Ikani wononga: ndi chiyani ndikugwiritsa ntchito

khazikitsani wononga

Pali zambiri mitundu wononga pamsika, ena otchuka kwambiri ndipo ena amakhala osowa mwapadera pazinthu zina. Chimodzi mwazinthuzi ndi chomwe chimatchedwa set screw, chomwe tidzapereke nkhaniyi kuti tifotokoze zonse zomwe mukufuna kudziwa zazosiyanazi komanso momwe zingakuthandizireni ndi Ntchito za DIY.

El khazikitsani wononga Ndi mtundu weniweni wa zomangira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito muntchito zina zomwe mwawonapo nthawi zina. Mwachitsanzo, chinthu choyamba chomwe chimabwera m'maganizo mwathu tsopano ndi ma beacon kapena magetsi oyenda mumisewu, momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito kunyamula magawo ena a magetsi awa akamasula ...

Kusiyanitsa pakati pa bolt ndi screw si chinthu chophweka kwa ambiri. Kusiyanitsa pakati pa ziwirizi kungakhale kosokoneza, koma kusiyana kwakukulu kumakhala mu ulusi ndi kukula kwake. Mabotolo nthawi zambiri amakhala okulirapo komanso opanda malekezero. Zomangira ndizochepa ndikuloza.

Kodi chopangira ndi chiyani?

Un khazikitsani wononga Imakhala chitsulo chachitsulo kapena ndodo yoluka yomwe ulusiwo udalembedwa kutalika kwake. Ndiye kuti, ilibe mutu monganso ndi zomangira zina. Kusiyana kokha pakati pa malekezero ake ndikuti imodzi mwa iyo imatchedwa muzu ndipo imakankhidwa mu dzenje lolumikizidwa ndipo kumapeto kwina nthawi zambiri kumakhala ndi poyambira kolemba kuti ikwaniritse chowongolera (itha kukhalanso kiyi ya Allen) kuti igwere kapena kutsegulira .

Kuthandiza kwa mtundu wamtunduwu nthawi zambiri kumakhala kukonza gawo ndi maimidwe za zinthu zina zokhazikika pazinthu zochotseka. Mwachitsanzo, taganizirani gawo la chubu lomwe limalowa mu chubu china. Chitoliro chakunja chimamangirira mabowo momwe amalumikizira zolumikizira izi kuti ziziyenda mozungulira chitoliro chamkati, motero zimachigwirizira.

Kusiyanitsa pakati pa setulo lokhazikika ndi zachikhalidwe imakhala makamaka mu physiognomy yake ndi mphamvu yomwe imayikidwa. Mwachikhalidwe, zowonadi mwawona kuti mukugogoda pang'onopang'ono, koma mutu wake (makamaka ngati wapangidwa ndi mkuwa, aluminiyamu kapena aloyi wina wofewa, makamaka makamaka ma drill ena akagwiritsidwa ntchito popanda kuwongolera) amatha kuwonongeka chifukwa cha mphamvu kuyesetsa. Izi zimapangitsa kukhala kosatheka kuchotseratu kapena kupitiriza kukanikiza ...

Pazitsulo zoyikika, gawo lomwe chitseko chimakhazikika limalumikizidwa kwathunthu mu ulusi womwewo, wopanda mutu. Chifukwa chake, ndizokha kugonjetsedwa kokha. Kuphatikiza apo, nthawi zambiri amapangidwa ndi chitsulo cholimbikira kwambiri.

Mitundu ya zomangira

Pali zingapo mitundu ya zomangira kupyola pa zomangira, ndipo zitha kugawa m'magulu osiyanasiyana ...

Malinga ndi mutu

Philips, grub wononga

Malingana ndi mawonekedwe amutu Pazomwe zilipo pali:

  • Hexagonal: Ndizofala kwambiri ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri kumangirira kapena kukhazikitsa magawo azigawo. Nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi mtedza. Ndipo sizinthu zonse zomwe zimatha kumangirizidwa pogwiritsa ntchito socket kapena wrench, zina zimaphatikizaponso zowongolera. Mwachitsanzo, hex flange wononga nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi mutu wa nyenyezi, ndipo mwayi wake waukulu ndikuti sikutanthauza kutsuka.
  • Slotted mutu: ndizofala kwambiri, zomwe zimalola kugwiritsa ntchito screwdriver. Pali iwo omwe ali ndi poyala mosalala, pamtanda, ndi zina zambiri. Ndizofunikira kuti kulimba kwakukulu sikufunika, monga ndi zinthu zamatabwa. Mulimonsemo, mutu umakhalabe panja, ngakhale ngati countersink yapangidwa itha kubisika.
  • Mutu wofanana: sizimachitika pafupipafupi ngati zam'mbuyomu. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati pakufunika kumangirira kwakukulu monga hexagonal. Mwachitsanzo, pokonzekera zida zodulira kapena zosuntha zama makina ena.
  • Cylindrical kapena kuzungulira mutu: Nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi hexagon mkati kuti aike kiyi ya Allen kapena mtundu wina. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo olumikizana omwe amafunika kumangika kwambiri ndi kulimba. Ndimatenga mwayi uwu kufotokoza mitundu ya mutu:
    • Lathyathyathya- Ali ndi kagawo kamodzi pamutu pawo ngati screwdriver.
    • Nyenyezi kapena mtanda: ndiwo omwe amatchedwa mtundu wa Phillips.
    • Wichita (Pz): ofanana kwambiri ndi yapita, koma ali ndi mtanda wozama ndi chizindikiro china chapamwamba chomwe chimapereka mawonekedwe a asterisk.
    • Torx- Izi sizachilendo, koma zitha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kupala matabwa, ndi zina zambiri. Mutu wake uli ndi nthawi yopuma yooneka ngati nyenyezi.
    • ena: pali zina monga galasi kapena chikho, Robertson, Tri-Wing, Torq-Setm, Spanner, ndi zina zambiri.
  • Gulugufe: monga dzina lake likusonyezera kuti ili ndi mtedza wokhala ndi "mapiko" ooneka ngati gulugufe woti uzitha kumata ndi manja anu. Nthawi zomwe makokedwe ambiri safunika ndipo amafunika kukwera ndikuchotsedwa pafupipafupi.

