Uyenza njani i-Thor's okanye i-Mjolnir's hammer

Isando sikaThom Homemade

Kubo bonke abo bathanda ii-comics zolu hlobo lwee-superheroes, okanye ungabathandi beentsomi zaseNorse, kwesi sifundo sikulethela amanyathelo zenzele eyakho ihamham. Nangona ungamazi eMjolnir. Ukuba unexesha lasimahla kwaye ufuna ukwenza i-DIY, unokwenza isando sakho ngezinye izinto "zomlingo" eziya kuthi zisinike ukusetyenziswa kwezixhobo zasimahla zokusebenzisa, umzekelo, ukutsala amandla kazibuthe.

Inyaniso yileyo zininzi iindlela zokwenza, kunye nezinto ezahlukeneyo esiza kusebenza nazo, kunye nemizobo eyahlukeneyo yesekethe okanye izixhobo zekhompyutha esiya kuziphumeza ukuze senze imisebenzi eyahlukeneyo yesando sethu esenziweyo. Sele uyazi ukuba i-DIY isimahla, ukuba ungazisa olwakho uhlengahlengiso ngokuthelekiswa noko sikubonisa kona apha, kwaye umda yingcinga yakho ...

Iimbono:

Njengoko benditshilo kumhlathi odlulileyo, zininzi iindlela zokwenza, kuba unokwenza isando sakho seTor ngendlela oyithandayo. Apha ndiza kukunika ezinye izimvo zokuyiguqula kwaye emva koko ndiza kubonisa amanyathelo okwenza iprototype esisiseko onokwakhela kuyo:

Izixhobo:

Ungasebenzisa izinto ezahlukeneyo ukwenza isando, kuxhomekeke kwinto othanda ukusebenza ngayo ngaphezulu okanye ngokwezixhobo nezixhobo onazo. Izinto eziphathekayo azikho umda, kuba ungayenza phantse nantoni na. Nazi ezinye izindululo:

