Amakhithi kagesi

i-arduino

Impela iningi lenu lifike kwi-HardwareLibre nge-Google noma ngamanethiwekhi okuxhumana nabantu, okujwayelekile kakhulu. Iningi lenu lizobe lixhunywe ezihlokweni esizisho lapha kanti ezinye sezivele zixhunywe kwamanye amabhulogi futhi ukuthi into eyenziwe nge-DIY ne-Free Hardware ibangela ukuxhuma futhi abaningi baqala ukufunda leli zwe ukudala amaphrojekthi abo.

Yize lokhu kufundwa kukude futhi kuyisidina, iqiniso ukuthi izinzuzo ziningi futhi zingaqondakala kahle njengezinto zokuzilibazisa. Kungakho kunezindlela eziningi zokufunda i-elekthronikhi, kepha zonke zihlala zidlula thola incwadi enhle noma umeluleki wokukufundisa kanye nekithi eyodwa noma eziningi ze-elekthronikhi ezinezingxenye eziyisisekelo kumaphrojekthi ayisisekelo nalula asikhombisa ukuthi izinto zisebenza kanjani ukuze sikwazi ukuyisa kwamanye amaphrojekthi.Okulandelayo ngiyakukhombisa Amakhithi ama-5 kagesi azokusiza uthathe izinyathelo zakho zokuqala kulo mhlaba. Amanye ala makhithi we-elekthronikhi kunzima ukuwathola njengoba edingeka kakhulu kunamayunithi adaliwe kanti amanye abiza kakhulu, kepha kunoma yikuphi kuwo ungafunda kalula noma iyiphi inqubo ye-elekthronikhi futhi into enhle ngayo ukuthi uma usungongoti, bangakwazi ukwenza kabusha iphrojekthi yobuchwepheshe. Ngakho-ke, ake siqale ngohlu:

I-Raspberry Pi Starter Kit

I-Raspberry Pi Starter Kit

Wazalwa njengo ikhithi labancane Futhi manje, ngemuva kwenguqulo yayo yesithathu, i-Raspberry Pi Starter Kit isibe yisixazululo esihle kulabo abafuna ukufunda ukwenza uhlelo nokusebenzisa i-Free Hardware ngasikhathi sinye. Ikhithi iqukethe i-Raspberry Pi 3, ikhadi le-32 Gb microsd, ikhebula le-2,5 A microusb, icala le-Raspberry Pi yethu, ikhebula le-hdmi kanye nemihlahlandlela eminingi yokuphatha ibhodi ne-GPIO yayo, amandla amakhulu avela ku-Raspberry Pi. Intengo ye- le kit cishe kungama- $ 75, kepha ngokubuyisela sinakho konke okudingayo ukuze uqalise.

I-athikili ehlobene:
Yenza isilawuli sakho se-MIDI nge-Arduino

I-Arduino Starter Kit

I-Arduino Starter Kit

Ngaphakathi kwamakhithi, I-Arduino Starter Kit yiyona ehlonishwa kakhulu mayelana ne-reIsitoko samakhithi we-elekthronikhi futhi enezinkinga zokusabalalisa kakhulu. Ngaphezu kwemihlahlandlela yayo emihle, enye yezinto ezinhle kakhulu zokufunda ukuphatha i-Arduino, i-Arduino Starter Kit ifaka ibhodi Arduino UNO kanye nesikhwama esifaka phakathi izingcezu eziningi zokwenza nokuthuthukisa amaphrojekthi ethu okufunda nokuwalimaza. Ikhithi isikhwama esifaka phakathi ama-resistors, izixhumi, izinkinobho, ama-jumpers, amabhethri, amalambu, ama-motors, njll. konke okudingayo ukwazi wonke amandla we Arduino Uno nengxenyekazi yayo, futhi ifunda ngezinto ezicasulayo, into umuntu afunda ngayo okuningi. Ayikho imikhiqizo etholakele. Inentengo yama-dollar angama-70, kepha inkinga, njengoba sisho, isekutholeni, hhayi ngentengo yayo.

