Izinhlobo zokuqoshwa kwe-laser

ukusika kwe-laser, ukusika kwe-cnc

Ngaphezu kwemishini ye-CNC ebonwe ngenhla, kubalulekile futhi ukuthi ume kwezinye izinhlobo zemishini. Imayelana nalabo be laser engraving, ongakha ngazo zonke izinhlobo zemidwebo ye-typographical nemidwebo endaweni (insimbi, izinkuni, ingilazi, ...). Imishini etholakala ngokwandayo embonini yazo zonke izinhlobo zokuqoshwa, futhi eqhubeka iheha isithakazelo esikhulu phakathi kwabenzi nabazimele abafuna ukuqala ibhizinisi ekhaya benza lolu hlobo lokuqopha.

Kulo mhlahlandlela omusha uzokwazi ukufunda ukuthi le mishini isebenza kanjani, izinto engaziqopha, nokunye amamodeli anconyiwe ukukusiza ekuthengeni okulandelayo.

Abaqophi be-laser abahamba phambili bebhizinisi lakho

Uma ufuna ukuthenga laser engraver Ngebhizinisi lakho noma amaphrojekthi akho e-DIY, kufanele ubone lolu hlu olunconyelwe inani lazo lemali:

I-LaserPecker Pro Portable Recorder

Uma ufuna irekhoda ehlangene nephathekayo ongayithatha usuka kwenye indawo uye kwenye, le LaserPecker iyona oyidingayo. Inohlelo lwayo lokusebenza lwamadivayisi eselula, ukuxhuma nge-Bluetooth nokuyilawula kusukela lapho. Kungaba kuhle ukuqopha amalebula nezinye izinto ezincane njengamakesi omakhalekhukhwini, amaketanga okhiye, izincwadi zokubhalela, izikhwama zemali, njll. Inikwa amandla yi-USB ku-5V naku-2A, yanele i-laser yayo enembayo ephezulu enephoyinti elingu-0.01mm. Iphakethe lihlanganisa umqophi we-laser, ukusekelwa kwe-autofocus, ikhebula neshaja, izibuko zokuzivikela, i-tripod, irula kanye nemanuwali.

Kuhlelo lokusebenza ungalayisha isithombe osifunayo, umbhalo noma ungenise ifayela le-G-Code futhi ngemizuzwana nje uzoqopha imodeli ezintweni ezifana nekhadibhodi, indwangu, imizwa, isikhumba, ukhuni, i-acrylic engabonisi ngale. , futhi nokuningi. Isebenza kakhulu kwabathanda ukuzilibazisa kanye nezinkundla zokubhalelana zezikhumbuzo nezokukhangisa, njengokumaka ilogo yakho emikhiqizweni oyithengisayo.

I-OMTech Professional Recorder

Lona umqophi we-laser ochwepheshe. Umshini we-CNC wamashabhu noma izinkampani ezifuna ukuqopha izingxenye ezinkulu ezifika ku-60×90 cm. Ihlanganisa i-laser engu-2W CO100 enamandla kakhulu. Inekhabethe elivikelayo, isikrini se-LCD sokulawula, kanye nesistimu enezici ezithuthukisiwe ukuze iphelelise ukuqoshwa okuyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu. Ingaqopha ezintweni ezifana nokhuni, irabha, i-acrylic, i-delrin, indwangu, isikhumba, iphepha, i-fiberglass, i-plexiglass, i-tile, ipulasitiki, imabula, amakhadibhodi, i-melamine, i-mylar, i-chipboard, i-plywood, ukhokho, i-corian, njll. (okungeyona insimbi)

Kulula kakhulu ukuyisebenzisa, ingavikelwa nge-password yokuvikela ukuvimbela ukusetshenziswa okungagunyaziwe, ivala ngokuzenzakalelayo lapho umnyango wokuvikela uvuliwe, ihlanganisa uhlelo lomoya lokususa umusi, uthuli, njll. Ihlanganisa i-RDWorks v8 nesofthiwe ye-CorelLaser ukuze uqalise kumaphrojekthi akho. Iyahambisana neWindows futhi ingaxhunywa nge-Ethernet noma nge-USB.

VEVOR KH9060 100W Industrial Recorder

Lona omunye umqophi we-laser we-CNC nawo ulungele ukusetshenziswa ngochwepheshe. Ngelaser yekhwalithi ephezulu engu-2W ye-CO100. Ihlanganisa indawo eqoshiwe engu-90x60cm, ikhabethe lokuphepha, isistimu yomoya yokuvimbela amagesi nothuli, ihambisana nezitifiketi ze-FDA, CE kanye ne-ISO9001, kulula ukuyisebenzisa futhi inokwethenjelwa. Inesikrini se-LCD esihlanganisiwe nezilawuli ezinembile.

