Fayilolin STL: Duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da wannan tsari da madadin sa

Farashin STL

Idan kun shiga duniyar bugun 3D, tabbas kun ga gagaratun STL a wuri fiye da ɗaya. Waɗannan gajarce suna nuni zuwa nau'in tsarin fayil (tare da tsawo .stl) wanda ya kasance mai mahimmanci, ko da yake yanzu akwai wasu hanyoyi. Kuma shi ne cewa, 3D zane ba za a iya buga kamar yadda yake, kamar yadda ka sani, kuma suna bukatar wasu matsakaici matakai.

Lokacin da kake da ra'ayi na ƙirar 3D, dole ne ka yi amfani da software na ƙira na CAD kuma ka samar da ma'anar. Sannan za'a iya fitar dashi zuwa tsarin STL sannan a wuce ta cikin yanki mai "yanka" don ƙirƙirar, misali, GCode wanda shine m ta 3D printer da kuma yadda za a iya ƙirƙirar yadudduka har sai an kammala yanki. Amma kada ku damu idan ba ku fahimta sosai ba, a nan za mu bayyana duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani.

3D samfurin sarrafa

blender

Tare da na'urori na al'ada kuna da wani shiri, kamar na'urar karantawa ta PDF, ko editan rubutu, na'urar sarrafa kalmomi, da sauransu, wanda a ciki akwai aikin bugawa wanda idan an danna shi, takardar za ta je layin buga shi don yin layi don buga shi. a buga. Koyaya, a cikin firintocin 3D yana da ɗan rikitarwa, tunda Ana buƙatar nau'ikan software guda 3 Don yin aiki:

  • 3D kayan tallan kayan kwalliya: Waɗannan na iya zama ƙirar ƙira ko kayan aikin CAD waɗanda a ciki za ku ƙirƙiri samfurin da kuke son bugawa. Wasu misalan su ne:
    • TinkerCAD
    • blender
    • BRL-CAD
    • Zane Spark Mechanical
    • FreeCAD
    • OpenSCAD
    • fuka3d
    • Autodesk AutoCAD
    • Autodesk Fusion 360
    • Autodesk Inventor
    • 3D Slash
    • Sketchup
    • 3D MOI
    • Rhino3D
    • Cinema 4D
    • SolidWorks
    • Maya
    • 3DS Mafi Girma
  • Yanzun: wata manhaja ce da ke daukar fayil din da daya daga cikin manhajojin da suka gabata suka tsara shi, su yanka shi, wato ta yanka shi. Ta wannan hanyar, za a iya fahimtar shi ta hanyar 3D printer, wanda, kamar yadda kuka sani, yana gina shi a Layer Layer, kuma ya mayar da shi zuwa G-Code (harshe mafi rinjaye a cikin mafi yawan masana'antun 3D). Waɗannan fayilolin kuma sun haɗa da ƙarin bayanai kamar saurin bugawa, zafin jiki, tsayin Layer, idan akwai extrusion da yawa, da sauransu. Ainihin kayan aikin CAM wanda ke haifar da duk umarnin don firinta don samun damar yin samfurin. Wasu misalan su ne:
    • Imarshen Cura
    • Maimaitawa
    • Sauƙaƙe 3D
    • Rariya
    • KISSlicer
    • ra'ayinMaker
    • Octo Print
    • 3DPrinterOS
  • Mai watsa shiri ko software mai ɗaukar hoto: a cikin bugu na 3D yana nufin shirin wanda amfaninsa shine karɓar fayil ɗin GCode daga slicer da isar da lambar zuwa firinta da kanta, yawanci ta hanyar tashar USB, ko ta hanyar sadarwa. Ta wannan hanyar, firintar na iya fassara wannan «recipe» na umarnin GCode tare da haɗin gwiwar X (0.00), Y (0.00) da Z (0.00) waɗanda dole ne a motsa kai don ƙirƙirar abu da madaidaitan da suka dace. A yawancin lokuta, software ɗin mai watsa shiri yana haɗawa cikin slicer kanta, don haka yawanci shiri ɗaya ne (duba misalan Slicers).
Duk da yake a cikin software na ƙira kuna da 'yancin zaɓar wanda ya dace da ku, a cikin yanayin sauran biyun ba haka lamarin yake ba. Firintocin 3D yawanci suna tallafawa ɗaya ko da yawa daga cikinsu, amma ba sa goyan bayan su duka.