I-athikili ehlobene:
Ungaliguqula kanjani igama lomsebenzisi le-Pi nephasiwedi ku-Raspberry Pi yethu

I-BQ Zum Kit

I-BQ Zum Kit

Enye yamaphrojekthi athakazelisa kakhulu u-Arduino awenzile noma avumele ukuwadala Ipulatifomu yeZum yeBQLe pulatifomu isuselwe kumabhodi e-Arduino, kepha ngokungafani namanye amaphrojekthi, i-BQ ifake indlela yayo ehlukile yokubona i-elekthronikhi neHardware Hardware. Kulokhu sinawo ikhithi enhle ezosifundisa i-elekthronikhi ukuqeqesha amarobhothi. Lawa maphrojekthi azoba awomuntu ngokuphelele kepha azophinde aqondiswe kumuntu osemusha kakhulu. Kepha i-Bq Zum Kit ingahle ibe nomhlahlandlela ongcono kakhulu womsebenzisi we-novice ngoba ngaphezu kokubala ngokunembile yonke into, ingxenye ngayinye yekhithi ibhalisiwe ngombala nenombolo, umhlahlandlela ubhekisa kulokho futhi kunomdwebo wocezu, ngakho-ke ukwenza kabusha amaphrojekthi kumhlahlandlela ukudlala kwengane. Le khithi ye-BQ iqukethe isibambi sebhethri, ipuleti le-BQ Zum, ama-servo motors, izinzwa, izinkinobho zokucindezela kanye nezibani eziholwa ukudala amaphrojekthi asebenzisanayo. I- I-Bq Zum Kit Ngenye yamakhithi abiza kakhulu kulolu hlu lwamakhithi kepha umehluko wamanani ulungiswa kahle ngekhwalithi nokuqeqeshwa kwawo.

Ikhithi yokuqalisa ye-Retropie

I-Retropie Starter Kit

ILibe Hardware ithole umthambo emhlabeni wamageyimu wevidiyo futhi iningi lenu liyakwazi lokho, yingakho ngifake le kit, ikhithi abaningi abazoyithanda nakanjani, yize iqiniso ukuthi ingabonakala njengenye ikhithi thina ngishilo phambilini. I-Retropie Starter Kit isuselwa kuphrojekthi yeRetropie kepha kufaka nezinto ezidingekayo ukuguqula ibhodi ye-Raspberry Pi ibe yikhonsoli yomdlalo enamandla. Kulesi kit ngeke sithole imodeli yakamuva ye-Raspberry Pi, kepha sizoyithola imodeli B +. Sizophinda sithole ezinye izinto ezibalulekile njengekhebula lamandla, imemori khadi kanye necala, uma kwenzeka sifuna ukwenza ngezifiso ezimbalwa. Kepha into ethakazelisa kakhulu ukuthi iza nayo izinkinobho zokulawula eziningana, ezinemibala ehlukene lokho kuzovumela noma imuphi umsebenzisi ukuthi adale isilawuli kude ukuze akwazi ukudlala sengathi banekhonsoli yomdlalo wakudala. Okuthile okutholakala ngenxa yomhlahlandlela wayo omkhulu wokuqalisa.

Ikhithi Yokuthinta Ibhodi Yokuthinta

Ikhithi Yokuthinta Ibhodi Yokuthinta

ITouch Board Starter Kit akuyona ikethi ejwayelekile kepha iyona ikhithi enhle yabasebenzisi be-novice. Le kit isebenzisa ipaneli yokuthinta lapho ungakwazi khona bhala ngopende kagesi bese wenza imiklamo esebenzayo futhi uyisule ngaphandle kwenkinga. Le khithi ihloselwe abasebenzisi be-novice ngokweqile okusho ukuthi uma sesiphumile kulawa maphrojekthi, umsebenzisi ngeke akwazi ukuwasebenzisela amaphrojekthi athuthukile. Kodwa-ke, kuzokwenza noma yimuphi umsebenzisi athole ukuthi angayixhuma kanjani i-iPod yakhe kubhodi yomama ukuze alalele umculo noma axhume noma iyiphi idivayisi kusipika ukuze alalele noma avele akhe izinzwa ezintsha. Inhloso yeTouch Board Starter Kit ukuthi umsebenzisi afunde futhi athande i-Free Hardware ngamaphrojekthi amathathu alula azodlala ngopende kagesi nephaneli yokuthinta. Ngaphezu kwezinto ezibalulwe, ikhithi iqukethe izinto umsebenzisi azodinga ukuzenza kumaphrojekthi akhonjisiwe njengesipikha esincane noma izitika ze-velcro.