  • Izinto ezihlaziyiweyo: Ungasebenzisa iibhokisi zomthi okanye zeplastiki ezinobungakanani obufanelekileyo kwinto eya kuba yintloko yesando. Kufanele ukuba ibe yinto engenamngxunya ukuze kamva isekethe ibekwe ngaphakathi kwaye ifihlwe ukuze ingabonakali. Ngokuphathelene nesiphatho, ungasebenzisa imopu enqunqiweyo okanye intonga yomtshayelo, kunye nemasti yezixhobo ezindala (ngcono into engenamngxunya okanye onokuyikhupha ngokulula ukuthwala iingcingo ngaphakathi). Gcina ukhumbula ukuba ukuba umphezulu ungasebenza ngokulula, ngcono ngakumbi. Andibhekiseli kuphela ekupeyinteni, kuba kukho izinto apho ipeyinti ingahambelani kakuhle, kodwa nokuba iyakwamkela ukukrolwa, ukusikwa, njl.
  • Madera: Umthi yinto enexabiso eliphantsi kwaye inokusetyenzwa kakuhle kakhulu, umzekelo ukwenza iiprofayili ze-angular zobuso bentloko yesando kunye nokwenza imifanekiso eqingqiweyo enesando sokuqala sikaThor. Inokuncanyathiselwa kwiglu okanye olunye uhlobo lweglue esinokuyifumana ngokulula kwiivenkile zehardware. Ngokuphathelene nesiphatho, mhlawumbi umthi awungoyena ulungileyo, kuba ityhubhu eyenziwe ngomthi engenamlinganiso ayinakulunga ...
  • IipolymIplastiki yinto enamaxabiso aphantsi kwaye kulula ukusebenzisana nayo. Singasebenzisa ubuninzi beglu ukujoyina onke amalungu. Abanye bade bavume unyango lobushushu ukuze babumbe amalungu. Unokusebenzisa iityhubhu zePVC zobungakanani obufanelekileyo ukwenza isiphatho. Ngokucacileyo, zombini iinkuni, iplastiki kunye nezinye izinto, ziya kufuna unyango olongezelelekileyo olunje ngepeyinti, ukutyabeka kwesikhumba, njl.
  • Ukushicilelwa kwe-3D-Ukuba unayo umshicileli we-3D, ingayinto elungileyo ukusebenzisa umbala ongwevu weplastiki wentloko yesando kunye nokuvelisa ikhompyuter ethembekileyo eyenziwe ngesando kwaye vumela umshicileli we-3D enze wonke umsebenzi. Gcina ukhumbula ukuba intloko kufuneka isuswe ukuze ilingane i-elektroniki ngaphakathi, ke ungayenzi kwisiqwenga esinye.
  • isinyithiUkuba unethuba lokusebenza nesinyithi, nangona ayisiyiyo eyona nto ikhuselekileyo, unokuyenza. Umzekelo, ngeemakhishithi ezenziwe nge welding zokwenza intloko, kwaye uyile indlela yokushiya umnyango ukuze ukwazi ukungena nokufikelela kwi-elektroniki kwimeko apho ufuna naluphi na uhlengahlengiso okanye ukulungiswa. Umqheba unokuba nayiphi na ityhubhu yesinyithi ...
  • Iphepha lemache: Ayilolona khetho luqinileyo kunazo zonke, kodwa yenye yezona zibiza kakhulu. Ungasebenzisa ibhokisi okanye isitena njengombumba uze usigubungele ngamanqanaba ephepha (umzekelo: amaphephandaba) kunye neglu exutywe emanzini. Ulwaleko ngokomaleko luyakuthatha ukungaguquguquki kude kushiye ubunzima obungaphezulu okanye kancinane. Khumbula ukuba into oyisebenzisayo njengombumba emva koko kuya kufuneka uyisuse ngaphakathi, ungayivali ngokupheleleyo ... Kwakhona, obunye bobuso kuya kufuneka butyhilwe okwexeshana ukufaka isekethe.
  • xuba: ungasebenzisa iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zemathiriyeli kwilungu ngalinye lesando ...

Iisekethe:

Njengakwizixhobo zokusebenza, siza kukunika ezinye izimvo zokwenza indlela yakho ye-elektroniki ukwenza isando ngokwezifiso:

  • Magnetism: Ukudala umazibuthe kunokuba lula kakhulu, ungakha umbane wombane kwaye uwufake entlokweni yesando. Olunye uluvo kukufaka iimagnethi ze-neodymium ngaphakathi ukuvelisa oku kutsala ngendlela elula ngakumbi, kwaye isekethe mayenze ezinye izinto ngokucacileyo.
  • Yenze isebenze kuwe kuphela: Ukuba uyafuna, ungongeza imodyuli yeArduino njengomfundi ofaka iminwe ukuze isebenze ngeminwe yakho, kwaye yiyo loo nto yenza "ukuthobela" kuphela njengoko kusenzeka ngesando sikaThor kubuxoki.
  • Isandi: Mhlawumbi ucinga ukuba ungasebenzisa isandi esithile njengesandi xa uhambisa isando okanye xa sibetha umphezulu. Mhlawumbi urekhode okanye ukhuphe izandi ezithile kwiimovie ze-Thor kwaye uzishiye zirekhodwe kwimemori kwaye uphinde uzenze ngesithethi esincinci esinaso ngaphakathi kwesando. Ungasebenzisa izivamvo ezifunayo xa uhambisa isando ukuze, ngomzobo weArduino, baqale ukukhupha.
  • Zonke zidityanisiwe ...

Kwaye njani base Ukwenza iprototype yakho, ungaqhubeka nokufunda kula macandelo alandelayo ...

kunye neenguqulelo ezimbalwa zehardware esinokuthi sizisebenzise ukuze zenze imisebenzi eyahlukeneyo. Ungaya kwiprogram yebhodi yeArduino ukongeza ezinye ukuba uziva ngathi, njengesandi seziphumo usebenzisa isivamvo sokuhambisa, ukongeza isivamvo somnwe kwiminwe yokubamba ukuze sibe kuphela "esinokusiphatha" njalo njalo.

