Iintlobo zoomatshini bokugaya i-CNC

umatshini wokugaya we-cnc

Olunye lweentlobo zoomatshini be-CNC ukuba sijonga imisebenzi, okanye uhlobo lomsebenzi owenziwe kwicandelo, zi oomatshini bokusila be-CNC. Zisenokubonakala zifana kakhulu cnc lathes, kodwa azifani. Nangona izixhobo zohlobo lokusila lokusila zingasetyenziswa kwilathe, ayingomatshini ofanayo. Ngokomzekelo, umatshini wokugaya we-CNC akufuneki ujikeleze inxalenye kwi-revolutions ephezulu, inokuqhuba umsebenzi wayo kwelinye lobuso becandelo, njl.

Apha unako zazi zonke iinkcukacha ukuze ungathandabuzi, kwaye wazi nokuba zeziphi ezona zilungileyo Oomatshini bokugaya be-CNC ukwenza i-master yokuthenga ishishini lakho okanye ukusetyenziswa kokuzonwabisa.

Abona matshini bokugaya i-CNC

Ukuba ufuna ukuqalisa iiprojekthi zakho zokuqala ngomatshini wokungqusha we-CNC, okanye uwusebenzisele ukusetyenziswa kobuchwephesha, kufuneka uzimamele ezi. i ngcebiso:

Ezona mpawu zobuchwephesha boomatshini bokungqusha bokusetyenziswa kwimizi-mveliso azidli ngokuthengiswa kwiivenkile ze-intanethi, kodwa apha ndizamile ukuqokelela ezinye ezithengiswa ngale ndlela. Khumbula ukuba ezinye zezona mpawu zibalaseleyo zoomatshini bokugaya be-CNC yi-Swiss Mikron, Bumotec&Starrag, Liechti, Willemin-Macodel, iGerman Hermle, Alzmetall, Chiron, DMG, Spinner, STAMA, MAG, okanye iMoriSeiki yaseJapan, Okuma, Yamazaki Mazak, I-Makino , i-Toyoda, i-FIDIA yase-Italiya kunye ne-Danobat yaseSpain, okanye i-American Haas, i-Haringe, i-Mazak, i-Grizzly Industries, njl.

Fetcoi 6040T 4 Axis CNC Milling Machine

Lo matshini wokugaya we-CNC sisixhobo esihlangeneyo, esinamandla okudibanisa kwi-PC ngentambo ye-USB. Ngayo ungasebenzisa intaphane yamaqhekeza, zombini ialuminiyam, ubhedu, isilivere, i-acrylic, i-ABS resin, igwebu le-PVC, umthi, iplywood kunye ne-MDF, njl. Ingumatshini ofanelekileyo wokuzonwabisa okanye ukusetyenziswa kobuchwephesha abancinci, umzekelo ukuseka iworkshop encinci ekhaya. Ukongeza, iqulethe i-VFD epholile ngamanzi, i-1.5 kW motor,

Kaibrite 3040 3-Axis CNC Milling Machine

Lo omnye umatshini wokusila we-CNC uneemfano kulowo wangaphambili, kuphela uneezembe ezi-3 kuphela kule meko. Ikwaqhagamshela ngokulula nge-USB ukuya kwiPC. Kwaye iyakwazi ukucubungula izinto ezininzi ezahlukeneyo, njengeglasi, iinkuni, ilitye, isinyithi, i-ETC. Inebhedi eznze kakhulu, kunye nenjini enamandla yokuphotha. Iqiniswe ukwandisa ukuthembeka kwayo, kwaye inobukhulu obuncinci kakhulu.

