I-Arduino Portenta X8 iyahambisana ne-EU Cyber ​​​​Resilience Act (CRA)

I-Arduino Portenta X8

Foundries.io, ngokubambisana ne I-Arduino, ihlanganise isofthiwe yayo yezokuphepha ebhodini I-Arduino Portenta X8. Ngale ndlela, le mojula isibe yi-SoM (Isistimu Yemojuli) yokuqala ethobela imithetho ye-CRA ye-European Union. Impumelelo impela, futhi into ezovumela ukwakhiwa kwamaphrojekthi amaningi adinga ukuhambisana nalo mthetho.

Njengoba wazi, i-Arduino Portenta X8 iyibhodi lentuthuko njenganoma iyiphi enye i-Arduino, kodwa bekungeyokuqala ukusebenzisa I-Arm-based processor ekwazi ukusebenzisa isistimu yokusebenza ye-GNU/Linux kanye namandla okunweba ngama-plugin aziwa ngokuthi i-HAT.

I-Arduino Portenta X8 iyinkundla yentuthuko ehlanganisa konke okuhlanganisa izingxenyekazi zekhompiyutha nesofthiwe ukuze kube lula ukudalwa kwezixazululo ze-IoT ezithuthukisiwe. Ifakwe iphrosesa enamandla ye-53-core Arm Cortex-A8, i-Portenta X8 iletha ukusebenza okukhethekile. Idizayini yayo eyimojuli ivumela ukunwetshwa ngamamojula engeziwe, njenge-HAT Carrier Board, futhi ukugxila kwayo ku-cybersecurity kuyenza ihambisane ne-European Union Cyber ​​​​Resilience Law. Ukwengeza, ihlanganisa izici zokuphepha ezithuthukisiwe ezifana ne-boot evikelekile, indawo yokusebenza ethembekile, nezibuyekezo ezivikelekile ze-OTA, okuyenza ibe ukukhetha okuqinile kumaphrojekthi we-IoT asezingeni eliphezulu.

Iyini i-CRA?

La I-Cyber ​​​​Resilience Act (CRA) ihlose ukuvikela abathengi namabhizinisi asebenzisa imikhiqizo noma isofthiwe enezingxenye zedijithali ngokubhekana nokukhathazeka ngokuvikeleka ku-inthanethi. Ifuna ukuqeda ukushiyeka kwezokuphepha ngokwethula izidingo eziyisibopho zokuphepha ku-inthanethi kubakhiqizi nabathengisi. Umthetho ubhekana nezinkinga ezimbili eziyinhloko:

  • Ukuntuleka kokuphepha kwe-inthanethi okwanele emikhiqizweni eminingi kanye nokungakwazi kwabasebenzisi ukunquma ukuphepha kwe-inthanethi kwemikhiqizo.
  • I-CRA izosungula amazinga avunyelanisiwe, uhlaka lwezidingo zokuphepha ku-inthanethi kanye nezibopho zawo wonke umjikelezo wempilo wemikhiqizo.

Lapho kuqala ukusebenza, imikhiqizo izophatha uphawu lwe-CE ukukhombisa ukuhambisana namazinga amasha, okuvumela abathengi ukuthi benze izinqumo ezinolwazi mayelana ne-cybersecurity. Izosebenza emikhiqizweni exhunywe ku-inthanethi, ingafaki izimo ezithile ezifana nesofthiwe yomthombo ovulekile. Kulindeleke ukuthi iqala ukusebenza ekuqaleni kuka-2024, nabakhiqizi abasebenzisa izindinganiso ezinyangeni ezingama-36 kamuva. IKhomishana izobuyekeza umthetho ngezikhathi ezithile.

Imithetho emisha ye-EU CRA icacisa ukuphepha okuncane kuwo wonke amadivayisi we-IoT eYurophu, okuhlanganisa:

  • Setha izindinganiso zemikhiqizo evikelekile enezici zedijithali kuyo yonke i-EU.
  • Idinga ukuthi abakhiqizi bagxile ekuphepheni njengento eza kuqala.
  • Khulisa ukuqwashisa komsebenzisi ngokubaluleka kwezici ze-cybersecurity.
  • Idinga Abakhiqizi Bezinto Zoqobo (ama-OEMs) ukuthi babhekane ngokushesha nobungozi kumadivayisi asevele asetshenziswa.

