I-TZXDuino: Ibhodi yeArduino kwikhasethi yesoftware yeZX Spectrum

Uluhlu lweZX

Zininzi abasebenzisi be-retro abanothando lwekhompyuter. Abaqokeleli abaqinisekileyo abalawula ukuthenga okanye ukubuyisela izixhobo ezindala zasentsomini. Ukuthanda iichips ze-Zilog Z80, iApple Classic, okanye ezinye izixhobo zentsomi ezazikho ngaphambili, ezinje ngeZX Spectrum, okanye iAmstrad, Atari, Commodore, nokunye okuninzi. Ewe, bonke kufuneka bazi malunga neprojekthi ye-TZXDuino esiza kuthetha ngayo kweli nqaku.

Kwezinye izithuba siye sabonisa amanqaku ukubuyisa imidlalo yevidiyo ye-retro kwaye siyisebenzise Abathathi-emulators. Ngeli xesha siza kuthetha malunga nokuba yintoni leyo TZXDuinoInantoni yokwenza ne-Spectrum kunye neArduino, njl.

Uluhlu lweZX

ISinclair ZX iSpectrum

Inkampani yaseBritane Uphando lweSinclair yenze enye yeekhompyuter eyaziwayo kwaye iyamangalisa kubathandi beRetro. NguZX Spectrum oza kuhamba kwintengiso ngo-Epreli 23, 1982.

Ikhompyuter ye-8-bit esekwe kwii-microprocessors ezidumileyo IZilog Z80A. Ukongeza, iya kuba yenye yezona zinto zidumileyo zisekhaya kwi-Europe ngeli xesha.

Isixhobo esilungiselelwe kwaye sihambelane kakuhle ixesha elinokuyonwabisa abalandeli bekhompyuter kunye nomdlalo wevidiyo Kule minyaka ilishumi, kwaye esisisiqwenga semyuziyam namhlanje. Ngapha koko, abo bangenathamsanqa ngokwaneleyo ukuba babe nezixhobo zentsusa, banelisekile ngee-clones okanye ii-emulators ukuze baqhubeke nokuvuselela isoftware yabo.

Kwi-ZX Spectrum kuya kubakho iinguqulelo ezininzi, ukongeza kwezinye ii-clones kunye neziphumo ezithe zavela zinikwe impumelelo yale mveliso eyayineenkqubo zayo ezininzi ezihambelanayo.

Ngokuphathelele izixhobo zentsusa, iimpawu zazibonakala kakhulu ngexesha:

  • ICPUI-Zilog Z80A kwi-3.5 Mhz kunye ne-8-bit yebhasi yedatha kunye ne-16-bit yebhasi yedilesi, ekwazi ukulawula imemori engaphezulu.
  • Memoria-Ungakhetha phakathi kokumiliselwa kwe-RAM ezimbini ezahlukeneyo. Inguqulelo engabizi kakhulu ye-16 kB kunye nenguqulelo ebiza kakhulu engama-48 kB. Oko kuye kwafuneka kongezwe kwi-16 kB yeROM eyayibandakanya njengesiseko. Le ROM yayiquka ukutolika kweBASIC.
  • Ikhibhodi: irabha idityaniswe kwikhompyuter kwezinye iinguqulelo.
  • UkugcinaInkqubo yekhasethi Magnetic Magnetic efanayo naleyo isetyenziswa kwisandi esiqhelekileyo. Idatha inokufikeleleka kwisantya se-1500 bit / s ngokomndilili. Ke ngoko, umdlalo wevidiyo omalunga ne-48 kB uthathe malunga nemizuzu emi-4 ukulayisha. Nangona eminye imidlalo isebenzisa imo ye-turbo ukunyusa isantya. Ukongeza, unyaka emva kokuphehlelelwa kwe-Spectrum, uSinclair wakhupha i-ZX Interface I, eyayinokudibanisa ukuya kwi-8 yeedrive zokuqhuba ezikhawulezayo ezibizwa ngokuba zii-microdrives ngesantya se-120.000 bit / s.
  • Imizobo: Inkqubo yayo yemizobo inokuphatha i-matrix ukuya kuthi ga kwi-256 × 192 px. Nangona isisombululo sombala sasiyi-32 × 24 kuphela, ngamaqoqo eepikseli eziyi-8 × 8 kunye nolwazi ngemibala okanye iimpawu ezinje ngombala ongasemva, umbala we-inki, ukukhanya kunye nefleshi.

