I-Raspberry Pi 5: Isibuyekezo esisha se-firmware siletha ukuthuthuka okukhulu

I-Rasperry Pi 5

Once the I-SBC, ukuthuthukiswa kwabo kuyaqhubeka, kungaba ngezibuyekezo zesofthiwe noma ze-firmware, njengakulesi simo. Manje i I-Raspberry Pi 5 ithole isibuyekezo esisha se-firmware (EEPROM) ngo-Ephreli 17 walo nyaka, futhi ingesinye sezibuyekezo ezibaluleke kakhulu kusukela yethulwa, enokuthuthukiswa okubalulekile.

La Ukubuyekeza le firmware kulula kusuka ohlelweni lokusebenza lwe-Raspberry Pi OS (owayekade eyi-Raspbian), njengoba ngemiyalo embalwa elula ungathola inguqulo yakamuva yekhodi ezogcinwa kumemori yohlobo lwe-EEPROM yebhodi lakho, nakho konke ukuthuthukiswa okusha nemisebenzi etholakalayo ye-Raspberry Pi 5 yakho.

Ukuze ubuyekeze, kufanele nje sebenzisa iskripthi esilandelayo:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade
sudo rpi-eeprom-update -a

I-EEPROM 17/04/2024: Ukuthuthukiswa okufakiwe kwe-Rasbperry Pi 5

I-Raspberry Pi Foundation ikhiphe lesi sibuyekezo esisha se-firmware se-Raspberry Pi 5 esihlanganisa ukuthuthukiswa okubalulekile, okungenye yezibuyekezo ezinkulu kakhulu kuze kube manje. Phakathi ukuthuthukiswa esinakho:

  • Ukusebenza okuthuthukisiwe: Kulesi sibuyekezo se-EEPROM ye-Raspberry Pi 5, ukusebenza kuthuthukisiwe, kwathuthukisa ukuphathwa kokusetshenziswa kwememori ye-SDRAM, ukulungisa ngokuguquguqukayo imvamisa yewashi ngokusekelwe ekushintsheni kwezinga lokushisa, iqinisekisa ukusebenza okuzinzile ngisho nomsebenzi onzima kakhulu, kunciphisa izimo zokuziphatha okungalindelekile. nangokusebenza okushelelayo ngaphandle kokucushwa kwe-4GB noma kwe-8GB okukhethile. Kubathandi be-overclocking, lesi sibuyekezo siphinde sithuthukise lesi sici, sikwazi ukuthatha iphrosesa ifike ku-3 Ghz. Okokugcina, ukusebenza kahle kwenkumbulo sekuthuthukisiwe ngokubeka kabusha izigaba ze-kernel ezingabalulekile endaweni ezinikele engu-512 KB, kukhululwe inqwaba yenkumbulo kwezinye izinqubo.
  • Ukuvikeleka okuqinile- Ukuphepha kubaluleke kakhulu emhlabeni wanamuhla wedijithali, futhi ukuthuthukiswa kwe-EEPROM kubeka phambili lesi sici. Isibuyekezo sethula ukusekelwa kwezitifiketi zangokwezifiso ze-CA (Isiphathimandla Sokugunyazwa) nge-HTTPS yokuqalisa. Lokhu kuvumela abasebenzisi ukuthi basebenzise izitifiketi zabo ezizethembayo zokuqalisa okuphephile, okwengeza isendlalelo esengeziwe sokuvikela ekufinyeleleni okungagunyaziwe. Ukwengeza, isibuyekezo silungisa ubungozi obuhlobene nomsebenzi we-TRYBOOT uma ukuqalisa okuvikelekile kunikwe amandla. Lokhu kulungiswa kubhekana nokuxhaphaza okungaba khona kwezokuvikela okungafaka engozini isistimu. Ngalokhu kuthuthukiswa, abasebenzisi bangaqiniseka ukuthi i-Raspberry Pi 5 yabo ivikeleke kangcono ezinsongweni ezingaba khona.
  • Ukuhambisana okungcono kwehadiwe- Futhi inweba amandla e-Raspberry Pi 5 ngokuthuthukisa ukuhambisana kwayo nehadiwe yangaphandle. Isibuyekezo sinikeza ukusekelwa okuthuthukisiwe kwe-HAT+ (I-Hardware Inanyathiselwe Phezulu) kanye namadivayisi e-NVMe (Non-Volatile Memory Express). Lokhu kuvumela abasebenzisi ukuthi baxhume uhla olubanzi lwama-peripherals nezinsiza, bavule iminyango kuzinhlelo zokusebenza ezihlukene. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi usebenza kumaphrojekthi we-inthanethi Yezinto (IoT), wakha isikhungo semidiya esinamandla, noma uthuthukisa izinhlelo zokusebenza ezingokwezifiso, ukusekelwa okuthuthukisiwe kwemishini ye-HAT+ ne-NVMe kuvumela ukuguquguquka okukhulu nokwenza ngendlela oyifisayo.
  • Ukuthuthukiswa kwe-USB- Isibuyekezo se-Raspberry Pi 5 sinikeza ukuthuthukiswa okuphawulekayo kokusebenza, ikakhulukazi ngokuya ngesivinini sokubhala se-USB. Izikhathi zokudlulisa idatha ezisheshayo zisheshisa imisebenzi ehilela ukunyakaza kwedatha njalo, njengokukopisha amafayela amakhulu noma ukusebenza ngamadivaysi okugcina angaphandle. Lokhu kubangela ukugeleza komsebenzi okusebenza kahle kakhudlwana nolwazi lomsebenzisi olusabelayo. Uma ubheka phambili, isibuyekezo siphinde sibeke isisekelo sentuthuko yesikhathi esizayo. Ukufakwa kosekelo lokuqala lwe-D0 (Isifunda Sedivayisi 0) kanye ne-CM5 (Compute Module 5) kubonisa ukuzibophezela kwe-Raspberry Pi Foundation ekuqinisekiseni idivayisi ngokuzayo. Lokhu kuvumela i-Raspberry Pi 5 ukuthi ivumelane nobuchwepheshe obusafufusa futhi ihlale ihambisana nokuthuthukiswa kwehadiwe entsha.
  • Okunye: Impela, sikhona isikhala sokunye ukuthuthukiswa kulesi sibuyekezo se-firmware se-Raspberry Pi 5, njengokulungiswa kwezinye iziphazamisi, ukuthuthukiswa kwekhodi, ngisho nokuthuthukiswa okuthile kokufakwa kwezinhlelo zokusebenza kunethiwekhi, isici ebese yethulwe kusibuyekezo sangaphambilini se-EEPROM.

Izindaba ezinhle!


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