Amafayela e-STL: Konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nale fomethi nezinye izindlela zayo

Ukunikezwa kwe-STL

Uma ungene emhlabeni wokuphrinta kwe-3D, ngokuqinisekile usibonile isifinyezo esithi STL ezindaweni ezingaphezu kweyodwa. Lezi zifinyezo zibhekisela ku uhlobo lwefomethi yefayela (enesandiso esithi .stl) obekubaluleke kakhulu, nakuba manje sekukhona ezinye izindlela. Futhi wukuthi, imiklamo ye-3D ayikwazi ukuphrintwa njengoba injalo, njengoba wazi kahle, futhi idinga izinyathelo ezimaphakathi.

Uma unomqondo wemodeli ye-3D, kufanele usebenzise isofthiwe yokuklama ye-CAD futhi ukhiqize ukunikezwa. Ngemva kwalokho ingathekeliswa kufomethi ye-STL bese idlula kusisiki "esisiqhekezayo" ukuze sidale, isibonelo, i-GCode eyi-GCode. kuyaqondakala ngephrinta ye-3D futhi ukuze izendlalelo zingadalwa kuze kuqedwe ucezu. Kodwa ungakhathazeki uma ungayiqondi ngokugcwele, lapha sizokuchazela konke odinga ukukwazi.

Ukucubungula imodeli ye-3D

blender

Ngamaphrinta avamile unohlelo, olufana nomfundi we-PDF, noma umhleli wombhalo, iphrosesa yamagama, njll., lapho kunomsebenzi wokuphrinta okuthi, uma ucindezelwe, idokhumenti iye kulayini wokuphrinta ukuze zinyatheliswe. Kodwa-ke, kumaphrinta e-3D kuyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu, kusukela 3 izigaba zesofthiwe ezidingekayo Ukuze isebenze:

  • Isoftware yokumodela ye-3D: Lawa kungaba amathuluzi okumodela noma e-CAD ongakha ngawo imodeli ofuna ukuyiphrinta. Ezinye izibonelo yilezi:
    • I-TinkerCAD
    • blender
    • I-BRL-CAD
    • I-Design Spark Mechanical
    • I-FreeCAD
    • I-OpenSCAD
    • Amaphiko3D
    • I-Autodesk AutoCAD
    • I-Autodesk Fusion 360
    • I-Autodesk Inventor
    • I-3D Slash
    • Sketchup
    • I-3D MOI
    • I-Rhino3D
    • ICinema 4D
    • I-SolidWorks
    • Maya
    • I-3DS Max
  • Abasiki: kuwuhlobo lwesofthiwe ethatha ifayela eliklanywe ngolunye lwezinhlelo zangaphambilini futhi ilisike, okungukuthi, ilisika libe izingqimba. Ngale ndlela, ingaqondwa iphrinta ye-3D, njengoba wazi, eyakha isendlalelo ngesendlalelo, futhi iyiguqulele ku-G-Code (ulimi oluhamba phambili phakathi kwabakhiqizi abaningi bephrinta ye-3D). Lawa mafayela ahlanganisa nedatha eyengeziwe njengejubane lokuphrinta, izinga lokushisa, ukuphakama kwesendlalelo, uma kune-multi-extrusion, njll. Ngokuyisisekelo ithuluzi le-CAM elikhiqiza yonke imiyalelo ukuze iphrinta ikwazi ukwenza imodeli. Ezinye izibonelo yilezi:
    • I-Ultimaker Cura
    • Phinda
    • Lula3D
    • slic3r
    • I-KISSlicer
    • ideaMaker
    • I-OctoPrint
    • 3DPrinterOS
  • Umsingathi wephrinta noma isofthiwe yokusingatha: ekuphrinteni kwe-3D isho uhlelo olusetshenziswayo wukwamukela ifayela le-GCode kusisiki futhi lilethe ikhodi ephrinta ngokwayo, ngokuvamile ngembobo ye-USB, noma ngenethiwekhi. Ngale ndlela, iphrinta ingakwazi ukuhumusha le «iresiphi» yemiyalo ye-GCode ngezixhumanisi ze-X (0.00), Y (0.00) kanye no-Z (0.00) lapho ikhanda kufanele lihanjiswe khona ukuze kudalwe into kanye nemingcele edingekayo. Ezimweni eziningi, isofthiwe yomsingathi ihlanganiswa kusisiki ngokwayo, ngakho-ke ngokuvamile iba uhlelo olulodwa (bona izibonelo zama-Slicers).
Ngenkathi ku-software yokuklama unenkululeko yokukhetha evumelana nawe, esimweni sabanye ababili lokhu akunjalo. Amaphrinta e-3D ngokuvamile asekela eyodwa noma ezimbalwa zazo, kodwa awasekeli wonke.

