Izinhlobo zemishini yokugaya ye-CNC

umshini wokugaya we-cnc

Enye yezinhlobo zemishini ye-CNC uma sibheka imisebenzi, noma uhlobo lomsebenzi owenziwe engxenyeni, yile Imishini yokugaya ye-CNC. Bangase babukeke befana kakhulu cnc izinsimbi, kodwa azifani. Nakuba amathuluzi ohlobo lomsiki nawo angasetshenziswa emshinini wokuqopha, akuwona umshini ofanayo. Isibonelo, umshini wokugaya we-CNC akudingeki ujikeleze ingxenye ekuguqukeni okuphezulu, ungenza umsebenzi wawo komunye wobuso bengxenye, njll.

Lapha ungakwazi yazi yonke imininingwane ukuze ungangabazi, futhi wazi ngisho nokuthi iyiphi ehamba phambili Imishini yokugaya ye-CNC yokwenza ukuthenga okuyinhloko kwebhizinisi lakho noma ukusetshenziswa kokuzilibazisa.

Azikho izibuyekezo
Azikho izibuyekezo
Azikho izibuyekezo
Azikho izibuyekezo

Imishini yokugaya engcono kakhulu ye-CNC

Uma ufuna ukuqala amaphrojekthi akho okuqala ngomshini wokugaya we-CNC, noma uwusebenzisele umsebenzi wobungcweti, kufanele uzinakekele lezi. izincomo:

Imikhiqizo esezingeni eliphezulu kakhulu yemishini yokugaya ukuze isetshenziswe ezimbonini ngokuvamile ayithengiswa ezitolo eziku-inthanethi, kodwa lapha ngizamile ukuqoqa eminye ethengiswa ngale ndlela. Khumbula ukuthi ezinye zezinhlobo ezihamba phambili zemishini yokugaya ye-CNC i-Swiss Mikron, i-Bumotec&Starrag, i-Liechti, i-Willemin-Macodel, i-German Hermle, i-Alzmetall, i-Chiron, i-DMG, i-Spinner, i-STAMA, i-MAG, noma i-Japanese MoriSeiki, i-Okuma, i-Yamazaki Mazak, I-Makino, i-Toyoda, i-FIDIA yase-Italy kanye ne-Spanish Danobat, noma i-American Haas, i-Haringe, i-Mazak, i-Grizzly Industries, njll.

I-Fetcoi 6040T 4 Axis CNC Milling Machine

Lo mshini wokugaya we-CNC uyidivayisi ehlangene, ekwazi ukuxhuma ku-PC ngentambo ye-USB. Ngayo ungasebenzisa inqwaba yezingcezu, kokubili i-aluminium, ithusi, isiliva, i-acrylic, i-ABS resin, igwebu le-PVC, izinkuni, i-plywood ne-MDF, njll. Kungumshini okahle wabathanda ukuzilibazisa noma ukusetshenziswa kochwepheshe abancane, isibonelo ukusetha indawo yokusebenzela encane ekhaya. Ngaphezu kwalokho, iqukethe i-VFD epholile ngamanzi, injini engu-1.5 kW,

I-Kaibrite 3040 3-Axis CNC Milling Machine

Lona omunye umshini wokugaya we-CNC unokufana nowangaphambili, kuphela unezimbazo ezi-3 kuphela kuleli cala. Iphinde ixhume kalula nge-USB ku-PC. Futhi ingakwazi ukucubungula izinto ezihlukahlukene, njengengilazi, ukhuni, itshe, insimbi, njll. Inombhede ozinze kakhulu, kanye nenjini enamandla yokuphotha. Iqinisiwe ukuze yelule ukwethembeka kwayo, futhi inosayizi ohlangene kakhulu.