I-Los Ukuhlasela kwe-Cyber ​​kubangele izinkinga ezibizayo, ezithinta izinkampani, ohulumeni nabantu ngabanye. Ukulahlekelwa kwezomnotho okubangelwa ukuphazamiseka kokusebenza kwebhizinisi, ukwebiwa kwedatha eyimfihlo, ukuqolwa kanye nokulimala kwesithunzi sebhizinisi kubalulekile. Ngokungeziwe ezindlekweni eziqondile, ukuhlasela kwe-inthanethi nakho kukhiqiza izindleko ezengeziwe zokuthuthukisa ukuphepha kwe-inthanethi, ukulungisa amasistimu athintekile, nokubhekana nemiphumela yezomthetho neyokulawula. Ukukhula okuyinkimbinkimbi kokuhlaselwa kanye nenhlobonhlobo yokuhlosiwe kugcizelela isidingo esibalulekile sezinyathelo ezisebenzayo zokuvimbela, ukuhlonza kanye nokunciphisa izinsongo ze-inthanethi. Futhi lena yi-US CRA…

Imininingwane ye-Arduino Portenta X8 ene-CRA

Njengoba ngixoxile, ngaphansi kwemithetho ye-EU ezayo, yonke imikhiqizo yedijithali kufanele ihlangabezane namazinga amasha okuphepha, ngaphandle kwezigaba ezithile ezifana nemishini ethile yezokwelapha, okokusebenza kwezindiza kanye nezimoto. Ngokuya ngamazinga abo engcuphe, eminye imikhiqizo izodinga ukuhlolwa kokuphepha okuzimele. Ngaphezu kwalokho, Abakhiqizi Bezinto Zokuqala (ama-OEMs) kufanele baqinisekise ukuthi le mikhiqizo iyaphumelela kulokhu kuhlolwa kokuphepha okuzothengiswa emazweni angaphakathi kwe-EU, futhi ukuhambisana nalo Mthetho kuzoqashwa.

Ngale ndlela, i-Arduino Portenta X8 ingagunyazwa imikhiqizo ebhalwe ukuthi “ibucayi kakhulu” abadinga ukuvikeleka okwengeziwe. I-EU ilinganisela ukuthi leli zinga elisha lingonga phakathi kwama-euro ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingu-180 nezingu-290 unyaka ngamunye ngokunciphisa ukuhlasela kwe-cyberattack, njengoba lokhu sekuyinkinga enkulu ezinhlanganweni nasezinkampanini, kanye nakubasebenzisi ngabanye.

Ukuqinisekisa ukuthi i-Arduino Portenta X8 ithobela i-CRA, kokubili I-Foundries.io ne-Arduino zibambisene ukusebenzisa ukuthuthukiswa kwezokuphepha kule SoM. Njengoba wazi, i-Foundries.io yinkampani enikeza izixazululo zokuthuthukiswa kwefu kanye nezixazululo zokuthunyelwa kwamadivayisi avikelekile e-IoT kanye ne-Edge, ngakho-ke ingumfelandawonye omuhle ne-Arduino ukuze ihambisane nalawa mazinga okuphepha aseYurophu.

Ngenxa yalokhu kubambisana, abasebenzisi be-Arduino Portenta X8 bangakwazi ukuphatha kalula ukuphepha kwedivayisi, ukuvikelwa kwedatha nokuphathwa kwesofthiwe ngendlela ephumelelayo endaweni eyodwa. imvelo esekelwe ngamafu. Izophinde inikeze ukuvikeleka okwengeziwe kuzo zonke izinhlobo ezaziwayo zokuhlasela kwe-inthanethi nohlelo olungayilungele ikhompuyutha, futhi iqinisekise izimpendulo ezisheshayo ezingozini ezintsha, inikeze amandla ukubuyekezwa kwe-firmware okusheshayo ukuze kupeshe lezi zingozi.

I-Arduino Portenta X8 inikeza isethi yezici zokuphepha ezinikezwe i-Linux Micro platform kanye ne-FoundriesFactory platform, okuyinto faka:

  • Secure Boot
  • Indawo ethembekile yokwenza
  • Ukuphathwa kwesilawuli kude
  • Ifaka okhiye abavikelekile
  • Ukufakazela ubuqiniso kwamafu
  • Vikela izibuyekezo ze-OTA (Over-The-Air) ngokusekelwa kwe-TUF
  • I-software bill of materials (i-SBOM) ekhiqizwa ngokuzenzakalela ngemva kokubuyekezwa kwesofthiwe ngayinye

Konke akuzona izinzuzo, njengoba lokhu kuqaliswa kuhilela inkimbinkimbi yokwenza lula i-software interface ye-Foundries.io kanye nethuluzi elaziwa ngokuthi i-X8 Board Manager, nakuba ngalo mqondo benze umsebenzi omuhle, futhi isikhombimsebenzisi esisha silula futhi iyahambisana ne-Arduino IDE konjiniyela.

UFabio Violante, oyi-CEO ye-Arduino, uthe:

"Uma sisebenzisa amadivaysi asekelwe ku-Linux, ukuphepha akukwazi ukucatshangelwa kamuva. Yingakho siklame i-Arduino Portenta X8 ngokubaluleke kakhulu ezicini zokuphepha, kusukela ekuqaleni kuze kube sekupheleni. Lokhu kusuka ku-hardware ne-firmware kuye ekusabalaliseni kwe-Linux kanye nokuphathwa kwedivayisi okuxhaswe yi-FoundriesFactory. "Lokhu kusivumele ukuthi sihambisane nemithetho ye-CRA kusukela ekuqaleni."


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.