La maphuzu amabili okugcina ngokuvamile beza nephrinta ye-3D ngokwayo, njengezishayeli zephrinta ezivamile. Nokho, isofthiwe yokuklama Kuzodingeka uyikhethe ngokwehlukana.

Ukusika: yini isilayidi se-3D

Esigabeni esidlule ufunde kabanzi mayelana nesilayidi, okungukuthi, isofthiwe esika imodeli ye-3D eklanyelwe ukuthola izendlalelo ezidingekayo, umumo nobukhulu bayo ukuze iphrinta ye-3D yazi ukuthi iyidala kanjani. Nokho, inqubo yokusika ekuphrinteni kwe-3D kuyathakazelisa impela futhi kuyisigaba esibalulekile kule nqubo. Ngakho-ke, lapha ungathola ulwazi olwengeziwe ngakho.

sika, sika 3D

El isinyathelo ngesinyathelo slicing inqubo ihluka kancane kuye ngobuchwepheshe bokuphrinta be-3D obusetshenzisiwe. Futhi ngokuyisisekelo ungakwazi ukuhlukanisa phakathi:

  • Ukuhlukaniswa kwe-FDM: Kulesi simo, ukulawulwa okunembile kwezimbazo eziningana (X / Y) kuyadingeka, njengoba zihambisa ikhanda kuma-ax amabili futhi zidinga kakhulu ukunyakaza kwekhanda lokuphrinta ukuze kwakhiwe into emithathu-ntathu. Izophinde ifake amapharamitha afana nezinga lokushisa le-nozzle kanye nokupholisa. Uma isisiki sesenze i-GCode, i-algorithms yesilawuli sephrinta yangaphakathi izoba nomthwalo wokusebenzisa imiyalo edingekayo.
  • SLA ukusika: Kulesi simo, imiyalo kufanele futhi ifake izikhathi zokuchayeka nezivinini zokuphakama. Futhi lokhu kungenxa yokuthi, esikhundleni sokubeka izendlalelo nge-extrusion, kufanele uqondise i-beam yokukhanya ezingxenyeni ezahlukene ze-resin ukuze uyiqinise futhi udale izendlalelo, ngenkathi uphakamisa into ukuze uvumele enye isendlalelo esisha ukuba idalwe. Le nqubo idinga ukunyakaza okumbalwa kune-FDM, njengoba isibuko esibukisayo kuphela esilawulwayo ukuze siqondise i-laser. Ukwengeza, okuthile okubalulekile kufanele kugqanyiswe, nokuthi lezi zinhlobo zamaphrinta azivamisile ukusebenzisa i-GCode, kodwa kunalokho ngokuvamile zinamakhodi awo obunikazi (ngakho-ke, adinga isofthiwe yawo yokusika noma yokusika). Nokho, akhona amajenerikhi e-SLA afana ne-ChiTuBox ne-FormWare, ahambisana namaphrinta amaningi e-3D alolu hlobo.
  • Ukusikwa kwe-DLP ne-MSLA: Kulokhu okunye, kuzofana ne-SLA, kodwa ngomehluko wokuthi ukunyakaza okuwukuphela kokudingekayo kulokhu kuzoba yipuleti yokwakha, ezohamba nge-axis Z phakathi nenqubo. Olunye ulwazi luzoqondiswa kuphaneli yombukiso noma isikrini.
  • Okunye: Kuzo zonke ezinye, njenge-SLS, SLM, EBM, njll., kungase kube khona umehluko obonakalayo ezinqubweni zokuphrinta. Khumbula ukuthi, kulezi zimo ezintathu okukhulunywe ngazo, okunye ukuguquguquka kuyengezwa, njengokujova kwe-binder futhi kudinga inqubo yokusika eyinkimbinkimbi. Futhi kulokho kufanele sengeze ukuthi imodeli yephrinta ye-SLS yomkhiqizo ngeke isebenze ngokufana nephrinta ye-SLS yomncintiswano, ngakho-ke isofthiwe yokusika ethile iyadingeka (imvamisa kuyizinhlelo zobunikazi ezinikezwa umenzi uqobo).