SainSmart Genmitsu CNC 3018-PRO

Olu phawu lunomatshini wokusila we-3-axis CNC weplastiki ye-acrylic, i-aluminiyam, i-PVC, i-PCB, kunye neenkuni. Inoqoqosho kakhulu kwaye i-compact, kwaye izinto zayo zivumela ukuba zihlaliswe ngokukhululekile, ukuze indawo ingabi yingxaki. Inozinzo oluhle, isoftware yeGRBL evulekileyo, ikwasebenza kwiArduino,

I-GUYX WMP250V Ukujika + Umatshini wokugaya

umatshini wokugaya we-cnc

Lo mzekelo womatshini we-CNC uxhasa imisebenzi yokugaya kunye nokuguqula, kunye nomgama phakathi kwamaziko angama-750 mm, i-MT4 ene-tapered spindle yokujika kunye ne-MT2 yokugaya kunye nokugaya, isantya esijikelezayo se-axis, phakathi kwe-50 kunye ne-2000 RPM, amandla e-motor 750W ukujika kunye ne-600W. yokugaya, ubunzima net malunga 195 Kg, kunye nemilinganiselo ukuba akukho mkhulu kakhulu xa kuthelekiswa nabanye oomatshini.

Thenga ngoku

Umatshini wokungqusha we-CNC LDM4025

cnc milling

Umatshini omkhulu wokwenza izinto ezininzi. Lo matshini unomgangatho ophezulu, ukusebenza kunye nokuchaneka. Ngenkqubo yokuthambisa ezenzekelayo, iinxalenye ezisemgangathweni, inkqubo yeMitsubishi M70A, ukupholisa umoya, igantry kunye nekhabhathi yokuvalwa, itafile ye-4000×2500mm, i-2900mm umgama phakathi kweekholamu, i-BT50 taper spindle, ukuya kuthi ga kwi-8000 PRM, i-22kW motor motor, ukusika isantya. ukuya kwi-7500 mm / min, isantya esiphezulu sokutya, ukuchaneka okuphezulu, njl.

Thenga ngoku

Umatshini wokungqusha we-CNC

umatshini wokugaya we-cnc

Ukugaya asiyonkqubo entsha. Ukususela ekufikeni Inguqu kwezoshishino kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX, yaqalisa uhambo apho umntu nomatshini babeza kusebenzisana ukuze benze. Nangona kunjalo, kancinci kancinci lo matshini ubukwizikhundla ezininzi kunye nemisebenzi ebinokwenziwa ngumntu ngaphambili. Oomatshini bokugaya bebekho amashumi eminyaka, kodwa ukugaya i-CNC yinto yangoku. Indlela yokulawula yonke into ngekhompyuter, ukuphucula isantya, ukuchaneka kunye nemveliso yolu hlobo lomatshini.

Yintoni i-CNC milling?

Ukugaya yinkqubo apho isixhobo esaziwa ngokuba sisisiki sokusila senze iimilo okanye amaqhekeza. Yenziwa ngu ukwenziwa kwemveliso, oko kukuthi, isichasi se imveliso eyongezelelweyo. Umsiki wokungqusha uya kuqalisa okanye aphelise inxalenye yempahla de kube kukukrola okanye ukukrola oko bekufunwa. Ngokufika kwe-CNC, iikhomputha zinokulawula umatshini wokugaya we-CNC ukufezekisa umphumo olindelekileyo, ngaphandle kokuba umntu enze uhlengahlengiso kunye nokunyakaza ngesandla.

iinxalenye zomatshini wokungqusha

Ukuqonda ngcono ukusebenza komatshini wokungqusha we-CNC kunye nenkqubo yokusila, kuya kubaluleka kwakhona ukuba udwelise kwaye uqonde ezinye iindawo eziphambili. Ayingabo bonke oomatshini bokungqusha abanabo, njengoko inokwahluka kumenzi omnye ukuya komnye, okanye phakathi kweemodeli. Nangona kunjalo, ezona ziphambili zezi:

  • umjiko wokusonta: Yiyo egcina isixhobo sokusika kwindawo yokucubungula inxalenye.
  • Isixhobo: licandelo elisusekayo, kwaye yiyo eyenza umzobo kwisiqwenga.
  • Iphaneli yokulawula: lujongano apho umsebenzisi anokulawula umatshini okanye esweni ezinye iiparamitha.
  • Ikholamu: Yeyona nxalenye iphambili okanye isakhelo esibambe amanye amacandelo omatshini endaweni.
  • Isihlalo: igxininiswe kwikholamu yomatshini, kwaye iphumle kwitafile yomsebenzi.
  • Mesa: sisiseko somatshini apho indawo ephezulu yesihlalo ikhona, apho isiqwenga somatshini sibekwe khona. Kuya kuba nesixhobo sokudibanisa ukuze isiqwenga singashukumi ngexesha lenkqubo.
  • isiseko: yindawo yenkxaso yomatshini ophantsi.
  • Inkqubo yefriji: Isenokuba ngomoya okanye ngolwelo. Ekubeni kukho ukungqubuzana phakathi kwe-workpiece kunye nesixhobo ngexesha lokugaya, ubushushu obuninzi buya kuveliswa kwezinye iimeko. Ukunciphisa ubushushu, ungasebenzisa umoya okanye ulwelo oluhlamba indawo yokusebenza.