Inesixhumi se-USB 2.0, i-U disk system, i-128 MB yesitoreji sangaphakathi ukuze isebenze ngaphandle kwe-PC, i-pointer ebomvu ukuze uthole ukuqondiswa okungcono nokubeka izingcezu, ekwazi ukuqopha ukhuni, uqalo, i-plexiglass, ingilazi, isikhumba, irabha, njll. imabula, ingilazi, njll Ngokuqondene namafomethi, isekela inani elikhulu lawo, njenge-BMP, GIF, JPG, PNG, DXF, DST, HPGL, njll.

I-CNC 6040

Umshini wokuqopha...
Umshini wokuqopha...
Azikho izibuyekezo

Kungumshini wokuqopha we-CNC we-3 eksisi. Lesi sigayo se-laser engraver-mill senzelwe ukusetshenziswa kochwepheshe noma abakhi abafuna okuthile okuthuthuke kakhulu. Inoxhumo lwe-USB, kulula ukuyisebenzisa, ingalungela imboni, ucwaningo, idizayini yokukhangisa, ubuciko, abafundi noma ezokuzijabulisa. Inamandla kakhulu futhi ikuvumela ukuthi ube no-2 koku-1, nemojula yayo yokugaya kanye nemojula yayo yokuqoshwa kwe-laser, naphezu kweqiniso lokuthi inosayizi ohlangene kakhulu futhi olula kakhulu kunalezi ezimbili ezedlule.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ungasebenzisa inani elikhulu lezinto ezinsimbi nezingezona ezensimbi: izinkuni, i-PVC, i-ABS, i-acrylic, i-aluminium, ithusi, iphepha, i-PCB, insimbi ethambile efana nethusi nesiliva, kanye nokuqopha ku-2D kanye I-3D ngomshini wakho wokugaya (igwebu, i-MDF, amapulasitiki afana ne-PMMA, izinsimbi ezithambile, njll.).

XINTONGSPP

Ayikho imikhiqizo etholakele.

Lona omunye umshini wokuqopha we-laser we-CNC nawo ungu-3-eksisi, futhi unosayizi ohlangene ozobekwa ebhentshini lokusebenza noma etafuleni. Ingasebenza ngezinto ezifana nepulasitiki, izinkuni, i-acrylic, i-PVC, i-PCB, njll. Isofthiwe ye-Windows isebenziseka kalula futhi inamandla impela, ngakho uzokwazi ukuhumusha konke onakho engqondweni ukwenze umklamo wangempela ngokushesha. Ihlanganisa injini enamandla yokuphotha ekwazi ukufinyelela ku-9000 RPM, kanye ne-stepper motor enembile.

I-Nvlifa A10 Pro

Lo mshini wokuqopha nge-laser unamandla angu-11W, ofinyelela emazingeni okushisa afika ku-1200ºC, ungasika ngisho namabhodi okhuni afinyelele ku-15mm obukhulu, kanye ne-acrylic emnyama phakathi kuka-10-15mm ubukhulu. Ungafinyelela imiphumela emihle kakhulu, ngendawo yokusebenza efika ku-410 × 400 mm. Kubandakanya isikrini sokuthinta esingu-3.5″ sokurekhoda ungaxhunyiwe ku-inthanethi ukuze ukwazi ukurekhoda noma yikuphi. Ingasebenza ngenani elikhulu lezinto zokwakha, njengezinkuni, izitsha zobumba, ipulasitiki, njll.

I-laser yakho ithuthukisiwe ngokuya nge-focal optics, ngokuqoshwa okunembayo nokusika. Izinzile, futhi ayidingi ukulungiswa. Iphinde ibe nenkinobho yokumisa izimo eziphuthumayo yokuphepha okuthuthukisiwe, ikhava yokuvikela enengilazi yokuhlunga ye-panoramic, futhi ingasebenza nesofthiwe efana ne-LightBurn, i-LaserGRBL, njll., ehambisana ne-Windows ne-macOS, kanye nokusekelwa kwe-JPG, PNG, DXF, NC. , BPM, njll

I-ATOMSTACK P9 M50

Lesi esinye isikhungo sokusika nokuqopha nge-laser ye-CNC singasebenza ngaphandle kokuxhuma, kusukela kutheminali yokulawula efaka phakathi, ukukhetha amafayela anemiklamo ezoqoshwa. Ihambisana namafomethi afana ne-NC, BMP, JPG, PNG, DXF, nokuningi. Iyahambisana nezinhlelo zokusebenza ezahlukahlukene, kanye nesoftware yokuqopha eminingi.

