STEM: imfundo yamanje neyesikhathi esizayo

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La Imfundo ye-STEM inesisindo esiningi emphakathini, kusukela ngaso sonke isikhathi umphakathi obuswa ubuchwepheshe obusha. Lezi zinhlobo zamakhono zilungiselela abantu ukufinyelela eminye yemisebenzi ebaluleke kakhulu yesikhathi esizayo, ehlanganisa inani elikhulu lokuhlangenwe nakho namakhono avela emikhakheni eyahlukene. Ngenxa yalokhu kufundisa, abafundi bavunyelwe ukuba namakhono okuxazulula izinkinga eziqondile.

Izinselele ezintsha = amathuba amasha

izinselelo zemfundo

El uhlelo lwezemfundo kuye kwadingeka ukuthi ivumelane nezimo ezintsha nezidingo zomphakathi. Ngokuvela kobuchwepheshe obusha, kuyadingeka futhi ukuthi wonke umuntu afunde ukuba abomdabu bedijithali endaweni yemfundo ezungezwe ubuchwepheshe, njengoba lokhu nakho kuyikhono eliyisisekelo namuhla.

Inhloso ye- Imfundo ye-STEM ukuqeqesha kahle izizukulwane ezintsha ukuze ziphile endaweni eguquguqukayo njalo futhi ziqeqeshelwe imisebenzi engakatholakali ngenxa yezinguquko ezizolethwa ubuchwepheshe obufana ne-AI.

Yingakho imfundo ye-STEM i ukhiye wekusasa lezingane, ukubasiza bazi ukuthi bangasebenza kanjani eqenjini, bafunde ukwenza izinqumo ngokuhlanganyela, bakhulise ikhono lokuxazulula izinkinga ngobuchule, bathuthukise amakhono okuxhumana, bafunde futhi bagcine imiqondo kalula kakhudlwana, futhi bathuthukise umcabango nobuhlakani.

Iyini imfundo ye-STEM?

Sekuyiminyaka eminingi kukhulunywa kakhulu ngemfundo ye-STEM eseyenziwe ezikoleni. Izifinyezo I-STEM imele iSayensi Technology Engineering Mathematics. Okusho ukuthi, isiyalo semfundo esizama ukuqeqesha abafundi ngendlela ejabulisayo nesebenzayo ezinsikeni ezine eziyisisekelo esisekelwe kuzo: isayensi, ubuchwepheshe, ubunjiniyela kanye nezibalo.

Izinzuzo zemfundo ye-STEM

Lokhu kufundisa kwe-STEM kunokuningi izinzuzo ukhonkolo kakhulu:

  • Ithanda ukufunda okubambekayo.
  • Thuthukisa ukuxazulula izinkinga ngobuchule.
  • Kwenza kube lula ukufunda nokugcinwa kwemiqondo ngokusekelwa izenzo.
  • Ilungiselela ukuhlanganiswa kwama-ICT.
  • Khuthaza umsebenzi wokubambisana.
  • Iqinisa amakhono okuxhumana, ukhiye ezindaweni zebhizinisi.
  • Kushukumisa ukuzethemba nokuzithemba komfundi, kanye nokuphatha kangcono imizwa.
  • Ithuthukisa ukucabanga okunengqondo, ubuhlakani nokucabanga.
  • Uthuthukisa amakhono amahle emoto.

Isiphetho, indlela yokuthi izingane ziyafunda ukwenza izinto ngokuziphindaphinda ngokudlala nangokubuza. Futhi ubuchwepheshe obusha namathoyizi okufundisa kwenza lokhu kube lula futhi kube mnandi kakhulu.

Yini i-STEM?

Impela kwezinye izindawo ukwazile nokubheka ama-acronyms I-STEM (Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics), okungukuthi, ibhekisela ekuyalweni okufanayo kwe-STEM, kodwa isifinyezo ngeSpanishi esikhundleni sesiNgisi.

I ahlobene eduze umenzi isiko

La umenzi isiko, ukufunda ngokwenza, DIY (Do It Yourself), Learning-based Learning, Experiential Learning, noma i-Project-based Learning, njll., ihlobene kakhulu nale fomethi ye-STEM ye-didactic. Yonke le mibono ihloselwe ukuvusa isithakazelo, ukusungula izinto ezintsha, kanye nokuthuthukisa ubuciko ngokusungula amaphrojekthi amasha nokudala "izinto" zakho.