Iziphepho zeLego MindStorms

Iziphepho zeLego MindStorms

Ezindaweni eziningi eSpain, ukuphela kwento yokuthi abancane kumele bazi iFree Hardware futhi bafunde ukuyisebenzisa kungamakilasi Izakhi ze-elektroniki zeLego MindStorms. Lawa makhithi asuselwa ekwazisweni nasekufundisweni kwe-elekthronikhi neHardware Hardware enerobhothi njengochungechunge olukhulu. Ngakho-ke abagcini nje ngokufunda i-elekthronikhi kepha futhi nokuhlela noma ukusebenzisa iphrinta ye-3D, ukuqeda impi yamarobhothi.

Amakhithi weLego MindStorms awashibhile njengeRaspberry Pi noma i-Arduino ONE, kodwa kuyiqiniso lokho kungathengwa ezitolo ezinkulu noma ku-Amazon. Lawa makhithi ayindlela ephelele kunazo zonke yezingane njengoba aqukethe konke okudingekayo ukuze izingane zakhe irobhothi lazo. Elinye iphuzu elihle lalezi kits ukuthi ku- izingxenye ezithile zisebenzisa amabhlogo weLego ifreyimu noma ukwakhiwa kwezingxenye ezithile, amabhlogo wonke umuntu anakho ngakho-ke angashintshwa ngaphandle kokuthenga enye ikhithi efanayo.

IKano Computer Kit

Ikhithi ye-Kano electronic

Inkampani yaseKano idume kakhulu ngamakhithi ayo akhuphukayo. Kulokhu, udale ikhithi yomhlangano ngokususelwa ku-Raspberry Pi inhloso yakhe ukwakha i-pc noma i-laptop. Leli thuluzi alifuni ukufundisa ukuthi lenziwa kanjani irobhothi kwabancane kepha liyakwenza ifundisa ukusebenza noma indlela yekhompyutha, into elula ukuyazi kepha namanje abantu abaningi (kufaka phakathi izingane) abazi.

IKano futhi inezinto zokwakha amathebulethi, ama-laptops, namakhompyutha angama-2-1. Kuzo singathola konke okudingekayo ukwakha la magajethi yize kwezinye zazo ibhodi le-Raspberry Pi alifakiwe. Lawa makhithi angatholakala ngokusebenzisa iwebhusayithi esemthethweni yeKano noma ku-Amazon.

I-Adafruit i-ARDX v1.3

Ikhithi yokuqalisa ye-ARDX

I-Adafruit i-ARDX v1.3 iyithuluzi lokuqala lokho igxila Arduino UNO. Leli phakethe licishe lifane ne-Arduino Starter Kit, yize lingafani naleli, i-Adafruit kit ihlala itholakala. Intengo yale Adafruit ARDX v1.3 kungenye into enhle, ama-euro ayo angama-85 angabizi kakhulu uma sicabangela zonke izingxenye zekhithi, izesekeli ezingaphezu kwezingu-130 ezihlangene nomhlahlandlela wombala ezizosivumela ukuthi sifeze cishe noma iyiphi iphrojekthi nge Arduino UNO, efakiwe nakukhithi.

Umehluko omkhulu we-Adafruit ARDX v1.3 maqondana namanye amakhithi okuqala we-Arduino ukutholakala, ngisho singayithola ku-amazonngenkathi amanye amakhithi, njengekhithi esemthethweni, kunzima ukuwadlula.

