Isivamvo ubushushu Arduino

Zero Arduino

Abasebenzisi be-Novice okanye abasebenzisi abaqala ukufunda ukusebenzisa iibhodi ze-elektroniki bahlala befunda ukusebenzisa izibane ze-LED kunye neenkqubo ezinxulumene noko. Emva kwezibane, ngesiqhelo, abasebenzisi abaninzi baqala ukufunda ukusebenzisa izixhobo zokuziva ubushushu.

Emva koko siza kuthetha Izixhobo zobushushu ezikhoyo zeArduino, amanqaku abo alungileyo, amanqaku abo amabi kunye neeprojekthi esinokuzenza ngazo ngokuchanekileyo.

Yintoni isivamvo sobushushu?

Inzwa yeqondo lobushushu licandelo eliqokelela ubushushu kunye / okanye ukufuma okuvela ngaphandle kwaye liguqule libe ngumqondiso wedijithali okanye wombane owuthumela kwibhodi ye-elektroniki enjengebhodi yeArduino. Zininzi iintlobo zeesenzi kunye neendawo ezininzi. Sinayo ukusukela ngoko isivamvo sobushushu se-amateurs esinokufumana i-euro ezingama-2 ukuya kubuchwephesha bobuchwephesha bobuchwephesha obuxabisa malunga ne-200 euro ngeyunithi nganye. Umahluko phakathi kwesenzi esinexabiso eliphantsi lobushushu kunye nesenzi sokubiza esinexabiso eliphantsi silele kwindlela esisebenza ngayo.

Ukuchaneka phakathi kobushushu obuchanekileyo kunye nobushushu benzwa yenye yezinto eziphambili ezichaphazela xa kufikwa kumba wokwahlulahlula; Enye into etshintsha bubushushu kunye nobushushu obuncinci abavumayo, ukuba bubushushu bobuchwephesha obuxhasa iidigri ezingaphezulu. Ixesha lokuphendula, ubuntununtunu okanye ukucinywa zezinye izinto ezahlula inzwa yokushisa kwenye.. Ngayiphi na imeko, zonke ziyafumaneka kwiiprojekthi zethu kwaye kuphela ziindleko zazo ezinokuthintela ukuthengwa kwenye okanye enye.

Zeziphi iindlela endizikhethayo kwibhodi yam yeArduino?

Apha ngezantsi sikubonisa ezinye zezona zivamvo zidumileyo nezaziwayo esinokuzifumana nakweyiphi na ivenkile ye-elektroniki okanye kwiivenkile ezikwi-intanethi ngexabiso elincinci okanye iipakethi ezineeyunithi ezininzi ngexabiso eliphantsi. Asikuphela kwabo kodwa Ewe, zezona zidume kakhulu kwaye zaziwa nguLuntu lwaseArduino, eqinisekisa ukuba siya kuba nenkxaso ebanzi yoluvo ngalunye lobushushu.

Isivamvo ubushushu MLX90614ESF

Isivamvo ubushushu Arduino

Ngaphandle kokuba negama elingaqhelekanga, inyani kukuba Akukho mveliso ifunyenweyo sisivamvo sobushushu esisebenzisa ukukhanya kwe-infrared ukulinganisa ubushushu. Eli woluvo ngoko ke kufuneka Unentsimi yokujonga i-90º kwaye iqondo lokushisa eliqhelekileyo eliyithathayo liya kuyithumela ngophawu lwe-10-bit kwibhodi yeArduino. Umqondiso uthunyelwa ngokwamanani kulandela inkqubo ye-I2C okanye sinokusebenzisa iPWM protocol. Ngaphandle kobuchwephesha obuphambili, le sensor inamaxabiso asezantsi, sinokuyifumana kwiivenkile zombane malunga ne-13 euros, ixabiso eliphantsi ukuba sithathela ingqalelo amathuba abawabonelelayo.

Uhlobo lwe-Thermocouple Type-k sensor

Isivamvo ubushushu Arduino

Inzwa yohlobo lwe-Thermocouple Type-K yenzwa ngobuchule exhasa amaqondo obushushu aphezulu. Ubume bayo bulula kakhulu kuba zizibini kuphela zentsimbi ezithengiswe kwisiguquli esiphuma ku-Arduino. Le nkqubo yenza ukuba Uhlobo lwe-Thermocouple Type-K Sensor UCanzibe bamba amaqondo obushushu phakathi kwe -200º C kunye ne-1350ºC malunga, akukho nto yakwenza nabenzi boluvo lwee-hobbyists, kodwa ikwenza le nzwa yenzelwe iiprojekthi zobuchwephesha ezinje nge-boilers, izixhobo ze-foundry okanye ezinye izixhobo ezifuna amaqondo obushushu aphezulu.

