaya, ubuncinci kuthathelwa ingqalelo inqanaba lolwazi lomsebenzisi. Ngokwam ndicinga ukuba kungcono ukhethe ukwenza irobhothi njengeyona ndlela yokugqibela, Oko kukuthi, ukwakha amalungu kunye nokwenza ngokwezifiso ngokwethu, kodwa kuyinyani ukuba oku kufuna ulwazi oluphambili olungenguye wonke umntu onalo. Mhlawumbi ngenxa yesi sizathu, esona sisombululo sisiso sokwenza ngokuthe ngcembe kwaye uqale ngeekiti zerobhothi kwaye uqhubeke kancinci kancinci.


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  1.   UIsmael Castillo sitsho

    Kutshanje ndithenge umshicileli we-3D, imodeli yeNgonyama 2 kwaye indincedile ukuba ndibone ukuba le teknoloji ilunge kangakanani kwiirobhothi. Le modeli ithembekile kakhulu, iyaxelwa kwangaphambili kwaye ndiyisebenzise ngemisonto eyahlukeneyo esebenza kakuhle. Ndiyakumema ukuba ufunde ngakumbi kwi http://www.leon-3d.es akukho lahleko.