Waɗannan maki biyu na ƙarshe yawanci suna zuwa da firinta na 3D kanta, kamar direbobin firinta na al'ada. Duk da haka, software zane Dole ne ku zaɓi shi daban.

Yankewa: menene 3D slider

A cikin sashin da ya gabata kun kara koyo game da slider, wato software da ke yanke samfurin 3D da aka ƙera don samun labulen da ake buƙata, sifofinsa da girmansa ta yadda na'urar buga 3D ta san yadda ake ƙirƙira ta. Duk da haka, da slicing tsari a 3D bugu yana da ban sha'awa sosai kuma muhimmin lokaci a cikin tsari. Saboda haka, a nan za ku iya samun ƙarin bayani game da shi.

yanki, yanki 3D

El mataki-mataki tsari slicing ya bambanta dan kadan dangane da fasahar bugun 3D da aka yi amfani da ita. Kuma a zahiri kuna iya bambanta tsakanin:

  • Farashin FDM: A wannan yanayin, ana buƙatar daidaitaccen iko na gatari da yawa (X / Y), tunda suna motsa kai a cikin gatura biyu kuma suna buƙatar motsi na bugu don gina abu mai girman uku. Hakanan zai haɗa da sigogi kamar zazzabin bututun ƙarfe da sanyaya. Da zarar slicer ya haifar da GCode, algorithms na mai sarrafa firinta na ciki za su kasance da alhakin aiwatar da mahimman umarni.
  • SLA yanka: A wannan yanayin, umarnin kuma dole ne ya haɗa da lokutan fallasa da saurin haɓakawa. Kuma wannan shi ne saboda, maimakon ajiye yadudduka ta hanyar extrusion, dole ne ka jagoranci hasken haske zuwa sassa daban-daban na guduro don ƙarfafa shi da ƙirƙirar yadudduka, yayin da kake ɗaga abin don ba da damar ƙirƙirar wani sabon Layer. Wannan dabara tana buƙatar ƙarancin motsi fiye da FDM, tunda kawai madubi mai nuni ne ake sarrafa shi don jagorantar laser. Bugu da ƙari, dole ne a haskaka wani abu mai mahimmanci, kuma shine cewa waɗannan nau'ikan firintocin ba su saba amfani da GCode ba, amma yawanci suna da lambobin mallakar kansu (don haka, suna buƙatar nasu software na yankan ko slicer). Koyaya, akwai wasu nau'ikan nau'ikan nau'ikan SLA kamar ChiTuBox da FormWare, waɗanda suka dace da yawancin firintocin 3D na wannan nau'in.
  • DLP da MSLA slicing: A wannan yanayin, zai kasance kama da SLA, amma tare da bambanci cewa kawai motsin da ake buƙata a cikin waɗannan zai kasance na farantin ginin, wanda zai yi tafiya tare da axis Z a lokacin aikin. Sauran bayanan za a karkata su zuwa allon nuni ko allon nuni.
  • Sauran: Ga sauran, irin su SLS, SLM, EBM, da dai sauransu, ana iya samun bambance-bambance a cikin hanyoyin bugawa. Ka tuna cewa, a cikin waɗannan lokuta guda uku da aka ambata, an ƙara wani maɗaukaki, kamar allurar ɗaure kuma yana buƙatar tsari mai rikitarwa. Kuma a kan haka dole ne mu ƙara da cewa samfurin SLS printer ba zai yi aiki iri ɗaya da na'urar buga SLS ta gasar ba, don haka ana buƙatar takamaiman software na yanke (yawanci shirye-shiryen mallakar mallaka ne wanda masana'anta ke bayarwa).

