Cov hom 3D tshuab luam ntawv: txhua yam koj yuav tsum paub txog cov txheej txheem no

3D lub luam ntawv

lub 3D tshuab luam ntawv tau txais pheej yig dua thiab nrov dua, nrog lawv sib txawv ntau hom 3D luam ntawv, thiab lawv tau siv rau ntau thiab ntau daim ntawv thov. Lawv tsis tsuas yog pab luam tawm cov khoom peb ntu ntawm cov neeg tsim khoom, cov kws ua choj, cov kws tsim vaj tsev, thiab lwm yam.

Yog tias koj tab tom txiav txim yuav lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D rau hauv tsev lossis rau koj lub lag luam, koj yuav tsum paub txog hom 3D luam ntawv, qhov sib txawv, thiab lwm yam. Ntxiv rau, koj kuj yuav paub qee cov yuam sij kom tuaj yeem xaiv qhov koj luam ntawv tshiab zoo dua ...

Yuav ua li cas xaiv lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D thiab hom 3D luam ntawv?

3D luam ntawv

Tsis tsuas yog ua hom 3D luam ntawv teeb meem thaum xaiv 3D tshuab luam ntawv, ntau lwm yam kuj tseem ua lub luag haujlwm. Txhawm rau xaiv zoo, koj yuav tsum mob siab rau peb cov lus nug tseem ceeb:

  • Kuv yuav siv nyiaj ntau npaum li cas? Koj yuav pom cov nqi luam ntawv pheej yig heev, los ntawm ob peb puas euros, mus rau lwm tus uas raug nqi txhiab txhiab euros. Txhua yam yuav yog nyob ntawm seb koj xav tau lawv rau kev siv hauv tsev lossis rau kev siv tshaj lij.
  • Dab tsi rau? Lwm lo lus nug tseem ceeb. Tsis yog rau tus nqi xwb, tab sis kuj rau kev ua tau zoo ntawm 3D tshuab luam ntawv. Piv txwv li, txhawm rau ua tej daim me me ntawm lub tsev, koj tsis quav ntsej ntau dhau los tias nws yog qhov me me thiab nrog kev nrawm qis. Tab sis kom ua cov qauv loj dua, koj yuav tau mus nrhiav cov luam ntawv uas mus tshaj 6 lossis 8 ″.
  • Kuv xav tau cov ntaub ntawv dab tsi? Rau cov khoom lag luam hauv cheeb tsam, nrog cov niaj zaus yas polymers xws li PLA, ABS, PETG, thiab lwm yam, nws yuav txaus. Hloov chaw, qee qhov kev tshaj lij / kev siv tshuab yuav koom nrog kev siv cov ntaub, hlau, nylon, thiab lwm yam.

Cov ntaub ntawv:

Reel ntawm PLA 3d lub tshuab luam ntawv

Ua raws li qhov yuav tsum tau ua ntawm seem, koj yuav xav tau ib lossis lwm hom khoom siv pom. Pom tseeb, cov luam ntawv hauv tsev, uas kuv yuav tsom rau, tsis txhob lees txais txhua hom ntaub ntawv. Nws yog ib qho ntawm cov kev qhia tshwj xeeb, thiab cov filaments uas feem ntau txhawb nqa Yog:

Filament rolls feem ntau yog pheej yig, thiab muag hauv ntau qhov ntev thiab tuab. Piv txwv li, lawv tuaj yeem ntev li ntawm 1.75mm txog 3mm. Cov tuab yuav tsum sib phim nrog ib qho kev txhawb nqa los ntawm lub taub hau extrusion ntawm koj lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D.
  • ABS: Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene yog cov khoom siv haum thermoplastic (piv txwv li: LEGO tej daim yog tsim los ntawm cov khoom no). Nws tsis yog biodegradable, tab sis nws nyuaj thiab muaj qee yam tawv ncauj los tsim cov qauv txheej txheem. Nws kuj tseem muaj cov tshuaj zoo heev, nws tsuas yog yaj nrog acetone. Nws tawm tsam zoo rau abrasion, thiab rau qhov kub thiab txias, tab sis nws tuaj yeem raug puas ntsoog yog tias tawm mus sab nraum zoov vim raug UV.
  • PLA- Polylactic acid yog biodegradable (ua los ntawm cov noob, xws li cov pob kws), yog li nws muaj kev tiv thaiv zoo ib puag ncig thiab siv tau rau cov phiaj xwm kev ua vaj. Nws siv tau rau cov khoom siv hauv chav ua noj, xws li tsom iav, plastics, cutlery, thiab lwm yam. Txawm hais tias qhov ua tiav tsis yooj yim npaum li ABS, nws muaj lub ntsej muag zoo dua.
  • HIPSHigh-cuam tshuam polystyrene zoo ib yam li ABS, txawm hais tias nws tsis tshua muaj xws li yav dhau los.
  • Tus tsiaj: Polyethylene terephthalate nquag muaj rau hauv cov fwj dej ntxhia lossis dej haus, kuj nyob hauv lwm cov zaub mov ntim. Nws yog pob tshab thiab tiv taus rau kev cuam tshuam zoo heev.
  • Davqha-d3: Nws tuaj yeem hloov xim (teeb / tsaus) nrog qhov ntsuas kub, uas muab nws cov khoom siv hluav taws xob ntau rau kev siv qee qhov kev siv uas cuam tshuam nrog kev tswj qhov kub. Nws cov khoom zoo ib yam li PLA, nws yog cov khoom zoo, thiab nws cov qauv zoo ib yam li ntoo, nrog leeg.
  • ninjaflex: thermoplastic elastomer (TPE) yog cov khoom tawm tshiab ntau cov khoom siv, nrog hloov tau zoo. Yog tias koj tab tom nrhiav ua cov khoom ua kom nruj, qhov no yog qhov koj tab tom nrhiav.
  • Nylon: Nws yog cov khoom siv nrov heev (tsis-polymer), ib hom fiber ntau rau cov ntaub uas siv rau hauv cov khaub ncaws, cov hlua, thiab lwm yam. Nws tsis yooj yim los tswj, yog li cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov tsis zoo yuav tsis zoo heev, nws tseem khaws tau ya raws. Hauv nws txoj kev nyiam nws muaj qhov zoo tiv taus rau qhov kub thiab txias thiab kev ntxhov siab.
Muaj ntau reels ntawm cov khoom siv nrog cov xim sib txawv heev yog li koj tuaj yeem xaiv qhov koj nyiam tshaj plaws. Ntxiv rau, muaj ntau yam uas qab los. Yog tias koj ua tiav daim ntawv nrog cov xim tiav, xim yuav tsis tseem ceeb. Tseem muaj, raws li kuv tau hais tawm, qhov hloov pauv nrog qhov kub thiab txias, thiab tseem muaj phosphorescent tuaj kom lawv ci hauv maub lossis thaum raug rau UV hluav taws xob. Muaj qee cov ntaub ntawv siv hluav taws xob, kom tuaj yeem luam cov ciav hlau uas tuaj yeem siv hauv kev ncig ...

Hom ntawm 3D luam ntawv

hom 3D luam ntawv

Ntxiv nrog rau cov ntaub ntawv, lawv kuj tseem cov hom 3D luam ntawvCov. Ib yam li thaum koj xaiv lub tshuab luam ntawv, koj xav tias yog koj xav tau lub tshuab luam ntawv inkjet, lossis laser, LED, thiab lwm yam, thaum koj xaiv lub tshuab luam ntawv 3D koj kuj yuav tsum them sai sai rau cov thev naus laus zis siv, vim nws yuav vam khom nws kev ua tau zoo thiab cov txiaj ntsig:

  • FDM (Fused Deposition Modeling) lossis FFF (Fused ntsiab lus dag): Nws yog hom qauv molten deposition qauv ntawm cov polymer. Cov ntsiab lus yog rhuab thiab yaj rau extrusion. Lub taub hau yuav txav nrog X, Y tswj haujlwm raws li cov ntaub ntawv hauv cov ntawv luam tawm kom rov ua tus kwv. Lub platform uas nws tau ua kuj yog txawb rau hauv rooj plaub no, thiab nws yuav txav mus rau hauv Z kev taw qhia kom tsim txheej los ntawm txheej. Qhov zoo ntawm cov txheej txheem no yog qhov ua tau zoo thiab nrawm, txawm hais tias nws tsis haum rau cov qauv nrog qhov chaw uas tiv thaiv ntau dhau, vim nws tau ua los ntawm hauv qab los.
  • SLAs (Lub StereoLithography): stereolithography yog qhov qub txheej txheem nyob rau hauv uas cov khoom siv ua kua yaj ua kua uas tau siv uas yuav siv los ua lub ntsej muag tawv. Qhov no yog li cas txheej tau tsim kom txog thaum kawg thooj tiav. Nws muaj tib yam kev txwv li FDM, tab sis nws tau txais cov khoom nrog thaj chaw zoo heev thiab nrog ntau cov ntsiab lus.
  • DLP (Kev Ua Yeeb Yaj Kiab Digital)- Kev ua cov thev naus laus zis yog ib qho ntawm 3D luam ntawv zoo ib yam li SLA, tab sis nws siv cov teeb ci ua kua-photopolymers. Qhov tshwm sim yog khoom nrog cov kev daws teeb meem zoo thiab khov heev.
  • SLS (Xaiv Laser Sintering): Xaiv cov laser sintering zoo ib yam li DLP thiab SLA, tab sis hloov cov kua uas lawv siv hmoov. Nws yog siv rau cov ntawv luam tawm nrog nylon, txhuas, thiab lwm yam ntaub ntawv ntawm hom no. Lub laser yuav ua raws cov ntawv sau hmoov av los tsim cov khoom. Koj tuaj yeem tsim qhov nyuaj-rau-tsim qhov siv pwm los yog extrusion.
  • SLM (Xaiv Laser Melting): nws yog qib siab heev thiab kev siv tshuab kim, zoo ib yam li SLS. Xaiv lub laser melting siv, thiab yog siv rau hauv kev lag luam kom yaj cov hmoov hlau thiab tsim qhov chaw.
  • EBM (Hluav Taws Xob Beam Melting): Lub tshuab no tseem nce siab heev thiab kim heev, npaj rau ntawm kev lag luam kev lag luam. Nws siv txoj kev sib txuas ntawm cov khoom siv uas siv ib qho ntsuas hluav taws xob. Nws tuaj yeem txawm ua tiav cov hmoov hlau thiab nce mus txog qhov kub txog li 1000ºC. Daim ntawv sau tiav heev thiab tshaj lij tuaj yeem tsim tawm.