I-laser efakiwe inamandla angu-10W, ekwazi ukuqopha ezintweni ezihlukahlukene futhi ngokugxila okuhle kakhulu okungu-0.06×0.06 mm. Ngenxa yokuminyana kwayo okuphezulu ingasetshenziswa futhi ukugawula izinkuni ezifika ku-20mm ubukhulu kanye ne-acrylic emnyama. Iyashesha futhi emibhalweni eqoshiwe, inesihlungi se-panoramic sokuphepha ukugwema ukushiswa kwamehlo, idizayini eyi-modular yokuhlakaza kalula nokushintshwa, njll.

I-Mostics 2 IN 1 CNC 3018 Pro

Esinye isikhungo se-CNC esingu-2 ku-1, esinomshini wokugaya kanye nemojula yokuqopha nge-laser yamandla angu-5.5W. Lo mshini uyathengeka ngakho ungalungela ukusetshenziswa kwasekhaya, okokuzilibazisa. Ukusebenza nokunemba kwayo kuhle impela, kunezingxenye zekhwalithi zokuthuthukisa ukuthembeka kwayo. I-motherboard iyi-GRBL v1.1.7, ngakho-ke kulula ukuthola abashayeli nesofthiwe ehambisanayo ye-Windows, Linux, macOS, njll., njenge-LightBurn, i-Easel, i-Inskcape, i-ARTCAM, njll.

I-spindle yokugaya ithule kakhulu, kodwa ingagijima kufikela ku-10000 RPM. Iwumshini ozinzile ngenxa yesakhiwo sawo esisansimbi, esinama-bearings ekhwalithi ephezulu ukwandisa ukuqina, futhi kulula ukuwusebenzisa ngisho nabaqalayo ngenxa yokusebenzelana kwawo okunobungane.

i-sculptfun I-S6 Pro

Ayikho imikhiqizo etholakele.

Omunye umshini wokuqopha we-laser onekhono lokuqopha insimbi, ingilazi, isikhumba, i-acrylic, i-ceramic, izinkuni, njll. Ine-laser engu-5.5W enamandla ngokugxila kwe-ultra-fine okungu-0.08mm. Ngisho nokhuni olufinyelela ku-10 mm ubukhulu lungasikwa ngenxa yomthamo wokungena wale laser. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ingumqophi we-CNC oqinile, ozinzile futhi ohlala njalo.

Kulula kakhulu ukufaka nokusebenzisa, kunethuba lokulungisa ukugxila kalula futhi ngokushesha. Kufaka phakathi isikrini sokuvikela amehlo ukuthuthukisa ukuphepha nokuhlunga imisebe ye-UV eyingozi emehlweni. Mayelana nokuhambisana, ingasebenza namasistimu wokusebenza ahlukahlukene njenge-Windows ne-macOS njengoba isebenza ne-LaserGRBL, LightBurn, Benbox, GRBLController, LiteFire, njll. isofthiwe, futhi isekela i-JPG, PNG, DXF, SVG, NC, njll. BPM. , Ikhodi ye-G, njll

I-AOMSTACK A5 Pro

Ayikho imikhiqizo etholakele.

Lo mshini wokuqopha we-laser ungasetshenziselwa ukusika. Ifaka i-laser engu-5.5W, enemba kahle, namandla okusika ukhuni ne-acrylic kufika ku-12 mm. Awudingi ukulungisa ukugxila ngesikhathi sokuqoshwa, futhi ama-focal optics athuthukisiwe ukuze azinze. Ingasebenza ngensimbi ene-lacquered, i-aluminium, izinkuni, ipulasitiki, i-PCB, uqalo, iphepha, amakhadibhodi, njll.

Kubandakanya isikrini sokuvikela ukugwema ukulimala kwamehlo ngenxa yesihlungi saso, ngaphandle kwesidingo sokugqoka izibuko. Indawo yokusebenza ingaba ngu-410x400mm, futhi ingasekela isofthiwe efana ne-LaserGRBL, LightBurn, ngakho izosebenza kumasistimu wokusebenza ahlukahlukene. Ngokuqondene namafomethi amukelwayo, ungasebenzisa i-NC, BMP, JPG, PNG, DXF, njll.

I-Laser Aufer 1

Ayikho imikhiqizo etholakele.

Omunye wemishini yokuqopha ye-laser ye-CNC emibili-in-one, njengoba ungakwazi futhi ukusika ngayo, yile modeli. Iyathengeka futhi ingasebenza ngesikhumba, ukhuni, insimbi, i-vinyl, iphepha, igwebu, i-aluminium, ipulasitiki, indwangu, njll. I-laser yayo inembe futhi ingafinyelela isivinini sokuqoshwa esingafika ku-5000 mm/min. I-motherboard yalo mshini iyi-32-bit Ortur, kulula ukuyifaka, futhi ihlanganisa nokuvikela amehlo.