I-SainSmart Genmitsu CNC 3018-PRO

Lolu hlobo lunomshini wokugaya we-CNC we-axis engu-3 wepulasitiki ye-acrylic, i-aluminium, i-PVC, i-PCB, nokhuni. Ingokonga kakhulu futhi ihlangene, futhi izakhi zayo zivumela ukuba zihlaliswe ngokukhululekile, ukuze isikhala singabi yinkinga. Inokuqina okuhle, isoftware yomthombo ovulekile ye-GRBL, futhi isebenza ku-Arduino,

I-GUYX WMP250V Ukuphenduka + Umshini Wokugaya

umshini wokugaya we-cnc

Le modeli yomshini we-CNC isekela imisebenzi yokugaya nokujika, enebanga phakathi kwezikhungo ezingama-750 mm, i-MT4 ene-tapered spindle yokujika kanye ne-MT2 yokubhoboza nokugaya, isivinini esishintshashintshayo se-eksisi, phakathi kuka-50 no-2000 RPM, amandla e-motor 750W wokujika kanye no-600W. ukugaya, isisindo esinetha esingaba ngu-195 Kg, nobukhulu obungesikhulu kakhulu uma kuqhathaniswa neminye imishini.

Thenga manje

Umshini wokugaya we-CNC LDM4025

cnc ukugaya

Umshini omkhulu wezimboni wokukhiqiza ngobuningi. Lo mshini usezingeni eliphezulu, ukusebenza nokunemba. Ngohlelo lokuthambisa oluzenzakalelayo, izingxenye zekhwalithi, uhlelo lweMitsubishi M70A, ukupholisa umoya, igantry kanye nekhabethe lokucutshungulwa okuvaliwe, ithebula lomsebenzi elingu-4000×2500mm, ibanga elingu-2900mm phakathi kwamakholomu, i-BT50 taper spindle, kufika ku-8000 PRM, 22kW motor motor, ukusika isivinini kuya ku-7500 mm/min, isivinini sokuphakela esiphezulu, ukunemba okuphezulu, njll.

Thenga manje

Umshini wokugaya we-CNC

umshini wokugaya we-cnc

Ukugaya akuyona inqubo entsha. Selokhu efikile I-Industrial Revolution ngekhulu le-XNUMX, waqala uhambo lapho umuntu nomshini kwakuzohambisana ukuze kwenziwe. Kodwa-ke, kancane kancane umshini ubulokhu uthatha izikhundla nemisebenzi eminingi ngaphambili eyayingenziwa umuntu kuphela. Imishini yokugaya isineminyaka ikhona, kepha ukugaya kwe-CNC kuyinto yesimanje. Indlela yokulawula yonke into ngekhompyutha, ukuthuthukisa isivinini, ukunemba kanye nokukhiqiza kwalolu hlobo lomshini.

Kuyini ukugaya kwe-CNC?

Ukugaya kuyinqubo lapho ithuluzi elaziwa ngokuthi i-milling cutter lidala izimo noma izingcezu. Kwenziwa ngu ukukhiqiza okukhiphayo, okungukuthi, okuphambene ne ukukhiqiza okungeziwe. Umsiki wokugaya uzoqala noma asuse ingxenye yezinto kuze kube yilapho ebaza noma ebaza lokho obekufuna. Ngokufika kwe-CNC, amakhompyutha angakwazi ukulawula umshini wokugaya we-CNC ukuze azuze umphumela olindelekile, ngaphandle kokuthi umuntu enze izinguquko nokunyakaza ngesandla.

izingxenye zomshini wokugaya

Ukuze uqonde kangcono ukusebenza komshini wokugaya we-CNC kanye nenqubo yokugaya, kungabaluleka ukuthi okungenani ubeke ohlwini futhi uqonde ezinye izingxenye eziyinhloko. Akuyona yonke imishini yokugaya enabo, njengoba ingahluka kumkhiqizi oyedwa komunye, noma phakathi kwamamodeli. Nokho, eziyinhloko yilezi:

  • ukuphotha: Yilona eligcina ithuluzi lokusika lisendaweni yokucubungula ingxenye.
  • Ithuluzi: kuyingxenye ekhiphekayo, futhi yiyo eyenza ukubaza ocezwini.
  • Iphaneli yokulawula: i-interface lapho u-opharetha angakwazi ukulawula umshini noma ukuqapha amapharamitha athile.
  • Ikholomu: Ingxenye eyinhloko noma ifreyimu ebamba ezinye izingxenye zomshini endaweni.
  • Isihlalo: igxilwe kukholamu yomshini, futhi ihlezi etafuleni lomsebenzi.
  • Mesa: kuyisisekelo somshini lapho ingxenye engaphezulu yesihlalo ikhona, lapho ucezu oluzokwenziwa ngomshini lubekwe khona. Izophinde ibe ne-clamping device ukuze ucezu lunganyakazi phakathi nenqubo.
  • Base: indawo yokusekela yomshini ophansi.
  • Uhlelo lwefriji: Kungaba ngomoya noma ngoketshezi. Njengoba kukhona ukungqubuzana phakathi kwe-workpiece kanye nethuluzi ngesikhathi sokugaya, ukushisa okuningi kuzokhiqizwa kwezinye izimo. Ukuze unciphise izinga lokushisa, ungasebenzisa umoya noma uketshezi olugeza indawo yokusebenza.

Usebenza kanjani umshini wokugaya we-CNC

Njenganoma yimuphi omunye umshini wokugaya we-CNC, yonke into iqala ngomklamo wekhompyutha ozodluliselwa olimini oluqondakalayo umshini we-CNC futhi uzofunda le khodi lawula ukunyakaza yini okufanele ngiyenze ukuze ngithole umphumela ofanayo nemodeli eklanywe yikhompyutha. I-drill izosusa impahla kwezinye izindawo ize ifinyelele umumo ofanele, ukujiya, njll.

I-terminology

Ngaphakathi kwamagama e-CNC milling, sinawo izingxenye noma amapharamitha okufanele uyazi:

  • Isivinini: Isho isivinini lapho ithuluzi lokusika noma lokugaya lizungeza. Ikalwa ngama-revolutions per minute (RPM) futhi ingahlelwa ukuze ivumelane nento ezogaywa.
  • Ukudla: ibanga elihambayo ucezu lokusebenza noma ithuluzi lokusika noma lokugaya ngokuphenduka ngakunye (noma ukujika). Lokhu kungabuye kuhlelwe futhi kuzoncika ezintweni.
  • ukujula kokusika: ibanga ithuluzi elihamba ngalo phezu kwengxenye, futhi lizoncika ezintweni.
  • Imingcele eyengeziwe: bheka lapha

Imisebenzi Yokugaya Okujwayelekile

Kukhona imisebenzi ehlukahlukene yokugaya engenziwa ngalolu hlobo lwemishini ye-CNC. Kuye ngohlobo lwenkantolo, eziyinhloko yilezi:

  • ukugaya ubuso: i-axis yokujikeleza kwethuluzi izoba yi-perpendicular ebusweni bomsebenzi womsebenzi. Lokhu kugaya kuzodala izindawo eziyisicaba futhi kudinga izigayo ezinemiphetho ebukhali ekugcineni.
  • I-Plano: lapho i-eksisi yokuzungezisa ihambisana nobuso bengxenye. Ithuluzi linemiphetho yokusika kuyo yonke i-circumference yokusika, futhi likhiqiza izikhala, izimbotshana, ama-grooves.
  • I-Angular: izimbazo zokuzungezisa zethuluzi zenza i-engeli ngobuso besiqephu. Isetshenziselwa ukukhiqiza ama-chamfers, ama-slots, ama-dovetails, njll.
  • ukugaya umumo: zingabasiki abathile bokugaya ukuze bakhiqize izindawo ezingavamile, amakhontolo ayisiyingi, izintambo, amajika, njll.
  • abanye: kukhona namanye okudala amagiya, umsebenzi ngasikhathi sinye ezindaweni ezimbalwa, njll.

Izinhlobo zemishini yokugaya ye-CNC

Kuneziningana izinhlobo zemishini yokugaya ye-CNC. Futhi njengoba kwakunjalo ngama-lathes nezinye izinhlobo zemishini, zingahlukaniswa kusetshenziswa izindlela ezimbalwa:

Ngokuhambisana nokuma kwe-spindle

  • Kuqondile: eguquguqukayo ngokwemibandela yezinketho zomshini.
  • Kuvundlile: kungcono ukusebenza ngezicucu ezinzima nezinde.