Ekugcineni, ngithanda ukwengeza ukuthi kunenkampani yaseBelgium ebizwa Izinto ezibonakalayo odale a isofthiwe eyinkimbinkimbi esebenza kubo bonke ubuchwepheshe bokuphrinta be-3D kanye nomshayeli onamandla wamaphrinta we-3D obizwa imilingo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, le software ingathuthukiswa ngamamojula ukuze kukhiqizwe ifayela elisikiwe elifanele lemishini ethile.

Amafayela we-STL

Ifayela le-STL

Kuze kube manje, izinkomba zenziwe ku- Amafayela we-STL, okuyingqikithi yalesi sihloko. Nokho, le fomethi ethandwayo ayikafundwa ngokujulile. Kulesi sigaba uzokwazi ukujula:

Liyini ifayela le-STL?

Ifomethi ye- Ifayela le-STL kuyifayela elinezinto ezidingwa umshayeli wephrinta ye-3D, okungukuthi, ukuze i-hardware yephrinta ikwazi ukuphrinta umumo oyifunayo, ngamanye amazwi, ivumela ukufaka ikhodi yejometri yobuso bento enezinhlangothi ezintathu. Yakhiwe ngu-Chuck Hull we-3D Systems ngeminyaka yawo-80, futhi isifinyezo asicacile ngokuphelele.

Umbhalo wekhodi wejiyomethri ungabhalwa ngekhodi Tessellation, ukuhlanganisa ubujamo bejometri ngendlela yokuthi kungabikho ukugqagqana noma izikhala, okungukuthi, njenge-mosaic. Isibonelo, amajamo angaqanjwa kusetshenziswa onxantathu, njengoba kunjalo ngokunikezwa kwe-GPU. Imeshi ecolekile eyakhiwe ngonxantathu izokwakha yonke indawo yemodeli ye-3D, enenani labonxantathu kanye nezixhumanisi zamaphoyinti abo angu-3.

Kanambambili STL vs ASCII STL

Ihlukanisa phakathi kwe-STL ngefomethi kanambambili kanye ne-STL ngefomethi ye-ASCII. Izindlela ezimbili zokugcina nokumelela ulwazi lwalawa mathayili namanye amapharamitha. A Isibonelo sefomethi ye-ASCII unga:

solid <nombre>

facet normal nx ny nz
outer loop
vertex v1x v1y v1z
vertex v2x v2y v2z
vertex v3x v3y v3z
endloop
endfacet

endsolid <nombre>

Lapho i-"vertex" izoba amaphuzu adingekayo ngezixhumanisi zawo ze-XYZ. Isibonelo, ukudala umumo oyindilinga, ungasebenzisa lokhu isibonelo ASCII ikhodi.

Uma umumo we-3D uyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu noma umkhulu, kuzosho ukuba nonxantathu abaningi abancane, ngisho nangaphezulu uma ukulungiswa kuphezulu, okuzokwenza onxantathu babe bancane ukuze bushelelezi umumo. Lokho kukhiqiza amafayela amakhulu we-ASCII STL. Ukuhlanganisa lokho, sisebenzisa Amafomethi we-STL kanambambili, njenge:

UINT8[80] – Header                               - 80 bytes o caracteres de cabecera
UINT32 – Nº de triángulos                    - 4 bytes
for each triangle                                        - 50 bytes
REAL32[3] – Normal vector                  - 12 bytes para el plano de la normal
REAL32[3] – Vertex 1                              - 12 bytes para el vector 1
REAL32[3] – Vertex 2                             - 12 bytes para el vector 2
REAL32[3] – Vertex 3                             - 12 bytes para el vector 3
UINT16 – Attribute byte count              - 2-bytes por triángulo (+2-bytes para información adicional en algunos software)
end

Uma ufisa, lapha unefayela le-STLB noma isibonelo kanambambili STL ukuze yakheke i-cube elula.

Ekugcineni, uma uzibuza ukuthi kungcono i-ASCII noma kanambambili, Iqiniso liwukuthi ama-binaries ahlala enconywa ukuphrinta kwe-3D ngenxa yobukhulu bawo obuncane. Kodwa-ke, uma ufuna ukuhlola ikhodi futhi uyilungise ngesandla, lapho-ke awunayo enye indlela yokukwenza ngaphandle kokusebenzisa i-ASCII nokuhlela, njengoba kunembile kakhulu ukuhumusha.