A ƙarshe, Ina so in ƙara cewa akwai wani kamfani na Belgium mai suna Materiising wanda ya halitta a hadaddun software wanda ke aiki a cikin duk fasahar bugu na 3D da direba mai ƙarfi don firintocin 3D da ake kira Magics. Bugu da ƙari, ana iya haɓaka wannan software tare da kayayyaki don samar da fayil ɗin yanke da ya dace don takamaiman inji.

Fayilolin STL

STL-fayil

Har zuwa yanzu, an yi ishara zuwa ga Fayilolin STL, wadanda su ne jigon wannan labarin. Duk da haka, wannan mashahurin tsarin ba a yi nazari mai zurfi ba tukuna. A cikin wannan sashe za ku sami damar saninsa da zurfi:

Menene fayil ɗin STL?

Tsarin na STL-fayil fayil ne mai abin da direban firinta na 3D ke buƙata, wato ta yadda na’uran na’ura za ta iya buga siffar da ake so, a wasu kalmomi, yana ba da damar ɓoye ma’aunin geometry na saman abu mai girma uku. Chuck Hull na 3D Systems ne ya ƙirƙira shi a cikin 80s, kuma gajarta ba ta bayyana sarai ba.

Za'a iya rufaffen rufaffen saƙon geometric ta Tessellation, interposing da geometric siffofi ta yadda babu overlaps ko sarari, wato, kamar mosaic. Misali, ana iya haɗa sifofi ta amfani da triangles, kamar yadda yake tare da yin GPU. Kyakkyawan raga wanda ya ƙunshi triangles zai samar da gaba ɗaya saman ƙirar 3D, tare da adadin triangles da masu daidaita maki 3.

Binary STL vs ASCII STL

Ya bambanta tsakanin STL a tsarin binary da STL a tsarin ASCII. Hanyoyi biyu don adanawa da wakiltar bayanan waɗannan fale-falen buraka da sauran sigogi. A Misali na ASCII zai zama:

solid <nombre>

facet normal nx ny nz
outer loop
vertex v1x v1y v1z
vertex v2x v2y v2z
vertex v3x v3y v3z
endloop
endfacet

endsolid <nombre>

Inda «vertex» za su zama mahimman maki tare da daidaitawar XYZ na su. Misali, don ƙirƙirar siffa mai siffar zobe, za ku iya amfani da wannan misali ASCII code.

Lokacin da siffar 3D ta kasance mai rikitarwa ko babba, yana nufin samun ƙananan ƙananan triangles masu yawa, ma fiye da haka idan ƙuduri ya fi girma, wanda zai sa triangles ya zama karami don sumul siffofi. Wannan yana haifar da manyan fayilolin ASCII STL. Don ƙaddamar da shi, muna amfani da shi Farashin STL binary, kamar:

UINT8[80] – Header                               - 80 bytes o caracteres de cabecera
UINT32 – Nº de triángulos                    - 4 bytes
for each triangle                                        - 50 bytes
REAL32[3] – Normal vector                  - 12 bytes para el plano de la normal
REAL32[3] – Vertex 1                              - 12 bytes para el vector 1
REAL32[3] – Vertex 2                             - 12 bytes para el vector 2
REAL32[3] – Vertex 3                             - 12 bytes para el vector 3
UINT16 – Attribute byte count              - 2-bytes por triángulo (+2-bytes para información adicional en algunos software)
end

Idan kuna so, Anan kuna da fayil ɗin STLB ko misali binary STL don samarwa cube mai sauƙi.

A ƙarshe, idan kuna mamakin ko shine mafi kyawun ASCII ko binary, Gaskiyar ita ce, ana ba da shawarar binaries koyaushe don bugu na 3D saboda ƙananan girman su. Koyaya, idan kuna son bincika lambar kuma ku cire shi da hannu, to, ba ku da wata hanyar da za ku iya yin ta fiye da amfani da ASCII da gyara, saboda yana da hankali don fassarawa.