Yakha ubume beMjolnir okanye isando sikaThor:

Ngoku masenze Isikhokelo ngamanyathelo okwakha yintoni eya kuba yindawo yokuhlala kunye nolwakhiwo, oko kukuthi, ingaphandle yesando sethu. Ungayithatha ngokungqongqo inyathelo ngenyathelo okanye uyisebenzise ngokulula njengesikhokelo sokwenza uguquko lwakho ngokusekwe kwimibono esiyicebisileyo okanye eyakho:

Inyathelo 1 (uphando kunye nezixhobo):

Isando sikaThor: replica

Khangela kuGoogle okanye eminye imithombo sinjani isando somqala ukuba nesalathiso sendlela oza kuyakha. Nokuba ukhululekile kuwe, ungasebenzisa lo mfanekiso ukunye sikubonisa wona apha. Oku kukunika umbono wezinto ezigqityiweyo kunye nokugqiba ekufuneka usebenzise.

Kufuneka silungiselele yonke into imfuno:

  • Madera
  • Ityhubhu yentsimbi engenanto
  • Iglu (iinkuni, ilaphu, isinyithi)
  • Izixhobo zokucheba kunye nokukrola iinkuni (isarayi, isandpaper, iziqhobosho, ukubhola, ...).
  • I-Primer, ipeyinti yesinyithi engwevu, ibhitumene

Inyathelo 2 (yakha intloko yesando):

Nje ukuba unereferensi, sifika emsebenzini wokwakha intloko yesando. Umzekelo, besithembele kwi imodeli yeplanga. Yayo:

  1. Fumana iiplanga. Kuya kufuneka ibe iinkuni ubuncinci 1 cm ubukhulu ke oko kusenza ukuba sikwazi ukugaya kunye neekhefu ezahlukeneyo.
  2. Linganisa, zoba imigca uze usike (umfanekiso 1) ubuso bentloko yesando. Imilinganiselo ye-prism kufuneka ibe yi-15,25 × 15.25 × 23 cm, oko kukuthi, i-15.15 cm ububanzi kunye no-23 cm ekupheleni kwayo. Gcina ukhumbule ukuba ezinye iindawo ziya kukhwela ngaphezulu kwenye xa uzidibanisa, ke kuya kufuneka ushiye ubukhulu beebhodi zamaplanga njengokongezwa xa kulinganiswa ububanzi ukusika iziqwenga ngokufanelekileyo.
  3. Glue ubuso obune (umfanekiso 2) kunye nemilinganiselo ekhankanywe apha ngasentla. Ungasebenzisa nayiphi na iglu ekhethekileyo yomthi okanye iglu. Beka uxinzelelo kumalungu ngelixa iglue iyoma okanye isebenzise i-clamp okanye i-clamp ukuyigcina ingashukumi.
  4. Logama nje ibetha, singaya ukwenza iitapas ezimbini ngobuso besando (umfanekiso 3). Ukwenza oku, kufuneka senze imilo yephiramidi njengoko kubonisiwe kwimifanekiso. Sika isikwere ububanzi ngokwaneleyo ukogquma omabini amacala entloko yesando xa uncanyathisiwe, uze uzobe ipensile isikwere esiyi-1 ukuya kwi-1.5 cm encinci embindini welo candelo. Singasebenzisa isarha yomthi ethambekileyo ukusika amacala ngokuthambekela kancinci (ukusuka ebusweni apho sitsale imigca ukuya kobunye ubuso besi siqwenga sifikelela kumda waso ongaphandle) okanye sisebenzise umthi weenkuni kwaye kancinci kancinci sinxibe iinkuni ukwenza oko ifom.
  5. Ngoku singancamathisela obunye ubuso ngeglu, kodwa kufuneka sishiye enye isagqityiwe ukuze sikwazi ukufaka i-elektroniki ngaphakathi.
  6. Nje ukuba ibhloko yonke yomile kwaye silihloniphile ixesha lokuncamathelisa, sinokwenza ikhefu elincinci okanye grimace kwindawo apho uzakujoyina intloko ngesiphatho sesando njengoko kubonisiwe kumfanekiso 3, nasekunene embindini ukuzama umngxunya wokufaka isiphatho kancinci ngobubanzi besiphatho esiza kusisebenzisa (jonga inyathelo 4-inqaku 1). Ngendlela, ukwenza i-undercut, ungasebenzisa ibrashi yomthi okanye isander ukuze utye intwana yomthi embindini.
  7. Ngombane okanye ngesandla sander esifanayo, sinako iincopho ezingqukuva kwikona nganye ukushiya imilo egudileyo njengoko kubonisiwe kwimifanekiso.