Izinzuzo kanye nokubi kwe-STL

Amafayela e-STL anezinzuzo zawo kanye nokubi, njengenjwayelo. Kubalulekile ukuthi uzazi ukuze unqume ukuthi iyifomethi elungile yephrojekthi yakho noma nini lapho okungafanele uyisebenzise:

  • Izinzuzo:
    • Kuyinto a ifomethi yendawo yonke nehambisanayo cishe ngawo wonke amaphrinta e-3D, yingakho idume kakhulu kwabanye abafana ne-VRML, AMF, 3MF, OBJ, njll.
    • Ungumnikazi a i-ecosystem evuthiwe, futhi kulula ukuthola yonke into oyidingayo ku-inthanethi.
  • nebubi:
    • Imikhawulo enanini lolwazi ongalufaka, njengoba ingeke isetshenziselwe imibala, izingxenye, noma enye imethadatha eyengeziwe ukuze ifake i-copyright noma ubunikazi.
    • La ukwethembeka kungenye yezindawo zayo ezibuthakathaka. Ukulungiswa akukuhle kakhulu uma usebenza ngamaphrinta anokulungiswa okuphezulu (micrometer), njengoba inani lonxantathu elidingekayo ukuchaza amajika ngokushelela lingaba likhulu.

Akuwona wonke ama-STL afanele ukuphrinta kwe-3D

Kubonakala sengathi noma yiliphi ifayela le-STL lingasetshenziswa ukuphrinta nge-3D, kodwa iqiniso liwukuthi akuzona zonke .stl eziphrintekayo. Kumane kuyifayela elifomethwe ukuze liqukathe idatha yejiyomethri. Ukuze ziphrintwe kuzodingeka zibe nemininingwane yogqinsi, neminye imininingwane edingekayo. Ngamafuphi, i-STL iqinisekisa ukuthi imodeli ingabonakala kahle esikrinini se-PC, kodwa isibalo sejometri singase singaqini uma siphrintiwe njengoba sinjalo.

Ngakho zama qinisekisa ukuthi i-STL (uma ungazange uzidalele yona) ivumeleke ekuphrinteni kwe-3D. Lokho kuzokongela isikhathi esiningi esichithiwe futhi kumoshe i-filament noma i-resin kumodeli engalungile.

Impikiswano

Ukuze uqedele leli phuzu, kufanele wazi ukuthi kukhona okuthile impikiswano mayelana nokuthi lolu hlobo lwefayela lusetshenziswa noma cha. Yize kusekhona abaningi abagcwele phama, abanye sebevele bacabanga ukuthi i-STL ifile uma kuqhathaniswa nezinye izindlela. Futhi ezinye zezizathu abazinikezayo zokugwema i-STL yemiklamo ye-3D yilezi:

  • ukulungiswa okubi kusukela, lapho unxantathu, ikhwalithi ethile izolahleka uma iqhathaniswa nemodeli ye-CAD.
  • Umbala kanye nendlela yokwenza kulahlekile, into amanye amafomethi amanje asevele eyivumela.
  • Akukho ukulawula okugwedlayo kuthuthukile.
  • Amanye amafayela akhiqiza kakhulu lapho uzihlela noma uzibuyekeza kune-STL uma kwenzeka noma yikuphi ukulungiswa kuyadingeka.

Isofthiwe ye-.stl

I-CAD vs. STL

Ezinye ze Imibuzo evamise ukubuzwa mayelana nefomethi yefayela le-STL ngokuvamile babhekisela ekutheni le fomethi ingadalwa kanjani, noma ukuthi ingavulwa kanjani, ngisho nokuthi ingashintshwa kanjani. Nazi izincazelo:

Ungalivula kanjani ifayela le-STL

Uma uzibuza ukuthi kanjani vula ifayela le-STL, ungakwenza ngezindlela eziningana. Enye yazo ngokusebenzisa izibukeli ezithile eziku-inthanethi, noma nesofthiwe efakwe kukhompyutha yakho. Nazi ezinye zezinketho ezinhle kakhulu:

Ungawakha kanjani ifayela le-STL

para dala amafayela e-STL, futhi une-repertoire enhle yesofthiwe yawo wonke amapulatifomu, ngisho nezinketho eziku-inthanethi ezifana:

*Kunezinhlelo zokusebenza zokuhlela ze-3D nokumodela zamadivayisi eselula njenge-AutoCAD Mobile, Morphi, OnShape, Prisma3D, Putty, Sculptura, Shapr3D, njll., nakuba zingakwazi ukusebenza ne-STL.