Usebenza njani umatshini wokungqusha we-CNC

Njengawo nawuphi na omnye umatshini wokugaya we-CNC, yonke into iqala ngoyilo lwekhompyuter oluya kudluliselwa kulwimi oluqondakalayo ngumatshini we-CNC kwaye iya kufunda le khowudi ukulawula iintshukumo kufuneka ndenze ntoni ukufumana isiphumo esifana nemodeli eyilwe yikhompyuter. I-drill iya kususa izinto ezivela kwezinye iindawo ide ifikelele kwimo efanelekileyo, ubukhulu, njl.

Isigama

Ngaphakathi kwesigama kwi-CNC milling, sinezinye amalungu okanye iparameters omawuzazi:

  • Isantya: Ibhekisa kwisantya apho umsiki okanye isixhobo sokugaya sijikeleza. Ilinganiselwa ngotshintsho ngomzuzu (RPM) kwaye inokucwangciswa ukuba ifanele imathiriyeli eza kusilwa.
  • Ukutya: ngumgama umsebenzi wokusika okanye isixhobo sokusila esihamba ngokwe revolution (okanye ukujika). Oku kunokucwangciswa kwaye kuya kuxhomekeka kwizinto eziphathekayo.
  • ubunzulu bokusika: ngumgama ukuba isixhobo sihamba phezu kwendawo, kwaye kuya kuxhomekeka kwizinto eziphathekayo.
  • Iiparamitha ezingakumbi: bonayo apha

Imisebenzi yokugaya eqhelekileyo

Kukho imisebenzi eyahlukeneyo zokusila ezinokuthi zenziwe ngolu hlobo koomatshini be-CNC. Ngokuxhomekeke kuhlobo lwenkundla, ezona ziphambili zezi:

  • ubuso bugubungele: i-axis yokujikeleza kwesixhobo iya kuba yi-perpendicular ebusweni bomsebenzi womsebenzi. Le milling izakudala imiphezulu ethe tyaba kwaye ifuna abasiki besiphelo sokusila abanencam ezibukhali.
  • Plano: xa i-axis yokujikeleza ihambelana nomphezulu wendawo. Isixhobo sinemida yokusika kunye ne-circumference yokusika yonke, kwaye ivelise i-slots, i-cavities, i-grooves.
  • emboxo: ii-axes zokujikeleza kwesixhobo zenza i-engile kunye nomphezulu weqhekeza. Isetyenziselwa ukuvelisa i-chamfers, slots, dovetails, njl.
  • ukugaya imilo: zizigawuli ezikhethekileyo zokusila ukuvelisa iindawo ezingaqhelekanga, iicontours ze-semicircular, iintambo, iigophe, njl.
  • abanye: kukwakho nabanye ukwenza iigiya, umsebenzi ngaxeshanye kwiindawo ezininzi, njl.

Iintlobo zoomatshini bokugaya i-CNC

Zininzi iintlobo zoomatshini bokusila be-CNC. Kwaye njengoko kwakunjalo kwiileyile kunye nezinye iintlobo zoomatshini, zinokuhlelwa kusetyenziswa iindlela ezininzi:

Ngokuhambelana ne-spindle orientation

  • Nkqo: eguquguqukayo ngakumbi ngokwemigaqo yeenketho zobuchwephesha.
  • Tye: kungcono ukusebenza kunye neziqwenga ezinzima kunye nezide.