Kungaba isengezo esihle kwabaqalayo kanye nochwepheshe, futhi ihambisana nesofthiwe yokuqopha efana ne-LightBurn ne-LaserGRBL, ngakho-ke ingasebenza kahle ne-Linux, i-macOS kanye nezinhlelo zokusebenza ze-Windows.

I-VEVOR CNC 3018 Pro

Ayikho imikhiqizo etholakele.

Okokugcina, futhi unayo enye i-VEVOR yokusetshenziswa kwasekhaya kanye/noma okuphrofeshinali. Kubandakanya isilawuli se-axis engu-3, ​​okusekelwe ku-GRBL, indawo yokusebenza ephumelelayo efika ku-300x180x45 mm (XYZ), i-laser enembayo nenamandla engu-15W, kanye nesisiki sokugaya sezingxenye zomshini. Ingakwazi ukuqopha kumapulasitiki, ukhuni, i-aluminium, i-acrylic, i-PVC, i-PCB, i-bakelite, njll. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, uma kumayelana nokusika, kungenziwa kuphela ngezinto ezithile ezithambile, insimbi eqinile ayikwazi ukusetshenziselwa ukuqoshwa noma ukusika.

Iyahambisana neWindows, iza nomshayeli kanye nemiyalelo ku-USB flash drive, kulula kakhulu ukuyisebenzisa, ukusebenza okuphezulu, futhi iguquguquka kakhulu. Ifaka ama-stepper motors kanye ne-spindle motor enamandla enesivinini sokujikeleza esingafika ku-10000 RPM.

I-Cloudray Raycus Fiber Laser

Lo mshini unomthombo we-fiber laser ukuze usebenze ngezinsimbi eziqinile njengensimbi engagqwali, phakathi kwezinye izinto ezifana nepulasitiki, njll. Amandla awo yi-30W + F-Theta Lens. Ivumela ukuqoshwa kwezindawo ezingu-110×110 mm, ngebhokisi lokuphepha ukuze kugwenywe ukuchayeka kwe-laser kwabaqhubi. Kulula ukuyisebenzisa, ine-software eyisipele nosizo olukude uma kuphakama izinkinga.

Inesivinini esikhulu sokuqopha ukumaka, ngakho-ke ingaba ekahle ekukhiqizeni izinto zokuphromotha, izipho nama-plaque ngamanani amakhulu. Ngokuqondene nesofthiwe ye-EZCAD efakiwe, ingasebenza ne-Windows, futhi ikuvumela ukuthi wenze imidwebo yezithombe noma umbhalo oyidingayo, futhi uthumele ifayela elishiwo emshinini we-CNC ukuze uqale ukusebenza.

I-VEVOR Fiber Laser Table

Ayikho imikhiqizo etholakele.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi kukhona nale VEVOR. Enye yemikhiqizo emikhulu kulolu hlobo lwemishini. Iza ifakwe i-laser ye-fiber engu-30W, futhi enesivinini esingafika ku-8000 mm/s. Kungase futhi kusheshe kakhulu ukukhiqizwa kwezingxenye ngokushesha. Ihlanganisa itafula elinamasondo ajikayo ukuze ukwazi ukulisusa endaweni eyodwa uliyise kwenye.

I-laser efakiwe ikuvumela ukuthi uqophe inqwaba yezinto, njengezicucu zobucwebe, amakhibhodi, amagundane, amakesi aphathekayo, amakhava, izakhi zikagesi ezifana ne-PCB, amapuleti ensimbi, njll. Ngokuqondene nesofthiwe, ingasebenza kahle ngeWindows ngezinhlelo ezifana neCorelDraw, AutoCAD, ne-Photoshop, phakathi kwamanye amafomethi wefayela.

I-JPT

I-JPT iphinde yakha lo mshini wokumaka we-fiber laser. Kulesi simo, inamandla kakhulu kunangaphambili, inamandla angu-50W + lens. Isebenza kufika ku-110×110 mm, futhi ihlanganisa i-eksisi ezungezayo engu-80 mm. Ingasebenza ngama-laser pulses afika ku-200 ns, i-beam yayo inembe ibe ngu-0.002 mm, futhi isivinini sisihle impela, sifika ku-7 m/s. Ngakho-ke, iwumshini okahle we-CNC wokusetshenziswa ezimbonini ezingochwepheshe noma ezincane.

Ngokuqondene nezinto zokwakha, zingasebenza ezinsimbi ezifana nensimbi engagqwali, izinkinobho ze-silicone, ipulasitiki, njll. Isoftware ye-EZCAD ehambisana neWindows ifakiwe, kanye nebhukwana lomsebenzisi, ukusekela kobuchwepheshe okumangalisayo, nevidiyo yokuqeqesha ukwenza ukufaneleka kusheshe futhi kube lula.