Inyathelo 3 (iinkcukacha kunye nokukrolwa):

Siyaqhubeka ngoku iinkcukacha zentloko yesando:

  1. IPodemos ihombise intloko yesando (umfanekiso 1) ngeendlela ezininzi. Omnye unokuba ngokukrola ngesandla ukuba uyazi ukuphatha iplanga, nge-awl. Enye indlela elula kwabo bangenamandla kangako kukusebenzisa iglu eshushu okanye i-silicone ukwenza "ukubhala" kwipleyiti encinci yayo nayiphi na into onayo. Ipleyiti kufuneka ibenobungakanani obufanayo neflank ethambekileyo esiyenzileyo kwinqanaba 6 kwicandelo elidlulileyo.
  2. Esi sitya siza kusebenza njengombumba (umfanekiso 2) wokuhomba kwethu. Emva koko sinokugalela ipolymer eqinisa kuyo ukuze amanqaku aqhubeke kwisiqwenga. Umzekelo, singasebenzisa i-fix-all bar, uhlobo olunemibala emibini kwaye sinokuxolela ukuluxuba kwaye senze lukhuni, emva kokulucinezela ngokuchasene nokubumba ukuze amanqaku akroliweyo aqhubeke.
  3. Emva kokuba sinomhlobiso, unokusika okuseleyo ukwenza isikwere. Kwaye ekugqibeleni siyayincamathisela kwezinye Glulela kwiiflosos (umfanekiso 3).

Inyathelo 4 (beka imasti):

Ukubeka isiphatho okanye intamo isando:

  1. Sebenzisa a Umbhobho wentsimbi, ezinje ngeetyhubhu ezihogayo zehanger okanye amalengalenga onokuwafumana nakweyiphi na indawo engaphezulu ye-DIY.
  2. Faka ityhubhu emngxunyeni obuwenzile ngaphambili entloko. Ngaphambili, bekufanele ukuba uthambise iglu enganyangekiyo kwimiphetho yomngxuma ukuze iinkuni kunye nentsimbi zidibane kakuhle. Lindela iglue ukuba yome kwaye iya kwenziwa.

Ngendlela, i umngxuma wenziwe kwicala elinye lentloko, akufuneki idlule, kuba ukuba ingena ngaphakathi kwentloko, iya kwenza kube nzima ukufaka i-elektroniki kwaye ayizukushiya sithuba.

Inyathelo 5 (ukugqiba):

Inqanaba elilandelayo peyinta isando sethu kwaye ubeke umaleko wolusu kwimango:

  1. Okokuqala kufuneka Isanti yomthi ukususa naziphi na iichips okanye amabala kwaye ushiye umphezulu ugudile ukufaka ipeyinti. Yenze nge-sandpaper entle kakhulu. Sula wonke umphezulu ngelaphu elimanzi ukuze ususe uthuli.
  2. Faka isicelo sesiseko okanye sokuqala ukuze ipeyinti ikwazi ukubambelela ngendlela ebhetele kwaye ilungiselele umphezulu ukuze ungabi nakukuhlwa kwaye ukugqitywa kube kumgangatho ophezulu.
  3. Emva koko, xa sele yomile, siqala peyinta umphezulu uphela yentloko. Kungcono ukusebenzisa ipeyinti yesinyithi yokutshiza, ivolovolo okanye ibrashi yomoya, kuba ngebrashi ungabona iibrashi ekugqibeleni.
  4. Nje ukuba ipeyinti yome kakuhle, sinokwenza izinto ezahlukeneyo ukuze siyenze inyani. Umzekelo, sebenzisa ibhitumene wonke umphezulu kwaye emva koko ususe ngelaphu lomqhaphu ngaphambi kokuba lome. Oko kuyakwenza ukuba ibhitumene ingene elunxwemeni lomphezulu, njengokumisa okwenziwe ngaphambili kunye nokuziva kwesinyithi esidala. Olunye uluvo endikunika lona kukusebenzisa ipeyinti yegolide ukwenza ukubonakaliswa kumphezulu ongwevu. Ungayenza ngokumanzisa kancinci incam yebrashi kwaye uyinike imivumbo embalwa yokubrasha umphezulu. Kukho nezinye izinto ezigqityiweyo ezinjengomhlwa, njl.
  5. Okokugqibela, siza kusebenzisa ilaphu lesikhumba lokulinganisa umbala omdaka weenkohliso ukusika umtya omde malunga ne-2 cm ububanzi kwaye uyiqengqe ngaphezulu komphezulu womqheba. Sebenzisa iglu yelaphu ekhethekileyo kwelinye icala lendwangu ukuze inamathele kakuhle. Ungasebenzisa ukusikwa kweli laphu linye ukuze unamathele kwincam ekwimo yokubamba ...

Yenza ukujikeleza kwangaphakathi:

Sele sigqibile ngesando sethu seTro, okanye ke, replica yethu. Baninzi abantu abasele beyishiya kanjalo, kodwa ukuba ufuna i-DIY, kwaye kuba siyibhlog yezixhobo, kufuneka siqale yenza isekethe. Kodwa kuqala, kufuneka uqokelele ezi zinto:

  • IArduino Pro Mini Intambo ye-5v kunye ne-FTDI kwinkqubo yebhodi.
  • Isikena somnwe Sparkfun. Isinxibelelanisi seJST sikwafuneka
  • Chukumisa isivamvo somnwe Uhlobo lwe-capacitive TTP223. I-Adafruit ikwanazo nezinye iindlela.
  • Isidibanisi 4N35, kunye ne-1K Resistor.
  • Ibhetri I-3.7v 150mAh ibhetri ye-lithium yokunika amandla inzwa ye-capacitive. Okanye ungayiphepha ukuba awudibanisi isiphatho kumhlaba weArduino.
  • 4 abanini bebhetri I-AA, kunye neebhetri ze-4 12v 1.2Ah ze-SLA.
  • Ukudluliswa kombuso okuqinileyo Ikhala CMX60D10 60v 10A.
  • Iidayidi 1n400x, njenge-1n4002, 1n4007, njl. Nawuphi na kubo ufanelekile.
  • Umbane owenziwe ekhaya. Inokwakhiwa ngokulula ngesiseko sesinyithi kunye nekhoyili yocingo lobhedu okanye uyithenge ...

Ngoku ekubeni sizazi iindawo, masibone ukuba sizidibanisa njani zonke ukwenza isekethe yethu, kwaye ngenxa yoko, yeyiphi engcono kune umzobo:

Umzobo wesekethe kunye noArduino ngesando sikaThor

Kwinkqubo yeFritzing azizizo zonke iintlobo zamacandelo ezakusetyenziselwa iprojekthi, ke ngoko, ezinye izinto ezibonakalayo zimele ezinye. Ndikucebisa ukuba ufake iFritzing kwaye uye kukhangela onke amacandelo avela kumzobo ukuze ucacise ngcono indlela ezidityaniswe ngayo. Ngapha koko ndingathanda ukukwenza ezi ingcaciso:

  • Qaphela ukuba sineebhetri zeAAA ezimele apho Ibhetri ye-12v esiza kuyisebenzisa.
  • I-eriyali ebonakala ngasentla kumzobo, ayisiyi-eriyali ngokwenene, imele ityhubhu yesinyithi yesandla yesando apho kuya kufuneka sidibanise enye yeentambo.
  • Okubonakala njengemodyuli yememori yeFlash yeArduino, yeyona nto Iskena somnwe.
  • I-solenoid ephantsi komzobo, kunye nesixhathisi sokucofa iiterminal zayo, yeyona nto iyiyo umbane wegesi.
  • Sikwabona encinci Ukudluliswa kombuso okuqinileyo, nokuba kungenxa ye-AC endaweni ye-DC, kodwa uyazi ukuba kuphela kukukwazi ukuyimela kunye neendawo esinazo eFritzing ...
  • Kukho i-Op-Amp encinci ngasekhohlo emele eyona Inzwa esebenzayo Iminwe kwaye kuya kufuneka ukuba siyikhuphe ngaphandle kwesiphatho, kwindawo efikelelekayo ukuze sikwazi ukubeka iminwe yethu.
  • Ngokwenyani, kukwakho nocingo oludibanisa umhlaba we-capacitive sensor kwintliziyo yentsimbi okanye kumbindi we-electromagnet. Ayibonakali kumzobo, kodwa khumbula ukuba kufuneka. Oko kunika indlela yomhlaba xa isando.
  • Khumbula ukuba ukuba awudibanisi ulawulo lomhlaba (GND), unokukuphepha ukusebenzisa amandla e-capacitive sensor kunye ne-optocomputer, kwaye uzigcine ngokwakho.
  • Unokongeza ukuphazamiseka phakathi konikezelo lwamandla kunye nebhodi ye-arduino xa ufuna ukucima isekethe kwaye ayisoloko ixhunyiwe ...

Ngokumalunga nomzobo ekufuneka siwenzile kwiArduino Inkqubo yesekethe yethuiya kuba (ungalibali ithala leencwadi le-FPS):

Unako khuphela ikhowudi apha. Kwaye ke akuyi kufuneka uchwetheze yonke into ...

/*
Proyecto Martilo de Thor
*/

#include "FPS_GT511C3.h"
#include "SoftwareSerial.h"

FPS_GT511C3 fps(4, 5);

int touch = 0;
int capPin = 9;
int flag = 0;

void setup() {
Serial.begin(9600);
// fps.UseSerialDebug = true; // so you can see the messages in the serial debug screen
fps.Open();
pinMode(10, OUTPUT);
digitalWrite(10, LOW);
pinMode(capPin, INPUT_PULLUP);
}

void loop() {
touch = digitalRead(capPin);
//Serial.println(touch);
if ((touch == 0) && flag == 0) {
digitalWrite(10, HIGH);
fps.SetLED(true);
if (fps.IsPressFinger()) {
fps.CaptureFinger(false);
int id = fps.Identify1_N();
if (id<200) { //Don't care which fingerprint matches, just as long as there is a match
digitalWrite(10, LOW);
fps.SetLED(false);
flag = 1;
}
}

}
else {
fps.SetLED(false);
digitalWrite(10, LOW);
}
if ((touch == 1) && flag == 1) { //Reset the flag after the hammer has been lifted to return to normal behavior
flag = 0;
}
}

Nje ukuba uqokelele isekethe yakho, kuya kufuneka uphathe yazisa konke oku ngaphakathi kwentloko engenanto zemithi esizilungiselela kumanyathelo angaphambili. Vala esinye isiciko sobuso esingasivalanga ekuqaleni kwaye silungile. Ukonwabela!

Imithombo:

Imiyalelo -Mjolnir (iThr's Hammer)

Imiyalelo-yeTor's Hammer-Mjölnir

Imiyalelo -I-Electromagnetic Mjolnir (Ukusuka kwi-Thor's Hammer Prank)


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