Inzwa yobushushu yeArduino DHT22

Isivamvo ubushushu Arduino

Woluvo lobushushu IArduino DHT22 es isivamvo lobushushu yedijithali engaqokeleli ubushushu bodwa kodwa eqokelela ukufuma kwendalo. Isiginali ithunyelwa kwiArduino ngophawu lwedijithali lwe-16-bit. Amaqondo obushushu athi rI-ecoge le ndoda iphakathi kwe -40º C kunye ne-80º C. Ixabiso lalenzwa lifikelela kwi-5,31 euro ngeyunithi nganye. Ixabiso eliphezulu kunezinye izivamvo kodwa loo nto ichanekile kumgangatho woluvo oluphezulu kunezinye izivamvo.

Inzwa yobushushu yeArduino TC74

Isivamvo ubushushu Arduino

Isivamvo ubushushu IArduino TC74 sisivamvo esikhupha isiginali ngokwamanani Ngokungafaniyo nezinye izivamvo ezikhupha ngendlela yeanalog. Esi sivamvo sidlulisa isiginali yedijithali engama-8. Ixabiso lalenzwa aliphantsi kakhulu kodwa aliphezulu kakhulu, ihlala ijikeleze i-euro ezintlanu kwiyunithi nganye. Unxibelelwano lwenzwa yeqondo lobushushu lweArduino TC5 lwenziwa kusetyenziswa umthetho olandelwayo we-I74C. Uluhlu lobushushu oluqokelelwa sesi senzi liphakathi los -40ºC kunye no-125ºC.

Isivamvo lobushushu Arduino LM35

Isivamvo ubushushu Arduino

Inzwa yeqondo lobushushu leArduino LM35 sisenzi esinexabiso eliphantsi esetyenziselwa iiprojekthi zokuzonwabisa. Iziphumo zalo menzi woluvo yi-analog kwaye ulungelelwaniso lwenziwa ngokuthe ngqo kwiidigri zikaCelsius. Nangona kufuneka sithi le nzwa ayixhasi amaqondo obushushu aphezulu. Ubushushu obwamkelayo buhamba phakathi kwe-2º C kunye ne-150º C. Oku kuthetha ukuba ayinako ukukhupha amaqondo obushushu amabi kwaye ke ilungele ukufunda indlela yokusebenzisa izixhobo zobushushu. Ixabiso layo lihamba nayo, njengoko sinako fumana ii-10 sensors ze-euro ezingama-7 (malunga).

Zeziphi iiprojekthi esinokuthi sizenze ngesivamvo sobushushu seArduino?

Zininzi iiprojekthi esinokuzenza ngenzwa yokushisa kunye nebhodi yeArduino. Eyona projekthi isisiseko kuko konke kukudala ithemometha ebonisa ubushushu ngokwamanani. Ukusuka apha sinokwenza iiprojekthi ezimbaxa ngakumbi ezinje ngezixhobo ezizenzekelayo ezenza isenzo esithile emva kokufikelela kubushushu obuthile, thumela imiqondiso ethile enobushushu obuthile okanye faka nje isivamvo sobushushu njengesixhobo sokhuseleko ukucima i-hob okanye umatshini kwimeko yokufikelela kubushushu bangaphakathi obuthile.

Igama kunye nenani leeprojekthi esinokuzenza ngenzwa yeqondo lobushushu eArduino likhulu kakhulu, hayi ilize, ihlala iyenye yezinto zokuqala eziqhele ukufundwa ngumsebenzisi we-novice. Vula Imiyalelo singafumana imizekelo eliqela yendlela yokuzisebenzisa.

Ngaba kuyacetyiswa ukuba kusetyenziswe isivamvo sobushushu kwiArduino yethu?

Ndicinga ukuba ukufunda ukusebenzisa inzwa yeqondo lobushushu eArduino kubalulekile kwaye kuyimfuneko. Ayisiyokwazi kuphela kwaye usebenzise zonke izixhobo zeArduino kodwa ukwazi ukuphatha idatha yeqondo lobushushu kwaye uyisebenzise kwiinkqubo ezisebenza kwiArduino. Kodwa andikukhuthazi ukusetyenziswa kweenzwa zobungcali, ubuncinci kwiiprototypes kunye nophuhliso lokufumana.

Ndicinga ukuba kungacetyiswa kuqala Sebenzisa ii-sensors kubaphengululi kwaye xa yonke into ilawulwa kwaye iprojekthi yokugqibela yenziwe, ke ukuba usebenzisa isivamvo sobuchule. Isizathu soku lixabiso. Inzwa yeqondo lobushushu inokonakaliswa ziimeko ezahlukeneyo kwaye ii-amateur sensors zinokutshintshwa zingaphantsi kwee-euro ezimbini. Endaweni yoko, ukusebenzisa inzwa yobushushu bobuchwephesha kuya kuziphinda iindleko nge-100.


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