Ewe kunjalo, zimbalwa Iziphaluka ukongeza kule khomputha. Ayisiyiyo kuphela iZX Microdrive, kodwa kunye nolunye unxibelelwano lwediski olufana neBeta Disk, iDISCIPLE, ukuFunyanwa kwe-OPUS, ii-stylus, iimpuku (iKempston Mouse, i-Star Mouse, i-AMX Mouse,…), abashicileli, abalawuli bemidlalo yevidiyo njengezinto zokudlala, njl.

Ngo-1986, iSinclair Research yathengisa uhlobo lwayo kunye neemveliso zayo eAmstrad, enye yeembali. Kodwa, ukuba ubungazi, iSinclair Research Ltd. isekhona njengenkampani namhlanje ...

Kwaye konke oku kuphupha kumboni ogama lakhe libizwa Mnumzana Clive Sinclair, Umsunguli waseLondon, injineli kunye nosomashishini owayenoluvo oluhle lokuthengisa iikhompyuter ezincinci zekhaya. Kwaye eyona nto intle kukuba ungaqhubeka nokuzonwabisa ngeeprojekthi ezinje nge-TZXDuino endikubonisa yona apha ngezantsi ...

Yintoni i-TZXDuino?

Kuyinyani ukuba unee-emulators onazo, kunye nokuthenga okanye ukubuyisela izixhobo zoqobo zeSpectrum ozifumana kwimarike yesibini. Ngale ndlela, uya kuba nezixhobo zekhompyutha zokuqhuba imidlalo yevidiyo ye-retro kunye nesoftware njengangaphambili. Kodwa ayinguye wonke umntu onokuyifumana, kwaye kulapho ke TZXDuino ithatha ukufaneleka kwayo.

Ewe, khawufane ucinge indawo ebiyelweyo efana neteyiphu yekhasethi, enebhodi yophuhliso ngaphakathi kwaye ekwaziyo ukusebenzisa isoftware yoqobo yeZX Spectrum oyigcinileyo ikhadi le-MicroSD. Yiyo kanye le nto ubuya kuba nayo njenge-TZXDuino. Ayina zixhobo zentsusa, kodwa into iyinto ukuba awubathandi abalingisi ...

Abo banoxanduva lwale projekthi Andrew Beer kunye noDunan Edwards, ethi ngomso kunye nengcinga ikwazile ukubeka yonke into ngaphakathi kwiteyiphu yekhasethi. Ke unokuba nesixhobo esincinci ezandleni zakho sokuvusa zonke iinkqubo zeentsomi ukusuka kuma-80s ukuya kuma-90s eSpectrum.

Ukuba uyazibuza ngeenkcukacha zobuchwephesha zendlela eyadalwa ngayo, inyani kukuba bezikho isekwe kwi-arduino. Kungoko igama layo. Kwaye ukuba ufuna enye kwaye unomphefumlo womenzi, unako yenza ikhasethi yakho ye-DIY. Kule khonkco uza kufumana iPDF enayo yonke imiyalelo yokuhlangana kwezinto ze-elektroniki. Kwaye inyani kukuba ayisiyonkqubo inzima kakhulu kwaye inde ...

Inye kuphela into entsonkothileyo enayo kukuba ifuna ubuchule bokudibanisa yonke into engaphakathi kwaye ulungile tin izakhono ngelotha.

Nokuba yeyiphi indlela, ndiqinisekile ufunda okuninzi ngexesha lenkqubo Ulwakhiwo kunye nolonwabo xa luhlanganisiwe luya kuqinisekiswa ...

Ukwenza eyakho i-TZXDuino uyakuyidinga

Unako Thenga onke amacandelo ngokulula kwiivenkile ezizodwa okanye kwiAmazon, ezinje:


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