Kuye ngenani lama-ekseli

  • 3 izembe: ayizingxenye ezine-eksisi engu-X (kwesobunxele kuye kwesokudla), i-eksisi engu-Y (phambili nangemuva) kanye ne-eksisi engu-Z (phezulu naphansi), evumela ukugaya kwe-3D. Le mishini iyona elula kunazo zonke, kulula ukuyisebenzisa futhi ingabizi kakhulu. Kodwa-ke, awukwazi ukufinyelela ezindaweni ezithile zengxenye eyenziwa ngomshini, futhi i-geometry engafinyelelwa izoba nzima kakhulu.
  • 5 izembe: Lo mshini uyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu kunalowo odlule, wengeza izimbazo ezimbili ezengeziwe ukuze uthuthukise inkululeko yokuhamba. Ngalokhu, izingxenye eziyinkimbinkimbi zifinyelelwa. Kulesi simo, ingxenye izokwazi ukwenza ukunyakaza okujikelezayo ukuze ithuluzi libe nokufinyelela okungcono kuzo zonke izindawo. Phakathi kwezinzuzo zayo kukhona iqiniso lokuqeda ukumiswa kabusha kwengxenye ngesandla, ikhono lokukhiqiza amajiyometri ayinkimbinkimbi, ukunemba okungcono, kanye nezindawo ezibushelelezi kakhulu. Ngokuqondene nokubi, kunezindleko, kanye nobunzima obukhulu bomshini.

Ngokusho kwezinto zokwakha

Kuningi izinto ezingenziwa ngomshini noma zigaywe. Kodwa-ke, kunemikhawulo ethile, njengoba izinto ezisetshenziswayo zidinga ukuba namandla athile okuqina, ukumelana nokushisa, ubulukhuni, kanye nezakhiwo zamandla zokugunda. Phakathi kwezinto ezibonakalayo zingahlukaniswa:

Umshini wokugaya izinkuni we-CNC

Ziyimishini yokugaya ye-CNC ekwazi ukusebenza ngokhuni, yomibili i-softwood, njenge-hardwood, kanye ne-plywood noma i-MDF panel. Phakathi kwezinkuni zemvelo, kungaba khona izinkuni ezifana nephayini, i-oki, i-walnut, i-olive, njll. Ngayinye inezidingo ezithile ngokwemibandela yokugaya. Ngokuvamile zivame kakhulu ekubazeni noma ezimbonini ezinikezelwe ngokhuni.

umshini wokugaya wensimbi we-cnc

Ama-strawberries e-Metal aphakathi kokuthandwa kakhulu ezingeni lezimboni, ngoba kunezicelo eziningi zalezi zinto. Kusukela kumafasitela, iminyango, nezinye izinto ze-aluminium, ngokusebenzisa izingxenye zensimbi zokwakha, zomkhakha wezimoto, njll., kuya kwezinye izinto eziningi ezisetshenziswayo. Futhi, izinsimbi ezihlukahlukene nama-alloys angasetshenziswa lapha, kodwa aziwa kakhulu insimbi, ithusi, ithusi, i-titanium nethusi.

Okunye

Kukhona nemishini yokugaya ye-CNC engasebenza ngama-polymer epulasitiki, njenge I-ABS, i-PEEK, i-polycarbonate (i-PC), inayiloni, njll. Yiqiniso, kukhona abasiki bezinye izinto ezifana ingilazi, ama-elastomers, itshe, imabula, njll. Sezizonke zingaphezu kwama-50 izinto ezingasetshenzwa.

Intengo yomshini wokugaya we-CNC

I-Los izintengo zomshini wokugaya we-cnc zingahluka. Kunemishini yokugaya eyisisekelo engadayiswa ngama-euro angamakhulu ambalwa kuphela, athengeka kakhulu ngisho nokusetshenziswa ngasese. Ezinye zezimboni zokukhiqiza ngobuningi noma ezithuthuke kakhulu zingabiza izinkulungwane zama-euro. Ngakho-ke, abukho uhla lwamanani oluqondile kakhulu. Ngisho naphakathi kwamamodeli anezici ezifanayo, kungaba khona umehluko omkhulu phakathi kwemikhiqizo.