Wonke lawa siko nawo ahlanganiswe ekilasini le-STEM, njengoba umfundi eshiya ngemuva kwesistimu ye-archaic yokufunda okungenzi lutho, okubhaliwe kanye ne-theory-based, futhi uba i-protagonist, ngokufunda ngesisekelo esisebenzayo esiqinile. Lokho kusho ukuthi, ufunda ngokwenza. Okuthile obekwenziwa ezinye izinhlelo zemfundo ephakeme, njengalezo zamazwe aseNordic, kodwa kwezinye izifundazwe kubonakala kunzima ukukufanisa...

Ngakho-ke, umfundi uzofunda ukuxazulula izinkinga zakhe ngokwakhe, ukuthuthukisa, ukuklama, ukuhlola, nokuhlola imiphumela ukuze azenzele iziphetho zabo. Indlela yokuzifundisa okuningi kakhulu okuyindlela engcono kakhulu yokufunda.

Yini i-STEM+?

STEM +

Okuhlotshaniswa ne-STEM kunomunye umqondo okungenzeka ukuthi nawe uzwile futhi lelo yigama STEM + noma STEM Plus. Imayelana nokusetshenziswa kwama-ICT (Ulwazi Nobuchwepheshe Bezokuxhumana) ekufundeni nge-inthanethi.

hhayi ukudideka ukufunda nge-cyber nge-e-learning, noma ukufunda ku-inthanethi, njengoba kuhlanganisa imiqondo eyahlukene. I-Cyberlearning yakhela ku-STEM isebenzisa ubuchwepheshe obusha ukuze udale okuhlangenwe nakho okuphumelelayo kokufunda obekungenzeki ngaphambili. Ngamanye amazwi, sebenzisa ubuchwepheshe obusafufusa ukuze uguqule ukufunda.

Yini i-STEAM?

Imfundo ye-STEAM

Okuhlotshaniswa negama elithi STEM futhi STEAM, engeza namakhono obuciko. I-A ibhekisela ngokunembile kuleyo mikhakha yezobuciko (Ubuciko), nayo ekwazisa ilukuluku, ukuklama, ukusungula izinto ezintsha, umcabango, ubuciko kanye nokuseshwa kwezisombululo ezihlukene zenkinga efanayo, kodwa ngombono omusha wokusungula nowobuciko.

Lisuselwe kokuthi STEAM, igama elithi STEMM seliphinde lavela, elokugcina u-M elihambisana Nomculo, ukuze lihlanganiswe nobuciko bomculo.

Emkhakheni wezemfundo nokuqeqeshwa, kukhona ukwanda amaphrojekthi ahlukahlukene ngokusekelwe ezifundweni ezihlukahlukene, futhi lokho kuyisici esiyinhloko esiholele endleleni yokusebenza ye-STEAM.

para sebenzisa indlela ye-STEAM kuphrojekthi noma, izinyathelo zokuqala zingaba:

  1. Chaza inhloso yephrojekthi, kanye nolwazi oludingekayo nezinsiza. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kubalulekile ukunquma ukuthi yiziphi izindlela ezikhona.
  2. Sebenzisa umcabango wakho ukuze iphrojekthi ibumbe.
  3. Qala ukudala nokuhlola.
  4. Hlela umgwaqo wentuthuko. futhi uhlole amathuba.

Umqondo we-STREAM

I-STREAM

Ama-akhronimi amaningi ayangezwa emfundweni ye-STEM, futhi leli gama lisanda kuvela I-STREAM (Science Technology Robotic Engineering Arts Math), okungukuthi, isayensi, ubuchwepheshe, amarobhothi, ubunjiniyela, ubuciko kanye nezibalo, njengoba amarobhothi kanye ne-AI sekuphenduke iziyalo ezibalulekile okwamanje nekusasa.

Kuya ngokuya kuduma ukwethula amarobhothi kwezemfundo, kusondeza abafundi electronics, programming, mechanics, njll.. Ulwazi ngekusasa, njengoba kulinganiselwa ukuthi u-65% wabafundi abaqala imfundo manje bazobona imisebenzi engakatholakali futhi ezovela ngenxa yesidingo somphakathi owandayo wezobuchwepheshe.

Imikhiqizo ezoqalwa ku-STEM

Ezitolo eziningi ezikhethekile noma kumapulatifomu afana ne-Amazon, izingxenye ezikhethekile ze izinsiza zemfundo ze-STEM. Indlela yokuthi baqale ukufunda, bacabange, babe nobuciko obuthe xaxa futhi bathuthukise umcabango wabo ngenkathi bedlala futhi behlola. Eminye imikhiqizo enconyiwe yilena:


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

Isivivinyo sesiNgisiHlola isiCatalanimibuzo yeSpanishi