Menene Arduino?

Arduino Tre kwamiti

Dukkanin mu munji labarin Arduino Project da kuma tasirin sa ga duniyar Hardware, amma gaskiyar ita ce 'yan kaɗan sun san ainihin menene Arduino da abin da zamu iya yi da irin wannan kwamiti ko abin da ainihin aikin Arduino ya ƙunsa.

A zamanin yau yana da sauƙin samu allon arduino, amma zamu buƙaci sani da kuma samun wani abu sama da allo mai sauƙi wanda za'a iya haɗa aan igiyoyi da wasu kwararan fitila na LED.

Mene ne wannan?

Aikin Arduino motsi ne na Hardware wanda yana neman ƙirƙirar kwamiti na PCB ko Printed Circuit wanda ke taimakawa kowane mai amfani don ƙirƙirar da haɓaka ayyukan lantarki na ƙarshe da aiki. Ta haka ne farantin Arduino ba komai bane face kwamitin PCB wanda zamu iya yin shi sau dayawa yadda muke so ba tare da mun biya lasisi ba ko dogara ga kamfani don amfani da / ko ƙirƙira shi.

Wannan motsi (Arduino Project) yana neman ƙirƙirar Komputa kyauta kyauta, ma'ana, kowane mai amfani na iya gina allon kansa kuma yayi su aiki cikakke, aƙalla suna aiki kamar allon da zamu iya siye.

An haife aikin a cikin 2003 lokacin da ɗalibai da yawa daga Cibiyar ta IVREA ke neman madadin zuwa allon tare da BASIC Stamp microcontroller. Wadannan farantin suna kashe fiye da $ 100 a kowane yanki, babban farashi ga kowane dalibi. A cikin 2003 abubuwan da suka fara faruwa sun bayyana cewa suna da tsarin kyauta da na jama'a amma wanda mai sarrafa shi bai gamsar da mai amfani ba. Zai kasance a cikin 2005 lokacin da Atmega168 microcontroller ya zo, mai sarrafawa wanda ba kawai yana ba da iko ga hukumar ba har ma yana sa gininsa ya kasance mai araha, har ya zuwa yau wanda samfuransa na Arduino zasu iya kashe $ 5.

Yaya sunan ku ya kasance?

Aikin ya samo sunansa daga gidan shaƙatawa kusa da Cibiyar IVREA. Kamar yadda muka fada, aikin an haife shi ne a cikin zafin wannan kwalejin wanda yake a cikin Italiya kuma kusa da waccan cibiyar, akwai gidan shakatawa na ɗalibai da ake kira Bar di Re Arduino ko Bar del Rey Arduino. Don girmama wannan wuri, wadanda suka kirkiro aikin, Massimo Banzi, David Cuartielles, Tom Igoe, Gianluca Martino da David Mellis, sun yanke shawarar kiran allunan da aikin Arduino.

Bar di Re Arduino

Daga 2005 zuwa yau, aikin Arduino bai kasance ba tare da jayayya ba game da shugabanni da haƙƙin mallaka. Don haka, akwai sunaye daban-daban irin su Genuino, wanda shine ainihin alamun aikin farantin da aka siyar a wajen Amurka da Italiya.

Ta yaya ya bambanta da Rasberi Pi?

Yawancin masu amfani suna rikita kwamitin Rasberi tare da allon Arduino. Tunda ga mafi yawan novice kuma ba shi da alaƙa da batun, farantin biyu na iya zama iri ɗaya, amma babu abin da ya ci gaba daga gaskiya. Arduino kwamiti ne na PCB wanda ke da microcontroller, amma Ba shi da mai sarrafawa, babu GPU, babu ƙwaƙwalwar rago kuma ba shi da tashar fitarwa kamar microhdmi, wifi ko Bluetooth hakan ke bamu damar juya hukumar zuwa wata karamar na'ura; amma Arduino kwamiti ne wanda za'a iya shirya shi a cikin ma'anar cewa zamu iya ɗaukar wani shiri kuma Kayan aikin da aka yi amfani da shi zai aiwatar da wannan shirin: ko dai wani abu mai sauƙi kamar kunna / kashe fitila mai haske ko wani abu mai ƙarfi kamar ɓangaren lantarki na mai buga 3D.

Waɗanne nau'ikan farantin akwai?

An rarraba allon ayyukan Arduino zuwa gida biyu, rukuni na farko zai zama kwamiti mai sauƙi, kwamiti mai kula da PCB y rukuni na biyu zai zama garkuwa ko faranti na kari, allon da ke ƙara aiki a allon Arduino kuma ya dogara da shi don aikin sa.