Izinzuzo Numerical Control Milling

CNC milling has izinzuzo ezinkulu okweshabhu noma inkampani. Isibonelo, ezinye zezinzuzo ezivelele kakhulu yilezi:

  • Ukukhiqiza: kwandisa isivinini sokukhiqiza, futhi kunciphisa izindleko.
  • Ukwehluka: ivumela ukwakhiwa kwezingcezu ezimbalwa ukuze kwandiswe ukukhiqizwa kwezinga elikhulu, ukukhiqizwa ngobuningi nokuvumela zonke izingcezu ukuthi zifane.
  • ngokunemba- Eminye imishini inembile kuze kube ngaphansi kwengxenye yeshumi yemilimitha, ngakho-ke izokwazi ukwenza izingxenye zekhwalithi ephezulu.
  • Ukuhlukahluka: bangakha zonke izinhlobo zomumo (ama-chamfer, izimbotshana, izikhala, izintambo, amazinyo,…), futhi ungashintsha ngokushesha umsebenzi ukuze ukhiqize ingxenye ehlukile ngokuphazima kweso.

Phakathi kwezimboni ezisebenzisa lolu hlobo lwemishini kubalwa i-aerospace, ugesi, izimoto, amarobhothi, ezokwakha, ezokwelashwa, ezokudla, ukwenza ifenisha, njll.

nebubi

I-CNC milling nayo ine Okunye ukungalungi:

  • Izindleko zamajiyometri ayinkimbinkimbi: kuye ngamajometri, izindleko zinganyuka kanye nesikhathi esidingekayo.
  • Imikhawulo noma imikhawulo: le mishini ingasebenza kuphela ngezingxenye ezithile zobukhulu ngokuya ngobude nobubanzi.
  • Izimo ezingakwazi ukugaywa: Azikwazi ukudala izici ezithile, njengezimbobo ezigobile, imiphetho yangaphakathi eqondile, izindonga ezingaphansi kuka-0.5mm, njll. Kulokhu, ezinye izinhlobo zemishini zizodingeka.
  • imfucuza yezinto ezibonakalayo: Ezinqubweni zokukhiqiza ezikhiphayo, inani elikhulu lezinto ezibonakalayo liyasuswa, likhiqize imfucuza eningi. Kuzosetshenziswa ingxenye kuphela yawo wonke ama-virgin block. Ama-chips amaningi avelayo angagaywa kabusha noma asetshenziswe kabusha. Isibonelo, insimbi ingancibilika, amanye amapulasitiki aphinde asetshenziswe kabusha, noma izinkuni zingasetshenziswa kwezinye izimboni (iphepha, izigcwalisi, i-biomass, njll.).

Izinhlobo zama-strawberry

sitrobheli

Kukhona izinhlobo ezahlukene strawberries engasetshenziswa njengethuluzi lale mishini ye-CNC. Phakathi kwezinto eziphawuleka kakhulu yilezi:

  • i-tungsten carbide burs: zenziwe ngale nto eqinile futhi eqinile. Nakuba zibiza kakhulu, zingasetshenziselwa izinto eziqinile, kuhlanganise nezinsimbi ezifana ne-aluminium. Njengama-strawberries amaningi, angaba ngu-1, 2, 3, ... izindebe.
  • High speed steel noma HSS milling cutters: ziqinile futhi zishibhile, zivamile impela. Isetshenziswa ekugayeni izinto ezithambile kancane.
  • Umsiki wokugaya oqondile we-aluminium: ingenziwa nge-tungsten carbide, kodwa inejiyomethri engavamile kakhulu, njengoba i-helix enemiphetho yokusika ingu-45º ukusiza kangcono ukukhipha ama-chips. Kuhle ezimeni lapho ama-chips emakhulu futhi ejwayele ukunamathelana.
  • umsiki rough: Inamazinyo onqenqemeni futhi isetshenziselwa ukugoqa okokuqala kwezinto. Isibonelo, ukususa izingqimba zokuqala zesiqu sokhuni, njll.
  • ama-strawberries ane-radius: imiphetho ingasikwa engxenyeni noma ukubunjwa kwe-concave kungenziwa.
  • I-T-slot cutter: ukwenza izikhala ezidumile ezimise okwe-T, njengalezo ezisematafuleni eminye imishini ye-CNC.

Ulwazi oluningi


Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.