I-Micro: bit Complete Starter Kit

Ikhithi ye-MicroBit_Starter

Amakhithi wokuqalisa adume kakhulu emakethe ngaso sonke isikhathi agxile kumaphrojekthi ahamba phambili njenge-Arduino noma i-Raspberry Pi, kepha akuwona kuphela amaphrojekthi we-Free Hardware. Isanda kukhishwa ikhithi yokuqalisa ehlobene neMicro: Bit, uqwembe olwenzelwe i-BBC lwezingane zase-UK. Leli bhodi, elizama ukuba yi-Raspberry Pi yezikole zaseBrithani, lisanda kuvulelwa wonke umuntu ngewebhusayithi yalo esemthethweni. Le Micro: I-Bit Complete Starter Kit iyikhithi enazo zonke izinto ezidingekayo ukudala amaphrojekthi awaziwayo aleli bhodi. Ngaphezu kwakho konke, kusekelwe ekufundiseni umsebenzisi ukusebenzisa ukuxhumana kwabo, amachweba adlula i-GPIO edumile noma i-Bluetooth. Leli kit liqukethe ibhodi le-micro: bit, ikhebula le-microUSB-USB, ukunikezwa kwamandla okususelwa ebhethri le-AAA, amabhethri amabili we-AAA, kanye nomhlahlandlela wephrojekthi.

Inani lamaphrojekthi ahlobene ne-Micro: Bit lisincane kodwa lanele futhi kuyathakazelisa ukufunda izisekelo ze-Electronics ne-Free Hardware. Ungakwazi Ayikho imikhiqizo etholakele.

Ikhithi yokuqalisa yeFunduino

Ikhithi yokuqalisa yeFunduino

Le kit yakamuva, njengekhithi yokuqala yokuqala, isuselwa kuphrojekthi engaziwa kancane: iphrojekthi yeFunduino. UFunduino imfoloko yase-Arduino. Amapuleti acishe afane kepha aguqulelwe amaphrojekthi athile noma izingxenye ezithile. Kulokhu singasho ukuthi i-Funduino Starter Kit iyithuluzi futhi eliguqulelwe ezinye izici ze-Free Hardware.

Ngakho-ke, kule kit singathola izingxenye ezahlukahlukene zomhlaba we-multimedia njengamapaneli e-LCD, amalambu e-LED noma izipikha ezinganamathiselwa ebhodini le-Funduino, elisesikhwameni sokuqala.

Isiphetho kulawa makhithi kagesi

Iqiniso ukuthi umhlaba weFree Hardware ubanzi futhi uhlukahlukene. Kungakho lawa makhithi ama-5 kagesi engenazo izinto eziningi ezifanayo futhi noma yimuphi umsebenzisi angadala ukuxabana nokungabaza, kepha kuphela lapho uthi nhlá. Uma sifuna ngempela ukuphatha noma ukwazi ngokujule umhlaba we-Free Hardware ne-Electronics, kufanele sithinte bonke ubuchwepheshe, ngakho-ke Ngincoma ukuthi uqale nganoma iyiphi yazo bese udlulela kokulandelayo. Ngakho-ke ungaqala nge-Raspberry Pi Starter Kit futhi uma wazi konke mayelana nekhompiyutha okusajingijolo, ungazi i-Arduino, noma uma ubona ukuthi inzima kakhulu futhi ibanzi, ungakhetha i-BQ Zum Starter Kit futhi iwebhusayithi yakho yeDiwo, lapho imisebenzi ingeSpanishi futhi ichazwe kahle.

Ngeshwa lokhu akubizi futhi iningi lenu lizofuna okukodwa. Uma kunjalo, bengizokhetha mathupha i-Arduino Starter Kit, hhayi ngenxa yanoma yini ekhethekile kodwa ngoba inezinto eziningi ukuthi uma ungayisebenzisi ekufundeni kwakho, ungahlala uyisebenzisela ezinye izinto. Kunoma ikuphi, kuyakwazisa lokho Kukhona lawa makhithi okuqala abantu be-novice futhi ukuze kungagcini izingane ezingazicwilisa kobu buchwepheshe.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   UCesar arias kusho

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