Ungalihlela kanjani ifayela le-STL

Kulokhu, isoftware ekwaziyo ukuyidala nayo iyakuvumela hlela ifayela le-STL, ngakho-ke, ukuze ubone izinhlelo, ungabona iphuzu langaphambilini.

Ezinye izindlela

Idizayini ye-3D, amafomethi wefayela

Kancane kancane ziye zavela amanye amafomethi ngemiklamo yokuphrinta kwe-3D. Lawa amanye amafomethi nawo abaluleke kakhulu, futhi afaka:

Amafayela analolu hlobo lolimi awanawo nje kuphela isandiso esisodwa, kodwa angaphrezentwa ngezimbalwa. Ezinye .gcode, .mpt, .mpf, .nc, njll.
  • I-PLY (Ifomethi Yefayela Le-Polygon): Lawa mafayela anesandiso esithi .ply futhi iyifomethi yamapholygoni noma onxantathu. Yakhelwe ukugcina idatha ye-3-dimensional evela kuzikena ze-XNUMXD. Lena incazelo elula yejiyomethri yento, kanye nezinye izici ezifana nombala, obala, okujwayelekile kwendawo, izixhumanisi zokuthungwa, njll. Futhi, njenge-STL, kukhona i-ASCII kanye nenguqulo kanambambili.
  • OBJ: Amafayela anesandiso se-.obj nawo angamafayela encazelo yejometri. Athuthukiswe yi-Wavefront Technologies yesoftware ebizwa nge-Advanced Visualizer. Njengamanje ingumthombo ovulekile futhi yamukelwe izinhlelo eziningi zezithombe ze-3D. Iphinde igcine ulwazi olulula lwejometri mayelana nento, njengokuma kwe-vertex ngayinye, ukuthungwa, okuvamile, njll. Ngokumemezela ama-vertices ngokuphambene newashi, awudingi ukusho ngokusobala ubuso obuvamile. Futhi, izixhumanisi kule fomethi azinawo amayunithi, kodwa angaqukatha ulwazi lwesikali.
  • I-3MF (Ifomethi Yokukhiqiza ye-3D): Le fomethi igcinwa kumafayela angu-.3mf, izinga lomthombo ovulekile elithuthukiswe yi-3MF Consortium. Ifomethi yedatha yejiyomethri yokukhiqiza okungeziwe isuselwe ku-XML. Kungabandakanya ulwazi mayelana nezinto zokwakha, mayelana nombala, njll.
  • I-VRML (I-Virtual Reality Modeling Language): yakhiwe yi-Web3D Consortium. Lawa mafayela anefomethi injongo yawo iwukumela izigcawu noma izinto ezinezinhlangothi ezintathu ezisebenzisanayo, kanye nombala ongaphezulu, njll. Futhi ziyisisekelo se-X3D (eXtensible 3D Graphics).
  • I-AMF (Ifomethi Yokukhiqiza Eyengeza): Ifomethi yefayela (.amf) ephinde ibe indinganiso yomthombo ovulekile yencazelo yento yezinqubo zokukhiqiza okungeziwe zokuphrinta kwe-3D. Isekelwe futhi ku-XML, futhi iyahambisana nanoma iyiphi isofthiwe yokuklama ye-CAD. Futhi isifikile njengomlandeli we-STL, kodwa ngentuthuko efana nokufaka ukusekelwa komdabu kwemibala, izinto zokwakha, amaphethini namaqoqo ezinkanyezi.
  • I-WRL: Isandiso se-VRML.

Yini i-GCode?

Isibonelo se-GCode

Umthombo: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/An-example-of-the-main-body-in-G-code_fig4_327760995

Sikhulume kakhulu ngolimi lokuhlela lwe-GCode, njengoba luyingxenye ebalulekile yenqubo yokuphrinta ye-3D namuhla, ukusuka kumklamo we-STL kuye ku-STL. i-G-Code okuyifayela elinemiyalelo nemingcele yokulawula yephrinta ye-3D. Ukuguqulwa okuzokwenziwa ngokuzenzakalelayo isofthiwe yesisiki.

Sizobona okwengeziwe ngalawa makhodi ku izindatshana ezimayelana ne-CNC, njengoba iphrinta ye-3D ingeyona into engaphezu komshini wohlobo lwe-CNC ophrintayo...