Arduino Yun

Daga cikin shahararrun samfuran jirgin Arduino sune:

    • Arduino UNO
    • Arduino Leonardo
    • Arduino MEGA
    • Arduino Yún
    • Arduino DUE
    • Arduino Mini
    • Arduino Micro
    • Arduino Zero
      ...

Kuma daga cikin shahararrun ko masu amfani da garkuwar Arduino sune:

    • Garkuwar GSM Arduino
    • Garkuwar Proto Artoino
    • Garkuwar Mota ta Arduino
    • Garkuwan WiFi Arduino
      ....

Duk faranti da garkuwa iri ne samfurin asali. Daga nan za mu sami kaya da kayan haɗi waɗanda za su sami dalilin sanya Arduino haɓaka ingantaccen aiki kamar aikin CloneWars wanda ke ƙirƙirar kayan aiki don canza hukumar Arduino MEGA zuwa mai ɗab'in 3D mai ƙarfi.

Me muke bukata don yin aiki da shi?

Kodayake yana iya zama mara kyau ko ban mamaki, don kwamitin Arduino yayi aiki yadda yakamata, zamu buƙaci abubuwa biyu: iko da software.

Da farko dai a bayyane yake, idan zamuyi amfani da kayan lantarki, zamu buƙaci makamashi wanda za'a iya fitarwa daga tushen wuta ko kuma kai tsaye daga wata na'urar lantarki albarkacin shigarwar da ke cikin ta.

Zamu sami software ta albarkacin Arduino IDE wanda zai taimaka mana ƙirƙirar, tarawa da gwada shirye-shirye da ayyukan da muke son kwamitin Arduino ɗinmu ya samu. IDAN Arduino IDE kyauta ce wacce zamu iya ratsa ta wannan gidan yanar gizo. Kodayake zamu iya amfani da kowane irin IDE da software, gaskiyar ita ce ana bada shawarar yin amfani da Arduino IDE tunda Yana da iyakar daidaituwa tare da duk nau'ikan hukuma na aikin Arduino kuma zai taimaka mana aika duk bayanan lambar ba tare da wata matsala ba..

Wasu ayyukan da zamu iya yi tare da kwamitin Arduino

Anan ga wasu ayyukan da zamu iya aiwatar dasu tare da kwano mai sauƙi na wannan aikin (ba tare da la'akari da samfurin da muka zaɓa ba) kuma waɗannan suna samuwa ga kowa.

Mafi shahararrun kayan aikin su kuma wanda ya ba wa aikin Arduino mafi shahara shi ne ba tare da wata shakka ba 3d firintar, musamman samfurin Prusa i3. Wannan na'urar ta neman sauyi ta dogara ne akan mai fitarwa da kuma jirgin Arduino MEGA 2560.

Bayan nasarar wannan aikin, an sami ayyukan biyu masu kamanceceniya da hakan suna dogara ne akan Arduino kuma suna da alaƙa da buga 3D. Na farkon su zai kasance na'urar daukar hoto ta 3D amfani da kwano Arduino UNO na biyu kuma aiki ne wanda ke amfani da allon Arduino don sake sarrafawa da ƙirƙirar sabon filament don ɗab'in 3D.

Duniyar IoT wani ɗayan ginshiƙai ne ko wuraren da Arduino ke da yawan ayyuka. Arduino Yún shine samfurin da aka fi so don waɗannan ayyukan waɗanda ke sanya makullin lantarki, firikwensin yatsa, na'urori masu auna muhalli, da sauransu ... A takaice, gada tsakanin Intanet da lantarki.

ƙarshe

Wannan shine karamin taƙaitaccen aikin Arduino da allon Arduino. Smallan taƙaitaccen taƙaitawa wanda ke ba mu ra'ayin abin da waɗannan faranti suke, amma kamar yadda muka ce, farkon farawarsu ya fara ne daga 2003 kuma tun daga wannan lokacin, farantin Arduino yana ci gaba ba kawai don aiwatarwa ko iko ba har ma a cikin ayyukan, labarai, rikice-rikice da hujjoji marasa iyaka waɗanda suke sanya Arduino babban zaɓi don ayyukanmu na Kayan Kayan Kyauta kyauta ko kuma kawai ga kowane aikin da ya shafi Kayan lantarki.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga. Bukata filayen suna alama da *

*

*

  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.