Laser engraving

laser oqoshiwe ngokhuni nensimbi

El CNC laser oqoshiwe futhi ukusika Kuwubuchwepheshe obusetshenziswa kakhulu embonini, ngoba buvumela umsebenzi osheshayo nonembe kakhulu. Ungathola lolu hlobo lwemishini kokubili abakhi, kanye nezinkampani ezincane ezifana nezindawo zokusebenzela zokubaza, izindawo zokusebenzela zensimbi, njll., ngisho nasezinkampanini ezinkulu zokukhiqiza izingxenye ngezinga elikhulu.

Njengoba sixoxile esihlokweni esandulele sokusika, i-laser beam egxile ebusweni bengxenye izoba ekwazi ukumaka, ukuvutha, noma ukuhwamuka, kuye ngohlobo lwempahla. Ngaleyo ndlela ungasebenza.

Izinzuzo

phakathi izinzuzo yalolu hlobo lwenqubo ye-laser yilezi:

  • Ngomshini owodwa ungaqopha futhi usike
  • Ukunemba okukhulu ekusikeni nasekuqoshweni
  • Ikhono lokuphindaphinda izingxenye eziningi ezifanayo
  • Ingakha izakhiwo eziyinkimbinkimbi
  • Yehlisa inani lezingxenye ezilahliwe
  • Ithuluzi alidingi ukulungiswa (ukulola, ukushintshwa kwamathuluzi,...)
  • Ayikho imfucumfucu efana nama-chips noma uthuli ekhiqizwayo
  • Ukusikeka okuhlanzekile kakhulu, ngaphandle kwama-burrs, okuzonciphisa ukubuyekezwa kanye nesikhathi sokucubungula.
  • Ucezu aludingi kubanjwa ngesikhathi senqubo, ngoba asikho isikhathi sokuthintwa
  • Kungaba ubuchwepheshe obunenzuzo

nebubi

Akuzona zonke izinzuzo, okungekuhle yalolu hlobo lomshini we-CNC yilokhu:

  • Ingashisa izinto ezithile, njengezinkuni ezithile, uma isikhathi sokuchayeka singancishiswa
  • Ukusikwa kwezinkuni ezimanzi kakhulu noma ezinama-resin akuhlanzekile
  • I-laser ubuchwepheshe obuyingozi, ngakho-ke izibuko zokuzivikela kufanele zisetshenziswe uma umshini ungenawo umgoqo wokuvikela ukuhlunga imisebe ekhishwayo.
  • Ijubane lokusika ngokuvamile alilona elingcono kakhulu uma liqhathaniswa neminye imishini ye-CNC ehloselwe ukusika
  • Ukulinganiselwa kobukhulu ongakwazi ukusika
  • Ayifanele izinto ezithile ezibonisa ngale

Izinhlobo zemishini ye-laser CNC

CNC laser ukusika nokuqopha

Ngokuqondene ne izinhlobo ze-cnc eziqoshiwe Sinezindlela ezimbalwa zokubeka ikhathalogi le mishini. Enye yazo ihambisana nobuchwepheshe noma imithombo ye-laser, kanti enye ingaba ngokuya ngezinto abangasebenza ngazo, nakuba iningi lamukela izinto eziningi ngaphandle kwezinguquko.

Izinhlobo ze-CNC laser engraver ngokusho kobuchwepheshe

I-Laser diode (i-solid state laser)

laser diode

Omunye wemishini eqoshwe kabanzi ye-CNC yilowo osebenzisa ama-laser diode. Ashibhile futhi avame ukusetshenziselwa ama-DIY noma ama-workshop amancane noma ama-freelancers anikezelwe ekuqoshweni. Lolu hlobo lomshini luyahluka kolunye ngokuthi umthombo we-laser beam utholakala kudivayisi ye-semiconductor, i-LED efana ne-IR noma ukukhanya, kodwa engakhipha ubude begagasi obuthile.

Banazo izinzuzo Uma kuqhathaniswa nobunye ubuchwepheshe:

  • Mancane futhi alula.
  • Zinesikhathi eside sokuphila, esilinganiselwa cishe ngamahora angu-8000.
  • Amandla angalungiswa ngenkathi esebenza, angakuvumela ukuthi usike noma uqophe kuphela, futhi udale nemiklamo ye-multi-grayscale (PWM).
  • Ilaser izohlala ikhomba indawo yokusebenza, ngakho-ke azidingeki izinto ezikhethekile zokuvikela, izibuko nje ezimbili uma ungenalo ikesi lokuvikela elinesihlungi.