Kuxhomekeke kwinani lee-asi

  • 3 i-axis: ngamalungu ane-X axis (ekhohlo ukuya ekunene), i-Y axis (phambili nasemva) kunye ne-Z axis (phezulu nasezantsi), ivumela i-3D milling. Aba matshini ngabona balula, kulula ukusebenza, kwaye ngabona banexabiso eliphantsi. Nangona kunjalo, awukwazi ukufikelela kwiindawo ezithile zecandelo lomatshini, kwaye ijometri enokuthi iphunyezwe iya kuba nzima kakhulu.
  • 5 i-axis: Lo matshini unzima ngakumbi kunomnye wangaphambili, wongeza ii-axes ezimbini ezongezelelweyo ukuphucula inkululeko yokuhamba. Ngale nto, iindawo ezinzima ngakumbi zifunyenwe. Kule meko, inxalenye iya kukwazi ukwenza ukunyakaza okujikelezayo ukwenzela ukuba isixhobo sinokufikelela kakuhle kuzo zonke iindawo. Phakathi kweenzuzo zayo yinyani yokuphelisa ukubekwa ngokutsha kwencwadi ngesandla, ukukwazi ukuvelisa iijiyometri ezintsonkothileyo, ukuchaneka okungcono, kunye nemigangatho egudileyo kakhulu. Ngokubhekiselele kwizinto ezingalunganga, kukho iindleko, kunye nobunzima obukhulu bomatshini.

Ngokwezixhobo

Zininzi izinto ezinokuthi zenziwe ngoomatshini okanye zigaywe. Nangona kunjalo, kukho izithintelo ezithile, njengoko izixhobo kufuneka zibe namandla athile okuqina, ukumelana nobushushu, ukuqina, kunye neempawu zamandla okucheba. Phakathi kwezixhobo kunokuhlukaniswa:

Umatshini wokugaya umthi we-CNC

Ziyi-CNC zoomatshini bokugaya abakwazi ukusebenza ngamaplanga, zombini i-softwood, efana ne-hardwood, kunye ne-plywood okanye i-MDF panels. Phakathi kweenkuni zendalo, kunokubakho iinkuni ezifana nepine, i-oki, i-walnut, i-olive, kunye nende njl. Nganye ineemfuno ezithile ngokwemiqathango yokusila iiparamitha. Ngokuqhelekileyo zixhaphake kakhulu ekuchweleni okanye kumashishini anikezelwe kwimithi.

umatshini wokugaya i-metal cnc

I-Metal strawberries iphakathi kwezona zithandwa kakhulu kwinqanaba lezoshishino, kuba kukho izicelo ezininzi zezi zinto. Ukusuka kwiifestile, iingcango, kunye nezinye izinto ze-aluminium, ngokusebenzisa iinxalenye zentsimbi yokwakha, icandelo leemoto, njl., kwezinye izinto ezininzi. Kwakhona, iintsimbi ezahlukeneyo kunye ne-alloys zinokusetyenziswa apha, kodwa ezona zidumileyo zizo intsimbi, ubhedu, ubhedu, i-titanium kunye nobhedu.

Okunye

Kukwakho noomatshini bokusila be-CNC abanokusebenza ngeepholima zeplastiki, ezifana ABS, PEEK, polycarbonate (PC), inayiloni, njl. Kakade ke, kukho abasiki bezinye izinto ezifana iglasi, i-elastomers, ilitye, ibhastile, njl. Lilonke kukho izinto ezingaphezu kwama-50 ezinokusetyenzwa.

ixabiso lomatshini wokusila CNC

Los amaxabiso omatshini wokugaya i-cnc zinokuhluka. Kukho oomatshini bokungqusha abasisiseko abanokuthengiswa ngamakhulu ambalwa eeuro kuphela, bafikeleleke kakhulu nokuba kusetyenziswe bucala. Eminye imizi-mveliso yokuvelisa ngobuninzi okanye ehambele phambili ngakumbi inokubiza amawaka eeyuro. Ngoko ke, akukho luhlu lwamaxabiso akhethekileyo. Naphakathi kweemodeli ezineempawu ezifanayo, kunokubakho umahluko omkhulu phakathi kweebrendi.