  • LOM (Raug Laminated Khoom: yog ib hom 3D luam ntawv uas siv kev tsim laminate. Cov ntawv txheeb, ntawv sau, hlau lossis yas siv los tsim cov qauv ntawv. Cov khaubncaws sab nraud povtseg no yog koom ua ke los ntawm cov nplaum thiab txiav los ntawm laser. Nws yog rau kev siv khoom lag luam.
  • B.J. (Phau ntawv Binder): binder txhaj tshuaj kuj tseem siv kev lag luam. Siv cov hmoov, zoo li qee qhov kev siv. Cov hmoov av feem ntau yog plaster, xis mas lossis lwm yam agglutinating uas yuav koom nrog txheej. Hlau, xuab zeb lossis yas kuj tseem siv tau.
  • MJ (Khoom Jetting): cov khoom txhaj yog lwm yam ntawm 3D luam ntawv thev naus laus zis siv hauv kev lag luam cov hniav nyiaj hniav kub. Nws tau siv rau xyoo, thiab ua tiav ntau yam zoo. Ntau txheej txheej tau tsim nyob rau saum toj ntawm txhua lwm yam kom tsim tau ib qho khoom thooj. Lub taub hau txhaj rau ntau pua cov tee me me ntawm photopolymer thiab tom qab ntawd kho kho (solidifies) lawv nrog ultraviolet (UV) lub teeb.
  •  MSLA (Masks SLA): Nws yog ib hom ntawm daim npog ntsej muag SLA, uas yog, nws siv cov LED matrix ua lub teeb ci, tawm lub teeb ci ultraviolet los ntawm kev ntsuas LCD uas qhia tau tib txheej txheej ua daim npog ntsej muag, yog li lub npe. Koj tuaj yeem ua tiav lub sijhawm luam tawm heev thaum txhua txheej raug nthuav tawm kiag ib zaug los ntawm LCD, dua li qhov pom ntawm thaj chaw nrog lub hau laser.
  • DMLS (Kev Ncaj Ncees Hlau Laser Sintering)- Tsim cov khoom hauv qhov zoo ib yam li SLS, tab sis qhov sib txawv yog tias lub hmoov tsis yaj, tab sis yog rhuab nrog lub laser mus rau qhov chaw uas nws tuaj yeem fused nyob rau qib theem. Vim yog cov kev ntxhov siab, cov ntawv feem ntau yuav qee qhov me me, txawm hais tias lawv tuaj yeem raug tom cov txheej txheem tom qab ua kom lawv tiv taus ntau.
  • DOD (Tso Rau Ntawm Kev Thov)Kev xav tau ntim luam ntawv yog lwm hom 3D luam ntawv. Nws siv ob lub dav hlau number case, ib qho tso nyiaj rau cov khoom siv ua tsev thiab lwm yam khoom tawg ua ke rau cov kev txhawb nqa. Nws tseem yuav tsim ib txheej los ntawm txheej zoo ib yam li lwm yam kev siv, tab sis lawv kuj siv ib lub yoov-cutter uas polishes cheeb tsam tsim los tsim txhua txheej. Yog li lub tiaj tiaj tiaj tiaj tau tiav. Lawv tau siv ntau hauv kev lag luam rau qhov ntau dua qhov tseeb lossis los ua kom cov pwm.