Le khodi ine imiyalo, ezitshela iphrinta ukuthi izokhipha kanjani futhi kuphi okokusebenza ukuze ithole ingxenye, yohlobo:

  • G: Lawa makhodi aqondwa emhlabeni wonke yiwo wonke amaphrinta asebenzisa amakhodi e-G.
  • M: Lawa amakhodi athile ochungechunge oluthile lwamaphrinta e-3D.
  • Abanye: kukhona namanye amakhodi omdabu weminye imishini, njengemisebenzi F, T, H, njll.
Ungabona izibonelo zama-G-Codes kanye nemiphumela eyingcaca kulesi sixhumanisi.

Njengoba ungabona esithombeni esidlule sesibonelo, uchungechunge lwe imigqa yekhodi okungeyona into engaphezu kwezixhumanisi namanye amapharamitha okutshela iphrinta ye-3D ukuthi yenzeni, njengokungathi iresiphi:

  • X KANYE Z: yizixhumanisi zezimbazo ezintathu zokuphrinta, okungukuthi, lokho i-extruder okufanele ihambe ngakolunye uhlangothi noma kwenye, izixhumanisi zomsuka zibe ngu-0,0,0. Isibonelo, uma kukhona inombolo enkulu kuno-0 ku-X, izothuthela kuleyo nhlanganisela ngobubanzi bephrinta ye-3D. Nakuba uma kukhona inombolo ngenhla kuka-0 ku-Y, ikhanda lizohamba liye ngaphandle futhi liye endaweni yokuphrinta. Ekugcineni, noma yiliphi inani elikhulu kuno-0 ku-Z lizoyibangela ukuthi iskrole kulokho kudidiyelwa okucacisiwe ukusuka phansi kuye phezulu. Ngamanye amazwi, mayelana nocezu, kungashiwo ukuthi u-X uzoba ububanzi, u-Y ube ukujula noma ubude, futhi u-Z ubude.
  • F: izobonisa isivinini lapho ikhanda lokuphrinta lihamba khona liboniswe ngo-mm/min.
  • E: ibhekisela ubude be-extrusion ngamamilimitha.
  • ;: wonke umbhalo owandulelwa ngu ; kungamazwana futhi iphrinta iyakuziba.
  • G28: Ivamise ukubulawa ekuqaleni ukuze ikhanda lihambe liye ezitobhini. Uma zingekho izimbazo ezishiwo, iphrinta izohambisa konke oku-3, kodwa uma kucacisiwe ethile, izoyisebenzisa kuphela kuleyo.
  • G1: Ingomunye wemiyalo edume kakhulu ye-G, njengoba kuyiyo e-oda iphrinta ye-3D ukuthi ifake okokusebenza ngenkathi ihamba ilandelana kusixhumanisi esimakiwe (X,Y). Isibonelo, i-G1 X1.0 Y3.5 F7200 ikhombisa ukufaka izinto endaweni ephawulwe yizixhumanisi ezi-1.0 no-3.5, futhi ngesivinini esingu-7200 mm/min, okungukuthi, ku-120 mm/s.
  • I-G0: yenza okufanayo ne-G1, kodwa ngaphandle kokukhipha izinto ezibonakalayo, okungukuthi, ihambisa ikhanda ngaphandle kokufaka izinto ezibonakalayo, kulokho kunyakaza noma izindawo lapho kungekho lutho okufanele lufakwe khona.
  • I-G92: itshela iphrinta ukuthi isethe indawo yamanje yezimbazo zayo, ewusizo uma ufuna ukushintsha indawo yezimbazo. Isetshenziswe kakhulu ekuqaleni kwesendlalelo ngasinye noma ekuhoxisweni.
  • I-M104: umyalo wokushisa i-extruder. Isetshenziswa ekuqaleni. Ngokwesibonelo, I-M104 S180 T0 izobonisa ukuthi i-extruder T0 iyashiswa (uma kukhona umlomo wombhobho okabili kuzoba ngu-T0 no-T1), kuyilapho u-S enquma izinga lokushisa, kulokhu 180ºC.
  • I-M109: efana nangaphezulu, kodwa ikhombisa ukuthi ukuphrinta kufanele kulinde kuze kube yilapho i-extruder ifinyelela ezingeni lokushisa ngaphambi kokuqhubeka nanoma yimiphi eminye imiyalo.
  • I-M140 ne-M190: efana nalezi ezimbili ezedlule, kodwa azinayo ipharamitha T, ngoba kulokhu ibhekisela ekushiseni kombhede.