Abũbuwan amfãni da rashin amfani na STL

Fayilolin STL suna da fa'idodi da rashin amfaninsu, kamar yadda aka saba. Yana da mahimmanci ku san su don sanin ko tsarin da ya dace don aikin ku ko lokacin da bai kamata ku yi amfani da shi ba:

  • Abũbuwan amfãni:
    • Yana da tsarin duniya kuma mai jituwa tare da kusan dukkanin firintocin 3D, shi ya sa ya shahara da wasu kamar VRML, AMF, 3MF, OBJ, da sauransu.
    • Ya mallaka a balagagge muhalli, kuma yana da sauƙin samun duk abin da kuke buƙata akan Intanet.
  • disadvantages:
    • Iyaka akan adadin bayanin da zaku iya haɗawa, kamar yadda ba za a iya amfani da shi don launuka, fuska, ko wasu ƙarin metadata don haɗawa da haƙƙin mallaka ko marubucin ba.
    • La rikon amana yana daga cikin raunin rauninsa. Ƙaddamarwa ba ta da kyau sosai lokacin aiki tare da manyan firintocin (micrometer), saboda adadin triangles da ake buƙata don kwatanta masu lanƙwasa sumul zai zama babba.

Ba duk STLs suka dace da bugu na 3D ba

Da alama ana iya amfani da kowane fayil na STL don bugawa a cikin 3D, amma gaskiyar ita ce ba duka .stl ake bugawa ba. Fayil ne kawai da aka tsara don ƙunshi bayanan geometric. Domin a buga su suna buƙatar samun cikakkun bayanai na kauri, da sauran mahimman bayanai. A takaice, STL yana ba da garantin cewa ana iya ganin samfurin da kyau akan allon PC, amma adadi na geometric bazai da ƙarfi idan an buga shi kamar yadda yake.

Don haka gwada tabbatar da STL (idan ba ka ƙirƙiri shi da kanka) yana aiki don bugu na 3D. Wannan zai cece ku ɓata lokaci mai yawa da kuma ɓata filament ko guduro akan ƙirar da ba ta dace ba.

Jayayya

Don gama wannan batu, ya kamata ku san cewa akwai wasu jayayya kan ko amfani da wannan nau'in fayil ko a'a. Kodayake har yanzu akwai mutane da yawa da ke yawo a kusa, wasu sun riga sun yi la'akari da matattu na STL idan aka kwatanta da madadin. Kuma wasu daga cikin dalilan da suke bayarwa don guje wa STL don ƙirar 3D sune:

  • rashin ƙarfi ƙuduri tun, lokacin da triangular, wasu ingancin za a rasa idan aka kwatanta da CAD model.
  • Launi da laushi sun ɓace, wani abu wanda wasu ƙarin tsarin yanzu sun riga sun yarda.
  • Babu kulawar padding ci gaba.
  • Sauran fayilolin sun fi amfani lokacin gyara ko duba su fiye da STL idan wani gyara ya zama dole.

Software don .stl

CAD vs STL

Algunas de las Tambayoyi akai-akai game da tsarin fayil na STL yawanci suna magana ne kan yadda za a iya ƙirƙirar wannan tsari, ko yadda za a iya buɗe shi, da ma yadda za a iya gyara shi. Ga waɗannan bayanan:

Yadda ake buɗe fayil ɗin STL

Idan kayi mamakin ta yaya bude fayil STL, za ku iya yin ta ta hanyoyi da yawa. Ɗayan su shine ta hanyar wasu masu kallon kan layi, ko kuma tare da software da aka shigar akan kwamfutarka. Ga wasu mafi kyawun zaɓuɓɓuka:

Yadda ake ƙirƙirar fayil ɗin STL

para ƙirƙirar fayilolin STL, Hakanan kuna da kyawawan bayanan software don duk dandamali, har ma da zaɓuɓɓukan kan layi kamar:

*Akwai wasu aikace-aikacen gyare-gyare na 3D da ƙirar ƙira don na'urorin hannu kamar AutoCAD Mobile, Morphi, OnShape, Prisma3D, Putty, Sculptura, Shapr3D, da sauransu, kodayake ba za su iya aiki da STL ba.

