Mitundu yamagetsi omwe alipo kale

mitundu yamagetsi yamagetsi

Khamu la Zida zamagetsi pa blog iyi, komanso zolemba zina zambiri pazida, mapulogalamu, mapulojekiti, ndi zina zambiri. Zingakhale zosangalatsa kupita patsogolo ndikuwonetsa mitundu yamagetsi yamagetsi kwa oyamba kumene kuyambira mdziko lamagetsi ndi magetsi.

M'moyo watsiku ndi tsiku, ambiri mwa ma circuits awa amagwiritsidwa ntchito mosazindikira, kuyambira pazida zamagetsi zomwe mumagwiritsa ntchito tsiku lililonse, mpaka mukasindikiza switch mchipinda chanu kuti muzimitse kapena kuzimitsa, kuyimitsa ntchito zina zambiri. Kuti mumvetse pang'ono momwe zimagwirira ntchito zonsezi, ndikupangira kuti muwerenge bukuli ...

Dera ndi chiyani?

Un dera Ndi njira yonse yotsekedwa komanso yotsekedwa yomwe china chimazungulira. Mwachitsanzo, mutha kukhala ndi dera loyendetsa, momwe magalimoto ampikisano amatembenukira; dera lama hydraulic, momwe madzi ena amayendera; kapena dera lamagetsi, momwe magetsi amayendera.

Kuti muzitha kufalikira, muyenera a sing'anga yolondola, kuphatikiza pazinthu zingapo zomwe zimaloleza. Mwachitsanzo, mu liwiro la mpikisano mudzafunika njira, yoyendera ma hydraulic mukufunikira ngalande, komanso yamagetsi yomwe ikunyamula pano.

Kodi dera lamagetsi ndi chiyani?

Ngati tizingoyang'ana pa gawo lamagetsi, ndiyo njira kapena njira yomwe imayendera magetsi. Njirayi imatha kukhala yayitali kapena yocheperako komanso imakhala ndizambiri kapena zochepa.

Mwachitsanzo, imodzi mwa mafayilo a madera oyambira kwambiri zomwe nthawi zambiri zimaperekedwa monga chitsanzo nthawi zambiri zimakhala batire, lokhala ndi switch ndi babu yoyatsira kapena mota. Izi ndizofunikira kwambiri, pomwe pali zina zovuta kwambiri, monga kuyika magetsi m'nyumba, kapena kuyendetsa zida zamagetsi.

Zachidziwikire, mumayendedwe amagetsi amtunduwu, padzakhala zingapo zingapo zogwirizana. Zofunikira kwambiri zomwe tidaziwonetsa kale tikasanthula lamulo la ohm: mphamvu, mphamvu ndi kukana.

Zamagetsi dera

Zachidziwikire mumadabwa za kusiyana kwamagetsi ndi zamagetsi, kapena pakati dera lamagetsi ndi dera lamagetsi. Momwemonso, dera lamagetsi limatha kugwiritsidwa ntchito pazochitika zonse ziwirizi, ngakhale zikafotokozedwa ndikulankhula zamagetsi zamagetsi, nthawi zambiri zimafotokoza madera apompopompo.

Mwachitsanzo, timayankhula zamagetsi zamagetsi tikamalankhula za kukhazikitsa kwa magetsi m'nyumba (posinthira pano) komanso pamagetsi amagetsi (DC) ponena za PC.

Komabe, kukhala zambiri konkire yambiri:

  • Zamagetsi: pamene kutuluka kwamakono kumayang'aniridwa ndi othandizira ena, monga kusintha, kusintha, ndi zina zambiri. M'mabwalo awa nthawi zambiri mulibe zinthu zogwira ntchito, zimangokhala zopanda pake (kukana, capacitor, chosinthira, diode, ndi zina zambiri)
  • Pakompyuta: pamene kutuluka kwamakono kumayang'aniridwa ndi chizindikiro china chamagetsi. Mwachitsanzo, ndi transistor yomwe pamagetsi yamagetsi imagwiritsidwa ntchito kuloleza kapena ayi kuyenda pakati pa gwero ndi kukhetsa. Ndiye kuti, kuti izitchedwa choncho, iyenera kukhala ndi chinthu chimodzi chogwira ntchito.

Mwanjira ina, dera lamagetsi ndi limodzi momwe magetsi amatha kuyendetsa magetsi. Koma mu zonsezi pakhoza kukhala magawo osiyanasiyana omwe atha kukhala wamba: ma transistors, ma diode, babu yoyatsa kapena ma LED, ma resistor, ma coil / inductors, ma capacitors, ndi zina zambiri.

Mitundu yama circuits amagetsi

ndi mitundu ya ma circuits amagetsi kutengera momwe zinthu zilili momwe aliri:

  • Pamndandanda: dera lomwe limanyamula zinthu ziwiri kapena zingapo (babu, LED, mota, transistor, ...) zimalumikizidwa motsatana, ndiye kuti, chimodzichimodzi. Pochititsa kuti pakadali pano ziziyenda kudzera munjira imodzi.
  • Mofananamo: pamenepa zikanakhala pamene zigawozo zalumikizidwa chimodzimodzi. Ndiye kuti, padzakhala njira zosiyanasiyana momwe magetsi angayendere. Poterepa, ngati chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zidalembedwa zasiya kugwira ntchito, ena onse atha kupitiliza kulandira mphamvu.
  • Kusokonezeka: ndi omwe amapezeka pafupipafupi, ndikusakaniza zinthu zonse motsatizana ndi zinthu mofananira.

Tikakhala nawo dera kapena mamangidwe ali bwanji kuti magetsi amayenda, mutha kusiyanitsa:

  • Cerrado: ndi dera lomwe njira yake imathandizira kufalikira kwamakono , Kupanga kutsika kwamakono kudalira katundu.
  • Tsegulani: pakakhala cholakwika kapena woyendetsa wodula, kapena chinthu china (monga switch), zikulepheretsa kuti madzi aziyenda panopo.
  • Short dera: dera lalifupi limatchedwa chodabwitsa momwe mitengo yonse (+ ndi -) imalumikizirana, ndikupangitsa kuti dera lisiye kugwira ntchito. Izi zitha kuchitika chifukwa pali zinthu zina zomwe zimayendetsa pakati pa zingwe zoyendetsera kapena zingwe, chifukwa kutchinjiriza komwe kumalowetsa otsogolera kwatsika, ndi zina zambiri.

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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