Nokho, nabo banakho ukungalungi kanye nemikhawulo:

  • Enye yezinto eziyinhloko amandla okukhipha i-laser. Ama-laser diode ngokuvamile azungeze u-8W, amanye angafinyelela ku-40W esebenzisa ama-pulse amancane, kodwa awakwazi ukugcina lawo mandla aphezulu ngokungashintshi. Ngakho-ke, lokhu kungase kunciphise izinto ongasebenza ngazo kanye nogqinsi ongakwazi ukusisika.
  • Ngeke futhi zikwazi ukusebenza ngezinto ezibonakalayo noma ezikhanyayo, noma uma kuyimpahla ecwebezelayo. Ezinye zezinto ezinzima kakhulu okufanele ziqoshwe nge-laser diode ezinye izinsimbi ezingenalutho ezicwebezelayo, ingilazi, njll. Ezinye zazo zingadinga izinto zokufihla (noma izinsimbi ezinodized), kodwa lokhu kungabiza.
  • Ngokuvamile badinga isikhathi esiningi kunamanye ama-laser anamandla kakhulu.

I-CO2 laser

I-CO2 laser

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, imishini enamandla okukhipha amandla aphezulu, ukusetshenziswa kochwepheshe noma izimboni, ngokuvamile kusekelwe I-CO2 lasers. Lezi zinenzuzo yokufinyelela amandla aphezulu, phakathi kuka-40W kanye no-100W, amandla anele okusika ubukhulu obukhulu kunalawo avunyelwe ubuchwepheshe be-diode. Kodwa-ke, lawa ma-laser asalinganiselwe ngandlela thize ekuqoshweni kwensimbi njengoba evame ukudinga into enamathelayo ukuze ayenze ibe ngaphansi kwendawo ecwebezelayo.

Enye yezinto ezimbi kakhulu zamalaser e-CO2 ubukhulu bawo. Ishubhu ngokuvamile usayizi omkhulu futhi untekenteke. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, i-laser ibonakala ngeso lenyama, ngakho-ke uzodinga ukuthi umshini uvalwe ngokuphelele. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kunezinye izici okufanele uzikhumbule:

  • Ishubhu ye-laser ye-CO2 ivamise ukubekwa ngemuva komshini ngendlela enganyakazi, kusetshenziswa izibuko ukuze iqondise i-laser beam engxenyeni. Lokhu kubangela ukuthi izibuko ziqondiswe ngendlela efanele, okungaba yisicefe kwezinye izimo lapho zingazilungiseleli ngokuzenzakalelayo.
  • Badinga futhi ukupholisa amanzi ukuvimbela ishubhu ekushiseni ngokweqile, njengoba ijwayele ukushisa kakhulu phakathi nenqubo. Lokhu kwengeza ubunkimbinkimbi, isisindo kanye nenqwaba emshinini.

Naphezu kwakho konke, ukuqoshwa kwe-CO2 laser CNC kuvame ukuguquguquka kakhulu ngenxa yayo amandla nejubane ukukhiqizwa kwezinga elincane. Yiqiniso, ayikwazi ukukhiqiza imiphumela yesilinganiso esimpunga ezithombeni ezirekhodiwe, ngoba ayikuvumeli ukulawula noma ukulungiswa kwe-beam ngenkathi isebenza.

i-fiber laser

i-fiber laser

Ekugcineni, obunye bobuchwepheshe bokuqoshwa kwe-CNC bu i-fiber laser. lokhu kusha kakhulu kunobuchwephesha obubili bangaphambilini, kodwa kuya ngokuya kubhekwa kangcono uma kubhekwa ubukhulu bayo obuncane bokugxila ukuze kukhuliswe ukushuba kwesigxobo kuze kufike izikhathi eziyi-100 maqondana ne-CO2. Ngenxa yalokho, bangakwazi ukuqopha nokusika izinsimbi nezinye izinto eziqinile kalula.

Kulokhu, ukuphila okuwusizo kuphakeme nakakhulu kune-diode, ngakho-ke bayoba imishini enokwethenjelwa kakhulu. Impilo ewusizo ivamise ukudlula amahora angama-25000. Ububi ukuthi i-a ubuchwepheshe obubiza kakhulu okwamanje, ngakho-ke igxile kakhulu ekusetshenzisweni kwezimboni noma kochwepheshe. Ziyimishini ebizayo yomsebenzisi ojwayelekile oyidingayo nge-DIY.