Yadda ake gyara fayil ɗin STL

A wannan yanayin, software da ke da ikon ƙirƙira ita ma tana ba da izini gyara fayil ɗin STL, don haka, don ganin shirye-shirye, za ku iya ganin batu na baya.

Alternatives

Tsarin 3D, tsarin fayil

Kadan kadan sun fito wasu madadin tsari don ƙira don bugu na 3D. Wadannan wasu sifofi kuma suna da matukar muhimmanci, kuma sun hada da:

Fayiloli tare da irin wannan nau'in harshe ba kawai suna da tsawo ɗaya ba, amma ana iya gabatar da su da yawa. Wasu sune .gcode, .mpt, .mpf, .nc, da sauransu.
  • PLY (Tsarin Fayil na Polygon): Waɗannan fayilolin suna da tsawo na .ply kuma tsari ne na polygons ko triangles. An ƙera shi don adana bayanai mai girma uku daga na'urar daukar hoto na 3D. Wannan siffa ce mai sauƙi na geometric na abu, da kuma sauran kaddarorin kamar launi, bayyanannu, daidaitattun yanayi, daidaitawar rubutu, da sauransu. Kuma, kamar STL, akwai ASCII da sigar binary.
  • OBJFayilolin da ke da tsawo na .obj suma fayilolin ma'anar geometry ne. Wavefront Technologies ne suka haɓaka su don software mai suna Advanced Visualizer. A halin yanzu buɗaɗɗen tushe ne kuma yawancin shirye-shiryen zane na 3D sun karɓe shi. Hakanan yana adana bayanan lissafi masu sauƙi game da abu, kamar matsayin kowane juyi, rubutu, al'ada, da sauransu. Ta hanyar ayyana madaidaicin kishiyar agogo, ba kwa buƙatar bayyana a sarari na fuskoki na yau da kullun. Hakanan, masu daidaitawa a cikin wannan tsari ba su da raka'a, amma suna iya ƙunsar bayanan sikeli.
  • 3MF (Tsarin Masana'antar 3D): Ana adana wannan tsarin a cikin fayilolin .3mf, ƙayyadaddun buɗaɗɗen tushe wanda ƙungiyar 3MF ta haɓaka. Tsarin bayanan geometric don masana'anta ƙari ya dogara ne akan XML. Yana iya haɗawa da bayanai game da kayan, game da launi, da dai sauransu.
  • VRML (Harshen Taswirar Gaskiya ta Gaskiya): Web3D Consortium ne ya ƙirƙira. Waɗannan fayilolin suna da tsari wanda manufarsa ita ce wakiltar mu'amala mai ma'ana ko abubuwa masu girma uku, da launin saman ƙasa, da sauransu. Kuma su ne tushen X3D (eXtensible 3D Graphics).
  • AMF (Tsarin Ƙirƙirar Ƙarfafawa): Tsarin fayil (.amf) wanda kuma shine madaidaicin tushen buɗaɗɗe don kwatancen abu don ƙarin hanyoyin masana'anta don bugu 3D. Hakanan yana dogara ne akan XML, kuma yana dacewa da kowace software ƙira ta CAD. Kuma ya isa a matsayin magajin STL, amma tare da haɓakawa kamar haɗawa da tallafi na asali don launuka, kayayyaki, alamu da ƙungiyoyin taurari.
  • WRL: VRML tsawo.

Menene GCode?