Malinga ndi zinthu zowononga

mitundu ya zomangira

Kumbali ina, ngati wononga zakuthupi Tili:

  • Za zotayidwa: osagonjetsanso kuyesayesa, koma osagwirizana ndi nyengo ndi kuwala. Abwino pulasitiki ndi nkhuni.
  • Zamgululi: Zimapangidwa ndi aluminiyamu kuphatikiza ndi zitsulo zina monga chromium. Amawonjezera kulimba kwake.
  • Acero: nthawi zambiri zimakhala zosapanga dzimbiri, ndipo zimakhala zolimba kwambiri.
  • Pulasitiki- Izi ndizochepa, koma zimapezeka kuti zitha kupirira bwino chinyezi bwino, monga ma plumbing.
  • Latón: Amakhala ndi utoto wagolide ndipo amapezeka kwambiri pamtengo. Ndi olimba, koma osati olimba ngati achitsulo.

Malinga akumaliza

grub wononga kumaliza

Zomangira izi zitha kukhalanso nazo kumaliza kwina:

  • Cadmium: ali ndi mawonekedwe osungunuka, amatha kulimbana ndi zinthu zosiyanasiyana ndipo akatulutsa oxidize samatulutsa dzimbiri.
  • Kanasonkhezereka: kusamba kwa zinc kumagwiritsidwa ntchito ndipo kumawonekeranso ngati siliva, ngakhale zimatha kuwonetsedwa pothimbirira. Zimatsutsana bwino ndi dzimbiri.
  • Kutentha: Ali ndi chikasu chonyezimira. Zimakwaniritsidwa ndikumalizira ndi chrome. Izi zimawonjezera kukana kwa dzimbiri.
  • Faifi tambala yokutidwa: Ali ndi kumaliza kwa golide wonyezimira chifukwa cha kumaliza kwa faifi tambala. Nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito pomaliza kukongoletsa.
  • Mkuwa wokutidwa- Mkuwa umagwiritsidwa ntchito ndipo umakhala ndi chinyezi chowoneka bwino pakapangidwe kena kokongoletsa ndi kukana dzimbiri.
  • Phosphatizedwe: amasambitsidwa ndi asidi wa phosphoric pomiza ndipo zimawapatsa mawonekedwe akuda.
  • Kusangalala: ali ndi glossy ngati utoto wakuda. Amakhala ndi makutidwe ndi okosijeni azitsulo omwe amatulutsa wosanjikiza wakuda womwe umawapangitsa kulimbana ndi dzimbiri.
  • ZojambulaZina zimapangidwa kuti zikhale zokongoletsera, mwachitsanzo zomangira zakuda zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mipando yamatabwa.

Malinga ndi ntchitoyi

seti wononga ntchito

Malingana ndi ntchito zomangira amathanso kulembedwa mu:

  • Kudzigogoda komanso kudziboola- Ntchito pepala chitsulo ndi yolimba. Iwo ndi akuthwa ndipo amatha kudula njira yawo kudzera pazinthuzo.
  • Ulusi wamatabwa: mosiyana ndi zam'mbuyomu, alibe ulusi wosemedwa m'litali mwake, koma akhale ndi gawo la ulusi wosagwira. Ndiwo zomangira zamatabwa zomwe zimangokhala ulusi wa 3/4 okha. Amakhalanso ndi nsonga zakuthwa ndipo amatha kudula njira yawoyawo.
  • Ndi mtedza: Alibe tanthauzo, ndipo amagwiritsa ntchito nati kuti ajowine ziwalo ndikukakamizidwa kwambiri. Itha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito ndi makina ochapira, potero kumalimbikitsa mipando ya mtedza ndi mitu.
  • Ikani zomangira kapena ma Stud: (yomwe tafotokozayi)
  • Zosasunthika: Ndi mtundu wa zomangira zachitetezo zomwe zalumikizidwa ndipo ndizosatheka kuchotsa. Mutha kungokakamiza gawolo kuti liswe. Amagwiritsidwa ntchito pamagulu owonekera kwa anthu, kuwaletsa kuti asagwiritsidwe ntchito.
  • ena: Zitha kupangidwanso kuti zigwiritsidwe ntchito mwatsatanetsatane, kukana kwambiri (kotchulidwa ndi oyambitsa TR pamutu), ndi zina zambiri.

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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