Ubuchwepheshe busekelwe eshubhuni lapho kukhiqizwa khona i-laser beam, evela ku-diode futhi izoqhutshwa ngentambo ye-fiber optic ehlanganiswe nezinto ezifana i-ytterbium noma i-neodymium, ikhulisa amandla ogongolo.

phakathi izinzuzo ye-fiber laser maqondana ne-diode ne-CO2 yilezi:

  • Impilo yeshelufu ende kakhulu
  • Ububanzi be-laser beam encane, amandla agxilile okuthuthukisa amakhono okusika
  • Iyakwazi ukurekhoda imibhalo nemidwebo ngokulungiswa okuphezulu
  • I-laser beam izinzile
  • Idinga ukutshalwa kwezimali okuncane ekunakekeleni
  • Ziyakwazi ukushintshashintsha ngenxa yenani lezinto ezingaqopha futhi zizisike (insimbi, insimbi engagqwali, i-aluminium, i-titanium, ithusi, ithusi, isiliva, igolide, izinsimbi eziqinile, insimbi, njll.).
  • Amashubhu e-fiber laser aminyene kakhulu kunamashubhu e-CO2 laser anamandla alinganayo

Nokho, njengoba kubonakala, kuye kwaba njalo ukungalungi kwayo:

  • Izindleko zemishini ephakeme
  • Ukungakwazi ukucubungula izinto eziphilayo

Le mishini ingasetshenziswa izicelo eziningi: ukulebula, ukukhiqiza noma ukwenza ubucwebe obuqondene nawe nezinye izinto, amalogo aqoshiwe, umbhalo, amabhakhodi namakhodi e-QR, izinombolo ze-serial, amakhodi okulandeleka, amathuluzi okuqopha, izingxenye zokusika nokumaka, ukukhiqiza izingxenye zikagesi, ukushisela, ukuhlanzwa kwezinsimbi, nokunye.

Izinhlobo ze-CNC laser engraver ngokusho kwempahla

laser engraving ngokhuni

Imishini yokuqopha nge-laser ye-CNC esekela ukusebenza ngokhuni ingamaka nge izinhlobo eziningi zezinkuni , kokubili okuthambile nokuqinile, kanye namaphaneli e-MDF, i-plywood, njll. Akuzona zonke izinkuni ezisebenza kahle ngalolu hlobo lokumaka. Kungcono kakhulu ukusebenza ngezinkuni ezinomswakama omncane, ezine-beta encane ngangokunokwenzeka, kanye ne-resin encane noma ubisi oluncane ngangokunokwenzeka (i-resin ibangela ukusha okumnyama).

Okuhle kakhulu ukusebenza yilezi:

  • okusamathunduluka: Kulula kakhulu ukusebenza nokusika. Kodwa-ke, kufanele ucabange ukuthi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi kungaba mnyama futhi kuthathe umbala obomvu obomvu.
  • I-Alder: kungolunye ukhuni olubuye lube mnyama ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, kodwa lungenye yezindlela ezinhle kakhulu zokusebenza nge-laser, njengoba umbala walo okhanyayo ushiya amamaki amnyama ngesikhathi sokuqoshwa nokuhluka okuhle.
  • i-maple eqinile: iwukhuni olumhlophe, oluthi luphuzi, futhi luhle kakhulu ekuqoshweni nge-laser ngenxa yokuqedwa kwalo. Kodwa-ke, kuyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu ukusebenza nayo njengoba iminyene.
  • Linden: Lolu khuni luthambile futhi lulula. Isebenza kalula futhi ngokushesha.
  • I-Ochroma: uhlobo lokhuni oluthambile olusetshenziswa kakhulu ukwakha izihlenga. Inombala othize obomvu, ingafakwa umbala ogqamile, futhi ingaqoshwa kahle. Iphutha layo elikhulu ukuthi liyakwazi ukungenwa ama-nicks nama-dent ngoba aliqinile kakhulu.
  • ipulangwe: Ungakwazi futhi ukusebenza nge-laser, kodwa imiphumela izoxhomeka kwikhwalithi ye-plywood. Kodwa-ke, ukusika kuyisinqumo esihle, ikakhulukazi i-birch ne-bamboo.
  • Amabhodi we-Wood fiber: I-HDF, i-MDF, njll. ayifaneleki. Lezi zenziwa nge-cellulose futhi zixutshwe nama-resin futhi zicindezelwe. Lokho akubenzi izinto ezingcono kakhulu zokusebenzisa ama-laser ngenxa yeglue noma ama-resin asetshenzisiwe. Kodwa-ke, amaphaneli e-MDF angasetshenziselwa ukusika, nakuba ezinye izindawo ezimnyama noma ukusha kuzokwenziwa.