Misali na GCode

Source: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/An-example-of-the-main-body-in-G-code_fig4_327760995

Mun yi magana da yawa game da yaren shirye-shirye na GCode, saboda yana da mahimmanci na tsarin bugu na 3D a yau, yana motsawa daga ƙirar STL zuwa G-Code wanda shine fayil tare da umarni da sigogin sarrafawa na firinta 3D. Juyawa wanda software ɗin slicer za ta yi ta atomatik.

Za mu ga ƙarin game da waɗannan lambobin a ciki labarai game da CNC, tunda 3D printer ba komai bane illa injin nau'in CNC mai buga…

Wannan code yana da umarni, wanda ke gaya wa firinta yadda da inda za a fitar da kayan don samun sashin, nau'in:

  • G: Waɗannan lambobin suna fahimtar duniya gaba ɗaya ta duk firintocin da ke amfani da lambobin G.
  • M: Waɗannan ƙayyadaddun lambobi ne don wasu jerin firintocin 3D.
  • Sauran: akwai kuma sauran lambobin asali na sauran inji, kamar ayyuka F, T, H, da sauransu.
Kuna iya ganin misalan G-Lambobin da sakamako mai hoto wannan link.

Kamar yadda kake gani a hoton da ya gabata na misalin, jerin Lines na lambar wanda ba komai bane illa daidaitawa da sauran sigogi don gaya wa firinta na 3D abin da za a yi, kamar dai girke-girke ne:

  • X da Z: su ne coordinates na uku bugu gatari, wato, abin da extruder dole ne ya motsa a wani bangare ko wata, tare da asalin coordinates zama 0,0,0. Misali, idan akwai lamba sama da 0 a cikin X, zai matsa zuwa waccan haɗin gwiwar a cikin nisa na firintocin 3D. Ganin cewa idan akwai lamba sama da 0 a cikin Y, shugaban zai motsa a waje da kuma hanyar yankin bugawa. A ƙarshe, duk ƙimar da ta fi 0 a cikin Z zata sa ta gungura zuwa waccan ƙayyadaddun haɗin kai daga ƙasa zuwa sama. Wato game da yanki, ana iya cewa X zai zama faɗi, Y zurfin ko tsayi, da Z tsayi.
  • F: zai nuna saurin da bugu ya motsa wanda aka nuna a mm/min.
  • E: yana nufin tsawon extrusion a millimeters.
  • ;: duk rubutun da ya gabata; comment ne kuma printer yayi watsi da shi.
  • G28: Yawancin lokaci ana aiwatar da shi a farkon don kansa ya motsa zuwa tasha. Idan ba a ƙayyade gatari ba, na'urar bugawa za ta motsa duka 3, amma idan an ƙayyade takamaiman, zai yi amfani da shi kawai.
  • G1: Yana ɗaya daga cikin shahararrun umarnin G, tunda shine wanda ke ba da umarnin firinta na 3D don saka kaya yayin tafiya ta layi zuwa alamar daidaitawa (X, Y). Alal misali, G1 X1.0 Y3.5 F7200 yana nuna ajiyar kayan aiki tare da yankin da aka yi alama ta hanyar haɗin gwiwar 1.0 da 3.5, kuma a gudun 7200 mm/min, wato, a 120 mm/s.
  • G0: yana yin daidai da G1, amma ba tare da fitar da kayan ba, wato, yana motsa kai ba tare da adana kayan ba, don waɗannan motsi ko wuraren da bai kamata a ajiye komai ba.
  • G92: yana gaya wa mawallafin ya saita matsayi na yanzu na gatarinsa, wanda ke da amfani lokacin da kake son canza wurin da gatari. An yi amfani da shi sosai a farkon kowane Layer ko a cikin ja da baya.
  • M104: umarnin don zafi extruder. Ana amfani dashi a farkon. Misali, Saukewa: M104S180T0 zai nuna cewa extruder T0 za a mai tsanani (idan akwai bututun ƙarfe biyu zai zama T0 da T1), yayin da S ke ƙayyade yawan zafin jiki, a wannan yanayin 180ºC.
  • M109: kama da na sama, amma yana nuna cewa bugu ya kamata ya jira har sai mai fitar da shi ya kai ga zafin jiki kafin a ci gaba da kowane umarni.
  • M140 da M190: kama da na baya biyu, amma ba su da siga T, tun da a wannan yanayin yana nufin yanayin zafi na gado.