Izinto eziluncedo zokuSila uLawulo lwamanani

CNC yokusila iye izibonelelo ezinkulu kwiworkshop okanye inkampani. Umzekelo, ezinye zezibonelelo ezibalaseleyo zezi:

  • Imveliso: kwandisa isantya semveliso, kwaye kunciphisa iindleko.
  • Ukwahluka: ivumela ukuvelisa ukusuka kumaqhekeza ambalwa ukunyusa imveliso enkulu, ukuveliswa kobuninzi kunye nokuvumela zonke iziqwenga ukuba zifane.
  • Ukuchaneka- Abanye oomatshini bachanekile ukuya kuthi ga kwisiqingatha seshumi semilimitha, ngoko ke baya kukwazi ukwenza iindawo ezikumgangatho ophezulu.
  • Ukuhluka kwezinto: banokwenza zonke iintlobo zeemilo (i-chamfers, i-cavities, slots, intambo, amazinyo, ...), kwaye unokutshintsha ngokukhawuleza umsebenzi ukuvelisa inxalenye eyahlukileyo ngexesha.

Phakathi kwamashishini asebenzisa olu hlobo lomatshini kukho i-aerospace, umbane, iimoto, iirobhothi, ukwakhiwa, unyango, ukutya, ukwenza ifenitshala, njl.

Iingxaki

CNC yokusila nayo iye Ezinye zezinto ezingalunganga:

  • Iindleko zeejometri eziyinkimbinkimbi: ngokuxhomekeke kwiijometri, iindleko zinokunyuka kunye nexesha elifunekayo ngokunjalo.
  • Imiqathango okanye imida: aba matshini banokusebenza kuphela ngemilinganiselo yenxalenye ethile ngokobude nobubanzi.
  • Iimilo ezingenakucolwa: Abakwazi ukudala iimpawu ezithile, njengemingxuma egobileyo, imida yangaphakathi ethe tye, iindonga ezingaphantsi kwe-0.5mm, njl. Ukwenza oku, ezinye iindidi zoomatshini ziya kufuneka.
  • inkunkuma yezinto eziphathekayo: Kwiinkqubo zokwenziwa kwe-subtractive, ubuninzi bezinto eziphathekayo kupheliswa, ukuvelisa inkunkuma eninzi. Kuphela inxalenye yebloko epheleleyo enyulu iya kusetyenziswa. Uninzi lweetshiphusi ezisisiphumo zinokuphinda zisetyenziswe okanye zisetyenziswe kwakhona. Umzekelo, isinyithi sinokunyibilika, ezinye iiplastiki ziphinda zisetyenziswe, okanye iinkuni zingasetyenziselwa amanye amashishini (iphepha, izigcwalisi, i-biomass, njl. njl.).

Iindidi zamaqunube

amaqunube

Kukho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zamaqunube enokuthi isetyenziswe njengesixhobo saba matshini be-CNC. Phakathi kwezona zibalulekileyo zezi:

  • tungsten carbide burs: zenziwe ngale nto inzima kakhulu kwaye ixhathisa. Nangona zibiza kakhulu, zingasetyenziselwa izinto eziqinileyo, kuquka isinyithi ezifana ne-aluminiyam. Njengamaqunube amaninzi, anokuba ngu-1, 2, 3, ... imilebe.
  • Isantya esiphezulu sentsimbi okanye i-HSS milling cutters: zinzima kwaye zitshiphu, zixhaphake kakhulu. Isetyenziswa ekusileni imathiriyeli ethambileyo kancinane.
  • Umsiki wokusila othe ngqo we-aluminiyam: ingenziwa nge-tungsten carbide, kodwa inejometri ekhethekileyo kakhulu, kuba i-helix ene-cut edges yi-45º ukunceda ukukhupha iitshiphusi. Ilungele iimeko apho iitshiphusi zininzi kwaye zithande ukunamathelana.
  • umsiki orhabaxa: Inamazinyo kumphetho wokusika kwaye isetyenziselwa ukurhaxa okokuqala kwemathiriyeli. Ngokomzekelo, ukususa iileyile zokuqala ze-trunk yomthi, njl.
  • amaqunube aneradiyasi: imiphetho inokunqunyulwa kwisiqwenga okanye imilo ye-concave inokwenziwa.
  • T-slot cutter: ukwenza iindawo zokubeka edumileyo T-ezimilise, njengabo phezu iitafile ezinye oomatshini CNC.

Olunye ulwazi


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
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  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
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