Ukusika izinkuni noma ukuqopha izinyathelo ezithile kufanele zithathwe. ukulungiswa ukuze uvumelane kahle nalolu hlobo lwezinto. Futhi, ngaphambi kokuqhubeka nokuqoshwa noma ukusika kufanele ulungiselele kahle impahla, futhi ube nakho konke okulungele ukuqala, njengezihlungi zothuli, izakhi zokuvikela, njll.

metal laser engraving

Ukuqopha laser ngensimbi Ibuye isetshenziswe kabanzi embonini, uma kubhekwa ukuhlukahluka kwezinsimbi. Kulokhu, i-CO2 ne-fiber lasers zivame ukusetshenziswa. Inzuzo ye CO2 ukuthi uphawu lukhiqizwa ebusweni bensimbi, ngaphandle kokukhipha ingxenye yale nsimbi, ngaphandle kokuphazamisa ukubekezelelana komthelela noma ukumelana kwengxenye. Futhi, izinsimbi ezimboziwe ezifana ne-anodized aluminium noma ithusi elipendiwe, elipuletiwe, elifakwe impushana, njll., ngeke zidinge ukwelashwa kwangaphambili.

Ngezinsimbi ezingenalutho kungcono ukuzisebenzisa i-fiber lasers. Zilungele i-aluminium engenalutho, ithusi, ithusi, izinsimbi ezinamapuleti e-nickel, insimbi engagqwali nokunye. Okufanele ukukhumbule ukuthi lolu hlobo lwe-laser luzodala izithunzi ezimpunga hhayi ezimnyama ku-aluminium noma i-titanium. Kuye ngama-alloys ithoni izoshintsha.

Ezinye ze izinsimbi ezisetshenziswa kakhulu kwe-CNC yilezi:

  • I-Aluminium
  • I-aluminium Anodized
  • I-Chrome
  • Izinsimbi eziyigugu
  • Ishidi lensimbi kufika ku-0.5 mm (ithusi, i-aluminium, ithusi, izinsimbi eziyigugu…)
  • Insimbi engagqwali
  • insimbi ependiwe
  • titanium

ukuqoshwa kwe-laser kupulasitiki

Enye yezinto eziqoshiwe ezibaluleke kakhulu ngemva kokhuni nensimbi ipulasitiki. Ingenye yezinto ezisakazeke kakhulu futhi isetshenziselwa izakhiwo zayo kanye nenani elikhulu lezicelo. Amapulasitiki angenziwa nge-laser, nakuba kungezona zonke noma zonke izinhlobo zamalaser, njengoba angancibilika noma ashise. Amapulasitiki amaningi abekezelela ukuqoshwa kwe-laser ye-CNC, ukumaka nokusika kahle, kodwa okuvame ukusetshenziswa kakhulu yilezi:

  • ABS
  • I-Acrylic/PMMA, njenge-Plexiglas®
  • I-Rubber
  • I-Polyamide noma i-PA
  • I-PET
  • I-Polycarbonate noma i-PC kufika ku-0.5mm
  • Polyethylene
  • I-Polyester
  • I-Polyamide
  • I-Polioxymethylene noma i-POM efana ne-Derlin®
  • I-Polypropylene noma i-PP
  • I-Polyphenylene sulfide noma i-PPS
  • I-Polystyrene noma i-PS
  • I-polyurethane noma i-PUR
  • Igwebu elingena-PVC

laser engraving engilazini

El ingilazi noma i-crystal eqoshiwe kungenzeka futhi nge-laser, nakuba kungewona wonke ama-lasers angakwazi ukukufeza, ngisho nasezibukweni. Nokho, kukhona imishini lapho lezi zinto zingasetshenziswa. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, izinzuzo zokusebenzisa ama-lasers ekuqopheni izibuko, izibuko, amafasitela engilazi anebala, izimbiza, amabhodlela, njll., yilezi:

  • Amathuba edizayini yangokwezifiso nemidwebo eyinkimbinkimbi
  • ngokunemba
  • Ukuvumelana nezimo zokuguqulwa ngisho naseziqenjini ezincane
  • Ngokushesha

ubucwebe laser engraving

Vele, okunye ukusetshenziswa okuhle kwemishini yokuqopha ye-laser ye-CNC iyona ukwenza kube ngokwakho ubucwebe nobucwebe bemvunulo, ngaphezu kwamapuleti okhiye, njll. Ngalo mqondo, ungasebenza kusukela kunsimbi engagqwali, i-chrome, amashidi, izinsimbi ezine-anodized, ngisho nezinsimbi ezinhle njengesiliva negolide.

Okuningi

Ekugcineni, zingasetshenziswa futhi ezinye izinto eziningi ukuwaqopha usebenzisa i-CNC, njenge:

  • Izinto zobumba
  • Amathayili
  • Granite
  • i-methacrylate
  • Isikhumba
  • Papel
  • Ibhodi lephepha
  • Isikhumba
  • Izindwangu
  • Imabula
  • Itshe
  • Alimentos

Njengoba wazi, imishini yokuqopha nge-laser ye-CNC isetshenziselwa ngisho nemibhalo abayenzayo kuyo Ama-PCB noma ama-chips emkhakheni wezogesi...

Ulwazi oluningi


Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.