Tabbas, wannan G-Code yana aiki don nau'in FDM printer, Tun da resin wadanda za su buƙaci wasu sigogi, amma tare da wannan misali ya isa ku fahimci yadda yake aiki.

Canje-canje: STL zuwa…

Canza fayil ɗin STL

A ƙarshe, wani daga cikin abubuwan da ke haifar da mafi yawan shakku a tsakanin masu amfani, idan aka ba da adadin nau'i-nau'i daban-daban da suka wanzu, suna ƙara na 3D CAD kayayyaki, da kuma lambobin da aka samar da daban-daban slicers, shine yadda za a canza daga juna zuwa wani. Anan kuna da wasu juzu'ai da ake nema:

Idan kayi searching na Google, za ka ga cewa akwai ayyuka da dama da ake amfani da su ta hanyar Intanet, irin su AnyConv ko MakeXYZ, wadanda za su iya canza kusan kowane nau'i, kodayake ba duka ba ne suke aiki da kyau, kuma ba duka ba ne.
  • Tukar STL ke GCode: Ana iya canza shi da software na yanka, tunda yana daya daga cikin manufofinsa.
  • Tafi daga STL zuwa Solidworks: ana iya yin shi tare da Solidworks kanta. Bude > a cikin fayil Explorer canza zuwa tsari STL (* .stl) > zažužžukan > canza shigo da kamar a m jiki o m surface > yarda da > lilo kuma danna kan STL da kake son shigo da shi> Bude > yanzu kuna iya ganin samfurin buɗewa da bishiyar fasali a hagu> Ana shigo > FeatureWorks > Gane Fasaloli > kuma zai kasance a shirye.
  • Canza hoto zuwa STL ko JPG/PNG/SVG zuwa STL: Kuna iya amfani da sabis na kan layi kamar Imagetostl, Selva3D, Smoothie-3D, da dai sauransu, ko amfani da wasu kayan aikin AI, har ma da software kamar Blender da dai sauransu, don samar da samfurin 3D daga hoton sannan kuma fitarwa zuwa STL.
  • Tukar DWG ke STL: Fayil ɗin CAD ne, kuma ana iya amfani da software na ƙira da yawa don yin juyawa. Misali:
    • AutoCAD: Fitarwa> Aika> Fitarwa> shigar da sunan fayil> zaɓi nau'in Lithograph (*.stl)> Ajiye.
    • SolidWorks: Fayil> Ajiye azaman> Ajiye azaman STL> Zaɓuɓɓuka> Ƙaddamarwa> Lafiya> Ok> Ajiye.
  • Daga OBJ zuwa STL: Ana iya amfani da duk ayyukan jujjuyawar kan layi, da kuma wasu kayan aikin software na gida. Misali, tare da Spin3D zaku iya yin haka: Ƙara fayiloli> Buɗe> zaɓi babban fayil ɗin da za'a nufa a Ajiye a babban fayil> Zaɓi Tsarin fitarwa> stl> danna maɓallin Maida kuma jira tsari ya ƙare.
  • Tafi daga Sketchup zuwa STL: Kuna iya yin shi tare da Sketchup kanta a hanya mai sauƙi, tun da yana da ayyukan shigo da fitarwa. A wannan yanayin kuna buƙatar fitarwa ta bin matakan lokacin da fayil ɗin Sketchup ya buɗe: Fayil> Fitarwa> Model 3D> zaɓi inda zaku adana STL> Ajiye azaman Fayil ɗin STereolithography (.stl)> Fitarwa.

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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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  1.   Rubén m

    Yayi bayani sosai kuma a sarari.
    Godiya ga kira.

    1.    Ishaku m

      Na gode!

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