Kunjalo, le G-Code iyasebenza kumaphrinta ohlobo lwe-FDM, njengoba ama-resin azodinga amanye amapharamitha, kodwa ngalesi sibonelo kwanele ukuthi uqonde ukuthi isebenza kanjani.

Ukuguqulwa: STL ukuya...

Ukuguqulwa kwefayela le-STL

Okokugcina, enye yezinto edala ukungabaza okukhulu phakathi kwabasebenzisi, uma kubhekwa inani lamafomethi ahlukene akhona, okungeza lawo emiklamo ye-3D CAD, kanye namakhodi akhiqizwe abasiki abahlukene, indlela yokuguqula kusuka kwesinye kuya kwesinye. Nakhu onakho ezinye zezinguquko ezifunwa kakhulu:

Uma wenza usesho lwe-Google, uzobona ukuthi kunezinsizakalo eziningi zokuguqulwa kwe-inthanethi, njenge-AnyConv noma i-MakeXYZ, engaguqula cishe noma iyiphi ifomethi, nakuba kungezona zonke ezisebenza kahle, futhi akuzona zonke ezikhululekile.
  • Guqula kusuka ku-STL kuya ku-GCode: Ingaguqulwa nge-software yokusika, njengoba ingenye yezinhloso zayo.
  • Ukusuka ku-STL uye ku-Solidworks: kungenziwa nge-Solidworks ngokwayo. Vula > ekuguquleni kokuhlola ifayela kufomethi I-STL (*.stl) > Izinketho > ushintsho ngenisa njenge a umzimba oqinile o indawo eqinile > ukwamukela > phequlula bese uchofoza i-STL ofuna ukuyingenisa > Vula > manje ungabona imodeli evuliwe kanye nesihlahla sezici kwesokunxele > Ngenisiwe > FeatureWorks > Qaphela Izici > futhi izobe isilungile.
  • Guqula isithombe sibe yi-STL noma i-JPG/PNG/SVG sibe yi-STL: Ungasebenzisa amasevisi aku-inthanethi afana ne-Imagetostl, i-Selva3D, i-Smoothie-3D, njll, noma usebenzise amathuluzi athile e-AI, kanye nesofthiwe efana ne-Blender njll, ukuze ukhiqize imodeli ye-3D kusukela esithombeni bese uthekelisa ku-STL.
  • Guqula kusuka ku-DWG kuya ku-STL: Kuyifayela le-CAD, futhi isoftware eminingi yokuklama ye-CAD ingasetshenziswa ukwenza ukuguqulwa. Ngokwesibonelo:
    • I-AutoCAD: Okukhiphayo > Thumela > Khipha > faka igama lefayela > khetha uhlobo lwe-Lithograph (*.stl) > Gcina.
    • I-SolidWorks: Ifayela > Gcina Njenge > Londoloza Njenge-STL > Izinketho > Ukulungiswa > Kuhle > Kulungile > Gcina.
  • Kusukela ku-OBJ kuya ku-STL: Zombili izinsiza zokuguqula eziku-inthanethi zingasetshenziswa, kanye namanye amathuluzi esofthiwe endawo. Isibonelo, nge-Spin3D ungenza lokhu okulandelayo: Engeza amafayela > Vula > khetha ifolda okuyiwa kuyo ku Gcina kufolda > Khetha Ifomethi yokuphuma > stl > cindezela inkinobho ethi Guqula bese ulinda inqubo ukuthi iphele.
  • Ukusuka ku-Sketchup uye ku-STL: Ungakwenza nge-Sketchup ngokwayo ngendlela elula, njengoba inokubili imisebenzi yokungenisa nokuthekelisa. Kulokhu udinga ukuthumela ngaphandle ngokulandela izinyathelo lapho ifayela le-Sketchup livuliwe: Ifayela > Thekelisa > Imodeli ye-3D > khetha ukuthi uzogcina kuphi i-STL > Londoloza njengefayela le-Stereolithography (.stl) > Khipha.

Ulwazi oluningi


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-2, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Rubén kusho

    Kuchazwe kahle kakhulu futhi kucace kakhulu.
    Siyabonga ngokuhlanganisa.

    1.    Isaka kusho

      Siyabonga!

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