Inzwa ye-inductive: ukuthi iyini, isebenza kanjani, nokuthi isebenzelani

inzwa ye-inductive

Mhlawumbe ubungamazi, noma mhlawumbe ubumazi. Kunoma yikuphi, lapha sizozama ukukubonisa okuthile okwengeziwe mayelana nenzwa ye-inductive, ingxenye ethakazelisa kakhulu yamaphrojekthi akho e-elekthronikhi, ehlinzeka ngemisebenzi emisha ngale ngxenye entsha esengeze kuyo uhlu lwezingxenye ze-elekthronikhi esesike saxoxa ngayo ngaphambili.

Uzokwazi ukufunda ukuthi iyini le nzwa yokufundisa, ukuthi isebenza kanjani, ingeyani, njll. Ngale ndlela, ungaqala ukuyifaka kumaphrojekthi wakho we-DIY wesikhathi esizayo…

Iyini inzwa ye-inductive?

Un Inzwa ye-inductive iyisisetshenziswa sikagesi esithola ubukhona bezinto zensimbi ngaphandle kwesidingo sokuthintana ngokomzimba. Asebenza ngokuvumelana nesimiso sokungeniswa kwe-electromagnetic, akhiqiza inkambu kazibuthe ezungeza ikhoyili yangaphakathi.

Uma into eyinsimbi isondela kule nkundla, Ama-Eddy currents akhiqizwat kuyo, okubuye kudonse inkambu kazibuthe ephambene eguqula ukuthontelana kwekhoyili yenzwa. Lokhu kuhluka kwe-inductance kuhunyushwa kusignali kagesi ekhombisa ukuba khona kwento eyinsimbi.

Ngesikhathi sikhuluma nge-transformer ngase ngenze isingeniso ngayo, kodwa uma ungakhumbuli, ama-eddy currents, abuye aziwe ngokuthi ama-eddy, eddy noma ama-turbillon currents, ayinto kagesi eyatholwa isazi sefiziksi saseFrance u-Léon Foucault ngo-1851. Zenzeka lapho i-conductor isendaweni yamagnetic eshintshayo, noma lapho umqhubi ehamba endaweni kazibuthe.

Shintsha ku inkambu kazibuthe noma ukunyakaza okuhlobene kubangela ukujikeleza kwama-electron, noma amandla amanje, ngaphakathi umshayeli. Le misinga eyindilinga eyisiyingi idala ozibuthe kagesi abanezinkambu kazibuthe eziphikisana nomthelela wenkundla kazibuthe esetshenziswayo (bona uMthetho kaLenz). Uma kuqina inkambu kazibuthe esetshenziswayo, noma ukuqhutshwa kwe-conductor enkulu, noma isivinini esikhulu sokunyakaza esihlobene, kuyanda ama-eddy currents nezinkambu eziphikisanayo ezikhiqizwayo...

Izinzuzo kanye nokulinganiselwa

Sibonga u Babona izinto zensimbi kuphela, kungaba enye indlela enhle yezinzwa ezikhona ezithola zonke izinhlobo zezinto. Ngale ndlela, izokhiqiza kuphela okukhiphayo lapho ithola okuthile okusansimbi, hhayi ngokuba khona kwanoma iyiphi enye into... Ngaphezu kwalokho, inezinye izinzuzo:

  • Ngaphandle kokuxhumana ngokomzimba: Azidingi ukuthintana ngokomzimba nento etholiwe, okuzenza zilungele izinhlelo zokusebenza lapho ukuthintana kungalimaza into noma inzwa.
  • Ukunemba okuphezulu nokuthembeka: hlinzeka ngokutholakala okunembile nokuthembekile kwezinto zensimbi.
  • Impilo ende ewusizo: Ziyimishini eqinile ekwazi ukumelana nezimo zemvelo ezimbi.
  • Ukufakwa nokulungisa kalula: Kulula ukuzifaka nokuyinakekela.

Nokho, zikhona futhi ukulinganiselwa okuthile:

  • Babona izinsimbi kuphela: Bangakwazi ukubona izinto zensimbi kuphela.
  • Ibanga elinomkhawulo: Ububanzi bokutholwa bunqunyelwe ubukhulu kanye nokuma kwekhoyili.
  • Ukuzwela ekuphazamisekeni kwe-electromagnetic: Angase azwele ekuphazanyisweni kozibuthe kusuka kwamanye amadivaysi.

Izingxenye Zenzwa Eguquguqukayo

Mayelana nezingxenye noma izingxenye zenzwa ye-inductive, okulandelayo kufanele kucashunwe:

  • Ikhoyili: isebenzela ukukhiqiza inkambu kazibuthe ezungezayo futhi iyisici esiyinhloko esithola ukuhluka kwe-inductance.
  • I-oscillator circuit: ikhiqiza i-alternating current enika amandla ikhoyili futhi icubungule amasignali e-inductance ukuze ikhiqize isignali yokuphumayo.
  • Ukuhamba: Kungaba i-analog noma idijithali, kuye ngohlobo lwenzwa. Isignali yokuphuma ibonisa ukuba khona noma ukungabikho kwento yensimbi, futhi kwezinye izimo, ibanga noma isivinini sayo.
  • ICarcasa- Ivikela izingxenye zangaphakathi futhi inikeze izindlela zokukhuphuka zenzwa.