Tsis yog txhua yam no yog rau kev siv hauv tsev, qee qhov yog npaj rau kev lag luam lossis kev siv. Tsis tas li ntawd xwb, tseem muaj lwm txoj hauv kev tshiab uas tau tawm, txawm hais tias lawv tsis nrov.

Tshuab luam ntawv feature

3d tshuab luam ntawv

Cov tshuab luam ntawv 3D, tsis hais txog hom ntawv luam ntawv 3D, tseem muaj tus lej ntawm cov yam ntxwv txuj ci uas yuav txiav txim xyuas qhov ua tau zooCov. Qhov tseem ceeb tshaj uas koj yuav tsum paub yog:

  • Sau ceev: sawv cev rau qhov nrawm uas lub tshuab luam ntawv yuav ua tiav kev luam ntawv. Nws yog ntsuas hauv millimetres ib pliag. Thiab tuaj yeem ua 40mm / s, 150mm / s, thiab lwm yam. Qhov siab dua nws yog, tsawg lub sijhawm nws yuav siv sij hawm kom tiav. Nco ntsoov tias qee daim, yog tias lawv loj thiab ntau, tuaj yeem siv sijhawm ntev ...
  • Txhaj tshuaj txau: nws yog daim tseem ceeb, vim tias nws yuav yog tus ua tus xa khoom rau cov khoom tsim cov khoom, txawm hais tias tsis yog txhua hom 3D luam ntawv xav tau ib qho, vim qee qhov ua haujlwm nrog kua thiab teeb. Tab sis feem ntau ntawm cov nyeg muaj nws, thiab lawv tau ua los ntawm cov ntu hauv qab no:
    • Tswv yim kub: yog qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws. Nws yog lub luag hauj lwm rau melting lub filament los ntawm kub. Qhov ntsuas kub tau nce mus raws li cov ntaub ntawv lees paub. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom xaiv cov tshuab nrog lub tshuab ua kom txias.
    • Nozzle: yog lub taub hau qhib, uas yog, qhov twg fused filament los tawm. Muaj cov thooj loj uas muaj cov nplaum zoo dua thiab nrawm dua, tab sis nrog qis kev daws teeb meem (tsawg dua cov ntsiab lus). Cov me me tsuas yog qeeb qeeb, tab sis muaj ntau qhov meej los tsim cov duab sib txuam nrog cov kev nthuav dav.
    • Extruder: tus ntaus ntawv nyob rau lwm yam sab ntawm lub kub kub. Thiab nws yog ib tus uas saib xyuas hauv extruding lub molten khoom. Koj tuaj yeem nrhiav ntau hom:
      • Ncaj qha: lawv muaj kev tswj tau zoo dua thiab yooj yim ntawm kev ua haujlwm. Lawv muaj npe vim tias lawv tau noj ncaj qha los ntawm nyiaj kub.
      • Pob Tsuas Xyooj: Nyob rau hauv cov ntaub ntawv no, lub molten ntsiab lus yuav taug kev qhov kev ncua deb ntawm lub hau kub thiab qhov txuas ntxiv. Qhov no teeb pom kev zoo rau cov tshuab injector, txo kev tswg thiab cia nws mus nrawm dua.
  • Sov txaj: Nws tsis nyob hauv txhua lub tshuab luam ntawv, tab sis nws yog kev txhawb nqa lossis lub hauv paus ntawm qhov uas luam tawm. Ntu no tuaj yeem muab rhaub kom paub tseeb tias cov ntu tsis poob nws qhov kub thaum ua luam ntawv, ua tiav zoo dua. Qhov no yog qhov tsim nyog rau cov khoom siv xws li nylon, HIPS, lossis ABS. Txwv tsis pub, txhua txheej yuav tsis lo zoo rau tom ntej. Cov tshuab luam ntawv rau PET, PLA, PTU, thiab lwm yam, tsis tas yuav lub txaj kub, thiab siv lub hauv paus txias.
  • Ntxuam- Vim tias qhov kub tsis txias, lub tshuab luam ntawv feem ntau muaj cov kiv cua ua kom lub zog txias. Qhov no yog qhov tseem ceeb ua kom muaj kev ntseeg tau ntawm lub tshuab luam ntawv.
  • STL: raws li koj tau pom ntawm tus kawm ntawm luam ntawv software, cov luam ntawv feem ntau tau txais cov qauv STL hom. Nco ntsoov tias koj lub tshuab luam ntawv lees txais cov qauv ntaub ntawv no.
  • SoporteTxawm hais tias lub tshuab luam ntawv nrov tshaj plaws yog sib xws nrog Windows, macOS thiab GNU / Linux, koj yuav tsum tau them nyiaj tshwj xeeb rau seb puas muaj cov tsav tsheb rau koj cov kab ke.
  • RiamQee lub tshuab luam ntawv kuj tseem muaj qee qhov ntxiv uas yuav txaus nyiam, xws li cov ntxaij vab tshaus LCD nrog cov ntaub ntawv hais txog cov txheej txheem, WiFi txuas tau txuas rau lawv hauv lub network, cov koob yees duab hauv lub hauv paus kom muaj peev xwm ua cov ntawv luam ntawv, thiab lwm yam.
  • Sib dhos vs disassembledNtau lub tshuab luam ntawv npaj txhij los tsis ntim khoom thiab siv (rau qhov tsis muaj qhov paub ntau dua), tab sis yog tias koj nyiam DIY, koj tuaj yeem nrhiav qee tus qauv tsim pheej yig uas koj tuaj yeem sib sau ua ke los ntawm thooj siv cov khoom siv.

Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Yog thawj tus tuaj tawm tswv yim

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm.

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  1. Lub luag haujlwm rau cov ntaub ntawv: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Lub hom phiaj ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Tswj SPAM, kev tswj xyuas tawm tswv yim.
  3. Sau raws cai: Koj kev tso cai
  4. Kev sib txuas lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv: Cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsis raug xa mus rau lwm tus neeg thib peb tsuas yog los ntawm kev txiav txim siab raug cai.
  5. Cov ntaub ntawv khaws cia: Cov Ntaub Ntawv khaws tseg los ntawm Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Txoj Cai: Txhua lub sijhawm koj tuaj yeem txwv, rov qab thiab tshem tawm koj cov ntaub ntawv.

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