Izinhlobo zezinzwa ze-inductive

Kukhona futhi eziningana izinhlobo zezinzwa ze-inductive okufanele ukwazi, njengokuthi:

  • I-Cylindrical: Ziyizona ezivame kakhulu futhi zisetshenziswa ezinhlobonhlobo zezinhlelo zokusebenza.
  • Unxande: Zinikeza indawo enkulu yokuthola futhi ziwusizo ekutholeni izinto ezinkulu noma ezingajwayelekile.
  • Flush: Agibela phezulu endaweni yokuzwa, okuwenza alungele izinhlelo zokusebenza ezinendawo elinganiselwe.
  • Of slot: Zisetshenziselwa ukubona izinto ezidlula endaweni yokukhala noma ukuvuleka.

Izicelo ezingenzeka

Ngokuqondene ne izicelo ezingenzeka kwenzwa ye-inductive, singabala ezinye ezifana nalezi:

  • Ukutholwa kobukhona: ukuthola ukuba khona kwezingxenye zensimbi emigqeni yokukhiqiza, amabhande okuthutha kanye nemishini.
  • Ukulawula isikhundla: Zisetshenziselwa ukulawula ukuma kwezinto zensimbi ezihambayo.
  • Isibalo seziqephu: ukubala izingcezu zensimbi ezidlula endaweni ethile.
  • Ukuvikeleka Kwezimboni: ukuvikela abasebenzi ezindaweni eziyingozi zemishini.
  • I-Automation yezimboni: Zisetshenziswa ezinhlobonhlobo zezinqubo ezishintshayo zezimboni.

Ungayikhetha kanjani inzwa efanelekile yokufaka nokuthi ungayithenga kuphi

uma uya ku khetha inzwa yokufaka efanelekile, Kufanele unake izici zobuchwepheshe ezimbalwa lapho ukusebenza kwayo kuzoncika khona:

  • I-Rango detección: ibanga lapho inzwa ingathola khona into eyinsimbi.
  • Imvamisa ye-oscillation: inquma imvamisa yamanje eshintshanayo enika ikhoyili amandla.
  • Usayizi wento etholwayo- Ubukhulu obuncane bento yensimbi engatholwa inzwa.
  • Izinto ezibonakalayo: wuhlobo lwensimbi olungatholwa inzwa.
  • Phuma: uhlobo lwesignali yokuphumayo (i-analog noma idijithali) kanye ne-voltage noma ububanzi bamanje. Lokhu kubalulekile kuphrojekthi yakho, kuye ngokuthi yiziphi ezinye izakhi ozoyihlanganisa nazo (ama-microcontrollers, amabhodi okuthuthukisa,...).
  • Ukumelana nezinga lokushisa: izinga lokushisa eliphezulu lapho inzwa ingasebenza khona ngaphandle kokulimala.
  • Ibanga le-protección: ibhekisela ezingeni lokuvikelwa kwenzwa ngokumelene nothuli, umswakama kanye namanye ama-agent angaphandle.

Ungakwazi thola amamodeli enzwa eguquguqukayo amaphrojekthi akho womenzi ezitolo ezikhethekile, kodwa nasezinkundleni ezifana ne-Aliexpress, Amazon, eBay, njll. Lapha sincoma amamodeli athile:

Ingabe badinga isondlo?

Okokugcina, futhi okubaluleke nakakhulu, kufanele wazi ukuthi izinzwa ze-inductive zidinga ukulungiswa zokuvimbela ukuqinisekisa ukusebenza kwayo ngendlela efanele futhi andise ukuphila kwayo okuwusizo. Nakuba zingamadivayisi aqinile futhi anokwethenjelwa, ukuchayeka ezicini zemvelo nokusetshenziswa okuqhubekayo kungathinta ukusebenza kwazo ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.

  • Ukuze uthole ukunakekelwa okufanele, kufanele uhlanze noma yikuphi ukungcola kwangaphandle okungenzeka kunqwabelana, njengothuli, izinsalela zamafutha, phakathi kokunye. Ngale ndlela, izoqhubeka nokugcina ukuzwela nokunemba kokuthola. Ungasebenzisa kalula indwangu ehlanzekile, eyomile ye-microfiber, noma usebenzise umoya ocindezelweyo. Kodwa ungalokothi usebenzise amakhemikhali afana nezihlanzi, izincibilikisi, izinto ezikhipha amafutha, njll., njengoba zingalimaza. I-casing ivikela zonke ezinye izingxenye, futhi kubalulekile ukuyiphatha kahle ukugwema ukuphuka, ukugqwala, njll.
  • Hlala ubheka imininingwane yedatha yedivayisi oyithengile ukuze ubone ukuthi idinga ukulinganisa, nebanga lokushisa, i-voltage, njll., engasebenza ngayo ngokuphepha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.